मंखक  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

mnkhak (1100 se 1160 eesavi lagabhag) janm pravarapur (kashmir men sindhu aur vitasta ke sngam par sthit) achary ruyyak ke shishy aur snskrit ke mahakavi.

  • snskrit ke mahakavi mnkhak ne vyakaran, sahity, vaidyak, jyotish tatha any lakshan grnthon ka gyan prapt kiya tha. achary ruyyak unake guru the. guru ke alnkarasarvasv grnth par mnkhak ne vritti likhi thi.
  • mnkhak ke pitamah manmath bade shiv bhakt the. pita vishvavart bhi usi prakar dani, yashasvi evn shiv bhakt the. ve kashmir naresh sussal ke yahan rajavaidy tatha sabhakavi the. mnkhak se bade tin bhaee the shrringar, bhring tatha lnk ya alnkar. tinon maharaj sussal ke yahan uchch pad par pratishthit the.

janm

  • mahakavi mnkhak ka janm pravarapur men hua tha jo kashmir men sindhu aur vitasta ke sngam par maharaj pravarasen dvara basaya gaya tha. yah nagar vartaman shrinagar se 125 mil uttar poorv ki or hai.
  • maharaj sussal ke putr jayasinh ne mnkhak ko 'prajapalan-kary-purush' arthath dharmadhikari banaya tha. jayasinh ka sinhasanarohan 1127 ee. men hua. mnkhak ki janmatithi 1100 ee. (1157 vikrami snvath) ke asapas mani ja sakati hai. ek any praman se bhi yahi nirnay nikalata hai ki mnkhakosh ki tika ka, jo svayn mnkhak ki hai, upayog jain achary mahendr soori ne apane guru hemachndr ke anekarth sngrah (1180 ee.) ki anekarth kairavakaumudi namak svarachit tika men kiya hai. at: is tika ke 20, 25 varsh poorv avashy mnkhakosh ban chuka hoga. is prakar mnkhak ka samay 1100 se 1160 ee. tak mana ja sakata hai.

kritiyan

mnkhak ki do kritiyan prasiddh hain:

  1. shriknthacharith‌ mahakavy
  2. mnkhakosh
shriknthacharith‌ mahakavy

shriknthacharith‌ 25 sargo ka lalit mahakavy hai. shriknthacharith‌ ke antim sarg men kavi ne apana, apane vnsh ka tatha apane samakalik any vishisht kaviyon evn nareshon ka sundar parichay diya hai. apane mahakavy ko unhonne apane bade bhaee alnkar ki vidvatsabha men sunaya tha. us sabha men us samay kanyakubjadhipati govindachnd (1120 ee.) ke rajapoot mahakavi suhal bhi upasthit the. mahakavy ka kathanak ati svalp hote hue bhi kavi ne kavy snbndhi any vishayon ke dvara apani kalpana shakti se usaka itana vistar kar diya hai.

mnkhakosh

prasiddh nanarth padon ka sngrah hai. kul 1007 shlokon men 2256 nanarthapadon ka niroopan kiya gaya hai.

alnkarasarvasv

samudrabndh adi dakshin ke vidvanh tikakaron ne mnkhak ko hi 'alnkarasarvasv' ka bhi karta mana hai. kintu makhak ke hi bhatije, bade bhaee shrringar ke putr jayarath ne, jo 'alnkarasarvasv' ke yashasvi tikakar hain, use achary ruyyak ki kriti kaha hai.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh


tika tippani aur sndarbh

  • vishv kosh (khand 9) pej n. 92-93, chndikaprasad shukl


snbndhit lekh

varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

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