भीमराव आम्बेडकर  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

bhimarav ambedakar
Dr.Bhimrao-Ambedkar.jpg
poora nam babasaheb daau. bhimarav ambedakar
any nam babasaheb
janm 14 aprail, 1891
janm bhoomi moo, madhy pradesh
mrityu 6 disnbar, 1956
mrityu sthan dilli
mrityu karan svasthy kharab
abhibhavak pita- ramaji maloji sakapal, mata- bhimabaee murabadakar
pati/patni ramabaee
nagarikata bharatiy
parti svatntr lebar parti
pad adhyaksh- svatntr lebar parti
shiksha em.e. (arthashastr), pi ech. di., em. es. si., bar-et-laau
vidyalay eliphinsatan kaaulej, kolnbiya vishvavidyalay, lndan skool aauph ikonomiks
bhasha hindi, angrezi
puraskar-upadhi bharat ratn
karyakshetr badauda rajy ke militari sekretari, arthashastr ke prophesar, pradhanachary
rachanaen 'daau. baba sahab ambedakar raitings end spichej' (angrezi), baba sahab daauktar ambedakar sampoorn vanmay (hindi), jati ke vinash
any janakari ambedakar vidhi visheshgy, arthashastri, itihas vivechak aur dharm aur darshan ke vidvanh the.

daau. bhimarav ramaji ambedakar (angrezi: Bhimrao Ramji Ambedkar, janm: 14 aprail, 1891 - mrityu: 6 disnbar, 1956) ek bahujan rajanitik neta aur ek bauddh punarutthanavadi bhi the. unhen babasaheb ke nam se bhi jana jata hai. ambedakar ne apana sara jivan hindoo dharm ki chatuvarn pranali aur bharatiy samaj men sarvatr vyapt jati vyavastha ke viruddh sngharsh men bita diya. unhen bauddh mahashaktiyon ke dalit andolan ko prarnbh karane ka shrey bhi jata hai. ambedakar ko bharat ratn se bhi sammanit kiya gaya hai jo bharat ka sarvochch nagarik puraskar hai. apani mahattvapoorn upalabdhiyon tatha desh ki amooly seva ke phalasvaroop daau. ambedakar ko adhunik yug ka manu kahakar sammanit kiya gaya.

jivan parichay

daau. bhimarav ramaji ambedakar ka janm 14 aprail 1891 men hua tha. ve ramaji maloji sakapal aur bhimabaee murabadakar ki 14vin v antim sntan the. unaka parivar marathi tha aur vo anbavade nagar jo adhunik maharashtr ke ratnagiri zile men hai, se snbndhit tha. anek samakalin rajanitigyon ko dekhate hue unaki jivan-avadhi kuchh kam thi. ve mahar jati ke the jo achhoot kahe jate the. kintu is avadhi men bhi unhonne adhyayan, lekhan, bhashan aur sngathan ke bahut se kam kie jinaka prabhav us samay ki aur bad ki rajaniti par hai. bhimarav ambedakar ka janm nimn varn ki mahar jati men hua tha. us samay angrez nimn varn ki jatiyon se naujavanon ko fauj men bharti kar rahe the. ambedakar ke poorvaj lnbe samay tak british eest indiya knpani ki sena men karyarat the aur bhimarav ke pita ramaji ambedakar british fauj men soobedar the aur kuchh samay tak ek fauji skool men adhyapak bhi rahe. unake pita ne marathi aur angrezi men aupacharik shiksha ki digri prapt ki thi. vah shiksha ka mahattv samajhate the aur bhimarav ki padhaee likhaee par unhonne bahut dhyan diya.

shiksha

achhoot samajhi jane vali jati men janm lene ke karan apane skooli jivan men ambedakar ko anek apamanajanak sthitiyon ka samana karana pada. in sab sthitiyon ka dhairy aur virata se samana karate hue unhonne skooli shiksha samapt ki. phir kaaulej ki padhaee shuroo huee. is bich pita ka hath tng hua. kharche ki kami huee. ek mitr unhen badauda ke shasak gayakavad ke yahan le ge. gayakavad ne unake lie skaaularaship ki vyavastha kar di aur ambedakar ne apani kaaulej ki shiksha poori ki. 1907 men maitrikuleshan pas karane ke bad badauda maharaj ki arthik sahayata se ve eliphinsatan kaaulej se 1912 men grejuet hue.

