बारीन्द्र कुमार घोष  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

barindr kumar ghosh
barindr kumar ghosh
poora nam barindr kumar ghosh
any nam barin ghosh
janm 5 janavari, 1880
mrityu 18 aprail, 1959
abhibhavak krishnanadhan ghosh
nagarikata bharatiy
prasiddhi svntatrata senani
snbndhit lekh aravind ghosh, em. en. ray, chitarnjan das, jatindranath das.
parti 1907 men krantikari atnkavad ki gatividhiyon ka snyojan karane ke lie 'manikatalla parti' ka gathan kiya.
rachanaen 'dvipantar bnshi', 'pather ingit', 'amar atmakatha', 'agniyug', 'rishi rajanarayan', 'shri aravind'.
any janakari barindr kumar ghosh adhyatmavadi aravind ghosh ke chhote bhaee the. inhonne bhoopendranath datt ke sahayog se 1907 men kalakatta men 'anushilan samiti' ka gathan kiya gaya, jisaka pramukh uddeshy tha- "khoon ke badale khoon."

barindr kumar ghosh (angrezi: Barindra Kumar Ghosh janm: 5 janavari, 1880; mrityu: 18 aprail, 1959) bharat ke prasiddh svatntrata senani tatha patrakar the. inako barin ghosh ke nam se bhi jana jata hai. ve adhyatmavadi aravind ghosh ke chhote bhaee the. bngal men krantikari vicharadhara ko phailane ka shrey barindr kumar aur bhoopendr nath datt, jo ki svami vivekannd ke chhote bhaee the, ko hi jata hai. 'svadeshi andolan' ke parinamasvaroop barindr kumar ghosh ne krantikari vicharon ka prachar karane ke lie 1906 men bngali saptahik 'yugantar' ka prakashan prarambh kiya. unhonne 1907 men krantikari atnkavad ki gatividhiyon ka snyojan karane ke lie 'manikatalla parti' ka gathan bhi kiya tha. 1908 men inhen giraftar kar mrityu dand ki saja sunaee gee, kintu bad men ise ajivan karavas men badal diya gaya. andaman jel men das varsh vyatit karane ke bad inhonne apana shesh samay patrakarita men lagaya. barindr kumar ghosh bngali dainik 'd stetsamain' aur 'vasumitr' se bhi jude the.

parichay

barindr kumar ghosh ka janm 5 janavari, 1880 ko landan ke pas 'kroyadan'[1] namak kasabe men hua tha. unake pita krishnanadhan ghosh ek nami chikitsak v pratishthit zila sarjan the jabaki unaki mata devi svarnalata prasiddh samaj sudharak v vidvanh rajanarayan basu ki putri thin. aravind, jo ki pahale krantikari aur phir adhyatmavadi ho ge the, unake tisare bade bhaee the jabaki unake doosare bade bhaee manamohan ghosh angrezi sahity ke vidvan, kavi aur kalakatta (vartaman kolakata) ke presidensi kaaulej v dhaka yoonivarsiti men angrezi ke profesar the. barindr kumar ghosh ki skooli shiksha devagadh men huee v 1901 men pravesh pariksha pas karake unhonne patana kaaulej men dakhila liya. baroda men unhonne militri trening li. isi samay aravind ghosh se prabhavit hokar unaka jhukav krantikari andolan ki taraf hua.[2]

krantikari gatividhiyan

san 1902 men barindr kumar ghosh kalakatta vapas a gaye the aur jatindranath das ke sath milakar bngal men anek krantikari samoohon ko sngathit karana shuroo kar diya.

anushilan samiti

barindr kumar ghosh aur bhoopendranath datt ke sahayog se 1907 men kalakatta men 'anushilan samiti' ka gathan kiya gaya, jisaka pramukh uddeshy tha- "khoon ke badale khoon." 1905 ke bngal vibhajan ne yuvaon ko andolit kar diya tha, jo ki anushilan samiti ki sthapana ke pichhe ek pramukh vajah thi. is samiti ka janm 1903 men hi ek vyayamashala ke roop men ho gaya tha aur isaki sthapana men pramathanath mitr aur satish chandr bos ka pramukh yogadan tha. em. en. ray ke sujhav par isaka nam anushilan samiti rakha gaya. pramathanath mitr isake adhyaksh, chitarnjan das v aravind ghosh isake upadhyaksh aur surendranath thakur isake koshadhyaksh the. isaki karyakarini ki ekamatr shishy sistar nivedita thin. 1906 men isaka pahala sammalen kalakatta men subodh malik ke ghar par hua. barindr kumar ghosh jaise logon ka manana tha ki sirph rajanitik prachar hi kafi nahin hai, nojavanon ko adhyatmik shiksha bhi di jani chahie. unhonne anek joshile nojavanon ko taiyar kiya jo logon ko batate the ki svatntrata ke lie ladana pavan kartavy hai.[2]

