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bidhan chndr ray
Bidhan-Chandra-Roy.jpg
poora nam daau. bidhan chndr ray
janm 1 julaee, 1882
janm bhoomi bihar
mrityu 1 julaee, 1962
mrityu karan dil ka daura
abhibhavak shri prakash chndr ray aur shrimati kamini devi
nagarikata bharatiy
prasiddhi svatantrata senani, varishth chikitsak, kushal rajanitigy, shikshak
parti bharatiy rashtriy kangres
pad bhootapoorv bngal ke mukhyamntri
shiksha em. di. (chikitsak)
vidyalay kalakatta medikal kaaulej, patana kaaulej
puraskar-upadhi bharat ratn, daauktar aauf sanis
any janakari 'daau. bi.si.ray rashtriy puraskar' san 1976 men inake nam par arambh kiya gaya. yah puraskar chikitsa, darshan, sahity, kala aur rajaniti vigyan ke lie diya jata hai.

daau. bidhan chndr ray (angrezi: Bidhan Chandra Roy, janm: 1 julaee, 1882 - mrityu: 1 julaee, 1962) ko bahumukhi pratibha ke dhani ek varishth chikitsak, vidvanh shikshavid, nirbhik svatntrata senani, kushal rajanitigy aur prasiddh samaj sevak ke sath sath adhunik bharat ke rashtr nirmata ke roop men bhi badi shraddha v samman ke sath smaran kiya jata hai. visheshakar bngal ke pratham mukhyamntri ke roop men unake dvara kie gaye ullekhaniy karyon ke sndarbh men unhen 'bngal ka masiha' bhi kaha jata hai.

janm

bidhan chndr ray ka janm 1 julaee sanh 1882 ko bihar rajy ke patana zile men bankipur men hua tha. unake pita shri prakash chndr ray vahan ke dipti kalektar ke pad par karyarat the. unaki mata ka nam shrimati kamini devi tha. bidhan chndr apane mata pita ki panch sntanon men sabase chhote the. kaha jata hai ki bidhan chndr ke poorvaj bngal ke rajagharane se sambndhit the aur unhonne mugalon ka jamakar mukabala kiya tha. yadyapi kalantar men rajashahi ka vah prabhav jata raha tatha sarakari naukari hote hue bhi prakash chndr ray ki arthik sthiti achchhi nahin thi.

shiksha

bidhan chndr ne bachapan se hi anubhav kiya ki unake dharmik prakriti ke mata pita unako achchhe snskar tatha adharabhoot shiksha to de sakate hain, kintu age ka saphar unhen apani mehanat aur lagan se hi prapt karana hoga. unaki prarambhik shiksha patana ke hi ek vidyalay se huee. jab ve matr 14 varsh ke the, tabhi unaki mata ka dehant ho gaya. aise men unhonne apane bhaee bahinon ke sath ghar ka kary svny karana prarambh kiya aur apane pita ko parivar chalane men sahayog diya. patana vishvavidyalay se unhonne ganit aaunars ki bi.e. ki pariksha utirn ki. is samay unhen ek sarakari naukari ka prastav bhi mil raha tha, kintu unhonne injiniyaring ya daauktari ke kshetr men se kisi ek men jane ka vichar kiya. unhonne shivapur injiniyaring kaaulej aur kalakatta medikal kaaulej men pravesh ke lie prarthana patr bheje. donon hi sthanon par unake prarthana patr svikar kar lie gaye, kintu kalakatta medikal kaaulej ka uttar pahale prapt hone par ve sanh 1901 men kolakata chale gaye. kalakatta medikal kaaulej men unaka pahala varsh bahut hi arthik snkat men gujara. pita dvara bheje gaye kuchh rupayon se ve badi mitavyayita se apana kam chalate the. doosare varsh jabaki unake pita bhi sevanivritt ho gaye, tab yah arthik snkat aur bhi gahara gaya. unhonne bahut se kashton ko jhelakar bhi apana adhyayan karate rahe, isaka anuman is tathy se lagata hai ki panch varshon ke apane adhyayan kal men ve sirf panch rupaye ki pustak hi kharid sake the. shesh pustakon ke lie unhen pustakalay aur apane mitron par nirbhar rahana padata tha.

