मणिपुर  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

India-flag.gif
manipur
Manipur-Map.jpg
rajadhani inphal
rajabhasha(en) manipuri bhasha, bangla bhasha, asamiya bhasha
sthapana 21 janavari, 1972
janasnkhya 22,93,896 [1]
· ghanatv 82[1] /varg kimi
kshetraphal 22,327 varg kimi
bhaugolik nirdeshank 24.817°N 93.95°E
zile 9
saksharata 59.89[1]%
rajyapal najama hepatulla
mukhyamntri en. biren sinh[2]
bahari kadiyan adhikarik vebasait
adyatan‎
Manipur-Seal.jpg

manipur (angrezi:Manipur) bharat ka ek poorvi rajy hai. manipur rajy ki rajadhani inphal hai. manipur rajy ke uttar aur dakshin men mizoram, pashchim men asam, aur poorv men antarrashtriy sima se myanmar laga hua hai. manipur ka kshetraphal 22,347 varg kimi hai. meiti janajati, jo ghati kshetr men hi rahate hain, ve hi yahan ke mool nivasi hain. inaki bhasha meitilon hai. isi bhasha ko manipuri bhasha kahate hain. yah bhasha 1992 men bharatiy snvidhan ki athavin anusoochi men sammilit ki gee. yahan ke parvatiy bhag men naga v kuki janajati ke log nivas karate hain. manipuri bahut hi snvedanashil simavarti rajy hai.

lokatak jhil, manipur

mani ka shabdik arth ‘abhooshan’ hai. at: manipur ka arth 'abhooshan ki bhoomi' hai. manipur men prakritik snsadhanon ka prachur bhndar hai. yahan ki prakritik chhata dekhane yogy hai. yahan jal-prapat hai, rng-birnge phoolon vali vanaspati hain. yahan par kuchh durlabh vanaspatiyan aur jiv jntu bhi paye jate hain. ghane jngal hain, svachchh jal se yukt nadiyan hain, parvaton par manoram prakritik sundarata hai.

itihas

eesvi yug ke prarnbh hone ke pahale se hi manipur ka lnba aur shanadar itihas hai. yahan ke rajavnshon ka likhit itihas sanh 33 ee. men pakhngaba ke rajh‍yabhishek ke sath milata hai. usake bad anek rajaon ne manipur par shasan kiya. manipur ki sh‍vatntrata aur snprabhuta 19vin sadi ke arnbh tak bani rahi. usake bad sat varsh (1819 se 1825 tak) barmi shasakon ne yahan par kabh‍ja karake shasan kiya. 1891 men manipur british shasan ke adhin a gaya aur 1947 men desh ke sath sh‍vatntr hua. 26 janavari 1950 ko bharatiy snvidhan lagoo hone par yah ek mukhh‍y ayukh‍t ke adhin bharatiy sngh ke bhag ‘si’ ke rajh‍y ke roop men sammilit hua. kalantar men ek pradeshik parishad ka gathan kiya gaya jisamen 30 sadasy chayan ke dvara aur do sadash‍y manonit the.

isake pashchath 1962 men kendrashasit pradesh adhiniyam ke adhin 30 sadasy chayan dvara aur tin manonit sadasyon ki vidhanasabha sh‍‍thapit ki gee. 19 disnbar, 1969 se prashasak ka pad mukhh‍y ayukh‍t sthan par uparajh‍yapal kar diya gaya. 21 janavari, 1972 ko manipur ko poorn rajh‍y ki shreni mili aur 60 nirvachit sadash‍yon ki vidhanasabha ka gathan kiya gaya. is vidhanasabha men anusoochit janajati aur anusoochit jati ke lie 19 sit arakshit hain. manipur se lokasabha ke do aur rajh‍y sabha ka ek pratinidhi hai.

