ब्रह्म वैवर्त पुराण  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

brahm vaivart puran, gitapres gorakhapur ka avaran prishth

yah vaishnav puran hai. is puran men shrikrishn ko hi pramukh isht manakar unhen srishti ka karan bataya gaya hai. 'brahmavaivart' shabd ka arth hai- brahm ka vivart arthath brahm ki roopantar rashi. brahm ki roopantar rashi 'prakriti' hai. prakriti ke vividh parinamon ka pratipadan hi is 'brahmavaivart puran' men prapt hota hai. vishnu ke avatar krishn ka ullekh yadyapi kee puranon men milata hai, kintu is puran men yah vishay bhinnata lie hue hai. 'brahmavaivart puran' men krishn ko hi 'parabrahm' mana gaya hai, jinaki ichchha se srishti ka janm hota hai.

radha-krishn
Radha-Krishna

krishn se hi brahma, vishnu, mahesh aur prakriti ka janm bataya gaya hai. unake daen parshv se trigun (satv, raj, tam) utpann hote hain. phir unase mahattatv, ahnkar aur pnch tanmatr utpann hue. phir narayan ka janm hua jo shyam varn, pitambaradhari aur vanamala dharan kie char bhujaon vale the. pnchamukhi shiv ka janm krishn ke vam parshv se hua. nabhi se brahma, vakshasthal se dharm, vam parshv se pun: lakshmi, mukh se sarasvati aur vibhinn angon se durga, savitri, kamadev, rati, agni, varun, vayu adi devi-devataon ka avirbhav hua. ye sabhi bhagavan ke 'golok' men sthit ho ge.

srishti nirman ke uparant ras mandal men unake arddh vam ang se radha ka janm hua. romakoopon se gval bal aur gopiyon ka janm hua. gayen, hns, turng aur sinh prakat hue. shiv vahan ke lie bail, brahma ke lie hns, dharm ke lie turng (ashv) aur durga ke lie sinh die ge.

'jamuna'(gopiyon ke sath krishn), dvara- raja ravi varma

yah puran kahata hai ki is brahmand men asnkhy vishv vidyaman hain. pratyek vishv ke apane-apane vishnu, brahma aur mahesh hain. in sabhi vishvon se oopar golok men bhagavan shrikrishn nivas karate hain. is puran ke char khand hain- brahm khand, prakriti khand, ganapati khand aur shrikrishn janm khand. in charon men do sau chauhattar (274) adhyay hain.

brahm khand

krishn
Krishna

brahm khand men krishn charitr ki vividh lilaon aur srishti kram ka varnan prapt hota hai. krishn ke sharir se hi samast devi-devataon ko avirbhav mana gaya hai. is khand men bhagavan soory dvara snkalit ek svatantr 'ayurved snhita' ka bhi ullekh milata hai. ayurved samast rogon ka parigyan karake unake prabhav ko nasht karane ki samarthy rakhata hai. isi khand men shrikrishn ke arddhanarishvar svaroop men radha ka avirbhav unake vam ang se dikhaya gaya hai.

prakriti khand

gayatri devi
Gayatri Devi

prakriti khand men vibhinn deviyon ke avirbhav aur unaki shaktiyon tatha charitron ka sundar vivaran prapt hota hai. is khand ka prarambh 'pnchadeviroopa prakriti' ke varnan se hota hai. ye panch roop – yashadurga, mahalakshmi, sarasvati, gayatri aur savitri ke hain, jo apane bhakton ka uddhar karane ke lie roop dharan karati hain inake atirikt sarvopari raseshvari roop radha ka hai. radha-krishn charitr aur radha ji ki pooja-archana ka snkshipt parichay is khand men prapt hota hai. in deviyon ke vibhinn namon ka ullekh bhi prakriti khand men hai.

ganapati khand

ganesh
Ganesha

ganapati khand men ganesh ji ke janm ki katha aur punyak vrat ki mahima ka varnan kiya gaya hain ganesh ji ke charitr aur lilaon ka varnan bhi is khand men hai. balak ganesh ko jab shani dev dekh lete hain to unake drishtipat se ganesh ji ka sir katakar gir jata hai. tab parvati ki prarthana par vishnuji hathi ka sir katakar ganesh ke dhad par lagakar unhen jivit kar dete hain. ganesh ji ke ath vighnanashak namon ki soochi is khand men is prakar di gee hai- vighnesh, ganesh, heramb, gajanan, lnbodar, ekadnt, shoorpakarn aur vinayak. isi khand men 'soory kavach' tatha 'soory stotr' ka bhi varnan hai. ant men yah kaha gaya hai ki ganesh ji ki pooja men tulasi dal kabhi nahin arpit karana chahie. parashuram aur raj suchandr ke vadh ke prasng men 'dashakshari vidya' , 'kali kavach' aur 'durga kavach' ka varnan bhi isi khand men milata hai.

