मिज़ोरम  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

India-flag.gif
mizoram
Mizoram-Map.jpg
rajadhani aeejol
sthapana 20 faravari, 1987
janasnkhya 10,91,014 [1]
· ghanatv 42[1] /varg kimi
kshetraphal 21,087 varg kimi [1]
bhaugolik nirdeshank 23°22′N 92°00′E
tapaman 20 °C (ausat)
· grishm 29 °C
· sharad 11 °C
zile 8[1]
saksharata 91.85[1]%
rajyapal nirbhay sharma[1]
mukhyamntri lal thanahavala[1]
vidhanasabha sadasy 40
lokasabha kshetr 1
bahari kadiyan adhikarik vebasait
adyatan‎
Mizoram-Seal.png

mizoram (angrezi:Mizoram) bharat ganarajy men ek parvatiy pradesh hai. mizoram desh ke poorvottar hisse men sthit hai aur isaka kshetraphal 21,081 varg kimi. hai. mizoram ke poorv aur dakshin men myanmar aur pashchim men bangladesh hai. pashchimottar men tripura, uttar men asam tatha poorvottar men manipur hai. mizoram ki rajadhani aeejol hai. faravari, 1987 ko yah bharat ka 23van rajh‍y bana. 1972 men kendrashasit pradesh banane se pahale tak yah asam ka ek zila tha. mizoram men prakritik saundary bikhara pada hai tatha is kshetr men prakriti ki vibhinh‍n chhataen dekhane ko milati hain. yah kshetr vibhinh‍n prajati ke praniyon tatha vanash‍patiyon se snpanh‍n hai.

itihas

1891 men british shasan men jane ke bad kuchh varsho tak uth‍tar ka lushaee parvatiy kshetr asam ke aur adha dakshini bhag pashchim bngal ke adhin raha. 1898 men donon ko milakar ek zila bana diya gaya jisaka nam 'lushaee hilh‍s zila'. yah asam ke mukhh‍y ayukh‍t ke prashasan men a gaya. 1972 men poorvoth‍tar kshetr punargathan adhiniyam lagoo hone par mizoram kendrashasit pradesh ban gaya. bharat sarakar aur mizo neshanal phrnt ke bich 1986 men hue aitihasik samajhaute ke phalash‍varoop 20 faravari, 1987 ko ise poorn rajh‍y ka darja diya gaya.

bhoogol

bhoogarbhashastriy drishti se mizo pahadiyan arakan ark ka hissa hai jo susngathit samanantar parvataskndhon ki uttar-dakshin disha men sthit shrinkhala hai, jisaka nirman tritiyak balua patthar, choona-patthar aur slet-patthar[2] se hua hai. snkari nadi ghatiyon se vibhakt parvataskndhon ki oonchaee 2,157 mitar hai.
mizoram ka ek drishy, aeejol
dakshin men kaladan aur isaki sahayak nadiyan dakshin disha men bahati huee myanmar men pravesh karati hain, jabaki dhaleshvari (tlavng) aur sonaee (tuirel) nadiyan uttar disha men asam ki aur bahati hain. aizol ausat samudr tal se 1,132 mitar ki oonchaee par sthit hai.
jalavayu

mizoram ki jalavayu samashitoshn hai. aizol ka varshik ausat tapaman 20° se. hai. varsha mukhyat: dakshin maaunasoon (mee se sitnbar) ke dauran hoti hai aur kuchh kshetron men kul varshik varshon 2,500 mimi tak hoti hai.

pahadiyan

mizoram ki pahadiyan ghane sadabahar vanon se dhaki hain, jinamen chnpak, ayaran vud aur gurjun jaise moolyavan imarati lakadi ke vriksh pae jate hain. vastavik vanachchhadit kshetr 18,775 varg kimi hai, jo bhaugolik kshetraphal ka lagabhag 89 pratishat hai. in jngalon men hathi, bagh, bhaloo, hiran aur jngali bhainson samet kee jntuon ka paryavas hai.