1913 aur 15 ke bich jab ambedakar kolnbiya vishvavidyalay men adhyayan kar rahe the, tab em.e. ki pariksha ke ek prashn patr ke badale unhonne prachin bharatiy vyapar par ek shodh prabandh likha tha. is men unhonne any deshon se bharat ke vyaparik sambandhon par vichar kiya hai. in vyaparik sambandhon ki vivechana ke dauran bharat ke arthik vikas ki rooparekha bhi ban gee hai. yah shodh prabandh rachanavali ke 12ven khand men prakashit hai.

kuchh sal badauda rajy ki seva karane ke bad unako gayakavad-skalaraship pradan kiya gaya jisake sahare unhonne amerika ke kolambiya vishvavidyalay se arthashastr men em.e. (1915) kiya. isi kram men ve prasiddh ameriki arthashastri seligamain ke prabhav men ae. seligamain ke margadarshan men ambedakar ne kolnbiya vishvavidyalay se 1917 men pi ech. di. ki upadhi prapt kar li. unake shodh ka vishay tha -'neshanal devalepament phaaur indiya : e historikal end enalitikal stadi'. isi varsh unhonne lndan skool aauph ikonomiks men dakhila liya lekin sadhanabhav men apani shiksha poori nahin kar pae. kuchh dinon tak ve badauda rajy ke militari sekretari the. phir ve badauda se bambee a ge. kuchh dinon tak ve sidenahaim kaaulej, bambee men rajanitik arthashastr ke prophesar bhi rahe. dipresd klasej kanpharens se bhi jude aur sakriy rajaniti men bhagidari shuroo ki. kuchh samay bad unhonne lndan jakar lndan skool aauph ikonomiks se apani adhoori padhaee poori ki. is tarah viparit paristhiti men paida hone ke bavajood apani lagan aur karmathata se unhonne em.e., pi ech. di., em. es. si., bar-et-laau ki digriyan prapt ki. is tarah se ve apane yug ke sabase zyada padhe-likhe rajaneta evn vicharak the. unako adhunik pashchimi samajon ki snrachana ki maj-vigyan, arthashastr evn qanooni drishti se vyavasthit gyan tha. achhooton ke jivan se unhen gahari sahanubhooti thi. unake sath jo bhedabhav barata jata tha, use door karane ke lie unhonne andolan kiya aur unhen sngathit kiya.

karyakarini sadasy

1926 men vah bambee ki vidhan sabha ke sadasy namit kie ge. usake bad vah nirvachit bhi hue. kramash: oopar chadhate hue sanh 42-46 ke daur men vah gavarnar janaral ki karyakarini ki sadasyata tak pahunche. bharat ke svadhin hone par javahar lal neharoo ke mntrimndal men vidhi mntri hue. bad men virodhi dal ke sadasy ke roop men unhonne kam kiya. bharat ke snvidhan ke nirman men unaki pramukh bhoomika thi. vah snvidhan visheshgy the. anek deshon ke snvidhanon ka adhyayan unhonne kiya tha. bharatiy snvidhan ka mukhy nirmata unhin ko mana jata hai. unhonne jo kuchh likha, usaka gahara sambandh aj ke bharat aur is desh ke itihas se hai. shoodron ke uddhar ke lie unhonne jivan bhar kam kiya, par unaka lekhan keval shoodron ke lie mahattvapoorn nahin hai. unhonne darshan, itihas, rajaniti, arthik vikas adi anek samasyaon par vichar kiya jinaka sambandh sare desh ki janata se hai. angrezi men unaki rachanavali 'daau. baba sahab ambedakar raitings end spichej' nam se maharashtr sarakar dvara prakashit ki gee hai. hindi men unaki rachanavali 'baba sahab daauktar ambedakar sampoorn vanmay' ke nam se bharat sarakar dvara prakashit ki gee hai.

