बोधिधर्म बौद्धाचार्य  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

  • bodhidharm ek bharatiy bauddh bhikshu evn vilakshan yogi the. inhonne 520 ya 526 ee. men chin jakar dhyan-sampraday (jain buddhijm) ka pravartan kiya. ye dakshin bharat ke kanchipuram ke raja sugandh ke tritiy putr the. inhonne apani chin-yatra samudri marg se ki. ve chin ke dakshini samudri tat kentan bandaragah par utare.
  • prasiddh hai ki bhagavan buddh adbhut dhyanayogi the. ve sarvada dhyan men lin rahate the. kaha jata hai ki unhonne saty-sambandhi paramaguhy gyan ek kshan men mahakashyap men sampreshit kiya aur yahi bauddh dharm ke dhyan sampraday ki utpatti ka kshan tha. mahakashyap se yah gyan anand men sampreshit hua. is tarah yah gyanadhara guru-shishy parampara se nirantar pravahit hoti rahi. bharat men bodhadharm is parampara ke atthaisaven aur antim guru hue.
  • uttari chin ke tatkalin raja boo-ti ne unake darshan ki ichchha ki. ve ek shraddhavan bauddh upasak the. unhonne bauddh dharm ke prachararth anek mahaniy kary kiye the. anek stoop, vihar evn mandiron ka nirman karaya tha evn snskrit bauddh granthon ka chini bhasha men anuvad karaya tha. raja ke nimantran par bodhidharm ki unase nan-king men bhent huee . un donon men nimn prakar se dharm snlap hua.

boo-ti-bhante, mainne anek vihar adi ka nirman karaya hai tatha anek bauddh dharm ke snskrit granthon ka anuvad karaya hai tatha anek vyaktiyon ko bauddh bhikshu banane ki anumati pradan ki hai. kya in karyon se mujhe puny-labh hua hai?

bodhidharm- bilakul nahin.

boo-ti- vastavik puny kya hai?

bodhidharm- vishuddh prgya, jo shoony, sookshm, poorn evn shant hai. kintu is puny ki prapti snsar men snbhav nahin hai.

boo-ti- sabase pavitr dharm siddhant kaun hai?

bodhidharm- jahan sab shoonyata hai, vahan pavitr kuchh bhi nahin kaha ja sakata.

boo-ti- tab mere samane khada kaun bat kar raha hai?

bodhidharm- main nahin janata.