bhoogol

bharat ke poorvi sire par manipur rajy sthit hai. isake poorv men mh‍yanmar (barma) aur uttar men nagalaind rajh‍y hai, pashchim men asam rajh‍y aur dakshin men mizoram rajh‍y hai. manipur ka kshetraphal 22,327 varg kilomitar hai. bhaugolik roop se manipur ke do bhag hain, pahadiyan aur ghatiyan. ghati madhh‍y men hai aur usake charon taraph pahadiyan hain. ye pahadiyan rajh‍y ke kul kshetraphal ka lagabhag 9/10 bhag hain. manipur ki ghati samudr ke tal se lagabhag 790 mitar oopar hai. yah parvatiy shrinkhala uttar men oonchi hai aur dhire dhire manipur ke dakshini hish‍se men pahunchane par yah kam oonchi rah jati hai. isase ghati men dakshin ki or dhalan ka nirman hota hai.

manipur ka ek drishy, imphal

arthavyavastha

krishi

manipur men krishi aur vaniki ay ke pramukh srot hain. yahan ki mukhy fasal chaval 72 pratishat ilake men ugaee jati hai aur yahan ki urvar bhoomi men makka (1.79 pratishat) ganna, sarason, tnbakoo, phal, sabjiyan (aloo 1.7 pratishat) aur daloahan (jaise matar aur sem) ugae jate hain. amataur par pahadiyan par sidhidar khet hote hain, jinhen adivasi kudali se jotate hain. kuchh parvatiy adivasi mans ke lie palatoo pashu palate hain. unaka upayog doodh nikalane ya bojha dhone ke lie nahin kiya jata. sinchaee naharon dvara ki jati hai. nagaon ke bare men kaha jata hai ki ve machhali pakadane ke lie nashile padarthon ka istemal karate hain. salana lagabhag 7,500 tan machhali pakadi jati hai, jinaki kimat lagabhag panch lakh rupaye hoti hai. rajy men adhikrit roop se darj vanakshetr 15,154 varg kilomitar hai, kintu vastav men vanachchhadit kshetr 17,418 varg kilomitar hai jo kul kshetraphal ka 78 pratishat hai. sagaun pramukh vanopaj hain.

krishi rajh‍y ki arthavh‍yavash‍tha ka mukhh‍y adhar hai. 70 pratishat log krishi par hi nirbhar hain. rajh‍y men krishi kul kshetr 10.48 pratishat hi hai. kul krishi kshetr ka 13.24 pratishat kshetr, lagabhag 30,980 hekh‍teyar sinchit kshetr hai. rajh‍y men anh‍n uth‍padan mamooli sa kam hai lekin tilahan aur dalahan ka uth‍padan bahut hi kam hota hai.

  • rajh‍y ka krishi vibhag 11vin yojana men krishi ki badhat ko banae rakhane aur usake vh‍yavasayikaran ki yojana par kary kar raha hai. isake lie rajy kuchh baton par vishesh dhh‍yan de raha hai-
  1. kul krishi kshetr ka pratishat badhana
  2. 11vin yojana men fasal ka ghanatv badhana
  3. fasal uth‍padan dar ko badhakar 11vin yojana ke ant tak 39.85 pratishat tak karana
  • is uddeshh‍y ke lie nimh‍n baton par vishesh dhyan diya ja raha hai -
  1. gunavatta poorn bijon ka uth‍padan,
  2. sinchaee ke sadhanon ka vistar,
  3. krishi pharmon ka adhunikikaran,
  4. mrida prabndhan,
  5. jaivik pharmon ka vikas,
  6. uchchastariy fasal ugana,
  7. kataee ke bad fasal ka prabndhan,
  8. bazar upalabdh karana
  9. jaiv praudyogiki aur krishi prasnsh‍karan ka vikas aur anusndhan
  10. krishi men soochana praudyogiki ka prayog,
  11. praudyogik hash‍tantaran-
  • har zile men kisan phild sh‍kool ko sh‍thapit karana
  • kisan phild sh‍kool ke vish‍tar ka prabndhan karana.
van

