मांधाता  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

mandhata ikshvaku vnshi raja the, jo ayodhya par rajy karate the. ye yuvanashv aur gauri ke putr. yadav naresh shashabindu ki kanya bindumati inaki patni thin, jinase muchakund, anbarish aur purukuts namak tin putr aur 50 kanyaen utpann huee thin.

pauranik katha

ek pauranik kathanusar mandhata snpoorn prithvi ko hastagat kar ve svarg jitana chahate the. indr sahit devata bahut ghabara gaye. unhonne mandhata ko adha devarajy dena chaha, par ve nahin mane. ve snpoorn indralok ke ichchhuk the. indr ne kaha- "abhi to sari prithvi hi tumhare adhin nahin hai, lavanasur tumhara kaha nahin manata." mandhata lajjit hokar mrityulok men laut aye. unhonne lavan ke pas doot bhaja, jise usane kha liya. phir donon or ki senaon ka yuddh hua. lavan ne apane trishool se raja mandhata aur usaki sena ko bhasm kar diya.[1][2]

vivah

mandhata ka vivah shashabindu ki putri vindumati se[3], jise 'chaitrarathi' bhi kahate the, se hua tha, jisake garbh se ise purukuts, anbarish aur muchukund namak tin putr aur pachas kanyaen huee thin. kanyaon ka vivah saubhari rishi se hua tha.[4] un logon ke lie isane billaur ke mahal banava diye the tatha any sab prakar ke prasadhan ki bhi vyavastha kar di thi aur apane yog bal se kuchh-kuchh dinon sabake sath rahate bhi the. un sabake 150 bachche the.

puran ullekh

vishnupuran ke anusar yuvanashv ni:sntan the, at: putreshti ygy kiya gaya aur abhimntrik jal ek ghade men rakh sab so gaye. yuvanashv ko pyas lagi aur yahi jal pi gaye, jisase unhen garbh raha aur dahini kokh phadakar inhin mandhata ka janm hua. janm hone par inhen doodh pilane ke prashn par indr aye aur 'mamh dhata' kahate hue bachche ke pine ke lie unhonne apani anguli di thi. isi se inaka nam indr ke kahe shabd ka snkshipt roop hai.[5]

brahmandapuran ke kathananusar mandhata ek kshatropet dvij tha.[6] 16ven treta men yah utathy ke sath manushy roop men vishnu ke avatar samajhe jate the.[7] yah ek angiras tatha mntrakrith the.[8] yah vishnu ki ygyroop men upasana karate the. yah ek yogi the tatha maya ke akarshanon ko jit chuke the.[9] yah vijeta, lokapriy shasak, ek 'yajva' tatha sachcharitr the.[10] yah brahman ho ge the.[11] 'tatty'(?) nam ke inake purohit the.[12]

any katha

ek bar ratri hone par shatrughn ne maharshi chyavan se lavanasur ke vishay men any janakari praph‍t ki tatha poochha ki- "us shool se kaun-kaun shooravir mare gaye hain." chyavan rishi bole- "he raghunandan! shiv ke is trishool se ab tak asnkhy yoddha mare ja chuke hain. tumhare kul men tumhare poorvaj raja mandhata bhi isi ke dvara mare gaye the." shatrughn dvara poora vivaran poochhe jane par maharshi ne bataya- "he rajan! poorvakal men maharaja yuvanashv ke putr mahabali mandhata ne svarg vijay ki ichchha se devaraj indr ko yuddh ke liye lalakara. tab indr ne unase kaha ki raja!' abhi to tum samast prithvi ko hi vash men nahin kar sake ho, phir devalok par akraman ki ichchha kyon karate ho? tum pahale madhuvan nivasi lavanasur par vijay prapt karo. yah sunakar raja prithvi par laut aye aur lavanasur se yuddh karane ke liye usake pas apana doot bheja. parantu us narabhakshi lavan ne us doot ka hi bhakshan kar liya. jab raja ko isaka pata chala to unhonne krodhit hokar us par banon ki prachand varsha prarambh kar di. un banon ki asahy pida se pidit ho us rakshas ne shnkar se prapt us shool ko uthakar raja ka vadh kar dala. is prakar us shool men bada bal hai. he raghukulashreshth! mandhata ko is shool ke vishay men koee janakari nahin thi. atah ve dhokhe men mare gaye. parantu tum niahsandeh hi us rakshas ko marane men saphal hoge.


