भारतीय सशस्त्र सेना  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

bharat vishay soochi
parichay    itihas    bhoogol    snvidhan    dharm   krishi    vany jivan    bhasha    shiksha    kala    snskriti    khanapan    raksha    rajy    paryatan    alekh
bharatiy sashastr sena
bharatiy sena ka dhvaj
vivaran thal sena, nausena, tatarakshak aur vayu sena sahit bharat ki snyukt sashastr sena, jo vishv ki vishalatam senaon men se ek hai.
sthapana 15 agast, 1947
prakar sena
akar 1,129,900 sakriy karmi

960,000 rizarv karmi

bhag raksha mntralay aur bharatiy sashastr bal
mukhyalay nee dilli, bharat
uddeshy bharat ki raksha niti ka pramukh uddeshy yah hai ki bharatiy upamahadvip men use badhava diya jae evn sthayitv pradan kiya jae tatha desh ki raksha senaon ko paryapt roop se susajjit kiya jae, taki ve kisi bhi akraman se desh ki raksha kar saken.
rng sunahara, lal aur kala
thal senadhyaksh janaral bikram sinh[1]
virata puraskar paramavir chakr, kirti chakr, shaury chakr, mahavir chakr, ashok chakr, vir chakr
snbndhit lekh saim manekashaau, ke. em. kariappa
bahari kadiyan adhikarik vebasait

bharat ki snyukt sashastr sena thal sena, nausena, tatarakshak aur vayu sena sahit hai jo vishv ki vishalatam senaon men se ek hai. bharat ki raksha niti ka pramukh uddeshy yah hai ki bharatiy upamahadvip men use badhava diya jae evn sthayitv pradan kiya jae tatha desh ki raksha senaon ko paryapt roop se susajjit kiya jae, taki ve kisi bhi akraman se desh ki raksha kar saken.

varsh 1946 ke poorv bharatiy raksha ka poora niyntran angrezon ke hathon men tha. usi varsh kendr men antarim sarakar men pahali bar ek bharatiy, baladev sinh, desh ke raksha mntri bane, halanki kamandar-in-chiph ek angrez hi raha. 1947 men desh ka vibhajan hone par bharat ko 45 rejiment milin, jinamen 2.5 lakh sainik the. shesh rejiment pakistan chali gayin. gorakha fauz ki 6 rejiment (lagabhag 25,000 sainik) bhi bharat ko milin. shesh gorakha sainik british sena men sammilit ho gaye. british sena ki antim tukadi samarasait lait inphaintri ki pahali bataliyan ho gayi, aur bharatiy bhoomi se 28 faravari, 1948 ko svadesh ravana huee. kuchh angrez afasar paramarshak ke roop men kuchh samay tak bharat men rahe lekin svatntrata ke pahale kshan se hi bharatiy sena poornat: bharatiyon ke hathon men a gayi thi. svatntrata ke turnt pashchath bharat sarakar ne bharatiy sena ke dhanche men katipay parivartan kiye. thal sena, vayu sena evn nausena apane-apane mukhy senadhyakshon ke adhin ayi. bharatiy riyasaton ki sena ko bhi desh ki sainy vyavastha men shamil kar liya gaya. 26 janavari, 1950 ko desh ke ganatntr banane par bharatiy senaon ki snrachanaon men avashyak parivartan kiye gaye. bharat ki raksha senaon ka sarvochch kamandar bharat ka rashtrapati hai, kintu desh raksha vyavastha ki zimmedari mntrimndal ki hai. raksha se snbndhit sabhi mahattvapoorn mamalon ka faisala rajanitik karyon se snbndhi mntrimndal samiti[2] karati hai, jisaka adhyaksh pradhanamntri hota hai. raksha mntri sevaon se snbndhit sabhi vishayon ke bare men snsad ke samaksh uttaradayi hai.