rachanavali

angrezi men unaki rachanavali 'daau. baba sahab ambedakar raitings end spichej' nam se maharashtr sarakar dvara prakashit ki gee hai. hindi men unaki rachanavali 'baba sahab daauktar ambedakar sampoorn vanmay' ke nam se bharat sarakar dvara prakashit ki gee hai. anek bade vicharakon aur vidvanon ki tarah vah samasyaon par nirantar vichar karate rahate the. 1946 men shoodron par unaki pustak prakashit huee. shoodron ke bare men jo bahut tarah ki dharanaen prachalit thin, unaka uchit khandan karate hue ambedakar ne likha: shoodron ke lie kaha jata hai ki ve anary the, aryon ke shatru the. aryon ne unhen jita tha aur das bana liya. aisa tha to yajurved aur atharvaved ke rishi shoodron ke lie gaurav ki kamana kyon karate hain? shoodron ka anugrah pane ki ichchha kyon prakat karate hain? shoodron ke lie kaha jata hai ki unhen vedon ke adhyayan ka adhikar nahin hai. aisa tha to shoodr sudas rigved ke mantron ke rachanakar kaise hue? shoodron ke lie kaha jata hai, unhen ygy karane ka adhikar nahin hai. aisa tha to sudas ne ashvamedh kaise kiya? shatapath brahman shoodr ko ygykarta ke roop men kaise prastut karata hai? aur use kaise sambodhan karana chahie, isake lie shabd bhi batata hai. shoodron ke lie kaha jata hai ki unhen upanayan snskar ka adhikar nahin hai. yadi arambh se hi aisa tha to is bare men vivad kyon utha? badari aur snskar ganapati kyon kahate hain ki use upanayan ka adhikar hai? shoodr ke lie kaha jata hai ki vah sampatti sngrah nahin kar sakata. aisa tha to maitrayani aur kathak snhitaon men dhani aur samriddh shoodron ka ullekh kaise hai? shoodr ke lie kaha jata hai ki vah rajy ka padadhikari nahin ho sakata. aisa tha to mahabharat men rajaon ke mntri shoodr the, aisa kyon kaha gaya? shoodr ke lie kaha jata hai ki sevak ke roop men tinon varnon ki seva karana usaka kam hai. yadi aisa tha to shoodr raja kaise hue jaisa ki sudas ke udaharan se, tatha sayan dvara die ge any udaharanon se maloom hota hai?unhonne kee pustaken likhane ki yojana banaee thi, pustakon ke kuchh adhyay likhe the, kuchh poore aur kuchh adhoore. rachanavali ke tisare khnd men aisi kuchh samagri pahali bar prakashit huee hai. is samagri ke bare men sampadakon ne bhoomika men jo kuchh kaha hai, usase yahi pat chalata hai ki 1956 men daau. ambedakar ke nidhan se unaka bahut sa kam adhoora rah gaya.

