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bhimasen joshi
Bhimsen-Joshi-2.jpg
poora nam pndit bhimasen gururaj joshi
janm 4 faravari, 1922
janm bhoomi gadag, karnatak
mrityu 24 janavari, 2011
mrityu sthan pune, maharashtr
abhibhavak gururaj joshi
sntan shrinivas joshi (putr)
karm bhoomi bharat
karm-kshetr shastriy gayan
mukhy rachanaen 'mile sur mera tumhara'
vishay shastriy sngit
puraskar-upadhi bharat rath‍n, padm vibhooshan, sngit natak akadami puraskar, padm bhooshan, padm shri
prasiddhi hindustani shastriy gayak
nagarikata bharatiy
any janakari pndit joshi kirana gharane ke gayak hain. unhen unake khyal shaili aur bhajan gayan ke vishesh roop se jana jata hai.

pndit bhimasen joshi (angrezi: Bhimsen Joshi; janm- 4 faravari, 1922, gadag, karnatak; mrityu- 24 janavari, 2011, pune, maharashtr) kirana gharane ke mahattvapoorn shastriy gayak the. unhonne 19 sal ki umr se gayan shuroo kiya tha aur ve sat dashakon tak shastriy gayan karate rahe. bhimasen joshi ne karnatak ko gauravanvit kiya hai. bharatiy sngit ke kshetr men isase pahale em. es. subbulakshmi, ustad bismilla khan, pndit ravishnkar aur lata mngeshakar ko 'bharat ratn' se sammanit kiya ja chuka hai. unaki yogyata ka adhar unaki mahanh sngit sadhana hai. desh-videsh men lokapriy hindustani shastriy sngit ke mahanh gayakon men unaki ginati hoti thi. apane ekal gayan se hindustani shastriy sngit men ne yug ka sootrapat karane vale pndit bhimasen joshi kala aur snskriti ki duniya ke chhathe vyakti the, jinhen desh ke sarvochch nagarik samman 'bharat rath‍n' se sammanit kiya gaya tha. 'kirana gharane' ke bhimasen gururaj joshi ne gayaki ke apane vibhinh‍n tarikon se ek adbhut gayan ki rachana ki. desh ka sabase bada nagarik samman milane ke bare men jab unake putr shrinivas joshi ne unhen bataya tha to bhimasen joshi ne pune men kaha tha ki-

"main un sabhi hindustani shastriy gayakon ki taraph se is samman ko svikar karata hoon jinhonne apani zindagi sngit ko samarpit kar di."

janm

karnatak ke 'gadag' men 4 faravari, 1922 ee. ko bhimasen joshi ka janm hua tha. unake pita 'gururaj joshi' sthaniy haee skool ke hedamastar aur kannad, angrezi aur snskrit ke vidvanh the. unake chacha ji.bi joshi charchit natakakar the tatha unhonne dharavad ki manohar granthamala ko protsahit kiya tha. unake dada prasiddh kirtanakar the.

sngit men ruchi

bhimasen joshi jis pathashala men shiksha prapt karate the, vahan pathashala ke raste men 'bhooshan gramofon shaaup' thi. grahakon ko sunae ja rahe ganon ko sunane ke lie kishor bhimasen khade ho jate the. ek din unhonne 'abdul karim khan' ka gaya 'rag vasnt' men 'phagava' 'brij dekhan ko' aur 'piya bina nahi avat chain' thumari suni. kuchh hi dinon pashchath unhonne kundagol ke samaroh men savaee gndharv ko suna. matr gyarah varshiy bhimasen ke man men unhen guru banane ki ichchha prabal ho uthi. putr ki sngit men ruchi hone ka pata chalane par inake pita gururaj ne 'agasara chanappa' ko bhimasen ka sngit shikshak niyukt kar diya. ek bar pnchakshari gavee ne bhimasen ko gate hue sunakar chanappa se kaha, "is ladake ko sikhana tumhare bas ki bat nahin, ise kisi behatar guru ke pas bhejo."

guru ki khoj

ek din bhimasen ghar se bhag nikale. us ghatana ko yad kar unhonne vinod men kaha- "aisa karake unhonne parivar ki parampara hi nibhaee thi." mnzil ka pata nahin tha. rel men bina tikat baith gaye aur bijapur tak ka saphar kiya. ti.ti. ko rag bhairav men 'jago mohan pyare' aur 'kaun-kaun gun gave' sunakar mugdh kar diya. sath ke yatriyon par bhi unake gayan ka jadoo chal nikala. sahayatriyon ne raste men khilaya-pilaya. antat: vah bijapur pahunch gaye. galiyon men ga-gakar aur logon ke gharon ke bahar rat guzar kar do hafte bit gaye. ek sngit premi ne salah di, ‘sngit sikhana ho to gvaliyar jao.’