parampara v itihas

sena ki lnbi parampara v itihas hai. arnbh men yah keval thalasena hi thi. kaha jata hai ki bharat men senaon ka niyojan chauthi shatabdi ee.poo. se hi prachalan men tha. mukhy snghatan paidal sena, rath aur hathi the. yadyapi bharat ka ek lnba nau-itihas hai, lekin bharatiy jalakshetr men purtagaliyon ke agaman ke bad hi nausena vikasit huee. vayusena ka gathan pratham vishv yuddh ke dauran aur 1913 men uttar pradesh men ek sainik uddayan skool ki sthapana ke sath hua. bharatiy sena ka sarvochch niyntran bharat ke rashtrapati ke pas hai. raksha mntralay desh ki raksha se snbndhit sabhi mamalon men nitiyan banane v unhen lagoo karane ke lie uttaradayi hai. mntralay ka prathamik kary sashastr senaon ka prashasan hai. yahan snghiy (kendriy) mntrimndal rashtr ki raksha ke lie snyukt roop se uttaradayi hai, vahin raksha mntri mntrimndal ki or se uttaradayitvon ka nirvahan karata hai. pratyek sena ka apana sena pramukh hota hai aur tinon pramukh raksha ki vistrit yojana banane, taiyari karane aur kramashah apani sena ke snchalan v prashasan ke lie uttaradayi hote hain. nagarik svechchha se senaon men shamil hote hain aur suprashikshit, daksh peshevar afasaron ke dal dvara inaka netritv kiya jata hai. bharatiy sashastr senaon men ghareloo rajaniti se door rahane ki parnpara rahi hai aur ye vishv bhar men shanti sena ke roop men bhi asadharan rahi hain.

bharat ke prakshepastr
kram prakshepastr prakar marak kshamata ayudh vajan kshamata pratham parikshan lagat vikas sthiti
1 agni-1 satah se satah par marak (intaramidiet bailistik prakshepastr) 1200 se 1500 kilomitar 1000 kilogram 22 mee, 1989 8 karod roo. vikasit evn tainat
2 agni-2 satah se satah par marak (intaramidiet bailistik prakshepastr) 1500 se 2000 kilomitar 1000 kilogram (paramparagat evn paramanvik) 11 apral, 1999 8 karod roo. vikasit evn pradarshit
3 agni-3 intaramidiet bailistik prakshepastr 3000 kilomitar 1500 kilogram 9 julaee, 2006 (asaphal), 12 apral, 2007 (pratham saphal parikshan) nirmanadhin
4 prithvi satah se satah par marak alp doori ke taiktikal baital phild prakshepastr 150 se 250 kilomitar 500 kilogram 25 faravari, 1989 3 karod roo. vikasit evn tainat
5 trishool satah se vayu men marak lo level klin riekshan alp doori ke prakshepastr 500 mitar se 9 kilomitar 15 kilogram 5 joon, 1989 45 lakh roo. vikasit evn tainat
6 nag satah se satah par marak taink bhedi prakshepastr 4 kilomitar 10 kilogram 29 navambar, 1991 25 lakh roo. vikasit evn tainat
7 akash satah se vayu men marak bahulakshak prakshepastr 25 se 30 kilomitar 55 kilogram 15 agast, 1990 1 karod roo. vikasit evn tainat
8 astr vayu se vayu men marak prakshepastr 25 se 40 kilomitar 300 kilogram 9 mee, 2003 nirmanadhin
9 brahmos potabhedi supar sonik krooz prakshepastr 290 kilomitar 12 joon, 2001 vikasit evn tainat
10 shaury satah se satah par marak bailistik prakshepastr 600 kilomitar 12 navambar, 2008 vikasashil evn parikshanadhin

bharat men prakshepastr karyakram

tinon senaon ke samakaksh rajadisht pad (kamishnd raink)
thal sena nau sena vayu sena
phild marshal edamiral aauf phlit marshal aauf di eyar phors
janaral edamiral eyar chif marshal
lephtinent janaral vais edamiral eyar marshal
mejar janaral riyar edamiral eyar vais marshal
brigediyar komodor eyar komodor
karnal kaiptan grup kaiptan
lephtinent karnal kamandar ving kamandar
mejar lephtinent kamandar skvadran lidar
kaiptan lephtinent phlaid lephtinent
lephtinent sab-lephtinent phlaing aauphisar