samajik sudhar

bi. ar. ambedakar ke netritv men unhonne apana sngharsh tez kar diya. samajik samanata ke lie ve prayatnashil ho uthe. ambedakar ne 'aaul indiya klases esosieshan' ka sngathan kiya. dakshin bharat men bisavin shatabdi ke tisare dashak men gair-brahmanon ne 'di selph respekt moovament' prarambh kiya jisaka uddeshy un bhedabhavon ko door karana tha jinhen brahmanon ne un par thop diya tha. sampoorn bharat men dalit jati ke logon ne unake mandiron men pravesh-nishedh evn is tarah ke any pratibandhon ke viruddh anek andolanon ka sootrapat kiya. parantu videshi shasan kal men asprishyata virodhi sngharsh poori tarah se saphal nahin ho paya. videshi shasakon ko is bat ka bhay tha ki aisa hone se samaj ka paramparavadi evn roodhivadi varg unaka virodhi ho jaega. at: krantikari samaj-sudhar ka kary keval svatantr bharat ki sarakar hi kar sakati thi. pun: samajik punarudvar ki samasya rajanitik evn arthik punarudvar ki samasyaon ke sath gahare taur par judi huee thi. jaise, daliton ke samajik punarutthan ke lie unaka arthik punarutthan avashyak tha. isi prakar isake lie unake bich shiksha ka prasar aur rajanitik adhikar bhi anivary the.
Nobody can remove your grivance as well as you can and you can not remove these unless you get political power into your hands... We must have a government in which men in power will not be afraied to amend the social and economic code of life which the dictates of justice and expendiencey so urgently call for. This role the British Government will never be able to play. It is only a government which is of the people, for the people and by the people, in other words, it is only the 'Swaraj' Government that will make it possible.--Dr. B. R. Ambedkar

1950 ke snvidhan dvara hi antim roop se asprishyata ko samapt kiya ja sakata.
In the constitution of 1950 it has been declared that 'Untouchability' is abolished and its practice in any form is forbidden. The endorsment of any disability arising out of 'Untouchability' shall be an offence punishable in accordance with Law.

chhuachhoot ko avaidh ghoshit kiya gaya. ab kuen, talabon, snan ghaton, hotal, sinema adi par is adhar par pratibandh nahin lagae ja sakate the. snvidhan men likhit 'dayarektiv prinsipuls' men bhi in baton par zor diya gaya.
One of the Directive Principles it has laid down for the guidance of future governments says: 'The state shall strive to promote the welfare of the people by securing and protecting as effectively as it may a social order in which justice, social, economic and political, shall inform all the institutions of the national life.'

du:kh to is bat ka hai ki in sabake bavajood aj bhi jati pratha hamare bich aur vishesh roop se gramin samaj men jivit hai aur isase samaj aur desh ko kafi hani ho rahi hai.

chhuachhoot ke viruddh sngharsh

1920 ke dashak men bnbee men ek bar bolate hue unhonne saph-saph kaha tha jahan mere vyaktigat hit aur deshahit men takarav hoga vahan main desh ke hit ko prathamikata doonga, lekin jahan dalit jatiyon ke hit aur desh ke hit men takarav hoga, vahan main dalit jatiyon ko prathamikata doonga. ve antim samay tak dalit-varg ke masiha the aur unhonne jivanaparynt achhootoddhar ke lie kary kiya. jab mahatma gandhi ne daliton ko alpasnkhyakon ki tarah prithakh nirvachan mndal dene ke british niti ke khilaf amaran anashan kiya. sanh 1927 men unhonne hinduon dvara niji sampatti ghoshit sarvajanik talab se pani lene ke lie achhooton ko adhikar dilane ke lie ek satyagrah ka netritv kiya. unhonne sanh 1937 men bnbee uchch nyayalay men yah muqadama jita.
ambedakar ne rigved se uddharan dekar dikhaya hai ki ary gaur varn ke aur shyam varn ke bhi the. ashvini devon ne shyav aur rukshati ka vivah karaya. shyav shyam varn ka hai aur rukshati gaur varn ki hai. ashvini vndana ki raksha karate hain aur vah gaur varn ki hai. ek prarthana men rishi kahate hain ki unhen pishng varn arthath bhoore rng ka putr prapt ho. ambedakar ka nishkarsh hai: in udaharanon se gyat hota hai ki vaidik aryon men rngabhed ki bhavana nahin thi. hoti bhi kaise? ve ek rng ke the hi nahin. kuchh gore the, kuchh kale the, kuchh bhoore the. dasharath ke putr ram shyam varn ke the. isi tarah yaduvnshi krishn bhi shyam varn ke the. rigved ke anek mntron ke rachanakar dirghatamas hain. unake nam se hi pratit hota hai, ve shyam varn ke the. aryon men ek prasiddh rishi kanv the. rigved men unaka jo vivaran milata hai, usase gyat hota hai, ve shyam varn ke the. isi tarah ambedakar ne is dharana ka khndan kiya ki ary gori nasl ke hi the.