rajh‍y men kul 17,219 varg kilomitar van kshetr hai. inamen 6,536 varg kilomitar men ghane van hai. isake atirikt rajh‍y men 10,681 varg kilomitar men khule van hai, ye rajh‍y ke bhaugolik kshetr ka lagabhag 77.12 pratishat hain. manipur ke ukharool zile ke shiray gram men sh‍vargapushh‍p kahe jane vale shiray lili (liliyam maikh‍lini) namak phool milate hain, jo vishh‍v men kisi doosare sh‍than par nahin paye jate. jooko ghati men durlabh prajati‍ ke jooko lili (liliyam chitrangad) bhi pae jate hain. manipur rajy apani jaiv sampada ke lie vikhyat hai. yahan anek prakar ki durlabh vanaspatiyan aur jiv-jntu pae jate hain. yahan ‘sngaee’ hiran (seravas ilh‍di ilh‍di) bhi paya jata hai, jo payi jane vali nasl men durlabh hai. yah keibul lamajao ke prakritik van kshetr men paya jata hai. keibul lamajao lagabhag 40 varg ki.mi. kshetr men phaila hua hai.

charch, manipur

1977 men isako 'rashh‍triy udyan' ghoshit kiya gaya. isaki visheshata isamen tairata hua udyan hai jisamen ’phumadi’ namak vanash‍pati payi jati hai. sngaee hiran isi vanash‍pati par nirbhar hote hain. rajh‍y sarakar ke snrakshan ke upayon se 2003 se ‘sngaee’ ki snkhh‍ya badhakar 180 ho gee hai. 1975 men yah matr 14 the.

'keibul lamajao rashh‍triy park' ke atirikt ek 184.40 varg kilomitar kshetr men 'bhangopokapi lokachao vanh‍yaprani abhayaranh‍y' bhi snrakshit kshetr hai. yah udyan chndel zile men hai. is abharanh‍y men 'malayan bhaloo' pae jate hain.

rajh‍y men jaiv snpada ka vishal bhndar hai. vanon ka bada hish‍sa snrakshit hai. inamen tekh‍sas bakata, jinaseng namak durlabh aushadhiy paudhon ki prajatiyan payi jati hain. yah rajy anek durlabh vanaspatiyon ka ghar hai.

udyog

rajy men nirman anek susthapit kutir udyogon tak simit hai. hathakaraghe par bune hue dijainadar kapade ki mang samooche bharat aur videshon men bhi hai. any udyogon men resham, bans aur bent ki vastuen, sabun banana, badheegiri aur charmashodhan hain. imphal men ek audyogik kaaumpaleks sthapit kiya gaya hai, jahan ek ilektraauniks snyntr bhi hai. manipur ab bhi shesh bharat se kafi had tak alag-thalag hai aur rajy ke bhitar bhi snchar suvidhaen aparyapt hain.

vanijh‍y aur udyog

krishi ke bad sabase adhik rozagar dene vala kutir udyog hathakaragha udyog hai. yah udyog ay ka ek mahattvapoorn srot hai visheshakar mahila bunakaron ke lie yah adarsh hai. harathakaragha bunaee ka parnparik kaushal mahilaon ke lie pratishh‍tha ka pratik hai. yah unake samajik aur arthik jivan ka ek avibhajh‍y ang hai. khady prasnsh‍karan manipur ka ek anh‍y lokapriy udyog hai. is udyog ke mahath‍v ko dekhate hue rajh‍y sarakar ne imh‍phal men khady prasnsh‍karan prashikshan kenh‍dr aur khady prasnsh‍karan prashikshan haaul sthapit kiya hai. imh‍phal men ek 'phood park' bhi banaya ja raha hai.