shrikrishn janm khand

shrikrishn janm khand ek sau ek adhyayon men phaila sabase bada khand hai. isamen shrikrishn ki lilaon ka vistar se varnan kiya gaya hai. 'shrimadbhagavat' men bhi isi prakar shrikrishn ki lilaon ka varnan upalabdh hota hai. is khand men yoganidra dvara varnit 'shrikrishn kavach' ka ullekh hai jisake path se daihik, daivik tatha bhautik bhayon ka samool nash ho jata hai. shrikrishn ke tentis namon ki soochi bhi is khand men di gee hai.

balaram ke nau namon aur radha ke solah namon ka varnan bhi shrikrishn janm khand men prapt hota hai. isi khand men sau ke lagabhag un vastuon, dravyon aur anushthanon ki soochi bhi di gee hai jinake matr se saubhagy ki prapti hoti hai. isi khand men tithi vishesh men vibhinn tirthon men snan karane aur puny labh pane ka ullekh kiya gaya hai. 'kartik poornima' men radha ji ki pooja-archana karane par bal diya gaya hai, jo vishesh phaladayi hai.

rasalila, krishn janmabhoomi, mathura
Raslila, Krishna's Birth Place, Mathura

isi khand men kaha gaya hai ki 'annadan' se badhakar koee doosara dan nahin hai. bhagavan ke gyarah namon- ram, narayan, annt, mukund, madhusoodan, krishn, keshav, knsari, hare, vaikunth aur vaman ko atyant punyadayak tatha sahastr koti janmon ka pap nasht karane vala bataya gaya hai.

'brahmavaivart puran' men rasalila ka varnan 'bhagavat puran' ke ras pnchadhyayi se kafi bhinn hai. 'bhagavat puran' ka varnan sahityik aur satvik hai jabaki 'brahmavaivart puran' ka varnan atyant shrringarik tatha kahin-kahin ashlil bhi hai. is puran men srishti ka mool shrikrishn ko bataya gaya hai. parantu brahm niroopan ke darshanik vivechan men vedant-viddhant ko hi svikar kiya gaya hai. is puran men pootana, kubja, jambavati tatha krishn ki mrityu ke prasng any puranon se bhinn hain. ganesh janm men bhi vichitrata hai. is puran ke any vishayon men parvat, nadi, vriksh, gram, nagar adi ki utpatti, manu-shataroopa ki katha, brahma ki pith se daridra ka janm, malavati evn kalapurush snvad, dinacharya, shrikrishn, shiv aur brahmand kavachon ka varnan, gnga varnan tatha shiv stotr adi ka ullekh bhi shamil hai.

shriradha aur shrikrishn ke charitr

radha-krishn
Radha-Krishna

shrimahadevaji kahate hain- parvati! ek samay ki bat hai, shrikrishn viraja namavali sakhi ke yahan usake pas then isase shriradhaji ko kshobh hua. is karan viraja vahan nadiroop hokar pravahit ho gayi. viraja ki sakhiyan bhi chhoti-chhoti nadiyan banin. prithvi ki bahut-si nadiyan aur saton samudr viraja se hi utpann hain. radha ne pranayakop se shrikrishn ke pas jakar unase kuchh kathor shabd kahe. sudama ne isaka virodh kiya. is par lilamayi shriradhane use asur hone ka shap de diya. sudama ne bhi lilakram se hi shriradha ko manaviroop men prakat hone ki bat kah di. sudama mata radha tatha pita shrihari ko pranam karake jab jane ko udyat hua tab shriradha putravirah se katar ho ansoo bahane lagin. shrikrishn ne unhen samajha-bujhakar shant kiya aur shighr usake laut ane ka vishvas dilaya. sudama hi tulasi ka svami shnkhachood namak asur hua tha, jo mere shool se vidirn evn shapamukt ho pun: golok chala gaya. sati radha isi varahakalp men gokul men avatirn huee thin. ve vraj men vrishabhanu vaishy ki kanya hueen ve devi ayonija thin, mata ke pet se nahin paida huee thin. unaki mata kalavati ne apane garbh men 'vayu' ko dharan kar rakha tha. usane yogamaya ki prerana se vayu ko hi janm diya; parntu vahan svechchha se shriradha prakat ho gayin. barah varsh bitane par unhen nootan yauvan men pravesh karati dekh mata-pita ne 'rayan' vaishyake sath usaka sambandh nishchit kar diya. us samay shriradha ghar men apani chhaya ko sthapit karake svayn antardhan ho gayin. us chhaya ke sath hi ukt rayan ka vivah hua.

krishn janm vasudev, krishn ko kns ke karagar mathura se gokul le jate hue, dvara- raja ravi varma