bharat men prakshepastr karyakram ka vikas is prakar hua-

  • 1967 men bharat ne antariksh shodh aur upagrah prakshepastr karyakram prarambh kiya aur varsh 1972 tak raauket rohini-560 ka parikshan kar liya gaya. rohini-560 ki marak kshamata lagabhag 100 kilobhar ke sath 334 kilomitar door tak thi.
  • 1979 men bharat ne pahali bar upagrah prakshepan yan 'eselavi-3' antariksh boostar ka prakshepan kiya.
  • 1980 men 35 kilobhar vale rohini-1 upagrah ka saphal prakshepan kiya gaya.
  • 1983 men bharat ke 'raksha anusndhan aur vikas snsthan' (di ar di o) ne ekikrit prakshepastr vikas karyakram ki ghoshana ki jisamen panch prakshepastr vikasit kie jane the-
  1. prithvi jo satah se satah par mar karane vala prakshepastr hai.[3]
    1. prithvi-1 jisaki marak kshamata dedh sau kilomitar aur kshamata ek hazar kilogram hai. yah sena ke lie hai.
    2. prithvi-2 jisaki marak kshamata dhaee sau kilomitar aur kshamata panch sau kilogram hai. yah vayu sena ke lie hai.
    3. prithvi-3 jisaki marak kshamata sadhe tin sau kilomitar aur kshamata panch sau kilogram hai. yah nausena ke lie hai.
  2. agni jo satah se satah par mar karane vala prakshepastr hai aur jisaki kshamata dedh hazar kilomitar hai. yah ek hazar kilogram bhar vala astr le ja sakata hai. is prakshepastr ka pahala charan eselavi-3 ke thos eendhan vale motar ka aur doosara charan taral eendhan vale prithvi ka prayog karata hai.
  3. akash jo satah se satah par mar karane vala lnbi doori ka prakshepastr hai. yah 55 kilogram vajan ka astr le ja sakata hai aur adhikatam 25 kilomitar ki doori tak yah ek sath panch vimanon ko nishana bana sakata hai.
  4. trishool jo satah se satah par ya satah se hava men mar karane vala kam doori ka prakshepastr hai. isaki marak doori 50 kilomitar hai aur yah radar ke nirdeshon se kary karata hai.
  5. nag jo taink rodhi prakshepastr hai. yah lagabhag char kilomitar ki kshamata vala prakshepastr hai aur nirdeshon ke lie snvedi praudyogiki par bana hai.
  • 1987 men bharat ne adhunik upagrah prakshepan yan (e es el vi) ka parikshan prarambh kiya. char hazar kilomitar ki kshamata vale is prakshepan ki kshamata dedh sau kilogram hai. isamen tin upagrah prakshepan yan rahate hain.
  • 1988 men bharat ne 'prithvi' ki parikshan udan ka parikshan kiya. bharat ne dhruviy upagrah prakshepan yan (pi es el vi) ke nirman ki ghoshana ki jisaki kshamata lagabhag ath hazar kilomitar thi. ek hazar kilo vajan ki kshamata ke is yan se ek tan ka upagrah dhruviy kaksha men sthapit kiya sakata tha. yadi is yan ko hathiyar pranali ki bhanti kiya jae to yah paramanu astr ko ek mahadvip se doosare mahadvip tak le jane men saksham hai.
bharatiy vayu sena ke ladakoo viman
  • 1989 men bharat ne agni ka parikshan kiya aur navnbar men nag ka parikshan kiya.
  • 1994 ke madhy tak prithvi-1 ka prarambhik utpadan prarambh ho gaya tha. bharatiy sena ne 100 prithvi-1 prakshepastr lene ka adesh diya jise usaki 333 prakshepastr grup ke sath tainat kiya jana tha.
  • 1996 men bharat ne kaha ki vah 'bhoo-samakalik upagrah prakshepan yan' vikasit kar raha hai. bharat ki yojana janavari mah men roos ko ji es el vi ke lie sat krayojenik injan dene ki yojana thi.
  • 1998 men bharat men 'bharatiy janata parti' ne 'prithvi prakshepastron' ka utpadan adhik karane ki yojana ke sath hi madhyam doori ke 'agni prakshepastr' vikasit karane ka bhi faisala liya.
  • klintan prashasan ke varishth adhikari ne amerika men kaha ki bharat ke pas 'sagarika' nam ka samudr se juda prakshepastr hai. sagarika ki kshamata 200 mil ki hai aur vah paramanu astr le jane men saksham hai.
  • 11 mee bharat ne trishool ka saphal parikshan kiya hai. yah satah se satah aur satah se hava men marane vala prakshepastr hai.

raksha mntralay

raksha mntralay ka pramukh raksha mntri hai aur sabase bada vittiy adhikari raksha mntralay ka vittiy salahakar hota hai. raksha mntralay men char vibhag hai-

