बेगम अख़्तर  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

begam akhtar
'begam akhtar
poora nam akhtari baee faizabadi
prasiddh nam begam akhtar
janm 7 aktoobar, 1914
janm bhoomi faizabad, uttar pradesh
mrityu 30 aktoobar, 1974
mrityu sthan ahamadabad, gujarat
pati/patni ishtiak ahamad abbasi
karm bhoomi mumbee, lakhanoo
karm-kshetr gayan, abhinay
mukhy filmen 'amina', 'roti', 'jalasa ghar', 'danapani' adi
puraskar-upadhi 'padm shri', 'padm bhooshan', 'sngit natak akadami puraskar'
nagarikata bharatiy
any janakari 7 aktoobar, 2017 ko googal ne begam akhtar ke 103ven janmadin par doodal banakar shrriddhanjali di.
adyatan‎

begam akhtar (angrezi: Begum Akhtar, janm: 7 aktoobar, 1914; mrityu: 30 aktoobar, 1974) bharat ki prasiddh gazal aur thumari gayika thin, jinhen kala ke kshetr men bharat sarakar dvara san 1968 men 'padm shri' aur san 1975 men 'padm bhooshan' se sammanit kiya gaya tha. begam akhtar ko mallika-e-gazal bhi kaha jata hai.

jivan parichay

uttar pradesh ke faizabad men 7 aktoobar 1914 men janmin begam akhtar ka bachapan ke dinon se hi sngit ki or rujhan tha. vah parshvagayika banana chahati thin. unake parivar vale unaki is ichchha ke sakht khilaf the lekin unake chacha ne begam akhtar ke sngit ke prati lagav ko pahachan liya aur unhen is rah par age badhane ke liye prerit kiya. begam akhtar ne faizabad men sarngi ke ustad iman khan aur ata mohammad khan se sngit ki prarnbhik shiksha li. isake alava unhonne mohammad khan, abdul vahid khan se bharatiy shastriy sngit sikha.[1]

arnbhik jivan

bachapan ke dinon men ustad mohammad khan aur begam akhtar ke bich aisi ghatana huee ki begam akhtar ne gana sikhane se mana kar diya. un dinon begam akhtar sahi sur nahin laga pati thin. unake guru ne unhen isake bare men kee bar sikhaya aur jab vah nahin sikh paee to unhen dant diya. isake bad begam akhtar rone lagi aur kaha hamase nahin banata nanaji, main gana nahin sikhoongi. tab unake ustad ne kaha bas itane men har man li tumane, nahin bitto aise himmat nahin harate, meri bahadur bitiya chalo ek bar phir se sur lagane men jut jao. unaki yah bat sunakar begam akhtar ne phir se riyaz shuroo kiya aur sahi sur lagaye. tis ke dashak men begam akhtar parasi thiyetar se jud geen. natakon men kam karane ke karan unaka riyaz chhoot gaya jisase unake guru mohammad ata khan kafi naraj huye aur kaha jab tak tum natak men kam karana nahin chhodati, main tumhen gana nahin sikhaoonga. unaki is bat par begam akhtar ne kaha ap sirph ek bar mera natak dekhane a jaen usake bad ap jo kahenge, main karoongi. us rat mohammad ata khan begam akhtar ke natak turki hoor dekhane gaye. jab begam akhtar ne us natak ka gana 'chal ri mori naiyya' gaya to unaki ankhon men ansoo a gaye aur natak samapt hone ke bad begam akhtar se unhonne kaha bitiya too sachchi adakara hai jab tak chaho natak men kam karo.[1]

sine kairiyar ki shuruat

natakon men mili shoharat ke bad begam akhtar ko kalakatta ki eest indiya knpani men abhinay karane ka mauka mila. bataur abhinetri begam akhtar ne 'ek din ka badashah' se apane sine kairiyar ki shurooat ki, lekin is film ki asaphalata ke karan abhinetri ke roop men vah kuchh khas pahachan nahin bana paee. varsh 1933 men eest indiya ke bainar tale bani film 'nal damaynti' ki saphalata ke bad begam akhtar bataur abhinetri apani kuchh pahachan banane men saphal rahi. is bich begam akhtar ne amina, mumataj begam (1934), javani ka nasha (1935), nasib ka chakkar jaisi filmon me apane abhinay ka jauhar dikhaya. kuchh samay ke bad vah lakhanoo chali geen, jahan unaki mulakat mahan nirmata-nirdeshak mahaboob khan se huee jo begam akhtar ki pratibha se kafi prabhavit huye aur unhen munbee ane ka nyota diya. varsh 1942 men mahaboob khan ki film 'roti' men begam akhtar ne abhinay karane ke sath hi gane bhi gaye. us film ke lie begam akhtar ne 6 gane rikard karaye the lekin film nirman ke dauran sngitakar anil vishvas aur mahaboob khan ke apasi anaban ke bad rikard kiye gaye tin ganon ko film se hata diya gaya. bad men unake inhin ganon ko gramophon disk ne jari kiya. kuchh dinon ke bad begam akhtar ko munbee ki chakachaundh kuchh ajib si lagane lagi aur vah lakhanoo vapas chali geen.[1]