adhyayan aur adhyapan

bidhan chndr ne apane vyavahar aur shaikshik pratibha ke bal par kaaulej ke pradhyapakon aur pradhanachary ko bahut prabhavit kiya. unake pradhanachary karnal lyookis unake prerana srot to bane hi, unhonne daau. ray ko age badhane men bahut sahayog diya. sanh 1906 men unhonne el.em.es. ki pariksha uttirn ki aur prantiy svasthy seva men niyukt ho gaye. ek chikitsak ke roop men jahan unhonne rogiyon ka upachar karane men kathin parishram aur samarpan se kary kiya, vahin apana daauktari ka adhyayan bhi karate rahe. sanh 1909 men unhonne em. di. ki pariksha uttirn ki aur karnal lyookis ke sahayog se uchch shiksha ke lie inglaind ke 'sent batholomyoos' men adhyayan karane lage. matr 1200 rupaye lekar videsh gaye ray ne vahan aspatal men nars ke roop men kam karake kisi prakar apani padhaee aur rahane khane ka kharcha chalaya. unhonne apani mehanat aur lagan se samay se poorv hi em.ar.si.pi. aur eph.ar.si.es. ki pariksha uttirn ki aur sanh 1911 men vah bharat laut aye. bharat men unhonne kalakatta medikal kaaulej, kainpabel medikal skool aur karamaikel medikal kaaulej men kramavar adhyapan kary kiya. sanh 1916 men vah kalakatta vishvavidyalay ke phailo chune gaye.

rajanitik saphar

san 1922 men vah kalakatta medikal janaral ke snpadak aur bord ke sadasy bane. unhin dinon vah kalakatta vishvavidyalay ke upakulapati ashutosh mukharji ke sampark men aye. ashutosh ji bade dooradarshi aur parakhi vyakti the. unhonne daau. ray ko sanh 1923 men hone vale bngal vidhanasabha chunav men ladane ke lie prerit kiya. daau. ray ne is chunav men kangres pratyashi ke roop men us samay ke prasiddh neta aur apane vipakshi surendranath bainarji ko parajit kiya aur is prakar desh ki sakriy rajaniti men pahala qadam rakha. deshabndhu chitarnjan das unake nikatatam sahayogi bane aur lambe samay tak unake sath bane rahe. sanh 1925 men unhonne desh men uchch shiksha, chikitsa aur svasthy ki samasyaon ko rajanitik mnch par uthaya. isi varsh unhonne hugali nadi ke pradooshan ke karanon aur rokatham ke sndarbh men ek janch samiti ke gathan ka prastav prastut kiya. is prakar unhonne rajaniti ko bhi aur manav samaj ki samasyaon ko sulajhane ka madhyam banaya. apani isi vidvatta aur yogyata ke bal par desh ve utkrisht rajaneta ke roop men ubhare. sanh 1927 men deshabndhu ji ki mrityu ke pashchath ve kangres ke samanantar bani svarajy parti ke upaneta ban gaye. sanh 1927 men unaki bhent barma jel se laute subhash chandr bos se huee. daau. ray netaji ke vicharon se sahamat hue aur un honne apane agami bhashan men kaha - bharatavasiyon ko apasi matabhed bhulakar desh ki svatntrata ke lie dridhata se age badhana chahie.

