महाराणा प्रताप  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

maharana pratap vishay soochi
maharana pratap
maharana pratap
poora nam ‌‌‌‌‌‌‌maharana pratap
janm 9 mee, 1540 ee.
janm bhoomi kumbhalagadh, rajasthan
mrityu tithi 29 janavari, 1597 ee.
pita/mata pita- maharana udayasinh, mata- rani jivat knvar
rajy sima mevad
shasan kal 1568–1597 ee.
sha. avadhi 29 varsh
dharmik manyata hindoo dharm
yuddh haldighati ka yuddh
rajadhani udayapur
poorvadhikari maharana udayasinh
uttaradhikari rana amar sinh
rajagharana rajapootana
vnsh sisodiya rajavnsh
snbndhit lekh rajasthan ka itihas, maharana udayasinh, sisodiya rajavnsh, udayapur, mevad, akabar, manasinh
any janakari maharana pratap ne ek pratishthit kul ke man-samman aur usaki upadhi ko prapt kiya tha, parantu unake pas n to rajadhani thi aur n hi vittiy sadhan. bar-bar ki parajayon ne unake svabandhuon aur jati ke logon ko nirutsahit kar diya tha. phir bhi unake pas apana jatiy svabhiman tha.

maharana pratap (angrezi: Maharana Pratap, janm- 9 mee, 1540 ee. kumbhalagadh, rajasthan; mrityu- 29 janavari, 1597 ee.)[1] ka nam bharatiy itihas men virata aur dridh pratigya ke lie amar hai. ve udayapur, mevad men sisodiya rajavnsh ke raja the. vah tithi dhany hai, jab mevad ki shaury-bhoomi par 'mevad-mukut mani' rana pratap ka janm hua. ve akele aise vir the, jisane mugal badashah akabar ki adhinata kisi bhi prakar svikar nahin ki. ve hindoo kul ke gaurav ko surakshit rakhane men sada tallin rahe. maharana pratap ki jaynti vikrami samvath kalandar ke anusar prativarsh jyeshth, shukl paksh tritiya ko manaee jati hai.[2]

parichay

rajasthan ke kumbhalagadh men rana pratap ka janm sisodiya rajavnsh ke maharana udayasinh evn mata rani jivat knvar ke ghar 9 mee, 1540 ee. ko hua tha. rani jivat knvar ka nam kahin-kahin jaivantabaee bhi ullekhit kiya gaya hai. ve pali ke sonagara rajapoot akhairaj ki putri thin. pratap ka bachapan ka nam 'kika' tha. mevad ke rana udayasinh dvitiy ki 33 sntanen thin. unamen pratap sinh sabase bade the. svabhiman tatha dharmik acharan unaki visheshata thi. pratap bachapan se hi dhith tatha bahadur the. bada hone par ve ek mahaparakrami purush banenge, yah sabhi janate the. sarvasadharan shiksha lene se khelakood evn hathiyar banane ki kala sikhane men unaki ruchi adhik thi.[3]

rajyabhishek

pratap sinh ke kal men dilli par mugal badashah akabar ka shasan tha. hindoo rajaon ki shakti ka upayog kar doosare hindoo rajaon ko apane niyntran men lana, yah mugalon ki niti thi. apani mrityu se pahale rana udayasinh ne apani sabase chhoti patni ke bete jagamal ko raja ghoshit kiya, jabaki pratap sinh jagamal se bade the. pratap sinh apane chhote bhaee ke lie apana adhikar chhodakar mevad se nikal jane ko taiyar the, kintu sabhi saradar raja ke nirnay se sahamat nahin hue. at: sabane milakar yah nirnay liya ki jagamal ko sinhasan ka tyag karana padega. pratap sinh ne bhi sabhi saradar tatha logon ki ichchha ka adar karate hue mevad ki janata ka netritv karane ka dayitv svikar kiya. is prakar bappa raval ke kul ki akshunn kirti ki ujjval pataka, rajapooton ki an evn shaury ka puny pratik, rana sanga ka yah pavan pautr (vikram snvat 1628 phalgun shukl 15) tarikh 1 march san 1573 ee. ko sinhasanasin hua.

pratap aur chetak

bharatiy itihas men jitani maharana pratap ki bahaduri ki charcha huee hai, utani hi prashnsa unake ghode chetak ko bhi mili. kaha jata hai ki chetak kee phit unche hathi ke mastak tak uchhal sakata tha. kuchh lokagiton ke alava hindi kavi shyamanarayan pandey ki vir ras kavita 'chetak ki virata' men usaki bahaduri ki khoob tarif ki gee hai. haldighati ke yuddh men chetak, akabar ke senapati manasinh ke hathi ke mastak ki oonchaee tak baj ki tarah uchhal gaya tha. phir maharana pratap ne manasinh par var kiya. jab mugal sena maharana ke pichhe lagi thi, tab chetak unhen apani pith par ladakar 26 phit lnbe nale ko langh gaya, jise mugal phauj ka koee ghudasavar par n kar saka. pratap ke sath yuddh men ghayal chetak ko viragati mili thi.

haldighati

udayapur se nathadvara jane vali sadak se kuchh door hatakar pahadiyon ke bich sthit haldighati itihas prasiddh vah sthan hai, jahan 1576 ee. men maharana pratap aur akabar ki senaon ke bich ghor yuddh hua. is sthan ko 'gognda' bhi kaha jata hai. akabar ke samay ke rajapoot nareshon men maharana pratap hi aise the, jinhen mugal badashah ki maitripoorn dasata pasand n thi. isi bat par unaki amer ke manasinh se bhi anaban ho gee thi, jisake phalasvaroop manasinh ke bhadakane se akabar ne svayn manasinh aur salim (jahangir) ki adhyakshata men mevad par akraman karane ke lie bhari sena bheji. 'haldighati ki ladaee' 18 joon, 1576 ee. ko huee thi. rajapootane ki pavan balidan-bhoomi ke samakaksh, vishv men itana pavitr balidan sthal koee nahin hai. us shaury evn tez ki bhavy gatha se itihas ke prishth rnge hain. bhilon ka apane desh aur naresh ke liye vah amar balidan rajapoot viron ki vah tejasvita aur maharana ka vah lokottar parakram itihas aur virakavy ka param upajivy hai.

manasinh se bhent

sholapur ki vijay ke bad manasinh vapas hindustan laut raha tha. tab usane rana pratap se, jo in dinon kamalamir men the, milane ki ichchha prakat ki. kamalamir udayapur ke nikat 3568 phut oonchi pahadi par basa hua ek aitihasik sthan hai. yahan pratap ne haldighati ke yuddh ke pashchat apani rajadhani banaee thi. chittaudagadh ke vidhvns (1567 ee.) ke pashchat unake pita rana udayasinh ne udayapur ko apani rajadhani banaya tha, kintu pratap ne kamalamir men rahana hi thik samajha; kyonki yah sthan pahadon se ghira hone ke karan adhik surakshit tha. kamalamir ki sthiti ko unhonne aur bhi adhik surakshit karane ke lie pahadi par kee durg banavae. akabar ke pradhan senapati amer naresh manasinh aur pratap ki prasiddh bhent yahin huee thi, jisake bad manasinh rusht hokar chala gaya aur mugal sena ne mevad par chadhaee ki.



panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. Maharana Pratap
  2. mevad ka vir yoddha maharana pratap (hindi) veb duniya. abhigaman tithi: 11 mee, 2015.
  3. mevad ke mahanh raja, maharana pratap sinh (hindi) ugata bharat. abhigaman tithi: 17 mee, 2015.

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