बैजू बावरा  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

baijoo bavara
baijoo bavara
poora nam baijanath mishr
any nam baijanath prasad
janm 1542 ee.
mrityu 1613 ee.
karm-kshetr sngitgy
vishay sngit
prasiddhi sngit samrat tanasen se muqabala kiya th.
nagarikata bharatiy
any janakari jab baijoo yuva hue to nagar ki kalavati namak yuvati se unaka prem prasng hua. sngit aur gayan ke sath-sath baijoo apani preyasi ke pyar men pagal ho ge. isi se log unhen baijoo bavara kahane lage.

sngit samrat baijoo bavara (janm: 1542 ee. – mrityu: 1613 ee.) bharat ke dhrupad gayak the. unako baijanath prasad aur baijanath mishr ke nam se bhi jana jata hai. ve gvaliyar ke raja manasinh ke darabar ke gayak the. unake jivan ke bare men bahut si kinvadantiyan hain jinhen aitihasik roop se jancha nahin ja sakata. vetravati aur oorvashi yugal saritaon ke madhy vindhyachal parvat ki gaganachunbi shreniyon ke bich basa chnderi nagar mahabharat kal se aj tak kisi n kisi karan vikhyat raha hai. mahabharat kal men bhagavan shrikrishn aur raja shishupal ke karan aur madhyakal men mahanh sngitgy baijoo bavara, mugal samrat babar, bundela samrat mediniray tatha manimala ke karan yah itihas men apana vishisht sthan banae hue hai.

jivan parichay

16 vin shatabdi ke mahanh gayak sngitgy tanasen ke gurubhaee pndit baijanath ka janm 1542 men sharad poornima ki rat ek brahman parivar men hua. chnderi baijanath ki krida-karmasthali rahi hai. is bat ka ullekh prasiddh sahityakar vrindavanalal varma ke 'mriganayani' v 'durgavati' jaise aitihasik upanyason men bhi milata hai. pndit baijanath ki balyakal se hi gayan evn sngit men kafi ruchi thi. unake gale ki madhurata aur gayan ki chaturaee prabhavashali thi. pndit baijanath ko bachapan men log pyar se 'baijoo' kahakar pukarate the. baijoo ki umr ke sath-sath unake gayan aur sngit men bhi badhotari hoti gee. jab baijoo yuva hue to nagar ki kalavati namak yuvati se unaka prem prasng hua. kalavati baijoo ki preyasi ke sath-sath preranasrot bhi rahi. sngit aur gayan ke sath-sath baijoo apani preyasi ke pyar men pagal ho ge. isi se log unhen baijoo bavara kahane lage.

tanasen se muqabala

mahan samrat akabar sngit evn kala men khoob ruchi rakhata tha. usane apane darabar men sngit v sahityakaron ko ashray diya. usake darabar men 36 sngitakar v sahityakar the. unamen se tanasen bhi ek the. tanasen akabar ke darabar ke nau ratnon men gine jate the. isi kal men baijoo bavara ki sngit sadhana charamotkarsh par thi. akabar ne apane darabar men ek sngit pratiyogita ka ayojan rakha. is pratiyogita ki yah shart thi ki tanasen se jo bhi muqabala karega. vah darabari sngitakar hoga tatha hare hue pratiyogi ko mrityudnd diya jaega. koee bhi sngitakar is shart ke karan samane nahin aya parntu baijoo bavara ne yah bida uthana tay kiya tatha apane guru haridas se agya prapt kar sngit pratiyogita men bhag liya. kaha to yahan tak jata hai ki sngit ki dhunon v ragon se ag aur pani bhi barase. antatah is pratiyogita men baijoo ki har huee, kintu bad men akabar ne prasann hokar baijoo ko apane darabar men rakh liya.

baijoo bavara akabar ke darabar men rahane ke bajay gvaliyar a ge, jahan unhen soochana mili ki unake guru haridas samadhisth hone vale hain. ve apane guru ke antim darshanon ke lie vrindavan pahunche aur unake darshan karane ke pashchath vibhinn prakar ki apadaon ka samana karate hue apane jivan ke antim padav men kashmir naresh ki rajadhani shrinagar pahunche. us samay unaka shishy gopaladas vahan darabari gayak tha. phatehal baijoo ne apane ane ki soochana gopaladas tak pahunchane ke lie dvarapal se kaha, to dvarapal ne do took javab diya ki unake svami ka koee guru nahin hai. yah sunakar baijoo ko kafi aghat pahuncha aur ve shrinagar ke ek mndir men pahunchakar rag dhrupad ka gayan karane lage. baijoo ke shreshth gayan ko sunakar apar bhid umadane lagi. jab baijoo ki khabar kashmir naresh ke pas pahunchi, to ve svayn bhi vahan ae tatha baijoo ka svagat kar apane darabar men le ae. kashmir naresh ne gopaladas ko punah sngit shiksha die jane hetu baijoo se nivedan kiya. raja ki agya se unhonne gopal ko punah sngit shiksha dekar nipun kiya.