12 aprail 1995 se bharat sarakar aur mh‍yamanr ke bich sima vh‍yapar shuroo hone se rajh‍y sarakar ka vanijh‍y aur udyog vibhag sima vh‍yapar ke proth‍sahan aur vikas ke lie kary kar raha hai. sima vh‍yapar ko badhane ke lie simavarti shahar moreh men veyar haus, samh‍melan kaksh aur thaharane ki suvidha ke lie ek vishramagrih sh‍thapit kiya gaya hai.

hathakaragha

hathakaragha utpadan ka kary tin sarakari ejensiyan karati hain. vah is prakar hain-

  1. manipur devalapament sosayati (em.di.es.)
  2. manipur haindaloom end haidikrapht devalapament kaaurporeshan (em.ech.ech.di.si.)
  3. manipur stet haindaloom vivars ko-aauparetiv sosayati (em.es.ech.dabyooj. si.es.)
dastakari

manipur ke hastakala aur dastakari men bent aur bans se bane utpadanon ke sath mitti ke bartan banane ki kala bhi judi huee hai. manipur men mitti ke bartan banane ki kala prachin samay se hi prachalit hai. bans aur bent ke utpadan ke lie kachcha mal badi snkhya men upalabdh rahata hai. tarah tarah tokari, pharnichar aur ghar ke prayog ki vastuen bent aur bans yahan ke nivasiyon ka lokapriy vyavasay hai.

sinchaee

lokatak jhil, manipur

rajh‍yon men sinchaee pariyojanaon ka arambh 1980 men hua. tab se jin sinchaee pariyojanaon ka kary hua hai, ve is prakar hain-

  1. lokatak lipht sinchaee pariyojana,
  2. kophum bandh, sekamai bauraj,
  3. inphal beraj,
  4. singada bahuuddeshh‍yiy yojana,
  5. khooga bahuuddeshh‍yiy pariyojana,
  6. thobal bahuuddeshh‍yiy pariyojana aur
  7. doleethabi bandh bahuuddeshh‍yiy pariyojana.
  • inamen se kophum bandh, inphal bairaj, lokatak lipht sinchaee tatha singada pariyojana ke sinchaee vale bhag tatha kethalamanabi ke bairaj tatha thobal bahuuddeshh‍yiy yojana ko athavin pariyojana ke antargat sampann kar liya hai.
  • navin pariyojana tak inaki sinchaee kshamata 28,500 hekh‍teyar thi jisamen se 21,850 kshetr men sinchaee ho rahi thin. isake atirikh‍t luasipat tatha poiropat ke jal bharav vale 1200 aur 900 hekh‍teyar kshetr ko thobul pariyojana men krishi yogy banaya gaya hai.
  • singada bandh se rajh‍y jan sh‍vash‍thh‍y injiniyaring vibhag ko 4 em.ji.di. kachh‍che pani ki apoorti hoti hai. varsh 2007 se khuga bahuuddeshh‍yiy pariyojana se rajh‍y ko 5 em.ji.di. kachh‍che pani ki apoorti hoti hai.
  • khuga bahuuddeshh‍yiy pariyojana, thobul bahuuddeshh‍yiy pariyojana tatha dolaeethabi bairaj pariyojana ka kary pragati par hai tatha ise dasavin yojana ke dauran poora kar lene ka lakshh‍y hai.

bijali

march 2006 tak rajh‍y men bijali ki kshamata 42.750 megavat se adhik thi aur 2,000 se adhik ganvon men bijali hai. kendriy kshetr ke bijali ghar jaise en.ech.pi.si. ki lokatak panabijali pariyojana, kopili panabijali pariyojana, khanadong panabijali pariyojana, dayong panabijali pariyojana, rnganadi panabijali pariyojana tatha ejibipipi ki kathalagudi panabijali aur ejitipipi ki ramachndr nagar pariyojana (sabhi eneepisio ke antargat) se rajh‍y men bijali ki saph‍laee men ulh‍lekhaniy sudhar hua hai.

soochana praudyogiki

rajy men aee.ti. udyog ke lie manipur sarakar ne ilektraaunik aur soochana praudyogiki ko vikas ko prathamikata deti hai. rajy men ilektraaunik aur soochana praudyogiki par adharit udyogon ko vikasit karane ke lie 'manipur indastriyal kaaurporeshan' ka gathan kiya gaya hai. jisake nimn uddeshy hain-