prasiddh filmen

  • amina (1934)
  • mumataj begam (1934)
  • roop kumari (1934)
  • javani ka nasha (1935)
  • nasib ka chakkar (1936)
  • anarabala (1940)
  • roti (1942)
  • danapani (1953)
  • ehasan (1954)
  • jalasa ghar (1958)

akhtari baee se begam akhtar

1945 men jab unaki shauharat apani charam sima par thi tab unhen shayad sachcha pyar mila aur unhon ne ishtiak ahamad abbasi, jo peshe se vakil the, se nikah kar liya aur akhtari baee faizabadi se begam akhtar ban gayin. gayaki chhod di aur pardanashin ho gayin. bahut se logon ne unake gayaki chhod dene par chhintakashi ki, "sau choohe kha ke billi haj ko chali" lekin unhonne apana ghar aise basaya manon yahi unaki ibadat ho. panch sal tak unhonne bahar ki duniya men jhank kar bhi n dekha. lekin jo takadir vo likha kar layi thin usase kaise lad sakati thin. vo bimar rahane lagin aur daktaron ne bataya ki unaki bimari ki ek hi vajah hai ki vo apane pahale pyar, yani ki gayaki se door hain. unake shauhar ki shah par 1949 men vo ek bar phir apane pahale pyar ki taraf laut padin aur aaul indiya rediyo ki lakhanoo shakha se jud gayin aur marate dam tak judi rahin. unhonne n sirf sngit ki duniya men vapas kadam rakha balki hindi filmon men bhi gayaki ke sath sath abhinay ke kshetr men bhi apana paracham faharaya.[2]

filmon men vapasi

rediyo men gana shuroo hua to sngit sammelan men jane lagin aur isi bich filmon men bhi vapasi huee. mahanh sngitakar madan mohan ke kahane par begam akhtar ne 1953 men pradarshit film 'danapani' ke git 'ai ishk mujhe aur kuchh yad nahi' aur 1954 men pradarshit film 'ehasan' ke git 'hamen dil men basa bhi lo' gakar shrotaon ko mntramugdh kiya. pachas ke dashak men begam akhtar ne filmon me kam karana kuchh kam kar diya. varsh 1958 men satyajit ray dvara nirmit film 'jalasa ghar' begam akhtar ke sine kairiyar ki antim film sabit huee. is film men unhonne ek gayika ki bhoomika nibhakar use jivnt kar diya tha. is dauran vah rngamnch se bhi judi rahi aur abhinay karati rahi.[1]

begam akhtar ke 103ven janmadin par googal ne banaya doodal

samman aur puraskar

nidhan

apani jaduee avaz se shrotaon ke dilon ke tar jhnkrit karane vali yah mahanh gayika 30 aktoobar 1974 ko is duniya ko alavida kah geen. begam akhtar ki tamanna akhiri samay tak gate rahane ki thi jo poori bhi huee. mrityu se ath din pahale unhonne mashahoor shayar kaifi azami ki yah gazal rikard ki thi-

suna karo meri jan, unase unake afasane.
sab ajanabi hain yahan, kaun kisako pahachane॥


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 parimal, mahesh kumar. begam akhtar:sab ajanabi hain yahan kaun kisako pahachane (hindi) (ech.ti.em.el) snvedanaon ke pnkh. abhigaman tithi: 11 aktoobar, 2012.
  2. kumar, anita. divana banana hai to divana bana de.... begam akhtar (hindi) (ech.ti.em.el) avaz. abhigaman tithi: 11 aktoobar, 2012.

snbndhit lekh

varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

a   a    i    ee    u    oo    e    ai    o   au    an    k   kh    g    gh    n    ch    chh    j    jh    n    t    th    d   dh    n    t    th    d    dh    n    p    ph    b    bh    m    y    r    l    v    sh    sh    s    h    ksh    tr    gy    ri    ri    aau    shr   aah