मेहदी हसन  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

mehadi hasan
mehadi hasan
poora nam mehadi hasan khan
any nam khan sahab
janm 18 julaee, 1927
janm bhoomi jhunjhunoo, rajasthan
mrityu 13 joon, 2012
mrityu sthan karachi, pakistan
abhibhavak pita- ustad azim khan
sntan nau bete aur panch betiyan
karm bhoomi british bharat aur pakistan
karm-kshetr sngit
mukhy rachanaen 'rnjish hi sahi..', 'zindagi men to sabhi pyar kiya karate hain...', 'gulon men rng bhare' adi.
puraskar-upadhi 'tamaga-e-imtiyaz', 'hilal-e-imtiyaz puraskar', 'sahagal avaaurd'.
nagarikata pakistan
adyatan‎

mehadi hasan (angrezi: Mehdi Hassan, janm: 18 julaee, 1927, rajasthan; mrityu: 13 joon, 2012, karachi) prasiddh gazal gayak the. unhen 'gazal ka raja' mana jata hai. unhen 'khan sahab' ke nam se bhi jana jata hai. vaise to gazal ke is sarataj par pakistan fakhr karata tha, magar bharat men bhi unake murid kuchh kam n the. mehadi hasan moolat: rajasthan ke the.

jivan parichay

gazal samrat mehadi hasan ka janm 18 julaee, 1927 ko rajasthan ke jhunjhunoo ke loona ganv men hua tha. mehadi hasan ko sngit virasat men mila. hasan mashahoor kalavnt sngit gharane ke the. unhen sngit ki talim apane valid ustad azim khan aur chacha ustad ismail khan se mili. in donon ki chhatrachhaya men hasan ne sngit ki shiksha diksha li. mehadi hasan ne bahut chhoti umr men hi dhrupad gana shur kar diya tha. gazal ki duniya men yogadan ke lie unhen 'shahnshah-e-gazal' ki upadhi se navaja gaya tha. bharat-pak ke bntavare ke bad mehadi hasan ka parivar pakistan chala gaya tha. mehadi hasan ke do vivah hue the. inake nau bete aur panch betiyan hain. unake chhah bete gazal gayaki aur sngit kshetr se jude hain.

gayaki ki shuruat

khan sahab ko san 1935 men jab unaki umr matr 8 varsh thi, fazilka ke ek samaroh men pahali bar gane ka avasar mila tha. is samaroh men inhonne dhrupad aur khayal ki gayaki ki.

karyakshetr

jivan chalane ke lie unhonne pahale ek saikil ki dukan men kam kiya aur bad men bataur kar maikenik ka kam kiya. parntu in dikkaton ke bavajood khan sahab ka gazal gayaki ke prati lagav kam nahin hua. khan sahab dinabhar ki mehanat ke bad rojana gazal ka abhyas karate the. mehadi hasan ko 1957 men ek gayak ke roop men pahali bar rediyo pakistan men bataur thumari gayak ki pahachan mili. yahin se unaki kamayabi ka safar shuroo hua. is gazal ko mehadi hasan ne shastriy put dekar gaya tha. isake bad unhonne pichhe mudakar nahin dekha. unake gazal karyakram duniyabhar men ayojit hone lage. 1980 ke dashak men tabiyat ki kharabi ke chalate khan sahab ne parshvagayaki chhod di aur kafi samay tak sngit se doori banae rakhi. aktoobar, 2012 men echemavi knpani ne unaka elbam 'sarahaden' rilij kiya, jisamen unhonne pahali aur akhiri bar lata mngeshakar ke sath dooet git bhi gaya.[1] 1957 se 1999 tak sakriy rahe mehadi hasan ne gale ke kainsar ke bad pichhale 12 salon se gana lagabhag chhod diya tha. unaki antim rikarding 2010 men 'sarahaden' nam se ayi, jisamen farahat shahazad ki likhi 'tera milana bahut achchha lage hai' ki rikarding unhonne 2009 men pakistan men ki aur us trek ko sunakar 2010 men lata mngeshakar ne apani rikarding munbee men ki. is tarah yah yugal alabam taiyar hua. yah unaki gayaki ka jadoo hi hai ki suknthi lata mngeshakar tanahaee men sirf mehadi hasan ko sunana pasnd karati hain. ise bhi to ek mahanh kalakar ka doosare ke liye adarabhav hi mana jana chahiye. [2] san 1980 ke bad unake bimar hone se unaka gayan kam ho gaya. mehadi hasan ne qarib 54,000 gazalen, git aur thumari gaeen. inhonne galib, faiz ahamad faiz, ahamad faraz, mir taqi mir aur bahadur shah zafar jaise shayaron ki gazalon ko apani avaz di.

