मारवाड़ी बोली  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

maravadi boli rajasthan ke maravad kshetr men boli jati hai. mishrit roop se yah poorv men ajamer, kisanagadh, mevad tak, dakshin men sirohi, ranivada tak, pashchim men jaisalamer, shahagadh tak tatha uttar men bikaner, gnganagar tak tatha jayapur ke uttari bhag men pilani tak boli jati hai. yah shuddh roop se jodhapur kshetr ki boli hai. badamer, pali, nagaur aur jalaur zilon men is boli ka vyapak prabhav hai. maravadi boli ki kee up-boliyan bhi hain, jinamen thataki, thali, bikaneri, bangadi, shekhavati, mevadi, khairadi, sirohi, gaudavadi, nagauri, devadavati adi pramukh hain. sahityik maravadi ko dingal kahate hain. dingal sahityik drishti se sampann boli hai.

daau. griyarsan ne isake bolane valon ki snkhya 60 lakh batalayi thi. sanh 1951 ki janaganana riport ke anusar isake bolane valon ki snkhya 46 lakh (45,14,737) thi. isake poorv men jayapuri aur hadauti boliyan hain. dakshin-poorv men malavi, dakshin-pashchim men gujarati bhasha, pashchim men uttar men lahnda tatha uttar-poorv men pnjabi bhasha aur hariyanavi boli jati hai. simavarti kshetron men yah sambaddh bhasha evn boliyon men itani adhik prabhavit hai ki isaki anek upaboliyan vikasit ho gayi hain. jaise poorvi kshetr men dhoondhadi, godavati, mevadi, dakshin kshetr men sirohi, devadavati, pashchimi kshetr men thali aur tataki tatha uttari kshetr men bikaneri, shekhavati aur bangadi hain. sahity ki drishti se maravadi sampann hai. isake sahityik roop dingal ka prayog kavita men hota raha hai. apane ashrayadataon ki prashnsa ke nimitt charan, bhaton ne dingal men hazaron grnthon ki rachana ki hai. bhasha adhyayan ki drishti se bhi dingal mahattvapoorn hai, kyonki shauraseni, prakrit aur adhunik hindi ke vikas ko spasht karane men yah mahattvapoorn kadi ka kam karati hai.

visheshataen

dhvani vishishtataen
  • ai aur-au ka uchcharan tatsam shabdon men - ai aur - au jaisa hota hai.
  • anek sthanon chh aur chhh pray: sh uchcharit milata hai; jaise

chakki sakki
chhachh sas

  • lh anek sthanon par ळ uchcharit milate hain; jaise-

bal baळ
jal jळ

  • hh ke lop ki pravritti samany hai; jaise

kahyo kayo
rahano raino

  • do vishisht dhvaniyan isamen milati hain- dhh aur sh pratham uchcharan ki drishti se dh-vh ke madhy uchcharit dhvani hai doosari sh-hh ke madhy uchcharit hoti hai. donon men shvans bhitar ki aur khinchana padata hai.

udaharan-dhavo jasyon

  • parasarg- nimnalikhit parasargon ka prayog hota hai-
    • karm - sampradan - nai, ne, kane, rai
    • karan - sampradan - soon, oon
    • sambandh - rau, no, ko,
    • adhikaran - men, main, mahai, maee
  • do ya adhik vastuon men tulana-nirdeshak ke lie atirikt karatan ka prayog bhi kiya jata hai; jaise-

moan karatan soan bhalo ro hai.

(mohan ki apeksha sohan bhala hai)

  • sarvanamon men atyadhik vivindhata hai.

'kaun' ke lie kun, kan ka prayog kiya jata hai.

kriya pad
  • maravadi men bhavishy kal ki kriya men dhatu ke sath - hoon, han, ho, hi pratyaksh jodate hain.
u.purush dekh + hoon = dekhahoon dekh + han = dekhahan
m. purush dekh + hi = dekhadi dekh + ho = dekhaho
a.purush dekh + hi = dekhahi dekh + hi = dekhahi
  • vartaman dnt ke sath rahano ke yog se nakaratmak kriya ka bodh hota hai.

gato rahano (n gana)

  • snyukt kriya ka nirman karate samay atirikt kriya ke poorv-ro (ri) athava paro jod dete hain;

jaise - ri divi (de di)

chhav (chh:) maur (pith)
jodayan (patni) machi (khat)
dikaro (putr) karaso (kisan)
jimanon (khan) alago (door)
kacho (kachcha) kado (kichad)
bhemata (vidhata) lan (bechari)
roopo (chandi) tat (bakari)
gidak (kutta) chyaroo (charo)
vepari (vyapari) gidnva (takiya)
sube (subah) jabat (jabt)
paro makho (mar dalana) het (seth)
shirshak sarvanam ekavachan bahuvachan
uttam
purush
avikari
karm sampradan
tiryakh
hoon, mhai, main, mhain
manai, mhanai
m, mhai
mhain
mannai, mhane
man, mhan
madhyam
purush
avikari
karm sampradan
tiryakh
sambandh
toon, thoon
tanai, thanai
tain, thain
tharon
the, tamen
thanne, tamane
than, taman
thanrra
any
purush
vah adhikari
tiryakh
ek adhikari
tiryak
vo, oo (stri.va/uva)
oon, un
o, yo (stri.a/ya)
ee, in
ve/vai, uvai
vain, van
unan, vanan
e, ai
ain, aau
sambandhavachi jiko (stri. ji.jika) jika
jo tiryak jin. jiv, jikan, tiko (stri. tika) jai, jo, jin jiko


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

bahari kadiyan

snbndhit lekh

varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

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