ambedakar ne mndiron men achhooton ke pravesh karane ke adhikar ko lekar bhi sngharsh kiya. vah lndan men hue golamez sammelan ke shishtamndal ke bhi sadasy the, jahan unhonne achhooton ke lie alag nirvachan mndal ki mang ki. mahatma gandhi ne ise hindoo samaj men vibhajak manate hue virodh kiya.
1931 men briten ke pradhanamntri ko sambodhit karate hue ambedakar ne golamej sammelan men kaha: british parliyament aur pravaktaon ne hamesha yah kaha hai ki ve dalit vargon ke trasti hain. mujhe vishvas hai, ki yah bat sabhy logon ki vaisi jhoothi bat nahin hai jo apasi sambandhon ko madhur banane ke lie kahi jati hai. meri ray men kisi bhi sarakar ka yah nishchit kartavy hoga ki jo dharohar usake pas hai, use vah gnva n de. yadi british sarakar hamen un logon ki daya ke bharose chhod deti hai jinhonne hamari khushahali ki or jara bhi dhyan nahin diya, to yah bahut badi gaddari hogi. hamari tabahi aur barbadi ki buniyad par hi ye log dhanimani aur bade bane hain.[1]

sanh 1932 men poona samajhaute men gandhi aur ambedakar, apasi vichar–vimarsh ke bad ek madhyamarg par sahamat hue. ambedakar ne shighr hi harijanon men apana netritv sthapit kar liya aur unaki or se kee patrikaen nikalin; vah harijanon ke lie sarakari vidhan parishadon men vishesh pratinidhitv prapt karane men bhi saphal hue. ambedakar ne harijanon ka paksh lene ke mahatma gandhi ke dave ko chunauti di aur vhaaut kangres aind gandhi haiv dan tu d anatachebals (sanh 1945) namak lekh likha. sanh 1947 men ambedakar bharat sarakar ke qanoon mntri bane. unhonne bharat ke snvidhan ki rooparekha banane men pramukh bhoomika nibhaee, jisamen unhonne achhooton ke sath bhedabhav ko pratibndhit kiya aur chaturaee se ise snvidhan sabha dvara parit karaya. sarakar men apana prabhav ghatane se nirash hokar unhonne sanh 1951 men tyagapatr de diya. sanh 1956 men vah nagapur men ek samaroh men apane do lakh achhoot sathiyon ke sath hindoo dharm tyagakar bauddh ban ge, kyonki chhuachhoot ab bhi hindoo dharm ka ang bani huee thi. daauktar ambedakar ko sanh 1990 men maranoparant bharat ratn se sammanit kiya gaya.

rajanitik parichay

bhimarav ambedakar
Bhimrao Ambedkar

yeola nasik men 13 aktoobar, 1935 ko ambedakar ne ek raili ko snbodhit kiya. 13 aktoobar 1935 ko, ambedakar ko sarakari laau kaaulej ka pradhanachary niyukt kiya gaya aur is pad par unhonne do varsh tak kary kiya. isake chalate ambedakar bnbee men bas gaye, unhonne yahan ek bade़ ghar ka nirman karaya, jisame unake niji pustakalay men 50000 se adhik pustaken thin. isi varsh unaki patni ramabaee ki ek lnbi bimari ke bad mrityu ho gee. ramabaee apani mrityu se pahale tirthayatra ke liye pndharapur jana chahati thin par ambedakar ne unhen isaki ijazat nahin di. ambedakar ne kaha ki us hindoo tirth men jahan unako achhoot mana jata hai, jane ka koee auchity nahin hai isake bajay unhonne unake liye ek naya pndharapur banane ki bat kahi. bhale hi asprishyata ke khilaf unaki lada़ee ko bharat bhar se samarthan hasil ho raha tha par unhonne apana ravaiya aur apane vicharon ko roodhivadi hinduon ke prati aur kathor kar liya. unaki roodhivadi hinduon ki alochana ka uttar badi snkhya men hindoo karyakartaon dvara ki gayi unaki alochana se mila. 13 aktoobar ko nasik ke nikat yeola men ek sammelan men bolate hue ambedakar ne dharm parivartan karane ki apani ichchha prakat ki. unhonne apane anuyayiyon se bhi hindoo dharm chhod koee aur dharm apanane ka ahvan kiya. unhonne apani is bat ko bharat bhar men kee sarvajanik sabhaon men doharaya bhi.

