ब्राह्मी लिपि  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

ashok ki brahmi lipi ke akshar
  • brahmi lipi ek prachin lipi hai jisase kee eshiyaee lipiyon ka vikas hua hai. prachin brahmi lipi ke utkrisht udaharan samrat ashok (asok) dvara eesa poorv tisari shatabdi men banavaye gaye shilalekhon ke roop men anek sthanon par milate hain. naye anusndhanon ke adhar 6 vin shatabdi eesa poorv ke lekh bhi mile hai. brahmi bhi kharoshthi ki tarah hi poore eshiya men phaili huee thi.
  • ashok ne apane lekhon ki lipi ko 'dhammalipi' ka nam diya hai; usake lekhon men kahin bhi is lipi ke lie 'brahmi' nam nahin milata. lekin bauddhon, jainon tatha brahman-dharm ke grnthon ke anek ullekhon se gyat hota hai ki is lipi ka nam 'brahmi' lipi hi raha hoga.
  • hamare prachin snskrit grnthon men yah bat am taur se paee jati hai ki jis kisi bhi chiz ki utpatti kuchh adhik prachin ya agyey ho usake nirmata ke roop men badi asani se 'brahma' ka nam le liya jata hai. snsar ki any puralipiyon ki utpatti ke bare men bhi yahi dekhane ko milata hai ki pray: unake janak koee n koee daivi purush hi mane ge hen. hamare yahan bhi 'brahma' ko lipi ka janmadata mana jata raha hai, aur isilie hamare desh ki is prachin lipi ka nam brahmi pada hai.
  • bauddh grnth 'lalitavistar' men 64 lipiyon ke nam die ge hain. inamen pahala nam 'brahmi' hai aur doosara 'kharoshthi'. in 64 lipi-namon men se adhikansh nam kalpit jan padate hain.
  • jainon ke 'pannavanasootr' tatha 'samavayangasootr' men 16 lipiyon ke nam die ge hain, jinamen se pahala nam 'bnbhi' (brahmi) ka hai.
  • 'bhagavatisootr' men sarvapratham 'bnbhi' (brahmi) lipi ko namaskar karake (namo bnbhie livie) sootr ka arnbh kiya gaya hai.
  • 668 ee. men likhit ek chini bauddh vishvakosh 'pha-shu-linh' men brahmi aur kharoshthi lipiyon ka ullekh milata hai. isamen likha hai ki, 'likhane ki kala ka shodh daivi shakti vale tin acharyon ne kiya hai; unamen sabase prasiddh brahma hai, jisaki lipi baeen or se dahini or ko padhi jati hai.'
  • isase yahi jan padata hai ki brahmi bharat ki sarvadeshik lipi thi aur usaka janm bharat men hi hua kintu bahut-se videshi puravid manate hain ki kisi bahari varnamalatmak lipi ke adhar par hi brahmi varnamala ka nirman kiya gaya tha.
  • byoohlar jaise prasiddh puralipivid ki manyata rahi ki brahmi lipi ka nirman phinishiyan lipi ke adhar par hua. isake lie unhonne eran ke ek sikke ka praman bhi diya tha.
  • eran (sagar zila, m.pr.) se tanbe ke kuchh sikke mile hain, jinamen se ek par 'dhamapalas' shabd ke akshar daeen or se baeen or ko likhe hue milate hain. choonki, semetik lipiyan bhi daeen or se baeen or ko likhi jati thin, isalie byoohlar ne is akele sikke ke adhar par yah kalpana kar li ki arnbh men brahmi lipi bhi semetik lipiyon ki tarah daeen or se baeen or ko likhi jati thi. ojha ji tatha any anek puralipividon ne byoohlar ki is manyata ka tarkayukt khndan kiya hai. us samay ojha ji ne likha tha, 'kisi sikke par lekh ka ulata a jana koee ashchary ki bat nahin hai, kyonki sikke par ubhare hue akshar sidhe ane ke lie sikke ke thappe men akshar ulate khodane padate hain, arthath jo lipiyan baeen or se dahini or likhi jati hain unake thappon men sikkon ki ibarat ki pnkti ka arnbh dahini or se karake pratyek akshar ulata khodana padata hai, parntu khodanevala isamen chook jae aur thappe par baeen or se khodane lag jae to sikke par sara lekh ulata a jata hai, jaisa ki eran ke sikke par paya jata hai.' sath hi, ojha ji ne likha tha, 'ab tak koee shilalekh is desh men aisa nahin mila hai ki jisamen brahmi lipi farasi ki naeen ulati likhi huee mili ho.'
  • yah 1918 ke pahale ki bat hai.
brahmi vynjanon ke sath svar-matraen jodane ki vyavastha

