ब्रेल लिपि  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

brel lipi
brel lipi ki varnamala
vivaran brel lipi- ek tarah ki lipi hai, jisako vishv bhar men netrahinon ko padhane aur likhane men chhookar vyavahar men laya jata hai.
avishkar 1821 ee.[1]
avishkarak luee brel
vishesh brel lipi men pratyek ayatakar sel men 6 bindu yani daauts hote hain, jo thode-thode ubhare hote hain. yah do pnktiyon men bani hoti hain. is akar men alag-alag 64 aksharon ko banaya ja sakata hai.
any janakari brel paddhati ko varnamala ke varnon ko koot roop men niroopit karane vali sabase pratham prachalit pranali kah sakate hain, kintu brel lipi netrahinon ke padhane aur likh sakane ke upay ka pratham prayas adhyay nahin hai.

brel lipi (angrezi: Braille scripts) ek tarah ki lipi hai, jisako vishv bhar men netrahinon ko padhane aur likhane men chhookar vyavahar men laya jata hai. is paddhati ka avishkar 1821 men ek netrahin phransisi lekhak luee brel ne kiya tha. yah alag-alag aksharon, snkhyaon aur viram chinhon ko darshate hain. brel ke netrahin hone par unake pita ne unhen peris ke raauyal neshanal instityoot phaaur blaind childehran men bharti karava diya. us skool men "velantin hou" dvara banaee gee lipi se padhaee hoti thi, par yah lipi adhoori thi. is vidyalay men ek bar phrans ki sena ke ek adhikari kaiptan charls barbiyar ek prashikshan ke liye ae aur unhonne sainikon dvara andhere men padhi jane vali "nait raiting" ya "sonographi" lipi ke bare men vyakhyan diya. yah lipi kagaj par aksharon ko ubharakar banaee jati thi aur isamen 12 binduon ko 6-6 ki do pnktiyon ko rakha jata tha, par isamen viram chihn, snkhh‍ya, ganitiy chihn adi nahin hote the. brel ko vahim se yah vichar aya. luee ne isi lipi par adharit kintu 12 ke sthan par 6 binduon ke upayog se 64 akshar aur chihn vali lipi banayi. usamen n keval viram chihn balki ganitiy chihn aur sngit ke noteshan bhi likhe ja sakate the. yahi lipi aj sarvamany hai. luee ne jab yah lipi banaee tab ve matr 15 varsh ke the. sanh 1824 men poorn huee yah lipi duniya ke lagabhag sabhi deshon men upayog men laee jati hai.

brel lipi ki visheshata

brel lipi men pratyek ayatakar sel men 6 bindu yani daauts hote hain, jo thode-thode ubhare hote hain. yah do pnktiyon men bani hoti hain. is akar men alag-alag 64 aksharon ko banaya ja sakata hai. sel ki banee pnkti men upar se niche 1,2,3 bane hote hain. isi tarah daneen or 4,5,6 bani hoti hain. ek daaut ki ausatan oonchaee 0.02 inch hoti hai. isako padhane ki vishesh takanik hoti hai. brel lipi ko padhane ke lie andhe bachchon men itana gyan hona avashyak hai ki vo apani ungali ko vibhinn dishaon men sel par ghuma saken. vaise vishv bhar men isako padhane ka koee manak tarika nishchit nahin hain. brel lipi ko slet par bhi prayog men laya ja sakata hai. isake alava ise brel taiparaitar par bhi prastut kiya ja sakata hai. adhunik brel skript ko 8 daauts ke sel men vikasit kar diya gaya hai, taki andhe logon ko adhik se adhik shabdon ko padhane ki suvidha upalabdh ho sake. ath daauts vale brel lipi sel men ab 64 ki bajay 256 akshar, snkhya aur viram chihnen ke padh sakane ki suvidha upalabdh hai. brel paddhati ko varnamala ke varnon ko koot roop men niroopit karane vali sabase pratham prachalit pranali kah sakate hain, kintu brel lipi netrahinon ke padhane aur likh sakane ke upay ka pratham prayas adhyay nahin hai. isase pahale bhi 17vin shatabdi men itali ke jesoot phransisko lana ne netrahinon ke likhane-padhane ko lekar kaphi koshishen ki thin.

akshar evn snkhyaen

any chihn

brel yoonikod

yoonikod manak men brel ko sitambar 1999 men shamil kiya gaya. brel paitarnon ke yoonikod U+2800 se lekar U+28FF tak hain. bharati brel isamen se pratham 64 (U+2800 se lekar U+283F) ka hi upayog karati hai.

brel paitarn
  0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 A B C D E F
U+280x
U+281x
U+282x
U+283x
U+284x
U+285x
U+286x
U+287x
U+288x
U+289x
U+28Ax
U+28Bx
U+28Cx
U+28Dx
U+28Ex
U+28Fx


tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. isase pahale bhi 17vin shatabdi men itali ke jesoot phransisko lana ne netrahinon ke likhane-padhane ko lekar kaphi koshishen ki thin.

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