ब्रज  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

braj vishay soochi
braj
braj ke vibhinn drishy
vivaran bhagavat men ‘braj’ kshetr vishesh ko ingit karate hue hi prayukt hua hai. vahan ise ek chhote gram ki sngya di gee hai. usamen ‘pur’ se chhota ‘gram’ aur usase bhi chhoti basti ko ‘braj’ kaha gaya hai. 16vin shatabdi men ‘braj’ pradesh ke arth men hokar ‘brajamndal’ ho gaya aur tab usaka akar 84 kos ka mana jane laga tha.
braj kshetr aj jise ham braj kshetr manate hain usaki dishaain, uttar disha men palaval (hariyana), dakshin men gvaliyar (madhy pradesh), pashchim men bharatapur (rajasthan) aur poorv men eta (uttar pradesh) ko chhooti hain.
braj ke kendr mathura evn vrindavan
braj ke van kotavan, kamyavan, kumudavan, kokilavan, khadiravan, talavan, bahulavan, biharavan, belavan, bhadravan, bhandiravan, madhuvan, mahavan, lauhajnghavan evn vrindavan
bhasha hindi aur brajabhasha
pramukh parv evn tyohar holi, krishn janmashtami, yam dvitiya, guru poornima, radhashtami, govardhan pooja, gopashtami, nandotsav evn kns mela
pramukh darshaniy sthal krishn janmabhoomi, dvarikadhish mandir, rajakiy sngrahalay, banke bihari mandir, rng nath ji mandir, govind dev mandir, iskaaun mandir, madan mohan mandir, danaghati mndir, manasi gnga, kusum sarovar, jayagurudev mandir, radha rani mndir, nand ji mndir, vishram ghat , daooji mndir
snbndhit lekh braj ka pauranik itihas, braj chaurasi kos ki yatra, moorti kala mathura
any janakari braj ke van–upavan, kunj–nikunj, shri yamuna v giriraj atyant mohak hain. pakshiyon ka madhur svar ekanki sthali ko madak evn manohar banata hai. moron ki bahutayat tatha unaki pioo–pioo ki avaz se vatavaran gunjayaman rahata hai.

braj (angrezi: Braj) bhagavan shrikrishn ki lila sthali ke roop men sare vishv men prasiddh hai. vartaman samay men uttar pradesh ke mathura sahit vah bhoo-bhag, jo shrikrishn ke janm aur unaki vividh lilaon se sambndhit hai, braj kahalata hai. is prakar braj vartaman mathura mndal aur prachin shoorasen pradesh ka apar nam aur usaka ek chhota roop hai. isamen mathura, vrindavan, govardhan, gokul, mahavan, baladev, nandaganv, barasana, dig aur kamyavan adi bhagavan shrikrishn ke sabhi lila-sthal sammilit hain. braj ki sima ko chaurasi kos mana gaya hai. sooradas tatha any brajabhasha ke bhakt kaviyon aur vartakaron ne bhagavat puran ke anukaran par mathura ke nikatavarti vany pradesh ko braj kaha hai aur use sarvatr 'mathura', 'madhupuri' ya 'madhuvan' se prithakh vatalaya hai. mathura, jalesar, bharatapur, agara, hatharas, dhaulapur, aligadh, itava, mainapuri, eta, kasagnj aur firojabad, ye sabhi braj kshetr men ane vale pramukh nagar hain.

parichay

braj uttar pradesh rajy ka sarvapramukh prasiddh tirth sthal hai. yah sampoorn bharat men bhagavan shrikrishn ki kridasthali aur unaki lilaon ke lie prasiddh hai. 'braj' shabd ke arth ka kal-kramanusar hi vikas hua hai. vedon aur ramayan-mahabharat ke kal men jahan isaka prayog ‘goshth’, 'go-sthan’ jaise laghu sthal ke liye hota tha, vahin pauranik kal men ‘gop-basti’ jaise kuchh bade sthan ke liye isaka prayog kiya jane laga. us samay tak yah shabd ek pradesh ke lie prayukt n hokar kshetr vishesh ka hi prayojan spasht karata tha. bhagavat men ‘braj’ kshetr vishesh ko ingit karate hue prayukt hua hai. vahan ise ek chhote ganv ki sngya di gee hai. usamen ‘pur’ se chhota ‘gram’ aur usase bhi chhoti basti ko ‘braj’ kaha gaya hai. 16vin shatabdi men ‘braj’ pradesh ke arth men hokar ‘brajamndal’ ho gaya aur tab usaka akar 84 kos ka mana jane laga tha. us samay mathura ‘braj’ men sammilit nahin mana jata tha. sooradas tatha any brajabhasha ke kaviyon ne ‘braj’ aur mathura ka prithakh roop men hi kathan kiya hai.

braj shabd ki paribhasha

vaidik snhitaon tatha ramayan, mahabharat adi snskrit ke prachin dharmagrnthon men braj shabd goshala, go-sthan, gochar bhoomi ke arthon men prayukt hua hai. rigved men yah shabd goshala athava gayon ke khirak ke roop men varnit hai. yajurved men gayon ke charane ke sthan ko braj aur goshala ko goshth kaha gaya hai. shukl yajurved men sundar singon vali gayon ke vicharan sthan se braj ka snket milata hai. atharvaved men goshalaon se sambndhit poora sookt hi prastut hai. harivnshapuran tatha bhagavatapuran adi men yah shabd gop bast ke roop men prayukt hua hai. skndapuran men maharshi shandily ne braj shabd ka arth vatalate hue ise vyapak brahm ka roop kaha hai. at: yah shabd braj ki adhyatmikata se sambndhit hai.

