बिमल राय  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

bimal ray
bimal ray
poora nam bimal ray
janm 12 julaee, 1909
janm bhoomi poorvi bngal (vartaman men bangladesh)
mrityu 7 janavari, 1966
mrityu sthan munbee, maharashtr
pati/patni manobina
sntan jaauy aur rinki bhattachary
karm bhoomi munbee, kolakata
karm-kshetr film nirdeshak
mukhy filmen 'parakh', 'do bigha zamin', 'bndini', 'sujata', 'madhumati' adi.
vishay samajik
puraskar-upadhi filmapheyar puraskar nirdeshak (sat bar)
nagarikata bharatiy
any janakari bimal ray ko sarvashreshth nirdeshan ke lie sat bar filmapheyar puraskar mila, jo ab tak sabase adhik hain.
bahari kadiyan adhikarik vebasait
adyatan‎

bimal ray / bimal raauy (angrezi: Bimal Roy, bangla: বিমল রায়, janm- 12 julaee, 1909; mrityu- 7 janavari, 1966) hindi filmon ke mahanh film nirdeshak the. hindi sinema men prachalit yatharthavadi aur vyavasayik dharaon ke bich ki doori ko patate hue lokapriy filmen banane vale bimal ray behad snvedanashil aur maulik filmakar the. bimal ray ka nam ate hi hamare jahan men samajik filmon ka tana-bana ankhon ke samane ghoomane lagata hai. unaki filmen madhy varg aur garibi men jivan ji rahe samaj ka aeena thin. chahe vah 'usane kaha tha' ho, 'parakh', 'kabulivala', 'do bigha zamin', 'bndini', 'sujata' ya phir 'madhumati' hi kyon na ho. ek se badhakar ek filmen unhonne film indastri ko di hain.

jivan parichay

bimal ray ka janm 12 julaee, 1909 ko poorv bngal (vartaman bangladesh) ke ek zamindar parivar men hua tha. bimal ne apana kariyar nyoo thiyetar stoodiyo, kolakata men kaimaramain ke roop men shuroo kiya. ve san 1935 men aee ke. el. sahagal ki film devadas ke sahayak nirdeshak the. bimal ray ke manaviy anubhootiyon ke gahare parakhi aur samajik manovaigyanik hone ke karan unaki filmon men sadagi bani rahi aur usamen kahin se bhi jabaradasti thopi huee ya badabolepan ki jhalak nahin milati. isake alava sinema takanik par bhi unaki mazaboot pakad thi jisase unaki filmen darshakon ko prabhavit karati hain aur darshakon ko ant tak bandh kar rakhane men saphal hoti hain. shayad yahi vajah rahi ki jab unaki filmen aeen to pratispardha men doosara nirdeshak nahin thahar saka.[1]

nirdeshan kshamata

bimal ray ne apani filmon men samajik samasyaon ko to uthaya hi, unake samadhan ka bhi prayas kiya aur paryapt snket die ki un sthitiyon se kaise nibata jae. 'bndini' aur 'sujata' filmon ka udaharan samane hai jinake madhyam se vah samaj ko sndesh dete hain. deshabhakti aur samajik filmon se apana safar shuroo karane vale bimal ray ki kritiyon ke vishay ka phalak kafi vyapak raha aur vah kisi ek imej men bndhane se bach ge. ek or vah samajik buraee ka snvedana ke sath chitran kar rahe the to doosari or unaka dhyan striyon ke samman aur unaki pida ki taraph bhi tha. hindi filmon men nayak kendrit kathanakon ka hi zor raha hai, lekin bimal da ne use bhi kharij kar diya aur nayikaon ko kendrit kar behad kamayab filmen banaeen. aisi filmon men madhumati, bndini, sujata, parinita benajir, biraj bahoo adi shamil hain.[1]