ek any manyatanusar raja yuvanashv ke koee putr nahin tha. ve ikshvaku vnsh ke raja the. yuvanashv ne prachur dakshina vale ygyon ka anushthan kiya. sntan ke abhav se sntapt ve van men rahakar bhagavath chintan karane lage. ek bar ve shikar khelate vichar rahe the. us rat ve bhookhe-pyase pani ki khoj men chyavan ke ashram men pahunche. chyavan unhin ki sntanontpati ke lie ghor tapasya se isht kar, mntr-poot jal ka ek kalash rakhakar so gaye the. sab rishi-muni rat ten der tak jagane ke karan itane thakakar soye the ki raja ke bar-bar pukarane par bhi kisi ki nind nahin khuli. jab chyavan ki nind khuli, tab tak raja yuvanashv kalash ka adhikansh jal pikar shesh prithvi par baha chuke the. muni ne jana to raja se kaha ki ab unhin ki kokh se balak janm lega. sau varsh uparant ashvinikumaron ne raja ki bayin kokh phadakar balak ko nikala. devataon ke yah poochhane par ki ab balak kya piyega? indr ne apani tarjani anguli use chusate hue kaha- mamh ayn dhata (yah mujhe hi piyega). isi se balak ka nam mandhata pada. anguli pite-tite vah terah bitta badh gaya. balak ne chintanamatr se dhanurved sahit samast vedon ka gyan prapt kar liya. indr ne usaka rajyabhishek kiya. mandhata ne dharm se tinon lokon ko nap liya. barah varsh ki anavrishti ke samay indr ke dekhate-dekhate mandhata ne svayn pani ki varsha ki thi.

mandhata ne samarangan men angar, maroot, asit, gay tatha brihadrath ko bhi parajit kar diya tha. sooryoday se lekar sooryast tak ka samast pradesh mandhata ka hi kahalata tha. unhonne sau ashvamedh aur sau rajasooy ygy karake das yojan lnbe aur ek yojan oonche rohit namak sone ke matsy banavakar brahmanon ko dan diye the. dirghakal tak dharmapoorvak rajy karane ke uparant mandhata ne vishnu ke darshanon ke nimitt tapasya ki. ve vishnu se karm ka upadesh lekar vanagaman ke lie udyat the. vishnu ne indr ka roop dharan karake unhen darshan diye tatha kshatriyochit karm ka nirvah karane ka upadesh dekar marooton sahit antardhan ho gaye.[13]


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. valmiki ramayan, uttar kand, sarg 67, shlok 5-26
  2. pauranik kosh |lekhak: rana prasad sharma |prakashak: gyanamandal limited, varanasi |snkalan: bharat diskavari pustakalay |prishth snkhya: 413 |
  3. bhagavatapuran tatha vishnupuran
  4. bhagavatapuran 9.6.30-38; 7.1; 10.51.14; 12.3.9; vayupuran 99.130; vishnupuran 4.2.61-112; brahmandapuran 3.63.68-72; matsyapuran 12.34; 49.8
  5. bhagavatapuran 9.6.12-15, 31; vishnupuran 4.2.29-32
  6. brahmandapuran 3.36.86
  7. matsyapurananusar 15ven treta yug men uttnk purohit ke sath; brahmandapuran 3.73.90; matsyapuran 47.243; vayupuran 98.90
  8. brahmandapuran 2.32.108; matsyapuran 145.102; vayupuran 59.99
  9. bhagavatapuran 2.7.44
  10. vayupuran 88.66-70
  11. vayupuran 91.115
  12. vayupuran 99.130
  13. mahabharat vanaparv, 126, mahabharat dronaparv- 62, mahabharat shantiparv- 29. 81-93, shantiparv- 64-65, bhagavatapuran 7.9, vishnupuran- 4.2

snbndhit lekh

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