महाभारत  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

mahabharat
krishn aur arjun
vivaran 'mahabharat' bharat ka anupam, dharmik, pauranik, aitihasik aur darshanik grnth hai. yah hindoo dharm ke mukhyatam grnthon men se ek hai. yah vishv ka sabase lamba sahityik grnth hai.
rachayita vedavyas
lekhak bhagavan ganesh[1]
bhasha snskrit
mukhy patr shrikrishn, bhishm, arjun, dron, karn, duryodhan, abhimanyu, dhritarashtr, yudhishthir, draupadi, shakuni, kunti, gandhari, vidur adi.
18 parv adiparv, sabhaparv, vanaparv, virataparv, udyogaparv, bhishmaparv, dronaparv, ashvamedhikaparv, mahaprasthanikaparv, sauptikaparv, striparv, shantiparv, anushasanaparv, mausalaparv, karnaparv, shalyaparv, svargarohanaparv, ashramavasikaparv
shlok snkhya ek lakh se adhik
lokapriyata bharat, nepal, indoneshiya, shrilnka, java dvip, thailaind, tibbat, myanmar adi deshon men mahabharat bahut lokapriy hai.
snbndhit lekh gita, shrikrishn, pandav, kaurav, arjun, indraprasth, hastinapur, agyatavas, draupadi chiraharan, shishupal vadh, ashvamedh ygy, akshauhini
any janakari anuman kiya jata hai ki 'mahabharat' men varnit 'kuru vnsh' 1200 se 800 eesa poorv ke dauran shakti men raha hoga. pauranik manyata ko dekhen to pata lagata hai ki arjun ke pote[2] parikshit aur mahapadmannd ka kal 382 eesa poorv thaharata hai.

mahabharat hinduon ka pramukh kavy grnth hai, jo hindoo dharm ke un dharm-granthon ka samooh hai, jinaki manyata shruti se nichi shreni ki hain aur jo manavon dvara utpann the. kabhi-kabhi sirf 'bharat' kaha jane vala yah kavy-grnth bharat ka anupam, dharmik, pauranik, aitihasik aur darshanik grnth hai. yah hindoo dharm ke mukhyatam grnthon men se ek hai. yah vishv ka sabase lnba sahityik grnth hai, halanki ise sahity ki sabase anupam kritiyon men se ek mana jata hai, kintu aj bhi yah pratyek bharatiy ke liye ek anukaraniy srot hai.

hindoo itihas gatha

yah kriti hinduon ke itihas ki ek gatha hai. poore 'mahabharat' men ek lakh shlok hain. vidvanon men mahabharat kal ko lekar vibhinn mat hain, phir bhi adhikatar vidvanh mahabharat kal ko 'lauhayug' se jodate hain. anuman kiya jata hai ki mahabharat men varnit 'kuru vnsh' 1200 se 800 eesa poorv ke dauran shakti men raha hoga. pauranik manyata ko dekhen to pata lagata hai ki arjun ke pote parikshit aur mahapadmannd ka kal 382 eesa poorv thaharata hai.

mahakavy ka lekhan

'mahabharat' men is prakar ka ullekh aya hai ki vedavyas ne himalay ki talahati ki ek pavitr gufa men tapasya men snlagn tatha dhyan yog men sthit hokar mahabharat ki ghatanaon ka adi se ant tak smaran kar man hi man men mahabharat ki rachana kar li thi, parantu isake pashchath unake samane ek gnbhir samasya a khadi huee ki is mahakavy ke gyan ko samany jan sadharan tak kaise pahunchaya jaye, kyonki isaki jatilata aur lambaee ke karan yah bahut kathin kary tha ki koee ise bina kisi truti ke vaisa hi likh de, jaisa ki ve bolate jaen. isalie brahma ke kahane par vyas bhagavan ganesh ke pas pahunche. ganesh likhane ko taiyar ho gaye, kintu unhonne ek shart rakh di ki kalam ek bar utha lene ke bad kavy samapt hone tak ve bich men rukenge nahin. vyasaji janate the ki yah shart bahut kathanaeeyan utpann kar sakati hain.

