भगवान दास  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

bhagavan das
Dr.Bhagwan-Das.jpg
poora nam daau. bhagavan das
janm 12 janavari, 1869
janm bhoomi varanasi
mrityu 18 disambar, 1972
abhibhavak shri sah madhav das
nagarikata bharatiy
prasiddhi svatantrata senani, krantikari, lekhak, shiksha visheshgy
shiksha em.e (darshan shastr)
vidyalay kvins kaaulej varanasi
bhasha hindi, arabi, urdoo, snskrit, farasi adi.
puraskar-upadhi bharat ratn

bhagavan das (angrezi: Bhagwan Das, janm- 12 janavari, 1869 varanasi; mrityu- 18 sitambar 1958) ko vibhinn bhashaon ke prakand pndit, svatntrata senani, samaj sevi aur shiksha shastri ke roop men, desh ki bhasha, snskriti ko sudridh banane men mahattvapoorn bhoomika nibhane vale, svatntr aur shikshit bharat ke mukhy snsthapakon men gina jata hai.

janm

daau. bhagavan das ka janm 12 janavari, 1869 ko uttar pradesh ke varanasi shahar men hua tha. unake pita ka nam sah madhav das tha. ve varanasi ke sarvadhik pratishthit aur dhani vyaktiyon men gine jate the. dhan aur pratishtha se daau. bhagavan das ka snbndh unake poorvajon ke samay se hi tha. kaha jata hai ki daau. bhagavan das ke poorvaj bade hi dani aur deshabhakt the. in sabhi gunon ke sath sath vah kushal vyapari bhi the. unhonne angrezon ke sath milakar athah sampatti ekatr kar li thi. dhani aur pratishthit pativar men janm lene ke bad bhi daau. bhagavan das bachapan se hi bharatiy sabhyata aur snskriti ke sanche men dhale the.

shiksha

unaki prarambhik shiksha varanasi men hi huee. us samay angrezi, shiksha, bhasha aur snskriti ka bahut prasar tha kintu daau. bhagavan das ne angrezi ke sath sath hindi, arabi, urdoo, snskrit, farasi, bhashaon ka bhi gahan adhyayan kiya. shekh sadi dvara rachi gayin 'bostan' aur 'gulistan' inhen bahut hi priy thin. bachapan se hi daau. bhagavan das bahut hi kushagr buddhi the. ve padhane likhane men bahut tez the. daau. bhagavan das ne 12 varsh ki ayu men hi haee skool ki pariksha uttirn kar li thi. isake pashchath varanasi ke hi 'kvins kaaulej' se intaramidiet aur bi.e. ki pariksha snskrit, darshan shastr, manovigyan aur angrezi vishayon ke sath pratham shreni men uttirn ki. isake bad age ki shiksha prapt karane ke lie unhen kolakata bheja gaya. vahan se unhonne darshan shastr men em.e. kiya. sanh 1887 men unhonne 18 varsh ki avastha men hi pashchaty darshan men em. e. ki upadhi prapt kar li thi. em.e. ki pariksha uttirn karake pita ke kahane se unhonne anichchha poorvak dipti kalektar ke pad par sarakari naukari ki. naukari karate hue bhi unaka dhyan adhyayan aur lekhan kary men hi laga raha.

karyakshetr

23 -24 varsh ki ayu men hi unhonne 'sains aauph pis' aur 'sains aauph imoshan' namak pustakon ki rachana kar li thi. lagabhag 8 -10 varsh tak unhonne sarakari naukari ki aur pita ki mrityu hone par naukari chhod di. is samay ek or desh ki svatntrata ke lie andolan ho rahe the, vahin doosari or angrezon ke shasan ke karan bharatiy bhasha, sabhyata aur snskriti nasht bhrasht ho rahi thi aur use bachane ke gnbhir prayas kiye ja rahe the. prasiddh samaj sevika eni besent aise hi prayason ke antargat varanasi men kaaulej ki sthapana karana chah rahi thin. vah aisa kaaulej sthapit karana chahatin thin jo angrezi prabhav se poornataya mukt ho. jaise hi daau. bhagavan das ko isaka pata chala unhonne tan man dhan se is mahanh uddeshy poora karane ka prayatn kiya. unhin ke sarthak prayason ke phalasvaroop varanasi men 'saintral hindoo kaaulej' ki sthapana ki ja saki. isake bad pn. madanamohan malaviy ne varanasi men 'hindoo vishvavidyalay' sthapit karane ka vichar kiya, tab daau. bhagavan das ne unake sath milakar 'kashi hindoo vidyapith' ki sthapana men mahattvapoorn yogadan diya aur poorv men sthapit 'saintral hindoo kaaulej' ka usamen vilay kar diya. daau. bhagavan das kashi vidyapith ke snsthapak sadasy hi nahin, usake pratham kulapati bhi bane.