dhaka anushilan samiti

kary ki sahooliyat ke lie anushilan samiti ka doosara karyalay 1904 men dhaka men khola gaya, jisaka netritv pullin bihari das aur pi. mitra ne kiya. dhaka men isaki lagabhag 500 shakhaen thin. isake adhikansh sadasy skool aur kaaulej ke chhatr the. sadasyon ko lathi, talavar aur bandook chalane ka prashikshan diya jata tha, halanki bndooken asani se upalabdh nahin hoti thin. barindr kumar ghosh ne 1905 men kranti se sambndhit 'bhavani mndir' namak pahali kitab likhi. isamen 'annd math' ka bhav tha aur krantikariyon ko sandesh diya gaya tha ki vah svadhinata pane tak snnnyasi ka jivan bitaen.

'yugantar' ka prakashan

apane uddeshyon ki poorti hetu 1906 men barindr kumar ghosh ne bhoopendr nath datt ke sath milakar 'yugantar' namak saptahik patr bangala bhasha men prakashit karana shuroo kiya aur kranti ke prachar men is patr ka sarvadhik yogadan raha. is patr ne logon men rajanitik v dharmik shiksha ka prasar kiya. jald hi is nam se ek krantikari sngathan bhi ban gaya. 'yugantar' ka janm anushilan samiti se hi hua tha aur jaldi hi isane apani krantikari gatividhiyan shuroo kar din. bngal ke vibhinn bhagon men isaki shakhaen thin. barindr kumar ghosh ke netritv men yugantar samooh ne sarvatr kranti ka bigul bajaya. isane bam banaye aur dusht angrez adhikariyon ki hatya ka prayas bhi kiya.

barindr kumar ghosh ne doosari pustak 'vartaman rananiti' jise aktoobar 1907 men avinash chandr bhattachary ne prakashit kiya tha, yah kitab bngal ke krantikariyon ki pathy pustak ban gayi, isamen kaha gaya tha ki bharat ki ajadi ke lie foji shiksha aur yuddh zaroori hai.[2]

saza

barindr kumar ghosh aur bagh jatin ne poore bngal se anek yuva krantikariyon ko khada karane men nirnayak bhoomika ada ki. krantikariyon ne kalakatta ke maniktulla men 'maniktulla samooh' banaya. yah unaka ek gupt sthan tha, jahan ve bam banate aur hathiyar ikaththa karate the. 30 aprail 1908 ko khudiram bos aur praphullachnd chaki ne kingsphord ki hatya ka prayas kiya, jisake phalasvaroop pulis ne bahut teji se krantikariyon ki dhar-pakad shuroo kar di aur durbhagy se 2 mee 1908 ko barindr kumar ghosh ko bhi unake kee sathiyon sahit giraphtar kar liya gaya. un par 'alipur bam kes' chalaya gaya aur prarnbh men hi unhen mrityudnd ki saja de di gayi, parantu bad men use ajivan karavas kar diya gaya. unhen andaman ki bhayavah selyular jel men bhej diya gaya, jahan vah 1920 tak qaid rahe.

rihaee tatha patrakarita

barindr kumar ghosh ko 1920 men pratham vishv yuddh ke bad di gayi 'am kshama'[3] men riha kar diya gaya, jisake bad vah kalakatta a ge aur patrakarita prarnbh kar di. kintu jald hi unhonne patrakarita bhi chhod di aur kalakatta men ashram bana liya. 1923 men vah paaudicheri chale ge, jahan unake bade bhaee aravind ghosh ne prasiddh 'shri aurovind ashram' banaya tha. aravind ne unhen adhyatm aur sadhana ke prati prerit kiya, jabaki thakur anukulachnd unake guru the. inhonne hi apane anuyayiyon dvara barin ki sakushal rihaee men madad ki thi. 1929 men barindr kumar ghosh dobara kalakatta aye aur patrakarita shuroo kar di. 1933 men unhonne "The Dawn of India" namak angrezi saptahik patr shuroo kiya. vah 'the statesman' se jude rahe aur 1950 men bangala dainik 'dainik basumati' ke snpadak ho ge.[2]

rachanaen

barindr kumar ghosh ne anek pustakon ki bhi rachana ki, jaise-

  1. dvipantar bnshi (Dvipantarer Banshi)
  2. pather ingit (Pather Ingit)
  3. amar atmakatha (Amar aatmkatha)
  4. agniyug (Agnijug)
  5. rishi rajanarayan (Rishi rajnarayan)
  6. d tel aauf maee eksail (The Tale of My Exile)
  7. shri aravind (Sri Aurobindo )

mrityu

18 aprail, 1959 ko mahanh senani barindr kumar ghosh ka dehant ho gaya.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. croydon
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 svatntrata senani shri barindr kumar ghosh (hindi) bharatkenayak.blogspot.in. abhigaman tithi: 22 disambar, 2016.
  3. general amnesty

bahari kadiyan

snbndhit lekh

varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

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