prashnsa aur shraddhanjali

  • bharatiy sngit ki duniya ke ek any mahanh kalakar manna de ne mehadi hasan ki 'ab ke ham bichhade to shayad kabhi khvabon men mile' sunane ke bad apane anubhav sajha karane ke lie mehadi hasan ko sat pannon ki ek lnbi chitthi likhi thi.[3]
  • sngit unh‍hen virasat men mila aur ‘ab ke bichhade..., aur ‘path‍ta path‍ta boota boota...’ jaise sadabahar gazal aj bhi duniya bhar ke prashnsakon ke dilon digam par chhae hain. unh‍honne mirja galib ke ‘rnjish hi sahi..dil ko dukhane ke lie a..’ ko bhi alag andaz men gaya.
  • mehadi hasan ke dost narayan sinh ne kuchh shayarana andaz men yad kiya, 'vo ata mil ke jata, chala gaya milane vala. kayamat tak usaki gazal rahegi, chala gaya gane vala.'[4]
  • loona ganv ke logon ka kahana hai ki mehadi hasan bachapan men pakistan ge the aur usake bad se tin bar yahan a chuke hain. mehadi hasan ne loona ganv men ek sarakari skool men do kamaron ke nirman men bhi madad di thi. sngit ke bade diggazon ne unhen gazal samrat ke khitab se bhi navaza.[5]
  • abida paravin kahati hain, 'har pnkti, har gazal mehadi hasan sahab ki hi hai. hamare zahan se, dil se yahan tak ki hamari rooh se mehadi hasan kabhi nikal hi nahin sakate. main to kahoongi ki jate-jate vo sab jagah bas dhuna hi kar ge hain. ek ajab qayamat dha ge hain. abida ye bhi kahati hain ki itani oonchi shakhsiyat hone ke bavajood bhi unamen sikhane ki bhookh thi.' vo kahati hain, 'mehadi hasan har vaqt sikhate rahate the. inaka sikhana kabhi bhi kam nahin hua. jitani mehanat vo karate the utani mehanat kaun kar sakata hai. vo apani hi mausiqi men gum rahate the. mainne to itani lagan kisi aur gayak men nahin dekhi. aisa jazba hi nahin dekha. mehadi hasan ne jo rishta mausiqi se joda vo rishta unaka kisi aur se tha hi nahin. vo mausiqi ki duniya men hi rahate the.' abida kahati hain, 'main samajhati hoon ki gazal ko jis snjidagi ke sath mehadi hasan ne pesh kiya, vaisa n pahale kisi ne kiya tha aur age bhi koee vaisa nahin kar sakata. gazal gayaki ko shahnshahat bakhshane vale mehadi hasan hi the.'[6]
  • amitabh bachchan ne tvit kiya hai, 'mehadi hasan ke nidhan ke bare men janakar bahut du:kh hua. hasan bilkul alag aur marmik avaj ke malik the. is kabiliyat ne duniya bhar men unhen shoharat dilaee.' 'mehadi hasan ke rukhasat hone ke sath hi gajal gayiki ka ek yug samapt ho gaya hai. mere jehan men ab unaki sundar yaden aur unase huee mulakaten shesh rah gee hain.'[7]
  • bharat ki sur samragyi lata mngeshakar ne pakistan ke gazal samrat mehadi hasan ko 'shanadar gayak' batate hue kaha ki unaki maut ki khabar se unhen sadama laga hai. lata evn mehadi hasan ne ek albam men ek gane lie ek sath gana gaya tha.[8]
  • pradhanamntri manamohan sinh ne mashahoor gajal gayak mehadi hasan ke nidhan par gahara shok vyakt karate hue kaha ki unhonne apani gayaki se poore bharatiy upamahadvip men soophi snvedana ko jivnt bana diya. daau. sinh ne yahan jari ek shok sndesh men kaha ki urdoo shayari ke prati unake agadh prem aur dhrupad parampara men shuruati diksha ne unhen gayaki ki duniya men ek khas jagah dila di.[9]
  • prasiddh gazal gayak anoop jalota ne kaha, 'mehadi hasan sahab ka jana bada dukhadaee hai. har phanakar ka apana skool hota hai, lekin vah to apane phan ki yoonivarsiti the. gajal gayiki men har kisi ne unako sunakar sikha aur apana kariyar banaya hai.'[10]