'jagatpati shrikrishn kns ke bhay se raksha ke bahane shaishavavastha men hi gokul pahuncha diye gaye the. vahan shrikrishn ki mata jo yashoda thin, unaka sahodar bhaee 'rayan' tha. golok men to vah shrikrishn ka anshabhoot gop tha, par is avatar ke samay bhootal par vah shrikrishn ka mama lagata tha. jagatstrashta vidhata ne punyamay vrindavan men shrikrishn ke sath sakshath shriradha ka vidhipoorvak vivahakarm sampann karaya tha. gopagan svapn men bhi shriradha ke charanaravindaka darshan nahin kar pate the. sakshath radha shrikrishn ke vaksh: sthal men vas karati thin aur chhayaradha rayan ke ghar men. brahmaji ne poorvakal men shriradha ke charanaravind ka darshan pane ke liye pushkar men sath hazar varshon tak tapasya ki thi; usi tapasya ke phalasvaroop is samay unhen shriradhacharanon ka darshan prapt hua tha. gokulanath shrikrishn kuchh kal tak vrindavan men shriradha ke sath amod-pramod karate rahe. tadanantar sudama ke shap se unaka shriradhake sath viyog ho gaya. isi bich men shrikrishn ne prithvi ka bhar utara. sau varsh poorn ho jane par tirth yatra ke prasng se shriradha ne shrikrishn ka aur shrikrishn ne shriradha ka darshan prapt kiya. tadanantar tattvgy shrikrishn shriradha ke sath golokadham padhare. kalavati (kirtida) aur yashoda bhi shriradha ke sath hi golok chali gayin.

kns ka karagar, mathura
Kans Prison, Mathura

prajapati dron nand hue. unaki patni dhara yashoda hueen. un donon ne pahale ki huee tapasya ke prabhav se paramatma bhagavanh shrikrishn ko putraroop men prapt kiya tha. maharshi kashyap vasudev hue the. unaki patni sati sadhvi aditi anshat: devaki ke roop men avatirn huee thin. pratyek kalp men jab bhagavanh avatar lete hain, devamata aditi tatha devapita kashyap unake mata-pita ka sthan grahan karate hain. shriradha ki mata kalavati (kirtida) pitaron ki manasi kanya thi. golok se vasudam gop hi vrishabhanu hokar is bhootalapar aye the. durge! is prakar mainne shriradha ka uttam upakhyan sunaya. yah sampatti pradan karane vala, papahari tatha putr aur pautron ki vriddhi karane vala hai. shrikrishn do roopon men prakat hain- dvibhuj aur chaturbhuj. chaturbhujaroop se ve vaikunthadham men nivas karate hain aur svayn dvibhuj shrikrishn golokadham men. chaturbhujaki patni mahalakshmi, sarasvati, gnga aur tulasi hain. ye charon deviyan chaturbhuj narayanadev ki priya hain. shrikrishn ki patni shriradha hain, jo unake ardhang se prakat huee hain. ve tej, avastha, roop tatha gun sabhi drishtiyon se unake anuroop hain. vidvanh purush ko pahale 'radha' nam ka uchcharan karake pashchath 'krishn' nam ka uchcharan karana chahiye. is kram se ulat-pher karane par vah pap ka bhagi hota hai, isamen snshay nahin hai.

kartik ki poornimakon golok ke rasamandal men shrikrishn ne shriradha ka poojan kiya aur tatsambandhi mahotsav rachaya. uttam ratnon ki gutika men radhakavach rakhakar goponsahit shrihari ne use apane kanth aur dahini banh men dharan kiya. bhaktibhav se unaka dhyan karake stavan kiya. phir madhusoodan ne radha ke chabaye hue tambool ko lekar svayn khaya. radha shrikrishn ki poojaniya hain aur bhagavanh shrikrishh radha ke poojaniy hain. ve donon ek-doosare ke isht devata hain. unamen bhedabhav karane vala purush narak men padata hai.[1]

krishn janmabhoomi, mathura
Shri Krishna's Janm Bhumi, Mathura

shrikrishn ke bad dharm ne, brahmaji ne, mainne, anant ne, vasukine tatha soory aur chandramane shriradha ka poojan kiya. tatpashchath devaraj indr, rudragan, manu, manuputr, devendragan, munindragan tatha sampoorn vishve ke logon ne shri radha ki pooja ki. ye sab dvitiy avaran ke poojak hain. tritiy avaran men saton dvipon ke samrath suygy ne tatha unake putr-pautron evn mitron ne bharatavarsh men prasannatapoorvak shriradhika ka poojan kiya. un maharaj ko daivavash kisi brahman ne shap de diya tha, jisase unaka hath rogagrast ho gaya tha. is karan ve man-hi-man bahut du:khi rahate the. unaki rajyalakshmi chhin gayi thi; parntu shri radha ke var se unhonne apana rajy prapt kar liya. brahmaji ke diye hue stotr se parameshvari shriradha ki stuti karake raja ne unake abhedy kavach ko kanth aur banh men dharan kiya tatha pushkaratirth men sau varshon tak dhyanapoorvak unaki pooja ki. ant men ve maharaj ratnamay vimanapar savar hokar golokadham men chale gaye.


tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. radha poojya ch krishnasy tatpoojyo bhagavanh prabhu:. parasparabhishtadevo bhedakrinnarakn vrajeth॥ (prakritikhand 49. 63)

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