मैसूर  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

maisoor maisoor paryatan maisoor zila
maisoor
maharaja pailes, maisoor
vivaran maisoor shahar, dakshin-madhy karnatak, bhootapoorv maisoor rajy, dakshini bharat men sthit hai.
rajy karnatak
zila maisoor
bhaugolik sthiti uttar- 12°3', poorv- 76°65'
marg sthiti maisoor shahar sadak dvara baingalor se 139 kilomitar, hampi se 400 kilomitar, dilli se 2,230 kilomitar ki doori par sthit hai.
kab jaen aktoobar se march
kaise pahunchen havaee jahaz, rel v sadak marg dvara pahuncha ja sakata hai.
havaee adda maisoor havaee adda
relave steshan maisoor relave steshan
bas adda maisoor siti bas adda
yatayat aauto riksha, bas, taimpo, saikil riksha
kya dekhen maisoor paryatan
kahan thaharen hotal, dharmashala, atithi grah
kya khayen maisoor pak, ragi aur akki roti, idali sanbhar, masala puri
kya khariden silk ki sadiyan, chndan ki lakadi ke saman
es.ti.di. kod 0821
e.ti.em lagabhag sabhi
Map-icon.gif googal manachitr
bhasha kannad bhasha, angrezi, tamil, hindi
any janakari 1799 ee. se 1831 ee. tak yah maisoor riyasat ki prashasanik rajadhani tha aur ab maisoor bngalor ke bad karnatak rajy ka doosara sabase bada shahar hai.
bahari kadiyan adhikarik vebasait
adyatan‎

maisoor shahar, dakshin-madhy karnatak, bhootapoorv maisoor rajy, dakshini bharat men sthit hai. yah chamundi pahadi ke pashchimottar men 770 mitar ki oonchaee par laharadar dakkan pathar par kaveri nadi v kabbani nadi ke bich sthit hai. 1799 ee. se 1831 ee. tak yah maisoor riyasat ki prashasanik rajadhani tha aur ab bngalor ke bad karnatak rajy ka doosara sabase bada shahar hai. maisoor bharatiy ganatntr men sammilit ek rajy tatha nagar hai. isaki sima uttar-pashchim munbee, poorv men andhr pradesh, dakshin-poorv men tamilanadu aur dakshin-pashchim men keral rajyon se ghiri huee hai. apani krep silk ki sadiyon, chndan ke tel aur chndan ki lakadi se bane saman ke lie mashahoor yah sthan vudayar vnsh ke shasan kal men unaki rajadhani hua karata tha. vudayar raja kala aur snskriti premi the. apane 150 varsh ke shasan kal men unhonne ise bahut badhava diya. us dauran maisoor dakshin ki sanskritik rajadhani ban gaya. maisoor mahalon, bagichon aur mndiron ka nagar hai. aj bhi isaki khoobasoorati qayam hai. karnatak sngit v nrity ka yah pramukh kendr hai.

pauranik ullekh

maisoor shahar ke as-pas ki bhoomi par varsha ke jal se bhare uthale jalashay hain. is sthan ka ullekh mahakavy mahabharat men 'mahishmati' ke roop men hua hai. maury kal, tisari shatabdi ee. poo. men yah 'poorigere' ke nam se vikhyat tha. mahishmndal mahishak log mahishmati, narmada ghati se pravas kar yahan par bas ge the. bad men yah mahishasur kahalaya tha.