arthavyavastha

mizoram ke pas snsadhanon ki prachurata hai jinaka upayog rajh‍y men kee audyogik ikaiyon ki sh‍thapana ke lie kiya jata hai. bans ki prachurata ke alava bagavani vali kee fasalen niveshakon ke lie kee prakar se labhadayak ho hain. desh ka doosara sarvadhik sakshar rajh‍y hone se mizoram desh ka sarvadhik 'aee.ti.' sakshar rajh‍y banane ja raha hai. isake atirikh‍t yahan ki khoobasoorat prakritik chhata ke sath prachur matra men upalabh‍dh sansh‍kritik virasat ise paryatakon ke lie akarshak sh‍than banata hai. is prakar rajh‍y ke kee kshetron men nivesh ki kee snbhavanaen hain.[3]

krishi

krishi yahan ki mukhy arthik gatividhi hai. mizoram pradesh ke lagabhag 80 pratishat log krishi karyon men lage hue hain. sidhidar kheti aur jhoom kheti[4] ka prachalan hai. anumanat: 21 lakh hekh‍teyar bhoomi men se 6.30 lakh hekh‍teyar bhoomi bagavani ke lie upalabh‍dh hai. vartaman men 4127.6 hekh‍terayar bhoomi par hi vibhinh‍n fasalon ki bagavani ki ja rahi hai, jo ki anumanit snbhavit kshetr ka 6.55 pratishat matr hai. mizoram men bagavani fasalon ke vikas ki vish‍trit snbhavanaen hain. bagavani ki mukhh‍y fasalen phal hain. inamen maidiriyan sntara, kela, sade phal, angoor, hatakoda, ananh‍nas aur papita adi shamil hain.

isake alava yahan enthuriyam, vard aph peradaij, arkid, chirasethinmam, gulab tatha anh‍y kee mausami phoolon ki kheti bhi hoti hain. masalon men adarak, halh‍di, kali mirch, mirch (chidiya ki ankh vali mirch) bhi ugaee jati hain. yahan ke log pam ayal, jadi-bootiyon tatha sugndhit paudhon ki kheti bhi bade paimane par karane lage hain. chaval, makka, tilahan, kapas aur sabjiyan yahan ki mukhy phasalen hain. log resham udyog men snlagn hain tatha malabari, eri, moonga aur tasar resham ka utpadan karate hain. adhik logon dvara kheti kie jane ke karan ath varshon ka parnparik jhoom-chakr ab chhota ho gaya hai aur isake sath hi upaj men bhi kami aee hai.

sinchaee

mizoram men snbhavit bhootal sinchaee kshetr lagabhag 70,000 hekh‍teyar hai. isamen se 45,000 hekh‍teyar bahav kshetr men hai aur 25,000 hekh‍teyar 70 pakh‍ki laghu sinchaee pariyojanaon aur chhah lipht sinchaee pariyojanaon ke poora hone se praph‍t kiya ja sakata hai, jinamen varsh men do ya tin fasalen li ja sakati hain.

udyog

  • mizoram rajy men koee bada udyog nahin hai.
  • snpoorn mizoram adhisoochit pichhada kshetr hai aur ise ‘udyog vihin kshetr’ ke tahat vargikrit kiya gaya hai. 1989 men mizoram sarakar ki audyogik niti ki ghoshana ke bad pichhale dashak men yahan kuchh adhunik laghu udyogon ki sh‍thapana huee hai. mizoram ne udyogon ka aur teji se vikas karane ke lie varsh 2000 men nee audyogik niti ki ghoshana ki. isamen ilekh‍traaunik tatha soochana praudyogiki, bans tatha imarati lakadi par adharit uth‍pad, khady tatha phalon ka prasnsh‍karan, vash‍tr, hathakaragha tatha hash‍tashilh‍p jaise laghu aur kutir udyog shamil hain.
  • audyogik niti men rajh‍y se bahar ke nivesh ko akarshit karane ke lie aise sabhi bade, madhh‍yam tatha laghu paimane ke udyogon ko, jinamen ki sh‍thaniy log bhagidari hon, ki sh‍thapana ke lie sajhe upakram lagane ki anumati di gee hai. vidyaman audyogik snpadaon ke vikas ke atirikh‍t snrachanath‍mak vikas kary jaise ki lunagamual, aijol men audyogik proth‍sahan snsh‍than (aee.aee.di.si.), niryat proth‍sahan, audyogik park, lengari, ekikrit snrachanath‍mak kendr (aee.aee.di.si.), pukapuee, lungath‍teee tatha khady park, chhingachhip adi yojanayen poori hone vali hain.
  • chay ki vaigyanik tarike se kheti prarnbh ki gee hai. niryatonh‍mukhi audyogik ikaiyon (ee.o.yooj.) ki sh‍thapana ko badhava dene ke lie 'eph‍parel prashikshan tatha dijain kendr' aur rath‍non ki kataee tatha paaulish karane ki ikaiyan lagane ki yojana hai. kutir udyogon men hathakaragha tatha hash‍tashilh‍p ko uchh‍ch prathamikata di gayi hai tatha ye donon kshetr mizoram tatha isake padosi rajh‍yon meghalay tatha nagalaind men upabhokh‍taon ki mang ko poora karane ke lie phal-phool rahe hain.
  • rajh‍y ki shantipoorn sthiti, mh‍yanmar tatha bangladesh ki simaon ke vh‍yapar ke lie khulane tatha bharat ki sarakar ki ‘poorv ki or dekho niti’ ke karan mizoram desh ka doorash‍th rajh‍y matr nahin rahega. nikat bhavishh‍y men mizoram men audyogik ki gati men bhari teji aegi.
laghu udyog