  • uparyukt snvad ke adhar par bodhidharm ek rooksh svabhav ke vyakti siddh hote hain. unhonne samrat ke puny karyon ka anumodan bhi nahin kiya. bahar ke kathor dikhaee dene par bhi unake man men karuna thi. vastut: unhonne raja ko bataya ki dan dena, vihar banavana, adi puny kary adhik mahattvapoorn nahin hain, ve anity hain. is prakar unhonne samrat ko ahnbhav se bachaya aur shoonyata ke uchch saty ka upadesh kiya, jo puny-pap pavitr-apavitr sat-asat adi dvandvon aur prapnchon se atit hai.
  • uparyukt bhent ke bad bodhidharm vahan rahane men koee labh n dekhakar yanh-tsi-nadi par karake uttari chin ke beee namak rajy men chale gaye. isake bad unaka adhikatar samay un rajy ki rajadhani lo-yan ke samip shug-shan parvat par sthit 'shashv-shanti' (shva-linh) namak vihar men bita, jisaka nirman panchavin shati ke poorvarddh men hua tha. is bhavy vihar ka darshan karate hi bodhidharm mantramugdh ho ge aur hath jode char din tak vihar ke samane khade rahe. yahin nau varsh tak rahate hue bodhidharm ne dhyan ki bhavana ki. ve divar ke samane khade rahe. yahin nau varsh tak rahate hue bodhidharm ne dhyan ki bhavana ki. ve divar ki or mukh karake dhyan kiya karate the. jis math men bodhidharm ne dhyan kiya, vah aj bhi bhagnavastha men vidyaman hai.
  • achary bodhidharm ne chin men dhyan-sampraday ki sthapana maun rahakar chetana ke dharatal par ki. badi kathor pariksha ke bad unhonne kuchh adhikari vyaktiyon ko chuna aur apane man se unake man ko bina kuchh bole shikshit kiya. bad men yahi dhyan-sampraday koriya aur japan men jakar vikasit hua.
  • bodhidharm ke pratham shishy aur uttaradhikari ka nam shain-kkng tha, jise shishy banane ke bad unhonne huee-ke nam diya. pahale vah kanaphyooshas mat ka anuyayi tha. bodhidharm ki kirti sunakar vah unaka shishy banane ke lie aya tha. sat din aur sat rat tak daravaze par khada raha, kintu bodhidharm ne milane ki anumati nahin thi. jade ki rat men maidan men khade rahane ke karan barf unake ghutanon tak jam gee, phir bhi guru ne kripa nahin ki. tab shain-kkng ne talavar se apani baee banh kat dali aur use lekar guru ke samip upasthit hua aur bola ki use shishyatv nahin mila to vah apane sharir ka bhi balidan kar dega. tab guru ne usaki or dhyan dekar poochha ki tum mujhase kya chahate ho? shain-kkng ne bilakhate hue kaha ki mujhe man ki shanti chahie. bodhidharm ne kathoratapoorvak kaha ki apane man ko nikal kar mere samane rakho, main use shant kar doonga. tab shainh-kkng ne rote hue kaha ki main man ko kaise nikal kar ap ko de sakata hoon? is par kuchh vinamr hokar karuna karate hue bodhidharm ne kaha- main tumhare man ko shant kar chuka hoon. tatkal shainh-kkang ko shanti ka anubhav hua, usake sare sndeh door ho ge aur bauddhik sngharsh sada ke lie mit ge. shainh-kkang chin men dhyan sampraday ke dvitiy dharmanayak hue.
  • uparyukt vivaran ke atirikt bodhidharm ke jivan aur vyaktitv ke bare men adhik kuchh bhi gyat nahin hai. chin se prasthan karane se poorv unhonne apane shishyon ko bulaya aur unaki upalabdhiyon ke bare men poochha. unamen se ek shishy ne kaha ki meri samajh men saty vidhi aur nishedh donon se pare hain. saty ke snchar ka yahi marg hai. bodhidharm ne kaha- tumhen meri tvacha prapt hai. inake bad doosari bhikshuni shishya boli ki saty ka keval ek bar darshan hota hai, phir kabhi nahin, bodhidharm ne kaha ki tumhen mera mans prapt hai. isake bad tisare shishy ne kaha ki charon mahabhoot aur panchon skandh shoony hain aur asat hai. sat roop men grahan karane yogy koee vastu nahin hai. bodhidharm ne kaha ki tumhen meri haddiyan prapt hain. ant men huee-ke ne akar pranam kiya aur kuchh bole nahin, chupachap apane sthan par khade rahe. bodhidharm ne is shishy se kaha ki tumhen meri charbi prapt hai.
  • isake bad hi bodhidharm antardhan ho ge. antim bar jin logon ne unhen dekha, unaka kahana hai ki ve nnge pair tsugh-ling parvatashreni men hokar pashchim ki or ja rahe the aur apana ek joota hath men lie the. in logon ke kahane par bad men loyang men bodhidharm ki samadhi kholi gee, kintu usamen ek joote ke alava aur kuchh n mila. kuchh logon ka kahana hai ki bodhidharm chin se lautakar bharat ae. japan men kuchh logon ka vishvas hai ki ve chin se japan ge aur nara ke samip katayog-yama shahar men ek bhikhari ke roop men unhen dekha gaya.
  • bodhidharm ne koee granth nahin likha, kintu dhyan sampraday ke itihas granthon men unake kuchh vachanon ya upadeshon ka ullekh milata hai. japan men ek pustak 'shoshitsu ke chhah nibandh' nam prachalit hai, jisamen unake chhah nibandh sngrahit mane jate hain. sujuki ki raj men is pustak men nishchit hi kuchh vachan bodhidharm ke hain, kintu sab nibandh bodhidharm ke nahin hain. chin ke tun-huanh nagar ke 'sahastr buddh guha vihar' ke dhvnsavasheshon men hastalikhit pustakon ko ek sngrah upalabdh hua tha, jisamen ek prati bodhidharm dvara pradatt pravachanon se sambandhit hai. isamen shishy ke prashn aur bodhidharm ke uttar khandit roop men sngrahit hain. ise bodhidharm ke shishyon ne likha tha. is samay yah prati chin ke rashtriy pustakalay men surakshit hai.
  • dhyan sampraday men saty ki anubhooti men prakriti ka mahanh upayog hai. prakriti hi dhyani santon ka shastr hai. gyan ki prapti ki prakriya men ve prakriti ka sahara lete hain aur usi ke nigoodh prabhav ke phalasvaroop chetana men saty ka tatkshan avataran sambhav manate hain.
  • bodhidharm ke vicharon ke anusar vastutattv ke gyan ke lie prgya ki antardrishti ki avashyak hai, jo tathyata tak sidhe pravesh kar jati hai. isake lie kisi tark ya anuman ki avashyakata nahin hai. isamen n koee vishleshan hai, n tulanatmak chintan, n atit evn anagat ke bare men sochana hai, n kisi nirnay par pahunchana hai, apitu pratyaksh dekhana hi sab kuchh hai. isamen snkalp-vikalp aur shabdon ke lie bhi koee sthan nahin hai. isamen keval 'eekshan' ki avashyakata hai. svanubhooti hi isaka lakshy hai, kintu 'sv' ka arth nity atma adi nahin hai.
  • dhyan sampraday eshiya ki ek mahanh upalabdhi hai. yah ek anubhavamoolak sadhana-paddhati hai. yah itana maulik evn vilakshan hai, jisamen dharm aur darshan ki roodhiyon, paramparaon, vivechan-paddhitiyon, tark evn shabd pranaliyon se ooba evn thaka manav vishranti evn santvana ka anubhav karata hai. isaki sahityik evn kalatmak abhivyaktiyan itani mahanh evn sarjanashil hain ki usaka kisi bhasha men ana usake vicharatmak paksh ko pusht karata hai. isane chin, koriya aur japan ki bhoomi ko apane gyan aur udar charyaon dvara sincha hai tatha in deshon ke sanskritik abhyutthan men apoorv yogadan kiya hai.

snbndhit lekh

varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

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