बानो जहाँगीर कोयाजी  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

bano jahangir koyaji
bano jahangir koyaji
poora nam bano jahangir koyaji
janm 7 sitambar, 1917
janm bhoomi mumbee
mrityu 15 julaee, 2004
abhibhavak pestanaji kapadiya
sntan kurum
karm bhoomi bharat
karm-kshetr chikitsa vigyan
vidyalay grant medikal kaaulej
puraskar-upadhi 'padmabhooshan', (1989), 'maigsese puraskar', 1993
prasiddhi parivar niyojan visheshgy
vishesh yogadan inhonne pune men aspatal ko apane kary kshetr ka madhyam bana karake apana vyapak yogadan, is disha men diya ki maharashtr ki gramin striyon tatha unake parivaron ke jivan men sudhar aye.
nagarikata bharatiy
snbndhit lekh di. en. khurode, vargiz kuriyan
adyatan‎

bano jahangir koyaji (angrezi: Banoo Jehangir Coyaji, janm: 7 sitambar, 1917; mrityu: 15 julaee, 2004) bharatiy chikitsa vaigyanik thinn. bano parasi sampann parivar men pali badhi thin. ye parivar niyojan ki pakshadhar tatha visheshgy bhi thin. inhonnne apane kariyar ki shuruat san 1943 men 'stri rog tatha prasooti' men ki. vahan apani praiktis karane ke bajay daau. idulji koyali ke sath bataur samany daauktar ke roop men kary kiya. 14 mee 1944 men king endavard memoriyal haauspital (KEM) ke cheyaramain saradar mudaliyar ne khud bano ko amntrit kar ek kushal daauktar pad sambhalane ka kary kiya. bano ne 1972 men KEM men chhota klinik vadoo men sthapit kar, vahan prasooti tatha parivar niyojan karyakramon ko oopar rakhate hue vyavastha bhi ki. inhonne pune men aspatal ko apane kary kshetr ka madhyam bana karake apana vyapak yogadan is disha men diya ki maharashtr ki gramin striyon tatha unake parivaron ke jivan men sudhar aye.[1]

janm tatha shiksha

inaka ka janm mumbee men 7 sitambar, 1917 ko hua tha. yah apane mata-pita ki ekamatr sntan thin. bano ka parasi parivar bambee men rah raha tha. banon ke pita pestanaji kapadiya ek sivil injiniyar tatha vastu visheshgy the. sampann parivar men janm lene ke karan inaka palan poshan bahut achchhi tarah hua tha. unake mata-pita ne padhaee ki lie inako nanihal bhej diya, jo poona men the. isaka karan unaki yah ashnka thi ki ekamatr tatha akela bachcha hone ke karan bambee men bano ka vikas dhng se nahin ho paega. bano ka nahihal bhara-poora parivar tha, bano ki shiksha bahut sucharoo roop men chali. mumbee se inake mata-pita bhi inase milane pray: ate rahate the.

poona men bano ki padhaee kanvent aauph jisam meri men huee. is kanvent men bano nau varsh tak padhi aur apane kaimbrij sartiphiket tak vah hamesha kaksha men pratham hi ati rahinn. shayad hi kuchh gine-chune mauke hon, jab vah pratham n aee hon. kanvent men padhate hue bano ne sngit men ruchi li, nrity kiya. nana ke ghar men pyano tha. sngit ke snskar bano ko pita se mile the. bano is bat ko apani smritiyon men snjoti rahin, ki rashtravadi hone ke bavajood jab 1921 men prins aauph vels bharat ae tak unake pita ne unake samman men ek sngit rachakar unhen sunaya tha. bano ne apana kaimbrij panch vishesh yogyataon (distinkashan) ke sath pas karane ke bad daauktar banane ka phaisala kiya aur 1933 men unhonne mumbee ke sent jeviyars kalej men pri-medikal men pravesh liya. unaki medikal digri bhi bambee men grant medikal kalej se poori huee. varsh 1940 men unhonne apani em.di. digri bhi vahin se hasil ki.