laghu udyogon men resham, hathakaragha aur hastashilp udyog, ara mil tatha pharnichar karyashalaen tel parishodhan anaj ki mil v adarak prasnskaran shamil hain. rajy ke 3,087 laghu udyogon men se 287 aizol zile men sthit hain.

oorja

palak jhil, mizoram
bijali
  • tueeriyal panabijali pariyojana (60 megavat) ka nirman kary bhi pragati par hai.
  • kolodain panabijali pariyojana (500 megavat) ka sarvekshan tatha anh‍veshan kary si.dabh‍lh‍yoo.si. dvara disabar 2005 tak poora kar liya gaya hai. is upakram se 500 megavat bijali ke uth‍padan ke alava kshetr men jal parivahan ki suvidhaen praph‍t hongi. mizoram sarakar ne is pariyojana ko sarvochh‍ch prathamikata di hai.
  • tin megavat kshamata ki tueepanguli tatha kaootalabng rajh‍y panabijali pariyojanaon ko hal men hi chaloo kiya gaya hai jisane rajh‍y ki panabijali uth‍padan kshamata ko 15 megavat kar diya hai.
  • mesham-II (3 megavat), seraluee ‘bi’ (12 megavat) tatha lamasiyal pariyojana ke shuroo hone ki umh‍mid hai.
door snchar

rajy ki rajadhani ke sath-sath sabhi zila mukhh‍yalayon men door-snchar seva upalabh‍dh hai. yahan esatidi suvidha bhi upalabh‍dh hai. narth-ish‍t telakaaum sarkil. ke antargat tin esesees (sekendari sviching eriya) men mizoram bhi ek hai, yahan ka teliphon ekh‍sachenj bharosemnd transamishan midiya, aptik phaibar keval se juda hua hai sath hi yah dijital maikrovev (em/dabh‍lyoo), emasipisi v intaramidiet dijital ripitar (aeediar) sish‍tam se juda hai. rajh‍y men indiya teliphon kard (aeetisi), intaraset v aeeesadies suvidhaen bhi upalabh‍dh hai.[5]

prashasan

bharat ke rashtrapati dvara niyukt rajyapal rajy ka pramukh hota hai aur mukhyamntri, mntrimndal tatha 40 sadasyon vali vidhanasabha usaka sahayog karati is rajy ko tin prashasanik zilon men banta gaya hai-aizol, chhimatueepur, lungleee.

parivahan

behatar parivahan suvidha ke lie sarakar ne vishh‍v baink ke anudan ki madad se kul 350 karod rupaye ki lagat se mizoram rajh‍y sadak pariyojana shuroo ki hai. pradhanamntri gramin sadak yojana ke tahat mizoram men 384 ganvo ko jodane vali 2,421 ki.mi. lnbi sadak banane ka kary teji se pragati par hai.