  • aee ti parkon ki sthapana, sarvis sentar v soochana kendr ki sthapana
  • vaauyas, data, vidiyo ke prasaran evn prachar ke lie 'manipur stet vaid eriya netavark' (em.e.en.en.ti.) ke netavark ki sthapana.
  • nagarikon ko 'malti phnkshanal ilektraaunik smart kard' upalabdh karana.
  • skool v kaaulejon men aee.ti. ko badhava
  • aee.ti. ke madhyam se doorasth shiksha badhana.

parivahan

manipur ka manachitr

sadak marg

  • manipur men tin rashh‍triy rajamarg -
  1. rashtriy rajamarg - 39,
  2. rashtriy rajamarg - 53 aur
  3. rashtriy rajamarg 150
  • rajy ki rajadhani inphal uttar men nagalaind tatha
  • poorv men mh‍yamanr ne rashh‍triy rajamarg - 39 dvara
  • pashchim men asam se rashh‍triy rajamarg - 53 dvara tatha
  • dakshin men mizoram se rashh‍triy rajamarg - 150 dvara judi huee hai.
  • rajy se ek rashtriy rajamarg bhi gujarata hai, jo dakshin men myanmar ki sima sthit tamoo se imphal hote hue uttar men nagalaind men dimapur tak jata hai. yahi rajamarg imphal ko dimapur ke pas poorvottar sima relamarg se bhi dimapur ke pas jodata hai.

rel marg

  • manipur bhi desh ke rel-manachitr men shamil ho gaya hai. mee 1990 men jiribam tak rel lain pahunch gayi hai. jiribam inphal se 225 ki.mi. door hai. inphal se 215 ki.mi. ki doori par sthit dimapur nikatatam relave sh‍teshan hai.
  • tupul relave lain ko rashh‍triy pariyojana ghoshit kiya gaya hai. 52 kilomitar lnbe sh‍thal ka sarvekshan ka kary ho gaya hai. yah rel marg tupul se inphal tak kiya ja sakata hai.

havaee marg

  • imh‍phal havaee adda poorvottar kshetr men rajh‍y ka doosara sabase bada havaee adda hai, jo manipur ko aijol, guvahati, kolakata, silh‍char aur nee dilli se jodata hai.
  • yahan ke lie indiyan eyaralains ki viman sevaen, jet eyaravej, indigo aur eyar dekkan, elayns eyar, sh‍pais jet aur kingaphishar hain.
  • imphal se guvahati aur asam men silchar se pashchim bngal men kolakata (bhootapoorv kalakatta) ko jodane vala vayumarg bhi hai.

sanskritik jivan

polo aur haauki yahan ke lokapriy khel hain. manipur ne shastriy nrity ki ek sthaniy shaili manipuri ko bhi janm diya hai. bharat ke any nrity roopon ke viparit is nrity shaili men hath ki mudraon ka upayog mook abhinay ke bajae sajavati tor par hi kiya jata hai, ghungharuon se svaraghat utpann nahin kiya ja sakata aur nartak v nartaki milakar yah nrity karate hain. nrity natikaen, jinaki vyakhya vachak ke dvara hoti hai, yahan ke dharmik jivan ka ek mahattvapoorn ang hain. in natikaon ke vishay samanyat: hindoo dharm ke pashupalak devata krishn ke jivan se lie jate hain. lambe samay tak lagabhag agyat is nrity ka shesh bharat se parichay mahakavi rabindranath taigor ne 1917 men karavaya. ras, snkirtan nrity aur thang-ta (mridng vadan) bhi inake sanskritik jivan ke mahattvapoorn ang hain. isake alava manipuri achchhe yoddha hote hain aur kushti, talavarabazi aur yuddh kalaon ka abhyas karate hain. ve polo bhi khelate hain.

