भारत रत्‍न  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

bharat rath‍n
bharat ratn
vivaran 'bharat rath‍n' uchh‍chatam nagarik samh‍man hai, jo kala, sahity, vigyan, rajanitigy, vicharak, vaigyanik, udyogapati, lekhak aur samajasevi ko asadharan seva ke lie tatha uchch lok seva ko manh‍yata dene ke lie bharat sarakar ki or se diya jata hai.
shuruat 2 janavari, 1954
svaroop tanbe ke bane pipal ke patte par pletinam ka chamakata soory ka chihn hota hai jisake niche chandi men likha rahata hai "bharat ratn" aur yah safed phite ke sath gale men pahana jata hai.
sarvapratham sammanit sarvapalli radhakrishnan, chndrashekhar venkat raman aur si. rajagopalachari
antim sammanit pranab mukharji, nanaji deshamukh aur bhoopen hazarika
kul sammanit 48[1]
vishesh koee likhit pravadhan nahin hai ki 'bharat rath‍n' keval bharatiy nagarikon ko hi diya jaega.
snbndhit lekh 'padmashri', 'padm bhooshan' aur 'padm vibhooshan'
any janakari netaji subhashachandr bos ko 1992 men 'bharat ratn' se maranoparant sammanit kiya gaya tha. kintu unaki mrityu vivadit hone ke karan anek prashnon ko uthaya gaya. at: bharat sarakar ne yah puraskar vapas le liya tha. yah puraskar vapas lene ka yah ekamatr udaharan hai.
adyatan‎

bharat ratn’ (angrezi:Bharat Ratna) desh ka sarvochch samman hai. is alnkaran se un vyaktiyon ko sammanit kiya jata hai jinhonne desh ke kisi bhi kshetr men mahattvapoorn kary kie hon, apane-apane kshetron men uth‍kri‍shh‍t kary kar hamare desh ka gaurav badhaya aur hamare desh ko antararashh‍triy manh‍yata prapt huee. bharat rath‍n uchh‍chatam nagarik samh‍man hai, jo kala, sahith‍y, vigyan, rajanitigy, vicharak, vaigyanik, udyogapati, lekhak aur samajasevi ko asadharan seva ke lie tatha uchch lok seva ko manh‍yata dene ke lie bharat sarakar ki or se diya jata hai. ‘bharat-ratn’ un mahanh vyaktiyon ki jivan gatha to hai hi, sath men un mahapurushon ke jivan kal ka itihas bhi hai. da. vishveshvaraiya ne jal ki apoorti, bandh adi ki jo yojanaen banaeen aur unhen sakar kiya, unaki us samay kalpana kathin thi. mahanh udyogapati je. ar. di. tata ne viman-seva us samay arnbh ki jab thik dhng se havaee adde bhi nahin the. ‘bharat-ratn’ aisi vibhootiyon ka charitr-chitran hai jinake bina desh ka itihas adhoora hai.

‘bharat-ratn’ sarvochch samman

yah prativarsh diya jane vala alnkaran nahin. yah kisi vyakti ke snpoorn vyaktitv aur desh ke prati usaki atyant samarpan bhavana ke lie yada-kada diya jane vala alnkaran hai. any puraskaron 'padmashri', 'padm bhooshan' aur 'padm vibhooshan' adi se ‘bharat-ratn’ shreshth puraskar hai. yah un adarsh mahanh purushon ko hi diya jata hai jinaki jivan gatha puny-bhagirathi ke saman hai, jise janakar ek sadharan manushy apane ap ko pap mukt aur nirmal pata hai. ‘bharat-ratn’ men aisi vibhootiyon ke divy charitr hain jinhonne jivan ko itani oonchaiyon tak pahunchaya jahan ki koee kalpana nahin kar sakata. snbhavat: iqabal ne aise hi mahanh purushon ke lie kaha tha-

khudi ko kar bulnd itana ki har takadir se pahale khuda bande se khud poochhe bata teri raza kya hai ?