itihas

maisoor shahar ka itihas atynt prachin hai. isake prachinatam shasak kadamb vnsh ke the, jinaka ullekh taaulmi ne kiya hai. kadambon ko cheron, pallavon aur chalukyon se yuddh karana pada tha. 12vin shatabdi men jakar maisoor ka shasan kadambon ke hathon se hoyasalon ke hathon men aya, jinhonne dvarasamudr athava adhunik halebid ko apani rajadhani banaya tha. hoyasal raja rayachandr se hi alauddin khilazi ne maisoor jitakar apane rajy men sammilit kiya tha. isake uparant maisoor vijayanagar rajy men sammilit kar liya gaya aur usake vighatan ke uparant 1610 ee. men vah pun: sthaniy hindoo raja ke adhikar men a gaya tha. is rajavnsh ke chauthe uttaradhikari chikk devaraj ne maisoor ki shakti aur satta men ullekhaniy vriddhi ki. kintu 18vin shatabdi ke madhy men usaka rajavnsh haidarali dvara apadasth kar diya gaya tha aur usake putr tipoo sultan ne 1799 ee. tak us par rajy kiya. tipoo ki parajay aur mrityu ke uparant vijayi angrezon ne maisoor ko snrakshit rajy banakar vahan ek panch varshiy balak krishnaraj vadiyar ko sinhasan par baithaya tha. krishnaraj atynt ayogy shasak siddh hua, 1821 ee. men british sarakar ne shasan prabndh apane hathon men le liya, parntu 1867 ee. men krishn ke uttaradhikari cham rajendr ko pun: shasan saunp diya. us samay se is sushasit rajy ka 1947 ee. men bharatiy sngh men vilay kar diya gaya.

maisoor-yuddh

1761 ee. men haidar ali ne maisoor men hindoo shasak ke oopar niyntran sthapit kar liya. nirakshar hone ke bad bhi haidar ki sainik evn rajanitik yogyata advitiy thi. usake fransisiyon se achchhe sambandh the. haidar ali ki yogyata, kootanitik soojhaboojh evn sainik kushalata se marathe, nizam evn angrez eershya karate the. haidar ali ne angrezon se bhi sahayog manga tha, parantu angrez isake lie taiyar nahin hue, kyonki isase unaki rajanitik mahatvakanksha poori n ho pati. bharat men angrezon aur maisoor ke shasakon ke bich char sainy muthabhed huee thin. angrezon aur haidar ali tatha usake putr tipoo sultan ke bich samay-samay par yuddh hue. 32 varshon (1767 se 1799 ee.) ke madhy men ye yuddh chhede ge the.

yuddh

bharat ke itihas men char maisoor yuddh lade gaye hain, jo is prakar se hain-

  1. pratham yuddh (1767 - 1769 ee.)
  2. dvitiy yuddh (1780 - 1784 ee.)
  3. tritiy yuddh (1790 - 1792 ee.)
  4. chaturth yuddh (1799 ee.)

bhaugolik snrachana

yah dakshini bharat ka ek rajy tha, jisaka punargathan sanh‌ 1956 men bhasha ke adhar par kiya gaya tha. isake parinamasvaroop kannad bhashi kshetron ko isamen mila diya gaya hai. isaka kshetraphal 74,210 varg mil hai. isake uttar men maharashtr, poorv men andhr pradesh, dakshin men keral aur madras evn pashchim men goa evn arab sagar hain. maisoor ka dharatal ooncha nicha evn pathari hai. samudr tal se oonchaee lagabhag 2,000 phut hai. prakritik banavat ke adhar par is do bhagon men vibhakt kiya ja sakata hai:

  1. pashchim ka tatiy maidan
  2. dakshini dakkan pradesh.

tatiy maidan malabar tat ka uttari bhag hai, jisaki chaudaee bahut kam hai. isake pashchim men pashchimi ghat ki pahadiyan hain, jinase chhot chhoti drutagamini nadiyan nikalakar arab sagar men vilin ho jati hain. poorvi bhag uchch mahadi evn pathari pradesh hai. maisoor ke madhy men, uttar se dakshin, pashchimi ghat ki pahadiyan hai. isake poorv men prachin chattanon se nirmit dakan ka bhag hai. uttar-poorv men krishna, tungabhadra evn bhima nadiyon ka samatal uchch maidan hai.[1]