Blockquote-open.gif mahabharat shanti parv adhyay-82:
krishn:-
he devarshi ! jaise purush agni ki ichchha se arani kashth mathata hai; vaise hi un jati-logon ke kahe hue kathor vachan se mera hriday sada mathata tatha jalata hua rahata hai ॥6॥
he narad ! bade bhaee balaram sada bal se, gad sukumarata se aur pradyumn roop se matavale hue hai; isase in sahayakon ke hote hue bhi main asahay hua hoon. ॥7॥ age padhen:-krishn narad snvad Blockquote-close.gif

atah unhonne bhi apani chaturata se ek shart rakhi ki koee bhi shlok likhane se pahale ganesh ko usaka arth samajhana hoga. ganesh ne yah prastav svikar kar liya. is tarah vyas bich-bich men kuchh kathin shlokon ko rach dete. jab ganesh unake arth par vichar kar rahe hote, utane samay men hi vyasaji kuchh aur naye shlok rach dete. is prakar sampoorn mahabharat tin varshon ke antaral men likhi gayi.

vedavyas ne sarvapratham punyakarma manavon ke upakhyanon sahit ek lakh shlokon ka ady bharat grnth banaya. tadantar upakhyanon ko chhodakar chaubis hazar shlokon ki 'bharatasnhita' banayi. tatpashchath vyasaji ne sath lakh shlokon ki ek doosari snhita banayi, jisake tis lakh shlok devalok men, pndrah lakh pitrilok men tatha chaudah lakh shlok gandharvalok men samadrit hue. manushyalok men ek lakh shlokon ka ady bharat pratishthit hua. mahabharat grnth ki rachana poorn karane ke bad vedavyas ne sarvapratham apane putr shukadev ko is grnth ka adhyayan karaya.

mahabharat ke parv

mahabharat ki mool abhikalpana men atharah ki snkhya ka vishisht yog hai. kaurav aur pandav pakshon ke madhy hue yuddh ki avadhi atharah din thi. donon pakshon ki senaon ka sammilit snkhyabal bhi aththarah akshauhini tha. is yuddh ke pramukh sootradhar bhi aththarah the.[3] mahabharat ki prabandh yojana men sampoorn granth ko atharah parvon men vibhakt kiya gaya hai aur mahabharat men 'bhishm parv' ke antargat varnit 'shrimadbhagavadgita' men bhi atharah adhyay hain.

sampoorn mahabharat atharah parvon men vibhakt hai. ‘parv’ ka moolarth hai- "ganth ya jod".[4] poorv katha ko uttaravarti katha se jodane ke karan mahabharat ke vibhajan ka yah namakaran yatharth hai. in parvon ka namakaran, us kathanak ke mahattvapoorn patr ya ghatana ke adhar par kiya jata hai. mukhy parvon men pray: any bhi kee parv hain.[5] in parvon ka punarvibhajan adhyayon men kiya gaya hai. parvon aur adhyayon ka akar asaman hai. kee parv bahut bade hain aur kee parv bahut chhote hain. adhyayon men bhi shlokon ki snkhya aniyat hai. kinhin adhyayon men pachas se bhi kam shlok hain aur kinhin-kinhin men snkhya do sau se bhi adhik hai. mukhy atharah parvon ke nam is prakar hain-

mahabharat ke parv



panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. vedavyasaji shlokon ka uchcharan karate jate the, jinhen bhagavan shriganesh ne likha.
  2. putr ke putr
  3. dhritarashtr, duryodhan, du:shasan, karn, shakuni, bhishm, dron, kripachary, ashvatthama, kritavarma, shrikrishn, yudhishthar, bhim, arjun, nakul, sahadev, draupadi aur vidur.
  4. vi.es. apte: snskrit-hindi-kosh, pri. 595
  5. sampoorn mahabharat men aise parvon ki kul snkhya 100 hain.

snbndhit lekh

shrutiyan

varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

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