bhimasen joshi

unhen pata nahin tha ki gvaliyar kahan hai. vah ek any tren par savar ho gaye aur is bar pune, maharashtr pahunch gaye. unhen nahin pata tha ki ek din pune hi unaka sthayi nivas sthan banega. rel gadiyan badalate aur rel karmiyon se bachate-bachate bhimasen akhir gvaliyar pahunch gaye. vahan ke 'madhav sngit vidyalay' men pravesh le liya. kintu bhimasen ko kisi kaksha ki nahin, ek guru ki zaroorat thi. bhimasen tin sal tak guru ki khoj men bhatakate rahe. phir unhen 'karavallabh sngit sammelan' men vinayakarav patavardhan mile. vinayakarav ko ashchary hua ki savaee gandharv usake ghar ke bahut pas rahate hain. savaee gandharv ne bhimasen ko sunakar kaha, "main ise sikhaoonga yadi yah ab tak ka sikha hua sab bhula sake.” dedh sal tak unhonne bhimasen ko kuchh nahin sikhaya. ek bar bhimasen ke pita unaki pragati ka hal janane ae, unhen ashchary hua ki vah apane guru ke ghar ke lie pani se bhare bade-bade ghade dho rahe hain. bhimasen ne apane pita se kaha- "main yahan khush hoon. ap chinta n karen."

pahala sngit pradarshan

varsh 1941 men bhimasen joshi ne 19 varsh ki umr men mnch par apani pahali prastuti di. unaka pahala elbam 20 varsh ki ayu men nikala, jisamen kannad aur hindi men kuchh dharmik git the. isake do varsh bad vah rediyo kalakar ke taur par munbee men kam karane lage. apane guru ki yad men unhonne varshik 'savaee gndharv sngit samaroh' prarambh kiya tha. pune men yah samaroh har varsh disnbar men hota hai. bhimasen ke putr bhi shastriy gayak evn sngitakar hain.

bulnd avaz tatha snvedanashilata

pndit bhimasen joshi ko bulnd avaz, sanson par bejod niyntran, sngit ke prati snvedanashilata, junoon aur samajh ke lie jana jata tha. unhonne 'sudha kalyan', 'miyan ki todi', 'bhimapalasi', 'darabari', 'multani' aur 'ramakali' jaise anaginat rag chhed sngit ke har mnch par sngit pramiyon ka dil jita. pndit mohanadev ne kaha, "unaki gayiki par kesarabaee kerakar, ustad amir khan, begam akhtar ka gahara prabhav tha. vah apani gayiki men saragam aur tihaeeyon ka jamakar prayog karate the. unhonne hindi, kannad aur marathi men dheron bhajan gae the.[1]

jugalabndi

bhimasen joshi ko khayal gayaki ka skool kaha jata hai. sngit ke chhatron ko bataya jata hai ki khayal gayaki men rag ki shuddhata aur ragadari ka sabase sahi tarika sikhana hai to joshi ji ko suno. unhonne kannad, snskrit, hindi aur marathi men dheron bhajan aur abhng bhi gae hain jo bahut hi lokapriy hain. bhimasen joshi ne pn. hariprasad chaurasiya, pn. ravishnkar aur bal murali krishna jaise diggajon ke sath yadagar jugalabndiyan ki hain. yuva pidhi ke gayakon men ramapur sahasavan gharane ke ustad rashid khan ke sath bhi unhonne gaya hai lekin samakalin shastriy gayan ya vadan joshi ji ka man nahin lubha pata tha. un par ek daaukyoomentri banate hue gulazar ne poochha- "ajakal ke jo gayak hain unhen sunate hain to kaisa lagata hai?" is par joshi ji ka javab tha- "hamane to bade gulam ali, ustad amir khan aur guruji ko suna hai. vah kan men basa hua hai. aj bahut sare gane vale hain, samajhadar hain, achchhi taiyari bhi hai, lekin unaka gana dil ko chhoo nahin pata."

gayaki ke bhimasen

bhimasen joshi us sngit ke pakshadhar the, jisamen rag ki shuddhata ke sath hi usako baratane men bhi vah siddhi ho ki sunane vale ki ankhen mund jaen, vah kisi aur lok men pahunch jae. bhimasen joshi ki gayaki svayn men is parikalpana ki misal hai. unhen gayaki ka bhimasen men banane men unake daur ka bhi bada yogadan hai. ye vah daur tha, jab maik nahin hote the, ya phir nahin ke barabar hote the. isalie gayaki men svabhavik damakham ka hona bahut zaroori mana jata tha. gayak aur pahalavan ko barabari ka darja diya jata tha. joshi ji ke samane bade gulam ali khan, faiyaz khan, abdul karim khan aur abdul vahid khan jaise siniyars the jo gale ke sath hi sharir ki bhi varjish karate the aur gate vakt jinhen maik ki zaroorat hi nahin hoti thi. samakalinon men bhi kumar gndharv the, mallikarjun mnsoor jaise akhadebaz gayak the.