mizoram ka manachitr
sadak marg

rajh‍y men sadakon (sadak sima sngathan tatha rajh‍y lok nirman vibhag) ki kul lnbaee 5,982.25 kilomitar hai. rajy men parivahan aur snchar vyavastha ki buri sthiti isake arthik vikas ke marg men pramukh badha hai. phir bhi, ek sadak pranali ka vikas kiya gaya hai, jisake tahat ekal sadak ke zariye aizol aur lungleee shaharon ko asam men silchar tatha meghalay men shilang se joda gaya hai. uttar-dakshin men sadakon ki lnbaee 277 kimi tatha poorv-pashchim men 121 kimi hai.

rel marg

mizoram men pahale relamarg nahin tha par bad men rajh‍y men bairabi men relamarg sh‍thapit kiya gaya hai. rajh‍y men rel snpark bairabi men sh‍thapit kiya gaya hai jo ki rajh‍y ki rajadhani se 110 kilomitar door sthit hai. silh‍char (asam) hote hue relamarg se yahan jaya ja sakata hai jo ki ejaval se 180 kilomitar hai.

vayu marg

rajh‍y ki rajadhani aijol viman seva se judi hai. bharat ki kam kshamata aur chhote marg vali ghareloo havaee sena vayudoot, aizol se silchar aur pashchim bngal men kolakata (bhoorapoorv kalakatta) tak havaee seva upalabdh karati hai.

shiksha

  • mizoram men shiksha ki dar teji se badhi hain. vartaman men yah 88.8 pratishat hai, jo poore desh men doosare sh‍than par hai.
  • mizoram shiksha ke kshetr men sabase pahale sh‍than par ane ke lie prayasarat hai.
  • mizoram men koee vishvavidyalay nahin hai, lekin yahan poorvottar parvatiy vishvavidyalay ka ek parisar hai.
  • mizoram men kee mahavidyalay hain, jinamen harangabana mahavidyalay, dharmashastriy mahavidyalay, audyogik prashikshan snsthan, ek paauliteknik, mahila paauliteknik, shikshan prashikshan mahavidyalay aur shaikshik prashikshan ke do zila snsthan shamil hain.

snskriti

mizo ke sanskritik jivan men nrity aur sngit mool tattv hain. yahan ke tyoharon men eesaee dharm ke parv aur sthaniy krishi tyohar (mizo men parv ko kut kahate hain), jaise chapacharakut, pal kut aur mimakut shamil hain. aizol men poorvottar vishvavidyalay ka parisar sthit hai.

bhasha

  • mizo tatha angreji yahan ki pramukh v rajakiy bhashaen hain; apani lipi n hone ke karan mizo bhasha ke lie roman lipi ka upayog hota hai.
  • 'mizo’ shabh‍d ki utpatti ke bare men thik se gyat nahin hai.
  • 19 vin shatabh‍di men yahan british mishanariyon ka prabhav phail gaya aur is samay adhikansh mizo nagarik eesaee dharm ko hi manate hain.
  • mizo bhasha ki apani koee lipi nahin hai. mishanariyon ne mizo bhasha aur aupacharik shiksha ke lie 'roman lipi' ko apanaya.

dharm

1890 ke dashak men arnbh hue dharmaparivartan (halanki 1920 aur 1930 ke dashak men adhikansh parivartan hue) ke karan lagabhag 85.57 pratishat janata ab eesaee dharm ka palan karati hai; inamen adhikansh protestent hain. rajy men hindoo (5 pratishat) aur aur bauddh (7.83 pratishat) alpasnkhyak bhi hai.

  • rajy ki lagabhag ki adhikatar janasnkhya eesaee dharm ko manati hai aur iname se adhikatar presabiteriyan aur baiptist hain.
  • chakama jati ke log theravad bauddh hain.
  • rajy men hindoo aur muslimon ki snkhya lagabhag na ke barabar hai.
mizoram ka ek drishy