svatntr lebar parti

ambedakar ne 1936 men svatntr lebar parti ki sthapana ki, jo 1937 men kendriy vidhan sabha chunavon men 15 siten jiti. unhonne apani pustak jati ke vinash bhi isi varsh prakashit ki jo unake nyooyaaurk men likhe ek shodhapatr par adharit thi. is saphal aur lokapriy pustak men ambedakar ne hindoo dharmik netaon aur jati vyavastha ki zoradar alochana ki. unhonne asprishy samuday ke logon ko gandhi dvara rachit shabd harijan pukarane ke kangres ke phaisale ki kadi़ ninda ki. ambedakar ne raksha salahakar samiti aur vaisaray ki karyakari parishad ke lie shram mntri ke roop men sevarat rahe.
march 1940 men muslim lig ne apane lahaur adhiveshan men prasiddh pakistan prastav pas kiya. ambedakar ne tin sal pahale indipendent lebar parti nam se ek dal sngathit kiya tha. usane pakistan prastav ka adhyayan karane ke lie ek samiti banaee. is samiti ke lie disambar 1940 tak ambedakar ne apani riport taiyar kar li. vah 'pakistan ya bharat ka vibhajan' - 'pakistan aaur d partishan aauph indiya' - nam se prakashit huee.

1941 aur 1945 ke bich men unhonne badi snkhya men atyadhik vivadaspad pustaken aur parche prakashit kiye jiname thaauts aaun pakistan bhi shamil hai, jisamen unhonne muslim lig ki musalamanon ke lie ek alag desh pakistan ki mang ki alochana ki. 'vaaut kaaungres end gandhi haiv dan too d anatachebals' (kangres aur gandhi ne achhooton ke liye kya kiya) ke sath, ambedakar ne gandhi aur kangres dono par apane hamalon ko tikha kar diya unhonne un par dhong karane ka arop lagaya. unhonne apani pustak 'hoo var d shudraz?( shudr kaun the?)' ke dvara hindoo jati vyavastha ke padanukram men sabase nichi jati yani shudron ke astitv men ane ki vyakhya ki. unhonne is bat par bhi zor diya ki kis tarah se achhoot, shudron se alag hain. ambedakar ne apani rajanitik parti ko akhil bharatiy anusoochit jati phedareshan men badalate dekha, halanki 1946 men ayojit bharat ke snvidhan sabha ke lie huye chunav men isane kharab pradarshan kiya. 1948 men hoo var d shudraz? ki uttarakatha 'd anatachebalas: e thisis aaun d orijan aauph anatachebiliti (asprishy: asprishyata ke mool par ek shodh)' men ambedakar ne hindoo dharm ko latada. ambedakar islam aur dakshin eshiya men usaki ritiyon ke bhi alochak the. unhonne bharat vibhajan ka to paksh liya par muslim samaj men vyapt bal vivah ki pratha aur mahilaon ke sath hone vale durvyavahar ki ghor ninda ki.