‘bharat-ratn’ anek mahanh vyaktiyon ki jivan-gatha ke sath yah bharat ke us kal ka itihas bhi hai, jis kal se in adarsh purushon ka snbndh raha. ‘bharat-ratn’ keval rajanetaon ka hi nahin varanh isamen ve log bhi sammilit hain jinhonne desh ko nee upalabdhi di aur desh ko pragati ke marg par agrasar karane ka yatn kiya.

svaroop

is purash‍kar ke roop men die jane vale samh‍man ki mool roop-rekha 35 milimitar vh‍yas vala golakar sh‍varn padak hai jis par soory aur oopar hindi bhasha men bharat rath‍n aur niche ek phoolon ka guladash‍ta bana hota hai pichhe ki or shasakiy snket aur adarsh-vakh‍y likha hota hai. ise safed phite men dalakar gale men pahanaya jata hai. ek varsh bad is dijain ko badal diya gaya tha. tanbe ke bane pipal ke patte par pletinam ka chamakata soory bana diya gaya. jisake niche chandi men likha rahata hai "bharat ratn" aur yah safed phite ke sath gale men pahana jata hai.

itihas

yah puraskar 2 janavari 1954 ko prarambh kiya gaya tha. yah puraskar bharat ke pratham rashtrapati shri rajendr prasad dvara ghoshit kiya gaya tha. doosare alnkaranon ke bhanti is samman ko bhi, nam ke sath padavi ke roop men prayog nahin kiya ja sakata hai. shuroo men is samman ko 'maranoparant' nahin diya jata tha, kintu 1955 ke bad yah nirnay liya gaya aur yah maranoparant bhi diya jane laga. 13 julaee, 1977 se 26 janavari, 1980 tak is puraskar ko sthagit kar diya gaya tha.

parampara

bharat rath‍n purash‍kar ki paramh‍para 1954 men shuroo huee thi.

  • bharat ratn 26 janavari ko bharat ke rashtrapati dvara diya jata hai.
  • sabase pahala purash‍kar prasiddh vaigyanik chndrashekhar venkataraman ko diya gaya tha. tab se anek vishishh‍t janon ko apane-apane kshetr men uth‍krishh‍tata pane ke lie yah purash‍kar prash‍tut kiya gaya hai.
  • janata parti dvara is puraskar ko 1977 men bnd kar diya gaya tha kintu 1980 men kangres sarakar ne ise phir se dobara shuroo kiya.
  • 1980 men dobara shuroo hone par ise sarvapratham madar teresa ne prapt kiya tha.
  • hamare bhootapoorv rashh‍trapati, vaigyanik daau. e. pi. je. abh‍dul kalam ko bhi 1997 men yah pratishthit purash‍kar diya gaya.
  • isaka koee likhit pravadhan nahin hai ki 'bharat rath‍n' keval bharatiy nagarikon ko hi diya jaega.
  • yah purash‍kar sh‍vabhavik roop se bharatiy nagarik ban chuki 'egh‍nes gonkha bojakhiyoo', jinh‍hen ham madar teresa ke nam se janate hain, ko diya gaya.
  • do anh‍y abharatiy - khan abdulagaffar khan ko 1987 men aur nelh‍san mndela ko 1990 men yah puraskar diya gaya.
  • yah bhi anivary nahin hai ki bharat rath‍n samh‍man prativarsh diya jaega.
  • maranoparant sarvapratham lalabahadur shastri ko bharat ratn se sammanit kiya gaya tha.
  • shri satyapal anand ne rajiv gandhi ko maranoparant bharat ratn dene ki prakriya ko madhy pradesh uchch nyayalay men chunauti di thi.

virodhabhas

  • svatntrata senani netaji subhashachandr bos ko 1992 men 'bharat ratn' se maranoparant sammanit kiya gaya tha. kintu unaki mrityu vivadit hone ke karan anek prashnon ko uthaya gaya tha. at: bharat sarakar ne yah puraskar vapas le liya tha. yah puraskar vapas lene ka yah ekamatr udaharan hai.
  • svatntr bharat ke pratham shiksha mntri maulana abul kalam azad ko jab 'bharat ratn' diya gaya to unhonne isaka virodh kiya. unaka vichar tha ki isaki chayan samiti men rahe vyakti ko yah samman nahin diya jana chahiye. 1992 men unhen maranoparant 'bharat ratn' diya gaya.