gandhi ji ka sannidhy

bidhan chndr ray

ab tak daau. ray apani vidvatta aur pratibha ke karan gandhiji aur neharoo ji ke bhi bahut nikat a gaye the. unhonne gandhi ji ke sahayog se deshabndhu ji ki smriti men 'chitarnjan seva sadan' ke nirman ki yojana banayi. gandhi ji ne daau. ray ko is trast ka sachiv banaya. sanh 1928 men ve akhil bharatiy kangres samiti ke sadasy chune gaye. 1929 men unhonne bngal men savinay avgya andolan ka netritv kiya. sanh 1930 men unhen kangres karyakarini samiti men niyukt kiya gaya. sanh 1930 men hi unhen andolan ke sndarbh men giraphtar kar alipur jel bhej diya gaya. jel men rahate hue bhi daau. ray ne jel ke aspatal men sarahaniy kary kie. sanh 1931 men ve jel se riha kar die gaye. isi varsh vah kolakata ke meyar chune gaye. sanh 1934 men vah bngal pradesh kangres samiti ke adhyaksh chune gaye. isi varsh vah 'pharavard blaauk' ke adhyaksh bane aur khul kar kangres aur bngal ke krantikari andolan ka samarthan kiya. kuchh samay pashchath hi unhonne kangres adhyaksh pad se is karan istipha de diya, kyonki vah is dayitv ke karan apane daauktari aur adhyapan ke karyon ko uchit samay nahin de pa rahe the. visheshakar garib rogiyon ki chinta ne hi unhen isake lie adhik prerit kiya. sanh 1940 men ve kangres ki karyakarini samiti se bhi alag ho gaye. sanh 1942 men vah kalakatta vishvidyalay ke upakulapati niyukt hue. doosare vishv yuddh ka daur chal raha tha. daau. ray ne aisi visham paristhitiyon men bhi kolakata men shiksha aur chikitsa vyavastha ko banaye rakha. vishvavidyalay ke sngathan aur prabndhakarini sabha ke sadasy, lekha mndal ke adhyaksh tatha upakulapati ke roop men unaki sevaon ke lie unhen 'daauktar aauf sanis' ki upadhi di gayi. isi varsh gandhi ji ne unhen apana niji chikitsak niyukt kiya.

mukhyamntri

san 1947 men desh svatntr hua to daau.ray ko kendriy mntrimndal men sammilit karane par vichar hua, kintu unhonne apane daauktari aur samaj seva karyon ko prathamikata dete hue spasht inkar kar diya. tab gandhi ji ke kahane par unhen ek kangresi hone ke nate apane kartavy ke roop men bngal ke mukhyamntri pad ka dayitv grahan karana pada. 23 janavari 1948 men rajyapal chakravarti rajagopalachari dvara unhen mukhyamntri pad ki shapath dilayi gayi. daau. ray ne apane jivan kal men anek sarvajanik kshetron men apani poori kshamata ke sath kary kiya. aj bhi unake dvara bharat ke vibhinn sthanon men sthapit snsthan is bat ka spasht praman hain ki ve sahi mayanon men rashtr nirmata the. 'jadavapur ti.bi.aspatal', 'chitarnjan seva sadan', ar.ji.khar.medikal kaaulej', 'kamala neharoo aspatal', 'viktoriya snsthan' aur 'chitarnjan kainsar aspatal' pramukh hain. unhonne apane nivas sthal ko bhi apani mata ke nam par aspatal chalane ke lie dan de diya. sanh 1957 men unhen bharatiy vigyan kangres ka adhyaksh chuna gaya.

bharat ratn

bidhan chndr ray ke samman men jari dak tikat

4 faravari, 1961 men varishth chikitsak, vidvanh shikshavid, nirbhik svatntrata senani, kushal rajanitigy aur prasiddh samaj sevak daauktar bidhan chndr ray ko bharat sarakar dvara 'bharat ratn' se sammanit kiya gaya.

nidhan

1 julaee, 1962 ko 80 varsh ki ayu men dil ka daura padane se unaka nidhan ho gaya. daau. ray ki mrityu par poora rashtr shok men doob gaya. mahanh samaj sevika madar teresa svny unaki mrityu par bahut dukhi hueen, kyonki jab tak daau. ray jivit rahe, unhonne madar teresa aur unaki snstha ke karyon ko yathasnbhav sahayog diya tha. unaki mrityu ke pashchath unaki smriti aur samman men 1967 men dilli men daau. bi.si.ray smarak pustakalay aur vachanalay ki sthapana ki gayi. sanh 1976 men unake nam par ' daau. bi.si.ray rashtriy puraskar' arambh kiya gaya. yah puraskar chikitsa, darshan, sahity, kala aur rajaniti vigyan ke lie diya jata hai.


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