बाजरा  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

bajara

bajara bharat ki pramukh fasalon men se ek hai, jisaka upayog bharatiy log bahut lambe samay se karate a rahe hain. bajare ki fasal mote anajon men sabase adhik ugayi jati hai. isaki kheti afrika aur bharatiy mahadvip men pragetihasik kal se hi ki jati rahi hai. bajare ke sambandh men yah mana jata hai ki yah mool roop se afrika ki fasal hai, jisaka bad men bharatiy mahadvip men pravesh hua. bharat men bajara lagabhag eesa poorv do hazar varsh se ugaya jana nishchit kiya gaya hai. bajare ka yah vishesh gun hai ki yah sookha prabhavit kshetr men bhi asani se ug jata hai aur uchch tapaman ko bhi sah leta hai. isilie bajara un kshetron men adhik ugaya jata hai, jahan makka ya genhoon ki fasal nahin ugayi ja sakati ya phir ye fasalen vahan kam phal pati hain. vartaman samay men mote ann utpadan ka lagabhag adha bhag bajara hi hota hai. bajara gramin janasnkhya ka mukhy khadyann hai. isaki adhikansh matra ka upayog desh men kiya jata hai. desh men 2006-07 ke dauran bajare ka kul utpadan 86 lakh tan hua.

bhaugolik dashaen

bajara ke lie jvar se adhik shushk jalavayu ki avashyakata hoti hai. yah 30 se 50 sentimitar tak varsha vali baluee bhoomi men adhik utpann hota hai. yah 50 se 70 sentimitar varsha vale bhago men bhi boya jata hai. atah bina sinchaee v kam upajaoo bhoomi men bina khad dale hi bajara paida kiya jata hai. yadi varsha vahan halki phuhar ke roop men hoti rahe to bhi nikrisht bhoomi men bhi isaka utpadan ho sakata hai. isalie bajara ki krishi bharat men 80° deshantar ke pashchim men sthit anupajaoo bhoomi men adhik hoti hai. yah samanyatah dalahanon ke sath milakar boya jata hai. yah mee se agast tak boya jata hai aur sitambar se janavari tak kat liya jata hai. isake lie ausat tapaman 15° se 32° sentigret tak upayukt rahata hai. bajara v jvar ko hari chari v sookhi, kintu paushtik ghas ke liye bhi paida paida kiya jata hai.

utpadak kshetr

bharat men bajare ke mukhy utpadak rajy andhr pradesh, tamilanadu, gujarat, pnjab, uttar pradesh, karnatak, aur rajasthan ke arddhashushk v shushk bhag hain. inamen bajara ke antargat 96 pratishat kshetr paya jata hai. bajara ke pramukh kshetr nimnalikhit hain-

bajare ka khet
  1. rajasthan - badamer, nagaur, jalaur, jodhapur, pali, sikar, jhunjhunoo, bikaner, bharatapur, alavar, jaisalamer, aur savaee madhopur zile men bajara ugaya jata hai. bajara ka sarvapratham utpadak rajy rajasthan hai.
  2. maharashtr - maharashtr men bajara nasik, dhooliya, satara, pune, sangali, aurngabad, sholapur, jalaganv aur ahamadanagar zile men ugaya jata hai.
  3. gujarat - kachchh, amareli, surendranagar, bhavanagar, kheda, rajakot, mahasana, aur savarakantha, jamanagar tatha joonagadh gujarat ke pramukh zile hain, jahan bajare ki kheti ki jati hai.
  4. uttar pradesh - agara, hatharas, firozabad, badayoon, aligadh, mathura, itava, muradabad, ilahabad, eta, mainapuri, pratapagadh, shahajahanpur, farrookhabad, aur kanapur uttar pradesh ke ve pramukh zile hain, jahan bajara adhik matra men paida hota hai.
  5. hariyana - hariyana ke hisar, gudaganv, rohatak aur mahendragadh pramukh bajara utpadak zile hain.
  6. karnatak - bijapur, gulabargi, belagavi, rayachoor, bellari aur chitradurg men bajara ugaya jata hai.
  7. andhr pradesh - nalagonda, prakasham, anantapur, chittoor, mahaboobanagar, gntoor, kurnool aur vishakhapattanam zilon men bajara bahut ugaya jata hai.

khapat

bharat men bajare ka utpadan varsh 1960-1961 men 33 lakh tan tha, jo 2008-2009 men badhakar 88 lakh tan ho gaya. varsh 2008-2009 men desh men bajare ka prati hektear utpadan 1011 ki.gra. tha. bajare ka upayog khadyann v pashu ahar ke roop men hota hai. sara hi utpadan desh men hi khap jata hai. atah isaka sthaniy vyapar hi hota hai.


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