  1. raksha vibhag
  2. raksha utpadan vibhag
  3. raksha apoorti vibhag
  4. raksha vigyan evn anusndhan vibhag.
bharatiy nausena ka pratik
bharatiy vayusena ka pratik
bharatiy thalasena ka dhvaj

raksha mntralay desh ki raksha karane aur sashastr senaon - sthal sena, nau sena aur vayu sena ke saj-saman jutane aur unaka prashasan chalane ke lie uttaradayi hai. raksha mntralay bharat ki raksha sashastr senaon arthath thal sena, nau sena aur vayu sena ke gathan aur unake prashasan, sashastr senaon ke lie astr-shastr, gola-barood, pot, viman, vahan, upakaran aur saj-saman ki vyavastha karane, abhi tak ayat hone vali madon ko desh ke bhitar nirmit karane ki kshamata sthapit karane aur raksha ke kshetr men anusndhan evn vikas ko badhava dene ke lie sidhe uttaradayi hai. is mntralay ki kuchh any zimmedariyan hain- mntralay se snbaddh asainik sevaon par niyntran, kaintonament banana, unake kshetr ka nirdharan karana aur raksha seva karmachariyon ke lie anvas suvidhaon ka vinimayan karana. bharat ki sashastr senaon men tin mukhy sevayen hain- thal-sena, nausena aur vayu sena. ye tinon sevayen ek senadhyaksh arthath kramash: sthal senadhyaksh, nau senadhyaksh aur vayu senadhyaksh ke adhin hain. ye tinon senadhyaksh janaral ya isake barabar pad vale hote hain. in tinon senadhyakshon ki ek senadhyaksh samiti hai. is samiti ki adhyakshata yahi tinon senadhyaksh apani varishthata ke adhar par karate hain. is samiti ki sahayata ke lie up-samitiyan hoti hain jo vishesh samasyaon jaise ayojan, prashikshan, snchar adi ka kam dekhati hain.

aj bharat ki thal sena vishv ki sabase badi sthal senaon men chauthe sthan par, vayu sena panchaven sthan par aur nau sena sataven sthan par mani jati hai. sena ke pramukh sahayak sngathan hain-

  1. pradeshik sena
  2. tat rakshak
  3. sahayak vayu sena
  4. en. si. si.

jisamen sthal sena, nau sena aur vayu sena tinon parshv hote hain.

bharatiy thal sena

sima suraksha bal ka pratik

sena ko adhikatar thal sena hi samajha jata hai, yah thik bhi hai kyonki raksha-pakti men thal sena ka hi pratham tatha pradhan sthan hai. is samay lagabhag 13 lakh sainik-asainik thal sena men bhinn-bhinn padon par karyarat hain, jabaki 1948 men sena men lagabhag 2,00,000 sainik the. thal sena ka mukhyalay nee dilli men hai. bharatiy thal sena ke prashasanik evn samarik kary snchalan ka niyntran thal senadhyaksh karata hai.

thal senadhyaksh ki sahayata ke lie thalasena ke vais chiph, tatha chiph staph afasar hote hain. inamen dipti chiph aauf armi staph, edajutent-janaral, kvartar mastar-janaral, mastar-janaral aauf ardanens aur sena sachiv tatha injiniyar-in-chiph sammilit hain. thal sena 6 kamanon men sngathit hai-

  1. pashchimi kaman (mukhyalay: shimala)
  2. poorvi kaman (kolakata)
  3. uttari kaman (oodhamapur)
  4. dakshini kaman (pune)
  5. madhy kaman (lakhanoo)
  6. dakshini-pashchimi kaman (jayapur)

dakshin-pashchim kaman ka gathan 15 aprail, 2005 ko kiya gaya. isaka mukhyalay jayapur men sthapit kiya gaya hai. yah thal sena ki sabase badi kaman hai.[4]

bharatiy nau sena

adhunik bharatiy nau sena ki ninv 17vin shatabh‍di men rakhi gee thi, jab eest indiya knpani ne ek samudri sena ke roop men eest indiya kampani ki sh‍thapana ki aur is prakar 1934 men raauyal indiyan nevi ki sh‍thapana huee. bharatiy nau sena ka mukhh‍yalay nee dilli men sthit hai aur yah mukhh‍y nau sena adhikari – ek ed‍miral ke niyntran men hota hai. bharatiy nau sena 3 kshetron ki kamandon ke tahat tainat ki gee hai, jisamen se prath‍yek ka niyntran ek phlaig adhikari dvara kiya jata hai.