jalavayu

yahan ka tap sadharanat: ooncha rahata hai. ausat tap 27° selsiyas hai. tapantar antarik bhag men adhik rahata hai. varsha pashchimi ghat ke pashchim men adhik (375 senmi. se adhik) evn poorv ke vrishtichhaya pradesh men kam (50 senmi. se kam) hoti hai. adhikansh: varsha dakshin-poorvi manasoon se hoti hai. yahan ki prakritik vanaspati sadabahar ke jngal hain, jinase sagaun, chndan, rajabud adi ki lakadi prapt hoti hai. vanachchhadit kshetr 12,000 varg mil hai, jo snpoorn kshetr ka 17 pratishat hai.[1]

krishi

53.5 pratishatakshetr men kheti hoti hai tatha 71.2% janasnkhya krishi kary men lagi huee hai. mukhy phasalen dhan, jvar, gehoon, dalahan moongaphali, kapas adi hain. vagati kheti men kahava, chay tatha rabar ka utpadan hota hai. pashupalan bhi mahattvapoorn hai. maisoor men lagabhag 10 lakh rupaye ke mooly ki machhaliyan prati varsh pakadi jati hain. tungabhadra evn ghataprabha adi 14 bahuuddeshyiy sinchaee yojanaen a rahi hain.[1]

khanij padarth

sona hatti evn kamat shreniyon men, bengaluru evn chikamngaloor men aisvestas tatha loha aur mainganiz, tanba, baauksait, gndhak adi any kshetron men milate hain. koyala evn khanij tel ka abhav hai, jisaki poorti jal vidyut se ki jati hai. yah adhikanshat: sharavati, bhadra evn tungabhadra jalavidyut yojanaon se prapt hoti hai.[1]

sanskritik rajadhani

karnatak ki sanskritik rajadhani kahe jane vale maisoor ke nam se kee khas chijen judi huee hain- maisoor mallige (vishesh pushp), maisoor ke reshami vastr, rajamahal, maisoor pak (mishtann), maisoor peta (pagadi), maisoor vilyadale (pan) tatha aur bhi bahut-sari chizen. ye sab kuchh maisoor aur isake jivan ki pahachan hain lekin ye pahachan tab tak adhoori rahati hain jab tak is shahar men pichhale 400 varshon se lagatar manae ja rahe dashahara utsav ki bat n ki jae. yah maisoor ko rajy ke any zilon aur shaharon se alag karata hai. poorv men ise 'navaratri' ke nam se hi jana jata tha lekin vadeyar rajavnsh ke lokapriy shasak krishnaraj vadeyar ke samay men ise dashahara kahane ka chalan shuroo hua. bharat hi nahin, kee bahari deshon men bhi is utsav ki badhati lokapriyata ko dhyan men rakhate hue is varsh rajy sarakar ne ise rajyotsav (nad habba) ka darja diya hai.

maisoor ka dashahara

maisoor dashahare men jamboo savari

parnparik utsah aur dhoom-dham ke sath manaya jane vala yah asuri shaktiyon par devatv ke vijay ka das divasiy utsav har varsh aktoobar mahine men manaya jata hai. dashahare ki parnpara ka itihas madhyakalin dakshin bharat ke advitiy vijayanagar samrajy ke samay se shuroo hota hai. harihar aur bukka nam ke do bhaiyon dvara 12-13 vin shatabdi men sthapit is samrajy men dashahara utsav manaya jata tha. isaki rajadhani hampi ke daure par pahunche kee videshi paryatakon ne apane snsmaranon tatha yatra vrittanton men is vishay men likha hai. inamen domingoj pej, pharnao noonij aur raaubart sivel jaise paryatak bhi shamil hain. in lekhakon ne hampi men manae jane vale dashahara utsav ke bare men kafi vistar se likha hai. vijayanagar shasakon ki yahi parnpara varsh 1399 men maisoor pahunchi jab gujarat ke dvaraka se puragere (maisoor ka prachin nam) pahunche do bhaiyon yaduray aur krishnaray ne vadeyar rajagharane ki ninv dali. yaduray is rajagharane ke pahale shasak bane. unake putr chamaraj vadeyar pratham ne puragere ka nam 'maisoor' rakha. unhonne vijayanagar samrajy ki adhinata bhi svikar ki. vadeyar rajaon ke dashahara utsavon se aj ke utsavon ka chehara kafi alag ho chuka hai. ab yah ek antararashtriy utsav ban gaya hai. is utsav men shamil hone ke lie desh aur duniya ke vibhinn hisson se maisoor pahunchane vale paryatak dashahara gatividhiyon ki vividhataon ko dekh dng rah jate hain. tej roshani men nahaya maisoor mahal, phoolon aur pattiyon se saje chadhave, sanskritik karyakram, khel-kood, gombe habba aur videshi mehamanon se lekar jambo savari tak har bat unhen khas taur par akarshit karati hai. halanki badalate samay ke sath bharat ke dharmik anushthanon se pramukh karak ke roop men dharm ki baten door hoti ja rahi hain lekin sajag paryatak chahe to dashahara utsav men dharm ka ansh ghareloo ayojanon men aj bhi dekh sakata hai.[2]