bharat ratn sammanit vyaktitv soochi

kram varsh nam kary kshetr chitr
1 1954 daau. sarvapalli radhakrishnan darshanik Sarvepalli-Radhakrishnan.jpg
2 1954 chakravarti rajagopalachari svatntrata senani C-Rajagopalachari.jpg
3 1954 daau. si. vi. raman bhautikashastri C.V Raman.jpg
4 1955 daau. bhagavan das svatntrata senani Dr.Bhagwan-Das.jpg
5 1955 daau. mokshagundam vishveshvarayya sivil injiniyar Mokshagundam-Visvesvarayya.jpg
6 1955 javaharalal neharoo svatntrata senani Jawahar-Lal-Nehru.jpg
7 1957 govind ballabh pnt svatntrata senani Pandit-Govind-Ballabh-Pant.jpg
8 1958 daau. dhondo keshav karve samaj sudharak Dhondo-Keshav-Karve.jpg
9 1961 daau. bidhan chndr ray chikitsak Dr.Bidhan-Chandra-Roy.gif
10 1961 purushottam das tndan svatntrata senani Purushottam Das Tandon.jpg
11 1962 daau. rajendr prasad svatntrata senani Dr.Rajendra-Prasad.jpg
12 1963 daau. zakir husain vidvan Dr.Zakir-Hussain.jpg
13 1963 daau. pandurng vaman kane snskrit vidvan Dr.Pandurang-Vaman-Kane.jpg
14 1966 lal bahadur shastri svatntrata senani Lal-Bahadur-Shastri.jpg
15 1971 indira gandhi rajanitigy Indira-Gandhi.jpg
16 1975 vi. vi. giri shramik snghavadi V.V.Giri.jpg
17 1976 ke. kamaraj svatntrata senani K.Kamaraj.jpg
18 1980 madar teresa katholik nan lnik=madar teresa
19 1983 achary vinoba bhave svatntrata senani Vinoba-Bhave.jpg
20 1987 khan abdulagaffar khan svatntrata senani Khan-Abdul-Ghaffar-Khan.jpg
21 1988 marudur gopalan ramachandran abhineta, rajanitigy M.G.Ramachandran.jpg
22 1990 daau. bhimarav ambedakar rajanitigy, arthashastri Dr.Bhimrao-Ambedkar.jpg
23 1990 nelh‍san mndela rngabhed virodhi andolan ke neta Nelson-Mandela.jpg
24 1991 rajiv gandhi rajanitigy Rajiv-Gandhi.jpg
25 1991 saradar patel svatntrata senani Sardar-Vallabh-Bhai-Patel.jpg
26 1991 moraraji desaee svatntrata senani Morarji-Desai.jpg
27 1992 abulakalam azad svatntrata senani Abul-Kalam-Azad.gif
28 1992 je. ar. di. tata udyogapati J.R.D-Tata.jpg
29 1992 satyajit re (ray) film nirmata-nirdeshak Satyajit Ray.jpg
30 1997 daau. abdul kalam vaigyanik A.P.J-Abdul-Kalam.jpg
31 1997 gulazarilal nanda svatntrata senani Guljari-Lal Nanda.jpg
32 1997 aruna asaf ali svatntrata senani Aruna-Asaf-Ali.jpg
33 1998 em.es. subbalakshmi shastriy gayika M.S.Subbulakshmi.jpg
34. 1998 si. subrahmanyam svatntrata senani C.Subramaniam.jpg
35 1998 jayaprakash narayan svatntrata senani Jayaprakash-Narayan .jpg
36 1999 pn. ravi shnkar sitar vadak Pandit-Ravi-Shankar.jpg
37 1999 amarty sen arthashastri Amartya Sen.jpg
38 1999 gopinath boradoloee svatntrata senani Gopinath-bordoloi.jpg
39 2001 lata mngeshakar parshv gayika Lata-Mangeshkar.jpg
40 2001 ustad bismilla khan shahanaee vadak Ustad-Bismillah-khan.jpg
41 2008 pn. bhimasen joshi shastriy gayak Pandit-Bhimsen-Joshi.jpg
42 2013 pro. si.en.ar. rav rasayan vaigyanik CNR Rao.jpg
43 2013 sachin tendulakar kriket khiladi Sachin-Tendulkar-2.jpg
44 2014 madan mohan malaviy vidvan Pandit-Madan-Mohan-Malaviya.jpg
45 2014 atal bihari vajapeyi rajanitigy Atal-Bihari-Vajpayee.jpg



panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika-tippani aur sndarbh

  1. ab tak kul 48 logon ko bharat ratn se sammanit kiya gaya hai jisamen do videshi nagarik (khan abdulagaffar khan aur nelh‍san mndela) bhi shamil hain.

bahari kadiyan

snbndhit lekh

varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

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