vivah

ek bar varsh 1935 men, chhuttiyan bitane ke lie vah mahabaleshvar men thin. yah pahadi sthan dakshin men sthit hai. yahan unaki bhent jahangir koyaji se huee. vah hal men hi amerika ki purd yoonivarsiti se injiniyaring padhakar laute the. bah bano ki ek antarng tichar ke chhote bhaee the. bano ne jahangir koyaji ko 'byayalar ka mistri' kahana shuroo kiya. unaki apasi antarngata badhati gee aur unaki mitrata panch varsh chali. usake bad apani medikal ki digri poori karane ke bad 24 pharavari 1941 ko bano ka vivah jahangir koyaji se sampann hua. shadi ke turnt bad bano ne grant medikal kaaulej men hi, daau. shirodakar ke nirdeshan men 'strirog tatha prasooti' men apani rejidensi (haus jaaub) poori ki. usi dauran 7 agast 1942 ko unhonne apane bete kurum ko janm diya, vah apane man bap ki ekamatr sntan raha.

kariyar ki shuruat

1943 men bano tatha unake pita jahangir ne apana ghar poona liya aur unaka parivar vahan a gaya. jahangir ka kam bhi poona ilektrik saplaee kampani men tha. poona pahunchakar bano ne 'stri rog tatha prasooti' men apani praiktis karane ke bajay daau. idulji koyali ke sath bataur samany daauktar kam karana chuna. vah nirntar yahi kahati rahin ki main keval prasooti tak simit daauktar nahin hoon, mujhe samany daauktar ki tarah kam karana jyada achchha lagata hai.

daauktar ke roop men

ek din achanak unhen unake pati jahangir ne sujhaya ki vah kal se hi king endavard memoriyal haauspital (KEM) men kam karana shuru karen. poochhane par pata chala ki us aspatal ke cheyaramain saradar mudaliyar ne khud bano ko amntrit kiya hai. unhen ek kushal daauktar ki tatkal zaroorat hai. is sujhav ko man kar 14 mee 1944 ko bano ne is KEM men daauktar ka pad bhar sambhal liya.[1]

yah KEM aspatal 1912 men poona ke prakhyat vyakti ki smriti ki smriti men shuroo kiya gaya tha, jinaki mrityu usi varsh huee thi. yah ek niji sahayatarth chikitsalay tha, jo chhoti poonji tatha anudan par chal raha tha. jab bano ne is aspatal men kadam rakha tha, tab isamen matr chalis bistar the. vahan patel namak daauktar tha, jo ki chhutti par chala gaya tha aur aise men banon ko vahan tatkal charj sambhalana pada tha.

bano ne paya ki bhale hi vah aspatal KEM moolat: striyon ki prasooti ke lie tha, lekin vahan sabhi tarah ki bimar striyan ati thin. jyadatar striyan garib hindoo gharon se ati thinn aur tabhi aspatal pahunchati thin, jab sthitiyan baradasht ke bahar ho jati thinn. bailagadi par ladi kasht se behal stri marij kisi bhi takaliph ko lekar vahan a khadi hoti thin. vahan banon ke sath ek mahila daauktar tatha tin narse aur thin, jo sara daauktari ka kam sambhalati thin. kam sambhalane ke lie kabhi-kabhi unhen atharah ghnte ki dyooti pad jati thi, lekin use sambhalana hota tha.

jab bano aur jahangir ka parivar poona, bano ki nani-nana ki mrityu ho chuki thi tatha unaka bada-sa ghar, jisamen bano ka bachapan bita tha, vah bik chuka tha. is sthiti men bano ka parivar aspatal ki oopari mnjil par bane ek apartamaint men chala gaya. yah sthiti bano ke lie suvidhajanak thi. vah bete ka bhi dhyan kar leti thin tatha lambe samay tak aspatal men bhi rah sakati thin. jahangir ki kampani bhi pas men hi sadak ke hi par thi, is drishti se bhi yah vyavastha sabake lie bahut anukool thi halanki isane bano ko aspatal men jyada samay dene ke karan thakana shuroo kar diya tha.

