मुंडा भाषाएँ  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

munda bhashaen aaustro-eshiyaee parivar se snbaddh bhashaon ka samooh, jise madhy aur poorvi bharat men lagabhag 90 lakh log bolate hain. kuchh vidvanh in bhashaon ko do upaparivaron men vibhakt karate hai.[1]

  • uttari munda bhasha bngal, udisa aur jharakhnd ke chhota nagapur ke pathar men boli jati hai, jisamen kurkoo, snthali, mundari, bhoomij aur ho bhashaen shamil hain.
  • dakshin munda bhashaen madhy udisa evn andhr pradesh aur udisa ke simavarti kshetr men boli jati hai.
  • dakshin munda ko madhy munda, khadiya v juang jaisi bhashaon aur koraput munda ko gutob, gutob, remo, sora (savar), jure aur goroong men vibhakt kiya gaya hai.
  • in donon samoohon men uttari munda[2] zyada mahattvapoorn hain aur is samooh ki bhashaen snpoorn mundabhashi logon ke 90 pratishat bhag dvara boli jati hain.
  • snthali ke bad 'mundari' aur 'ho' bolane valon ki snkhya sabase adhik hai. isake bad kurkoo v sora ka sthan hai.
  • any munda bhashaen chhote, alag-thalag samoohon dvara boli jati hain aur inake bare men bahut kam janakari hai.
  • munda bhashaon ki visheshata tin vachan (ekavachan, dvivachan aur bahuvachan) aur sngyaon ke lie do ling varg (sajiv aur nirjiv) hain. kriya roopon ke kal ko pradarshit karane ke lie pratyayon ka upayog hota hai.
  • munda dhvani pranali men vynjan kram viral hain, halanki kuchh bhashaon men akshar uchch aur nimn dhvaniyon ko pradarshit karate hain, par inamen se adhikansh bhashaon ka ek nishchit balaghat hai.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. bharat gyanakosh, khand-4 |lekhak: indu ramachndani |prakashak: ensaiklopidiya britainika praivet limited, nee dilli aur paaupyular prakashan, mumbee |snkalan: bharatakosh pustakalay |prishth snkhya: 374 |
  2. jisamen snthali pramukh bhasha hai

snbndhit lekh

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