kut th‍yohar, manipur

kaeena hinduon ka tirth sthan hai. kaibul lamjao rashtriy udyan desh ka apane dhng ka ekamatr tairata abhayarany hai. rajy ke any ullekhaniy paryatan sthalon men prachin mahal, vaishnavon ka shrigovindaji mandir, yuddh shahidon ke qabristan, polo maidan ke nikat rajy sngrahalay, langatabnd mahal aur khvairamabnd bazar shamil hain. mahilaon ke is bazar ko noopi kethal ya eema market bhi kahate hain. rajy men har sal lagabhag 91 hazar paryatak ate hain.

is rajy men anek paryatan sthal hain. rashtriy rajamarg 39 par imfal se sat kimi. door khongamapat aaurkid udyan hai, jahan is pushp paudhe ki 110 se bhi adhik qismen upalabdh hain. rajy ki rajadhani se 106 kimi. door 1,757 mitar ki oonchaee par manohari parvatiy sthal mao hai. yah imfal aur dimapur ke bich raste men sthit hai. imfal se matr 27 kimi. door bishnupur men vishnu ka mandir hai. isake alava mohara vah jagah hai, jahan netaji subhash chandr bos ne pahali bar bharat ki bhoomi par bharatiy tirnga phaharaya tha. yah jagah imfal se 45 kimi. dakshin men hai aur yahan azad hind sena smarak bhavan tatha yuddh sngrahalay hain. yah sthan prachin manipuri lok snskriti ke lie bhi prasiddh hai. nikat hi lokatak jhil bhavy drishy prastut karati hai aur pas hi men ek hiran udyan bhi hai. paryatak 165 kimi. ki doori par sthit tamenlon bhi jana pasand karate hain, jahan jalaprapat aur desh-videsh ke aaurkid phoolon sahit vividh prakar ke akarshan milate hain.

th‍yohar

manipur men varsh bhar th‍yohar manae jate hain. koee mahina aisa nahin hota jab koee th‍yohar n manaya jata ho. th‍yohar manipur ke nivasiyon ki samajik, sansh‍kritik aur dharmik akankshaon ka pratik hai. rajh‍y ke pramukh th‍yohar hai-

kut th‍yohar, manipur
  1. laee haroba
  2. ras lila
  3. chiroba
  4. ningol chak-kuba
  5. rath yatra
  6. eed-ul-phitar
  7. imoinu
  8. gan-nagi
  9. luee-nagaee-ni
  10. eed ul zuha
  11. yoshang(holi)
  12. durga pooja
  13. mera hochongaba
  14. divali
  15. kut
  16. krisamas

paryatan kendr

  • manipur men jane ke lie chahe vah paryatak ho ya unaka janm yahin par hua ho, pratibndhit kshetr ka paramit lena avashyak hota hai. yah paramit mukhy mahanagaron men sthit kshetriy pnjikaran karyalay se milata hai. yah paramit das din tak hi vaidh hota hai.
  • manamohak prakritik bhoo drishh‍yon se manipur paryatakon ko akarshit karata hai. mukhh‍y paryatan kendr hain- kangala, shri govind ji mndir, kharim bnd bazar (ima kaithal) , yuddh sh‍marak, sh‍hid minar, noopi len (striyo ka yuddh) sh‍marak parisar, khognmapatt udyan, vishh‍nu mndir, sendara, marah, siroy ganv, siroy pahadiya, dyooko ghati, lokatak jhil, dazuko ghati, kaibul lamajao rashtriy udyan, rajh‍yakiy sngrahalay, keniya paryatak avas, khogh‍jom yuddh sh‍marak parisar adi hai.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 MANIPUR at a Glance (angrezi) (ech.ti.em.el) manipur ki adhikarik vebasait. abhigaman tithi: 3 joon, 2011.
  2. 15 march, 2017 ko pahali bar manipur men bharatiy janata parti ke vidhayak ne mukhyamntri pad ki shapath li.

snbndhit lekh

varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

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