rashtriy bhavana

bano ke janm se hi rashtriy bhavana ke snskar mile the. unaka lagav gandhi ji ke prati bhi tha. ek prasng yah bahut atmiyata se yad karati thin. ek bar chhuttiyon men yah balasagar ke samudr tat se lage ek parivar ke ghar tahalate hue. us samay bano bachchi hi thin. us daur men gandhiji harijanon ke lie chanda ikathta kar rahe the. gandhi ji ko dekh kar banon tatha usaki bahanen bhag kar unake pas gee. gandhi ji ne poochha.
"tum log kahan se aee ho"
inhonne ishara karake apana ghar dikhaya. is par gandhi ji ne prashn kiya.
"tab to tum log bade amir ho..."
"han", bano ne svikar kiya.
"to jao aur tum sab harijan phand ke lie sau-sau rupaye lekar ao..."
yah sunakar bano apani bahanon ke sath bhagakar gee aur apane mama-mami ke pichhe pad gee ki, harijan phand ke lie chnda do-alage din hi bano ne unase sau rupaye lekar chnda diya aur bahut khush huee.

jab desh azad hua to bano tatha jahangir ne yooniyan jaik ka jhanda utarate tatha tirnga phaharate dekha. bano yad karati thin, ki vah asani se bhavuk nahin hoti lekin tirnga dekhakar vah aur unake pita pati donon khushi se itane bihval hue ki unake ansoo bah nikale.

klinik ki sthapana

varsh 1960 ke dashak tak bano ne KEM men nishthapoorvak kam kiya lekin tabhi unhen is bat ka ehasas hone laga ki is tarah se keval roj ka kam nipatane se bat nahin banegi. inhonne KEM ka vistar ganvon ki or karane ki yojana prastavit kin. is disha men unhen prasiddh shikshashastri je.pi. nayak se prerana bhi mili aur dishanirdesh bhi. bano ki najar vadoo blak ki or gee, jahan tis hazar ganv vale base hue the. yah hissa sokhe ke chapet men bhi rahata tha. bano ne svasthy sachiv se agrah kiya ki blak ki praimari helth ikaee unake havale kar di jae aur vah usaki vyavastha sambhale. 1972 men KEM men chhota klinik vadoo men sthapit kar diya, jahan prasooti tatha parivar niyojan karyakramon ko oopar rakhate hue vyavastha ki gee. bano ne parivar niyojan karyakramon ki zaroorat ko gaharaee se samajha. ise ganv ki anapadh striyon ka sabase bada kasht ka karan mana ki unhen kee-kee bar bachche janane padate hain aur palan-poshan unaki garibi ko aur kathin bana deta hai.[1]

parivar niyojan ki pakshadhar

bano parivar niyojan ki pakshadhar bhi thin aur visheshgy bhi banin lekin unhonne apatakal men indira gandhi ke ise chalae jane ke dhng par asahamati jataee. isako lekar indira gandhi ne unhen bat karane ke lie amntrit kiya aur bano ne is bare men apana drishtikon unake samane rakha.

maigsese puraskar

maharashtr ke parasi parivar ki bano jahangir koyaji chikitsa ke kshetr men bataur daauktar aeen, lekin unaka rujhan gramin nirdhan striyon ke svasthy ki or jyada hota gaya. yah striyan garib to thin, sath hi unamen ashiksha ke karan svasthy ke prati jagarookata bhi nahin thin, bano jahangir ne yah bhi dekha ki samajik taur par parivar men unaka sthan bahut sammanajanak nahin hai. aise men bataur daauktar banon ka dhyan keval striyon ke svasthy par nahin gaya balki inhonne pune ke apane kary kshetr ke aspatal ko madhyam bana kar apana vyapak yogadan is disha men diya ki maharashtr ki gramin striyon tatha unake parivaron ke jivan men sudhar aye. bano jahangir koyaji ke is samajik sarokar tatha unaki dakshata ke lie unhen 1993 ka maigsese puraskar pradan kiya gaya.

padmabhooshan

bano ko varsh 1989 men 'padmabhooshan' ki upadhi se bhi alnkrit kiya gaya.

mrityu

bano jahangir koyaji 15 julaee 2004 ko svarg sidhar geenn.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 maigsese puraskar vijeta bharatiy |anuvadak: ashok gupta |prakashak: naya sahity, 1590, madarasa, rod, kashamiri get dilli-110006 |snkalan: bharat diskavari pustakalay |prishth snkhya: 106-110 |

bahari kadiyan

snbndhit lekh

varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

a   a    i    ee    u    oo    e    ai    o   au    an    k   kh    g    gh    n    ch    chh    j    jh    n    t    th    d   dh    n    t    th    d    dh    n    p    ph    b    bh    m    y    r    l    v    sh    sh    s    h    ksh    tr    gy    ri    ri    aau    shr   aah