janajivan

mizoram ki abadi vibhinn samoohon ke mel se bani hai, jinhen amataur par mizo kahate hain, sthaniy bhasha men jisaka arth uchch bhoomi ke nivasi hai. is kshetr ki janajatiyon, jinamen se kee pahale manushyon ka shikar karati thin, men kooki, pavi, lakher aur chakama shamil hain. inhen tibbati-barmi logon ke varg men rakha gaya hai aur ye kee tibbati-barmi boliyon ka upayog karate hain; kuchh janajatiyan itani alag-thalag hain ki unaki boli padosi ghati men rahane valon ko bhi samajh men nahin ati hai. janasnkhya ka ghanatv 42 vyakti prati varg kimi hai. uttar se dakshin ki or ghanatv kam hota jata hai, kyonki dakshin ki or ardrata tatha tapaman men vriddhi hoti jati hai, jo nivas ke lie anupayukt sthiti hai. pashchim se poorv ki or bhi ghanatv men kami ati hai. is kshetr men 22 shahar aur 699 ganv hain, jinamen se 663 tak bijali pahunch gee hai. lagabhag 95 pratishat janasnkhya anusoochit janajati ki hai.

th‍yohar

  • mizo nagarik (mizoram) moolat: kisan hain.
  • at: unaki tamam gatividhiyan tatha th‍yohar bhi jngal ki kataee karake ki jane vali jhoom kheti se hi jude hue hain.
  • th‍yohar ke lie mizo shabh‍d ‘kut’ hai.
  • mizo logon ke vi‍bhinh‍n th‍yoharon men se aj kal keval tin mukhh‍y th‍yohar ‘chapachar’, ‘mim kut’ aur ‘thalaphavang kut’ manae jate hain.

janajatiyan

mizoram ki adhikatar janasnkhya mizo nagarikon ki hai. mizo kee prajatiyon men bnte hue hain. jo mizo/lushaee, mhar, poee, kama, ralte, povaee, kuki, hai. inamen lushaee jati ke nagarikon ki snkhya sabase adhik hai, joki rajy ki kul janasnkhya ke do tihaee bhag se adhik hai. any pramukh prajatiyon men ralte, mhar, kama, poee aur povaee hain. gair mizo prajatiyon men sabase pramukh chakama jati ke log hain.

janasnkhya

2001 men mizoram ki janasnkhya lagabhag 8,90,000 thi. 1991-2001 ke dashak men vriddhi dar 29.18 pratishat thi, jo pichhale dashak se kam hai (1981-1991 ke dauran 39.70 pratishat). ling anupat prati 1,000 purushon par 938 mahilaon ka hai.

paryatan sh‍thal

  • samudr tal se lagabhag 4,000 phut ki unchaee par sthit parvatiy nagar aijol, mizoram ka ek dharmik aur sansh‍kritik kendr hai.
  • mh‍yanmar ki sima ke nikat chamaphaee ek sundar paryatan sh‍thal hai.
  • tamadil ek prakritik jhil hai jahan manohari van hain. yah aijol se 80 kilomitar aur paryatak sh‍thal saitual se 10 kilomitar ki doori par hai.
  • vanatang jalaprapat mizoram men sabase ooncha aur ati sundar jalaprapat hai. yah thenajol kash‍be se panch kilomitar doori par hai.
  • paryatan vibhag ne rajh‍y men sabhi bade kash‍bon men paryatak avas grih tatha anh‍y kash‍bon men rajamarg resh‍taran tatha yatri sarayon ka nirman kiya hai.
  • jobauk ke nikat zila park men alh‍pain pikanik hat tatha bero th‍lang men manornjan kendr bhi banae ge hain.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 1.6 Mizoram at a glance (angrezi) (ech.ti.em.el) mizoram ki adhikarik vebasait. abhigaman tithi: 3 joon, 2011.
  2. 16 se 664 lakh varsh purani chattanen
  3. nivesh ke avasar (hindi) bharat sarakar. abhigaman tithi: 11 joon, 2011.
  4. jisamen bhookhnd ko jala kar saf kiya jaya hai aur mishrit fasal boee jati hai
  5. mool snrachana (hindi) bharat sarakar. abhigaman tithi: 11 joon, 2011.

snbndhit lekh

varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

a   a    i    ee    u    oo    e    ai    o   au    an    k   kh    g    gh    n    ch    chh    j    jh    n    t    th    d   dh    n    t    th    d    dh    n    p    ph    b    bh    m    y    r    l    v    sh    sh    s    h    ksh    tr    gy    ri    ri    aau    shr   aah