antim samay

kala aur baijoo ka prem prasng jitana nishchhal, advitiy evn sukhad tha, usaka ant utani hi dukhad ghatana se hua. kaha jata hai ki baijoo ko apane pita ke sath tirthon ke darshan ke lie chnderi se bahar jana pada aur unaka vichhoh ho gaya. ve bad men bhi nahin mile. is ghatana ka 'baijoo' ke jivan par kafi prabhav pada aur isi ghatana ka baijoo ko mahanh sngitakar banane men kafi yogadan raha. chnderi men jab apane sngit aur svayn ka bhavishy andhakar men nazar aya to baijoo ne chnderi chhodane ka dridh nishchay kiya. gvaliyar ke maharaja manasinh ko kala evn sngit se atyadhik prem tha. unhonne baijoo bavara ko apane darabar men rakh liya tatha apani rani mriganayani ki sngit shiksha ki zimmedari baijoo ko saunpi. baijoo ne dhrupad, moojaritodi, mngal gujari adi ne-ne ragon ka avishkar kiya. unhonne mriganayani ko sngit men nipun kar sngitachary banaya tatha bad men darabar chhodakar apane guru haridas ke pas chal die.

zindagi ki sham hote-hote pn. baijanath urph baijoo bavara chnderi vapas a ge. vahan basnt pnchami ke din ve is duniya se vida lekar divy jyoti men vilin ho ge. chnderi sthit vindhyachal parvat ki gagan chunbi shreniyon men chndragiri namak pahad par kirti durg aur jauhar smarak ke madhy baijoo ke samadhi sthal par smarak bana hai. baijoo bavara ki smriti ko akshunn banae rakhane ke lie unake smarak ke rakh-rakhav tatha unaki yad ko chirasthayi banane ke lie unaki smriti men varshik samaroh manae jane ki nitant avashyakata hai. madhyakal men sahity aur bhakti ka utthan hua aur ek andolan ke roop men isaka phailav hua. is kal ko bhaktikal ke svarnayug ke nam se jana jata hai. is kal men sngit aur sahity ko rajakiy snrakshan bhi prapt hua. bhaktikal ke pratipadakon men mahasnt ramanuj, ramannd, nanak, kabir, sooradas, mirabaee (miran), tulasidas, raidas aneka-nek snt rahe hain.[1]

guru haridas?

vrindavan ke kee vidvanh baijoo bavara ko haridas ka shishy nahin manate. unaka kahana hai ki unhonne kuchh chizen haridas se sikhi zaroor thin, lekin vo unake vidhivat shishy nahin the. halanki vrindavan ke log baijoo bavara ko bhi svami haridas ka hi shishy manate hain. kahani hai ki jab haridas ko krishn ki yad aee to vo vrindavan a ge aur is nidhivan men rahakar bhagavan krishn ki bhakti aur sadhana karane lage.

baijoo bavara film

baijoo bavara ki jivani par adharit hindi bhasha ki ek film hai jo 1952 men pradarshit huee. baijoo bavara film men pakka gayan tanasen ke lie ustad amir khan aur baijoo bavara ke lie pandit di. vi. paluskar ne kiya tha. sngit nirdeshak naushad hain. vividh bharati par ustad amir khan ke gaye is git ke bol is prakar hain-

tori jay jay karatar
mori bhar de aj jholiya
too rahim data too pak kiratikar
tori jay jay karatar

tanasen ko too rab , gyan dhyan dijo sab
tanasen ko too rab (alap)

rag rng sagar hai kar de naiyya par[2]


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. ustad amir khan / pooriya dhanashri / baijoo bavara / tori jay jay karatar (hindi) vebaduniya hindi. abhigaman tithi: 25 apral, 2013.
  2. ustad amir khan / pooriya dhanashri / baijoo bavara / tori jay jay karatar (hindi) agaz (blaaug). abhigaman tithi: 25 apral, 2013.

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