bhoogol

kisi bhi sanskritik bhoo-khnd ke saskritik vaibhav ke adhyayan ke liye us bhoo-khnd ka prakritik v bhaugolik adhyayan ati avashyak hota hai. snskrit aur brajabhasha ke granthon men braj ke dharmik mahatv par adhik prakash dala gaya hai, kintu unamen kuchh prakritik aur bhaugolik sthiti se bhi sambndhit varnan prastut hain. ye ullekh braj ke un bhakt kaviyon ki kritiyon men prastut hain, jinhonne 16vin shati ke bad yahan nivas kar apani rachanaen srijit ki thin. unamen se kuchh mahanubhavon ne braj ke lupt sthalon aur bhoole hue upakaranon ka anuveshan kar unake mahatv ko punah sthapit karane ka prayas kiya. aj jise ham braj kshetr manate hain, usaki dishaen, uttar disha men palaval (hariyana), dakshin men gvaliyar (madhy pradesh), pashchim men bharatapur (rajasthan) aur poorv men eta (uttar pradesh) ko chhooti hain.

vistar

braj ko yadi brajabhasha bolane vale kshetr se paribhashit karen to yah bahut vistrit kshetr ho jata hai. isamen pnjab se maharashtr tak aur rajasthan se bihar tak ke log bhi brajabhasha ke shabdon ka prayog bolachal men pratidin karate hain. krishn se to poora vishv parichit hai. aisa lagata hai ki braj ki simaen nirdharit karane ka kary asan nahin hai, phir bhi braj ki simaen to hain hi aur unaka nirdharan bhi kiya gaya hai. vartaman mathura tatha usake as-pas ka pradesh, jise braj kaha jata hai; prachin kal men shoorasen janapad ke nam se prasiddh tha. ee. satavin shati men jab chini yatri huen-sang yahan aya, tab usane likha ki- "mathura rajy ka vistar 5,000 li (lagabhag 833 mil) tha. dakshin-poorv men mathura rajy ki sima jejakabhukti (jijhauti) ki pashchimi sima se tatha dakshin-pashchim men malav rajy ki uttari sima se milati rahi hogi."

pauranik itihas

sarasvati ke nikat hi drishadvati nadi bahati thi. manu ne sarasvati aur drishadvati nadiyon ke doab ko 'brahmavart' pradesh ki sngya di hai. brahmavart ka nikatavarti bhoo-bhag 'brahmarshi pradesh' kahalata tha. usake antargat kuru, matsy, pnchal aur shoorasen janapadon ki sthiti mani gee hai. manusmriti[1] men janapadon ke nivasiyon ke achar-vichar samast prithvi ke nar-nariyon ke lie adarsh batalaye gaye hain. vaidik snskriti ka pradurbhav chahe sapt sindhav pradesh men hua, kintu vah brahmavart aur brahmarshi pradeshon men vikasit huee thi. sindhu, sarasvati aur drishadvati se lekar yamuna nadi tak ke vishal pavan pradesh ne vaidik snskriti ke pradurbhav aur vikas men mahattvapoorn yog diya tha. is prakar shoorasen janapad, jo mathura mndal athava brajamndal ka prachin nam hai, vaidik snskriti ke vikas ka anyatam puratan pradesh raha hai.

braj men gopi bane tripurari

shrimadropishvarn vande shnkarn karunakaramh.
sarvakleshaharn devn vrindaranye ratipradamh..

ram avatar ke samay

jab-jab dharati par bhagavan ne avatar liya, tab-tab unake balaroop ke darshan karane ke lie bhagavan shiv prithvi par padhare. shriramavatar ke samay bhagavan shnkar vriddh jyotishi ke roop men kakabhushundi ji ke sath ayodhya men padhare aur ranivas men pravesh kar bhagavan shriram, lakshman, bharat aur shatrughn ke darshan kiye.

auru ek kahun nij chori. sunu girija ati dridh mati tori..
kakabhusndi sng ham dooo. manujaroop jani nahin kooo..

krishn avatar ke samay

shrikrishnavatar ke samay sadhu vesh men baba bholenath gokul padhare. yashoda bholenath ji ka vesh dekhakar dar gayin unhonne kanha ke darshan nahin karaye. dhooni laga di dvar par, lala rone lage, nazar lag gayi. baba bholenath ne lala ki nazar utari. baba bholenath kanha ko god men lekar nand ke angan men nach uthe. aj bhi nand ganv men bholenath `nandeshvar' nam se virajaman hain.

braj men svami haridas ji

bankebihari ji maharaj ko vrindavan men prakat karane vale svami haridas ji ka janm vikram samvath 1535 men bhadrapad mas ke shukl paksh ki ashtami (radhashtami) ke brahm muhoort men hua tha. inake pita ashudhir ji apane upasy shriradha-madhav ki prerana se patni gngadevi ke sath anek tirtho ki yatra karane ke pashchath aligadh janapad ki kol tahasil men 'braj' akar ek ganv men bas ge. vikram samvath 1560 men pachchis varsh ki avastha men haridas vrindavan pahunche. vahan unhonne nidhivan ko apani tap sthali banaya.



panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. manusmriti - 2-17,16, 20

snbndhit lekh


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