lekhan

daau. bhagavan das ne hindi aur snskrit bhasha men 30 se bhi adhik pustakon par lekhan kiya. sanh 1953 men bharatiy darshan par unaki antim pustak prakashit huee.

svatntrata men bhag

daau. bhagavan das ne desh ke prati apane karttavyon ko bhi usi bhav se nibhaya. 1921 ke 'savinay avgya andolan' men bhag lene par vah giraphtar hokar jel gaye. isake bad 'asahayog andolan' men mahattvapoorn bhoomika nibhakar pramukh kangresi neta ke roop men ubhare. shiksha shastri to vah the hi, svatntrata senani ke roop men bhi ubhar kar samane aye. asahayog andolan ke samay daau. bhagavan das kashi vishvavidyalay ke kulapati the. usi samay desh ke bhavi neta shri lalabahadur shastri bhi vahan par shiksha prapt kar rahe the. is samay vah kangres aur gandhi ji se poornat: jud gaye the. 1922 men varanasi ke myoonisipal kaaurporeshan ke chunavon men kangres ko bhari vijay dilayi aur myoonisipal kameti ke adhyaksh chune gaye. is pad par rahate hue unhonne anek sudhar kary karaye. sath hi vah adhyayan aur adhyapan kary se bhi jude rahe, vishesh roop se hindi bhasha ke utthan aur vikas men unaka yogadan vishesh roop se ullekhaniy hai. hindi sahity sammelan ke adhyaksh ke roop men unhonne mahattvapoorn kary kiye. in mahattvapoorn karyon ke karan unhen anek vishvavidyalayon se daauktaret ki manad upadhiyon se alnkrit kiya gaya. sanh 1935 ke kaunsil ke chunav men ve kangres pratyashi ke roop men vidhanasabha ke sadasy nirvachit hue. kalantar men ve sakriy rajaniti se door rahane lage aur bharatiy darshan aur dharm adhyayan aur lekhan kary men vyast rahane lage. in vishayon men unaki vidvatta, prakandata aur gyan se mahanh bharatiy darshanik shri sarvapalli radhakrishnan bhi bahut prabhavit the aur daau. bhagavan das unake lie adarsh vyaktitv bane.

yogadan

daau. bhagavan das ka yogadan jitana bharatiy shiksha vyavastha ko sudridh aur vikasit karane men manajata hai, utana hi yogadan desh ke svatntrata andolan men mahattvapoorn mana jata hai, aur jitana yogadan desh ke svatntrata andolan men mahattvapoorn mana jata hai, utana hi yogadan bharatiy darshan aur dharmashastr ko vishvastar par pratishthit karane men mana jata hai. 'vasudaiv kutnbakam' arthath 'sara vishv ek hi parivar hai' ki bhavana rakhane vale daau. bhagavan das ne sampoorn vishv ke darshan aur dharm ko prachin aur samayik paristhitiyon ke anuroop ek naya drishtikon pradan kiya.

vyaktitv

apane jivanakal men hi apar dhan aur samman pane ke bad bhi daau. bhagavan das ka jivan bharatiy snskriti aur maharshiyon ki parampara ka hi pratinidhitv karata hai. vah grihasth the, phir bhi vah snyasiyon ki bhanti sadharan khan pan aur veshabhoosha men rahate the. vah ajivan pratyek star par prachin bharatiy snskriti ke purodha bane. sanh 1947 men jab desh svatntr hua, tab daau. bhagavan das ki deshaseva aur vidvatta ko dekhate hue unase sarakar men mahattvapoorn pad snbhalane ka anurodh kiya gaya, kintu prabal gandhivadi vicharon ke daau. bhagavan das ne vinayapoorvak asvikar kar darshan, dharm aur shiksha ke kshetr ko hi prathamikata di aur vah ajivan isi kshetr men sakriy rahe.

puraskar

san 1955 men bharat sarakar ki or se tatkalin rashtrapati daau. rajendr prasad ne unhen bharat ratn puraskar se sammanit kiya.

nidhan

bharat ratn milane ke kuchh varshon bad 18 sitambar 1958 men lagabhag 90 varsh ki ayu men unaka nidhan ho gaya. aj bhale hi daau. bhagavan das hamare bich nahin hain, kintu bharatiy darshan, dharm aur shiksha par kiya gaya kary sadaiv hamare sath rahega.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

snbndhit lekh

varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

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