savaee gndharv mahotsav

ek samay tha, jab shastriy sngit darabaron men, gharanon men kaid tha. gndharv mahavidyalay, prayag sngit samiti aur bhatakhnde vishvavidyalay jaisi snsthaon ke ane ka asar ye hua ki am logon ke bich shastriy sngit ki pahunch teji se badhane lagi. lekin sath hi sngit ki gunavatta ke star par bada hras hua. joshi ji bhi manate the ki snsthaon men kalakar paida nahin kie ja sakate, kalakar banane ke lie guru ke samane samarpan hi ek rasta hai. bhimasen joshi deshabhar men ghoom-ghoomakar kalakaron ko khojate the aur apane guru ki yad men shuroo kie ge 'savaee gndharv mahotsav' men unhen mnch dete the. pune men ayojit hone vale is samaroh ki khyati itani hai ki yahan prastuti dene ka avasar pakar koee bhi kalakar gauravanvit mahasoos karata hai.[1]

pasndida rag

miya ki todi, marava, pooriya dhanashri, darabari, ramakali, shuddh kalyan, multani aur bhimapalasi bhimasen joshi ke pasndida rag rahe. lekin mauka milane par unhonne filmon ke lie bhi gaya. unhen desh ka bhi bharapoor pyar mila. sngit natak akadami, padm bhooshan samet anaginat samman ke bad 2008 men joshi ji ko 'bharat ratn' se navaja gaya.

puraskar v samman

pn. bhimasen joshi
Pt. Bhimsen Joshi

avismaraniy sngit

pndit bhimasen joshi ko mile sur mera tumhara ke lie yad kiya jata hai, jisamen unake sath balamurali krishna aur lata mngeshakar ne jugalabndi ki. 1985 se hi ve ‘mile sur mera tumhara’ ke jariye ghar-ghar men pahachane jane lage the. tab se lekar aj bhi is gane ke bol aur dhun pndit ji ki pahachan bane hue hain.

filmon ke lie gayan

pndit bhimasen joshi ne kee filmon ke lie bhi gane gae. unhonne ‘tanasen’, ‘sur sngam’, ‘basnt bahar’ aur ‘anakahi’ jaisi kee filmon ke lie gayiki ki. pndit ji sharab pine ke shaukin the, lekin sngit kairiyar par isaka prabhav padane par 1979 men unhonne sharab ka poori tarah se tyag kar diya.[2]

kirana gharana

vibhinh‍n gharanon ke gunon ko milakar bhimasen joshi adbhut gayan prastut karate the. joshi ji kirana gharane ke sabase prasiddh gayakon men se ek mane jate the. unhen unaki khyal shaili aur bhajan gayan ke lie vishesh roop se jana jata hai.

nidhan

bhimasen joshi bade sade insan the. unhen kar chalane ka shauk tha. marsidij ki karen unaki kamazori thin. javan the to tairaki, yog aur futabaaul khelane ka shauk rakhate the. sharab pina unaka shauk tha, lekin kahate hain ki kariyar par asar hote dekhakar unhonne pina chhod diya tha. sngitgyon ke bich ek kahavat hai- "jab tak kala javan hoti hai, tab tak kalakar boodha ho chuka hota hai." joshi ji bhi tan se boodhe hue aur unaka nidhan 24 janavari, 2011 ko pune, maharashtr men hua. aj ke sngit jagath men bhimasen joshi ghar ke ek bade bujurg ki tarah the. bujurg, jinake roop men ek poora ka poora yug hamare bich maujood rahata hai, jinaki upasthiti hi shubh ka, suraksha ka ahasas deti hai, batati hai ki ham anath nahin hue hain. joshi ji ke jane ke sath hi samakalin sngit ke sir se ek bade-bujurg ka hath uth gaya.

logon ke vichar

pndit bhimasen joshi ke vishay men kee logon ne apane vichar vyakt kiye hain, jaise-

  • ‘hindustani myoojik tude’ kitab men lekhak dipak es raja ne bhimasen joshi ke lie likha hai ki "joshi 20vin sadi ke sabase mahanh shastriy gayakon men se ek the. unhonne hindi, kannad aur marathi men khyal, thumari aur bhajan gayan se tin pidhiyon ko anndit kiya. unaki apani alag gayan shaili thi.
  • raja ke anusar, "joshi ne savaee gndharv se gayiki ka prashikshan liya tha. unake sngit kairiyar men ek se badhakar ek bejod upalabdhiyan shamil hain. joshi ji 'gramophon knpani aauf indiya' (echemavi) ka 'plaitinam puraskar' pane vale ekamatr bharatiy shastriy sngit gayak the.[2]


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. 1.0 1.1 gayaki ke bhimasen (hindi) bhartiyadharohar.com. abhigaman tithi: 04 faravari, 2017.
  2. 2.0 2.1 bisavin sadi ke mahanh shastriy gayak pndit bhimasen joshi (hindi) sahara samay. abhigaman tithi: 20 janavari, 2015.

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