mashahoor gazalen

  • zindagi men to sabhi pyar kiya karate hain...
  • ab ke ham bichhade to shayad
  • bat karani mujhe mushkil kabhi aisi to n thi...
  • rnjish hi sahi...
  • yoon zindagi ki rah men...
  • mohabbat karane vale kam na honge...
  • hamen koee gam nahin tha...
  • raphta raphta vo meri hasti ka saman ho gaye...
  • n kisi ki ankh ka noor...
  • shikava na kar, gila na kar...
  • gulon men rng bhare, bad-e-naubahar chale...

samman aur puraskar

mehadi hasan ko kee puraskaron se sammanit kiya gaya. janaral ayoob khan ne unhen 'tamaga-e-imtiyaz', janaral ziya ul haq ne 'praid aauf parafaaurmens' aur janaral paravez musharraf ne 'hilal-e-imtiyaz' puraskar se sammanit kiya tha. isake alava bharat ne 1979 men 'sahagal avaaurd' se sammanit kiya.

antim samay

mehadi hasan ka akhiri samay kafi takalif men gujara. 12 salon se lagatar bimari se joojh rahe the aur unaka kafi vakt aspatal men guzarata tha. mehadi hasan ka nidhan karachi men 13 joon san 2012 ko phenphadon men snkraman ke karan ho gaya. ve bhale aj hamare bich n hon magar unaki avaz hamesha logon ke dilon par raz karati rahegi.

mashahoor lekhak javed akhtar ne mehadi hasan ke nidhan par du:kh vyakt karate hue kaha ki unake jane ke sath hi gazal gayaki ka ek daur khatm ho gaya. gazal to pahale bhi gaee jati thi, lekin mehadi hasan ne gazal gayaki ko ek naya andaj diya tha. mehadi hasan ne gayaki ka apana hi ek rng paida kiya tha. javed akhtar ne kaha ki unaki gajalen, khas taur se ‘rnjish hi sahi…’ 70 ke dashak men bharat men khasi lokapriy hueen. urdoo ko n janane vale bhi ye gazalen sunakar kho jaya karate the.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. gajal gayaki ke betaj badashah mehadi hasan nahin rahe (hindi) (ech.ti.em.el) amar ujala. abhigaman tithi: 14 joon, 2012.
  2. yadon men mehadi hasan (hindi) (ech.ti.em.el) ravivar. abhigaman tithi: 14 joon, 2012.
  3. mere ustad mehadi hasan (hindi) (ech.ti.em.el) ravivar. abhigaman tithi: 14 joon, 2012.
  4. udas hai mehadi hasan ka bharatiy ganv (hindi) (ech.ti.em.el) bi.bi.si.. abhigaman tithi: 14 joon, 2012.
  5. mehadi hasan ke ilaj ke lie madad ki peshakash (hindi) (ech.ti.em.el) bi.bi.si.. abhigaman tithi: 14 joon, 2012.
  6. poori sadi men mehadi hasan jaisa koee nahin: abida paravin (hindi) (ech.ti.em.el) bi.bi.si.. abhigaman tithi: 14 joon, 2012.
  7. amitabh ne mehadi hasan ke nidhan par jataya shok (hindi) (ech.ti.em.el). . abhigaman tithi: 14 joon, 2012.
  8. mehadi hasan utkrisht gayak the : lata mngeshakar (hindi) (ech.ti.em.el). . abhigaman tithi: 14 joon, 2012.
  9. mehadi hasan ne gajal gayaki ko khas banaya: manamohan (hindi) (ech.ti.em.el). . abhigaman tithi: 14 joon, 2012.
  10. apane phan ki yoonivarsiti the mehadi sahab: jalota (hindi) (ech.ti.em.el). . abhigaman tithi: 14 joon, 2012.

snbndhit lekh