bharatiy vayu sena

bharatiy vayu sena ki sh‍thapana 8 aktoobar 1932 ko ki gee aur 1 aprail 1954 ko eyar marshal subroto mukharji, bharatiy nau sena ke ek snsh‍thapak sadash‍y ne pratham bharatiy vayu sena pramukh ka karyabhar snbhala. samay bitane ke sath bharatiy vayu sena ne apane havaee jahajon aur upakaranon men ath‍yadhik unh‍nayan kie hain aur is prakriya ke bhag ke roop men isamen 20 ne prakar ke havaee jahaz shamil kie hain. 20vin shatabh‍di ke antim dashak men bharatiy vayu sena men mahilaon ko shamil karane ki pahal ke lie snrachana men asadharan badalav kie ge, jinh‍hen alh‍p seva kalin kamishan hetu liya gaya yah aisa samay tha jab vayu sena ne ab tak ke kuchh adhik jokhim poorn kary hath men lie hue the.[4]

ghudasavar sena

bharatiy thalasena ki vibhinn rejimenton men 61vin kaivalari ki anokhi vishishtata hai ki yah vishv men ekamatr ayantrik ghudasavar sena hai. adhunik yntrikrit yuddh kala se pahale rajaon v samraton ki shakti ka andaza unaki ghudasavar sena lagaya jata tha. mugal shasan ke dauran bharat men pratyek kulin ka ohada usake pas maujood ghodon ki snkhya se tay hota tha.

mugal kal aur 1947 men bharat ki svatntrata ke samay tak yah sthiti badal chuki thi. jab angrez bharat se ge, to sainy astabalon men bharatiy rajavadon ki shahi tukadiyon ke ghode hi bache the. antatah 1951 men rajy senaon ko bharatiy thalasena men mila liya gaya, parinamasvaroop char se panch ghudasavar sena ki ikaiyon ka nirman hua. mee 1953 men alag-alag ikaiyon ko vighatit kar nyoo haaursd kaivalari rejiment namak rejiment banaee gee. janavari 1954 men isaka nam badalakar 61vin kaivalari rejiment rakh diya gaya.

is rejiment ko polo khel parnpara ki vishishtata bhi hasil hai. isane bharat ko nami polo khiladi die hain. is rejiment ke sadasyon ne char polo aur panch bar ghudasavari ke lie khel ke kshetr men die jane vala sarvochch puraskar, arjun puraskar jita hai.

sena ki raink pranali

virata puraskar

  • sashastr sainy karmiyon ko unake shaury ke lie bharat ke rashtrapati dvara virata puraskar die jate hain. char pramukh virata puraskar hain. paramavir chakr, ashok chakr, sarvottam yuddh seva medal aur vishisht seva medal hai.
  • virata puraskaron men shamil hain, mahavir chakr, vir chakr, shaury chakr, uttam yuddh seva medal, yuddh seva medal, ati vishisht seva medal, vishisht seva medal, vayu sena medal aur nausena medal hai.

samachar

ham hai duniya ki 5vin badi shakti

guruvar, 14 apral, 2011

rashtriy suraksha soochakank (enesaee) dvara hal hi men kie sarvekshan men bharat ko duniya ka panchava sarvadhik shaktishali desh mana gaya. soochi men amerika ko pahale tatha chin doosare sthan par hai. japan aur roos ko kramash: tisara aur chautha sthan mila hai. soochi men dakshin koriya ko chhatha sthan diya gaya hai. usake bad naaurve (7) jarmani (8) phrans (9) aur briten (10) ko rakha gaya hai. kary-kushal janasnkhya ke mamale men bharat tisare sthan par hai, chin pahale sthan par hai. raksha ki drishti se bharat chauthi mahashakti hai.

samachar ko vibhinn sroton par padhen

bharat ke lie pak ke ravaie men bada badalav

29 joon, 2011, budhavar

munbee hamalon ke bad bharat ke prati pakistani sarakar ke ravaiye men kafi badalav aya hai aur pakistani raksha mntri ka taja bayan isako darshata hai. pakistan ki prajatantrik tarike se chuni gee sarakaron ne hamesha bharat ke sath snbndhon ko behatar karane ki koshish ki hai. donon deshon ke bich snbndh bigadane ki zyadatar ghatanaen sainy shasan ke dauran huee hain. bharatiy sainyashakti men ho rahe ijafe aur sena ke adhunia hathiyaron ko shamil kiye jane ke madde nazar pakistani raksha mntri chaudhari ahamad mukhtar ka kahana hai ki pakistan, is mamale men bharat ki barabari nahin kar sakata.

samachar ko vibhinn sroton par padhen


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. General Bikram Singh
  2. kaibinet kameti aaun paaulitikal apheyars
  3. taral eendhan vala bailistik prakshepastr
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 bharatiy sashash‍tr senaen (hindi) adhikarik vebasait. abhigaman tithi: 6 faravari, 2011.

snbndhit lekh

varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

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