mehanat mazadoori karane valon ko parishramik diya jata tha, yah bada mahattvapoorn mudda hai. shoodron ki sthiti ka vivechan karate hue aksar itihasakar yahi bat bhool jate hain. ambedakar ka mool vaky angrezi men is prakar hai: Besides few slaves there was a considerable amount of free labours paid in money or food.[2]

unhonne likha ki muslim samaj men to hindoo samaj se bhi adhik samajik buraiyan hain aur musalaman unhen 'bhaeechare' jaise narm shabdon ke prayog se chhupate hain. unhonne musalamanon dvara arzal vargon ke khilaf bhedabhav jinhen 'nichale darje ka' mana jata tha ke sath hi muslim samaj men mahilaon ke utpidan ki damanakari parda pratha ki bhi alochana ki. unhonne kaha halanki parda hinduon men bhi hota hai par use dharmik manyata keval musalamanon ne di hai. unhonne islam men kattarata ki alochana ki jisake karan islam ki natiyon ka aksharaksh anupalan ki baddhata ke karan samaj bahut kattar ho gaya hai aur use ko badalana bahut mushkil ho gaya hai. unhonne age likha ki bharatiy musalaman apane samaj ka sudhar karane men viphal rahe hain jabaki isake viparit turki jaise deshon ne apane apako bahut badal liya hai.
hamara yah dridh vishvas hai ki bharat men chhoti jot ki samasya buniyadi samasya nahin hai. balki yah ek mool samasya se nikali huee samasya hai. arthath samajik arthavyavastha men asamnjasy ki samasya hai. itani adhik bhoomi men kheti hone ke bavajood usaki janasnkhya ke anupat se bahut kam bhoomi men kheti hoti hai.[3]

halanki ve muhammad ali jinna aur muslim lig ki vibhajanakari sanpradayik rananiti ke ghor alochak the par unhonne tark diya ki hinduon aur musalamanon ko prithakh kar dena chahie aur pakistan ka gathan ho jana chahiye kyonki ek hi desh ka netritv karane ke lie, jatiy rashtravad ke chalate desh ke bhitar aur adhik hinsa panapegi. unhonne hindoo aur musalamanon ke sanpradayik vibhajan ke bare men apane vichar ke paksh men aautomon samrajy aur chekoslovakiya ke vighatan jaisi aitihasik ghatanaon ka ullekh kiya. unhonne poochha ki kya pakistan ki sthapana ke liye paryapt karan maujood the? aur sujhav diya ki hindoo aur musalamanon ke bich ke matabhed ek kam kathor qadam se bhi mitana snbhav ho sakata tha. unhonne likha hai ki pakistan ko apane astitv ka auchity siddh karana chahiye. kanada jaise deshon men bhi sanpradayik mudde hamesha se rahe hain par aj bhi angrez aur phransisi ek sath rahate hain, to kya hindoo aur musalaman bhi sath nahin rah sakate. unhonne chetaya ki do desh banane ke samadhan ka vastavik kriyanvayan atyant kathinaee bhara hoga. vishal janasnkhya ke sthanantaran ke sath sima vivad ki samasya bhi rahegi. bharat ki svatntrata ke bad hone vali hinsa ko dhyan men rakh kar yah bhavishyavani kitani sahi thi.