pratibha ke adbhut parakhi

bimal ray svayn ek pratibhashali filmakar hone ke alava ve nissndeh pratibha ke adbhut parakhi bhi the jo ki is bat se pramanit hota hai ki mool roop se sngitakar ke roop men khyatiprapt salil chaudhari ke lekhan ki takat ko unhonne pahachana jisake phalasvaroop aj bharat ke pas "do bigha zamin" jaisa amooly ratn hai. jaise sahity ke kshetr men upanyas samrat premachand ke 'godan' ka nayak 'hori' abhavagrast aur chir sngharsharat bharatiy kisan ka pratik ban chuka hai to vaise hi gramin samnti vyavastha aur nagaron ke nrishns poonjivad ke bich pisate shramik varg ke pratinidhi ka darza 'do bigha zamin' ke 'shambhoo' ko prapt hai. jin logon ko yah bhram hai ki hal hi ke dinon men ek angrez dvara banaee gayi ek ati sadharan film ke aauskar jitane ke bad hi vaishvik patal par hindi sinema ko pratishtha milane ka daur shuroo hua hai, unako is bat par dhyan dena chahie ki 'do bigha zamin' varshon pahale hi antarrashtriy film samarohon men apana dnka baja chuki thi. yadi pragatishil sahity ki tarah "pragatishil sinema" ki bat ki jae to bimal ray nissndeh isake purodha mane jayenge.[2]

prasiddh filmen

bimal ray ki kuchh prasiddh filmen nimn hain-

  • parakh
  • do bigha zamin
  • bndini
  • sujata
  • madhumati
  • parinita
  • biraj bahoo
  • kabulivala
  • usane kaha tha

samman aur puraskar

bimal ray ke samman men jari dak tikat

bimal ray ko sarvashreshth nirdeshan ke lie sat bar filmapheyar puraskar mile. inamen do bar to unhonne haitrik banaee. unhen 1954 men 'do bigha zamin' ke lie pahali bar yah puraskar mila. isake bad 1955 men 'parinita', 1956 men 'biraj bahoo' ke lie yah samman mila. tin sal ke antaral ke bad 1959 men 'madhumati', 1960 men 'sujata' aur 1961 men 'parakh' ke lie unhen yah puraskar mila. isake alava 1964 men 'bndini' ke lie unhen sarvashreshth nirdeshan ka filmapheyar ka puraskar mila.[1]

filmapheyar sarvashreshth nirdeshak (sat bar)
  • 1954 men do bigha zamin ke lie
  • 1955 men parinita ke lie
  • 1956 men biraj bahoo ke lie
  • 1959 men madhumati ke lie
  • 1960 men sujata ke lie
  • 1961 men parakh ke lie
  • 1964 men bndini ke lie
rashtriy film puraskar
  • 1954 men yogyata pramanapatr (Certificate of Merit) 'do bigha zamin'
  • 1955 men akhil bharatiy yogyata pramanapatr (All-India Certificate of Merit) 'biraj bahoo'
  • 1959 men sarvashreshth hindi film (Best Feature Film in Hindi) 'madhumati'
  • 1960 men akhil bharatiy yogyata pramanapatr (All-India Certificate of Merit) 'sujata'
  • 1963 men sarvashreshth hindi film (Best Feature Film in Hindi) 'bndini'

nidhan

bimal ray 'chaitali' film par kam kar hi rahe the, lekin 1966 men 7 janavari ko munbee, maharashtr men kainsar ke karan inaka nidhan ho gaya. bimal ray bhale hi hamare bich nahin hain, lekin unhonne filmon ki jo bhavy virasat chhodi hai vah sinema jagath ke lie hamesha anamol rahegi.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 behad snvedanashil filmakar the bimal ray (hindi) (ech.ti.em.el) jagaran yahoo indiya. abhigaman tithi: 25 disambar, 2011.
  2. bimal raauy: ek vinamr shraddhanjali (hindi) (ech.ti.em.el) kalachintan (blaaug). abhigaman tithi: 25 disambar, 2011.

snbndhit lekh

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