any snbndhit lekh


  • 1929 men anu ghosh ko erragudi (kurnool zila, andhr pradesh) men ashok ka ek laghu-shilalekh mila, jise bad men dayaram sahani ne 1933 men prakashit kiya. is lekh ki kul 23 pnktiyon men se 8 pnktiyan – 2,4,6,9,11,13,14, aur 23 vin pnktiyan- daeen or se baeen or ko likhi gee hain. puralipiyon men yah ek adbhut udaharan hai. pahali pnkti baeen or se daeen or, phir doosari pnkti daeen or se baeen or, phir tisari pnkti baeen or se daeen or.... isi tarah ka silasila yadi sare lekh men chalata rahe, to is prakar ki lekhan-pranali ko 'byoostraphidan', arthath bailon dvara hal jotane ki vidhi kaha jata hai. yoonani lipi ke arnbhik lekh isi pranali ke dekhane ko milate hain. kintu erragudi ke is brahmi lekh ko 'byoostraphidan' pranali men likha hua bhi nahin man sakate; kyonki isamen ek ke bad har doosari pnkti niyamat: daeen or se baeen or ko nahin likhi gee hai. phir bhi, dirinjer[1] ne is lekh ke adhar par siddh karane ka prayatn kiya hai ki yoonani lipi ki tarah arnbh men brahmi lipi bhi daeen or se baeen or ko likhi jati thi. yadi keval yah siddh karane ke lie ki brahmi lipi ka nirman daeen or se baeen or ko likhi janevali kisi videshi lipi ke adhar par hua hai.
  • shrilnka men is prakar ke kee lekh milate hain, parntu ye ashok ke bad ke hain aur jan padata hai ki inake likhanevalon ko brahmi lipi ka yatharth gyan bhi nahin tha. andhr pradesh ke bhattiprolu-lekhon men bhi brahmi ke kuchh akshar ulate likhe hue milate hain. chaluky kal ka ek lekh to niche se oopar ko bhi likha hua milata hai! in apavadatmak lekhon ke adhar par koee yadi yah siddh karane ka prayatn kare ki brahmi lipi videshi lipi ke adhar par banaee gee hai, to use hathadharmi hi kaha jaega.
  • bahut-se vidvanh manate hain ki kisi semetik varnamala ke adhar par hi brahmi snketon ka nirman hua hai. lekin isamen bhi matabhed hain. kuchh log uttari semetik ko brahmi ka adhar manate hain, kuchh dakshini semetik ko, aur kuchh phinishiyan tatha arameee lipi ko. choonki arameee lipi ka prachar bharat ke pashchimottar pradesh tak tha, isalie dirinjer ka mat hai ki arameee ke adhar par hi brahmi ka nirman hua. aj pray: sabhi vidvanh yah bat svikar karate hain ki kharoshthi ka nirman arameee lipi ke adhar par hua hai, kintu yah snbhav nahin hai ki brahmi lipi bhi arameee ke adhar par banaee gee ho.
rumminadeee ke ashok-stnbh par khuda hua yah lekh brahmi lipi men hai aur baeen or se daeen or ko padha jata hai
  • isake bare men ojhaji ne likha hai, 'brahmi lipi ke n to akshar phinishiyan ya kisi any lipi se nikale hain aur n usaki baeen or se dahini or ko likhane ki pranali kisi aur lipi se badalakar banaee gee hai. yah bharatavarsh ke aryon ka apani khoj se utpann kiya hua maulik avishkar hai. isaki prachinata aur sarvang sundarata se chahe isaka kartta brahma devata mana jakar isaka nam brahmi pada, chahe sakshar-samaj brahmanon ki lipi hone se yah brahmi kahalayi ho, par isamen sndeh nahin ki isaka phinishiyan se kuchh bhi snbndh nahin hai.'
  • edavard taaumas ka bhi yah mat hai ki 'brahmi akshar bharatavasiyon ke hi banae hue hain aur unaki saralata se unake banane valon ki badi buddhimani prakat hoti hai.'
  • kaningham bhi manate hain ki brahmi lipi ka nirman bharatavasiyon ne hi kiya hai.
  • ar. sham shastri ne yah siddh karane ka prayatn kiya tha ki devataon ki upasana ke lie jin sanketik chihnon ka upayog hota tha, unhin se brahmi lipi ke aksharon ka nirman hua hai.
  • jagamohan varma ne 1913-15 men 'sarasvati' patrika men brahmi lipi ke bare men kuchh lekh the, jinamen unhonne yah siddh karane ka prayatn kiya tha ki vaidik chitralipi ya usase nikali kisi sanketik lipi se brahmi lipi nikali hai.
  • lekin shastri aur varma ke ye donon siddhant kisi thos praman par adharit nahin hain, isalie inhen svikar nahin kiya ja sakata.
  • yahi adhik snbhav jan padata hai ki sindhu lipi se hi brahmi ka vikas hua hai. vastut: sindhu lipi men aur brahmi lipi ke upalabdh lekhon men lagabhag ek hazar varshon ka antar hai. sindhu lipi ke snketon men aur brahmi lipi ke snketo men kuchh samy bhi dekhane ko milata hai.
  • snbhav hai ki 1000 ee. poo. ke asapas sindhu lipi ke adhar par kisi 'prakh-brahmi' lipi ka nirman kiya gaya ho aur age chalakar isi ka parishkar hone par brahmi lipi astitv men aee ho.
  • sindhu lipi ka svaroop bhi aksharamalatmak pratit hota hai. usamen bhi moolaksharon ke sath svaron ki matraon ka roop dekhane ko milata hai. sath hi, snyuktakshar bhi dekhane ko milate hain.
  • kuchh vidvanh to yah bhi asha rakhate hain ki sindhu lipi men shayad 'ady snskrit' bhasha ki khoj ho jae.

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. 'alphabet', prishth 339

snbndhit lekh

varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

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