ambedakar banam gandhi

mahatma gandhi ke viparit daau. ambedakar ganvon ki apeksha nagaron men evn gramin shilpon ya krishi ki vyavastha ki tulana men pashchimi samaj ki audyogik vikas men bharat aur daliton ka bhavishy dekhate the. ve marksavadi samajavad ki tulana men bauddh manavavad ke samarthak the jisake kendr men vyaktigat svatntrata, samanata evn bhratritv ki bhavana hai. ambedakar, mahatma gandhi aur bharatiy rashtriy kangres ke ugr alochak the. unake samakalinon aur adhunik vidvanon ne unake mahatma gandhi (jo ki pahale bharatiy neta the jinhonne asprishyata aur bhedabhav karane ka mudda sabase pahale uthaya tha) ke virodh ki alochana hai.
1932 men gram pnchayat bil par bambee ki vidhan sabha men bolate hue ambedakar ne kaha: bahuton ne gram pnchayaton ki prachin vyavastha ki bahut prashnsa ki hai. kuchh logon ne unhen gramin prajatantr kaha hai. in dehati prajatantron ka gun jo bhi ho, mujhe yah kahane men jara bhi duvidha nahin hai ki ve bharat men sarvajanik jivan ke lie abhishap hain. yadi bharat rashtravad utpann karane men saphal nahin hua, yadi bharat rashtriy bhavana ke nirman men saphal nahin hua, to isaka mukhy karan meri samajh men gram vyavastha ka astitv hai. isase hamare logon men vishisht sthaniyata ki bhavana bhar gee usase badi nagarik bhavana ke lie thodi bhi jagah n rahi. prachin gram pnchayaton ki vyavastha ke antargat ekatabaddh janata ke desh ke badale bharat gram pnchayaton ka dhila-dhala samuday ban gaya. ve sab ek hi raja ki praja the, isake siva unake bich aur koee bandhan nahin tha.[4]

gandhi ka darshan bharat ke parnparik gramin jivan ke prati adhik sakaratmak, lekin roomani tha, aur unaka drishtikon asprishyon ke prati bhavanatmak tha unhonne unhen harijan kah kar pukara. ambedakar ne is visheshan ko sire se asvikar kar diya. unhonne apane anuyayiyon ko ganv chhod kar shahar jakar basane aur shiksha prapt karane ke lie prerit kiya.

inhen bhi dekhen: bade dil vala -mahatma gandhi

mrityu

ambedakar 1948 se madhumeh se pidit the. aur vo joon se aktoobar 1954 tak bahut bimar rahe. rajanitik muddon se pareshan ambedakar ka svasthy bad se badatar hota chala gaya aur 1955 ke dauran kiye gaye lagatar kam ne unhen tod kar rakh diya. apani antim pandulipi buddh aur unake dhamm ko poora karane ke tin din ke bad 6 disnbar 1956 ko ambedakar ki mrityu nind men dilli men unake ghar men ho gee. 7 disnbar ko chaupati samudr tat par bauddh shaili men antim snskar kiya gaya jisamen saikadon hazaron samarthakon, karyakartaon aur prashnsakon bhag liya. ek smarak ambedakar ke dilli sthit unake ghar 26 alipur rod men sthapit kiya gaya hai. ambedakar jaynti par sarvajanik avakash rakha jata hai. apane anuyayiyon ko unaka sndesh tha.

shikshit bano !!!, sngathit raho!!!, sngharsh karo !!!.

upasnhar

ambedakar vidhi visheshgy, arthashastri, itihas vivechak, aur dharm aur darshan ke vidvanh the. unhonne apane lekhan men anek aise sootr die hain jinake adhar par bharatiy itihas ko ham poonjivadi vivechakon ke dushprabhav se mukt kar sakate hain. unaki ek krantikari sthapana yah hai ki inglaind kisi tarah vyapar men bharat se spardha n kar sakata tha aur mal taiyar karane vale desh ke roop men bharat inglaind se badh kar tha. angrezi shasanatntr ke vivechan men ambedakar ne anek aise tathy die hain jinase pramanit hota hai, angrezon ne jati-biradari ki pratha ko aur kathor banaya, unhonne yahan ka vyapar nasht kiya, shaharon ke udyog-dhndhe tabah kie. lakhon karigar shahar chhodakar dehat men ja base, vahan jamindaron ki begar karane par badhy hue.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. daau. baba sahab ambedakar raitings end spichej; khand-2 prishth 598
  2. daau. baba sahab ambedakar raitings end spichej; khand-7 prishth 8
  3. daau. baba sahab ambedakar raitings end spichej; khand-6 prishth 265
  4. daau. baba sahab ambedakar raitings end spichej; khand-2 prishth 106
oopar jayen

snbndhit lekh

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