yatayat aur parivahan

maisoor shahar do uttari relamargon ke jnkshan par sthit hai aur bharat ki pramukh pashchimi sadak pranali par ek mahattvapoorn vibhajak bindu hai.

vayu marg

maisoor men maisoor havaee adda hai, jo shahar se 12 kilomitar ki doori par hai. yahan se sabhi pramukh shaharon ke lie udanen ati-jati hain.

rel marg

baingalor se maisoor ke bich anek relen chalati hain. shatabdi eksapres maisoor ko chennee se jodati hai.

sadak marg

rajy rajamarg maisoor ko rashtriy rajamarg se jodate hain. karnatak sadak parivahan nigam aur padosi rajyon ke parivahan nigam tatha niji parivahan knpaniyon ki basen maisoor se vibhinn rajyon ke bich chalati hain. yah shahar sadak dvara baingalor se 139 kilomitar, hampi se 400 kilomitar, dilli se 2,230 kilomitar doori par sthit hai.

udyog aur vyapar

maisoor ek mahattvapoorn nirman evn vyaparik kendr hai. maisoor men sooti evn reshami vastr, chaval, tel ki milen, chndan ka tel aur rasayanik urvarak udyog hain. shahar ke udyogon ko bijali poorv men sthit shivasamudram ke nikat panabijali grih se milati hai. maisoor ke kutir udyogon men bunaee, tnbakoo, kaaufi prasnskaran aur bidi nirman shamil hain. yah kshetr hathidant, dhatu aur lakadi ki apani karigari ke lie prasiddh hai.
maisoor ka maharaja pailes
relave steshan ke pas sthit bazar sthaniy krishi utpadon ke lie sngrahan kendr ka kam karata hai. maisoor men kali mitti ke vishal bhoobhag par kapas ugaya jata hai. yahan se chaval, mota anaj aur tilahan ka niryat kiya jata hai. maisoor ki sarakari silk phaiktari men maisoor ki silk ki sadiyan banati hain. reshami vastr, chamade, abhooshan, tokari, rassi, chndan, hathidant ki vastuen adi ke kutir udyog tatha vastr udyog shrengalooroo maisoor, ballari adi men, lohe evn ispat ka udyog bhadravati men, siment shahabad evn bhadravati men, diyasalaee shivamoga men, ooni evn rnshami vastr bengळooroo evn mainsoor men, kagaz bhadravati men tatha teliphon, havaee jahaj adi ke udyog bengळooroo men hain.

shikshan snsthan

maisoor ati sundar parishkrit nagar hai. maisoor men 1916 men sthapit maisoor vishvavidyalay aur kee snbaddh mahavidyalay hain, jinamen maharaja kaaulej, mahilaon ke lie maharani kaaulej, yuvaraj sains kaaulej, sharadavilas terejiyan v any kaaulej shamil hain. yahan karnatak rajy mukt vishvavidyalay ka kendr hai. any shaikshanik snsthanon men neshanal instityoot aauf injiniyaring, es. je. kaaulej aauf injiniyaring, vidyavarddhak kaaulej aauf injiniyaring, maisoor medikal kaaulej, je. es. es. medikal kaaulej, je. es. es. dental aind farmesi kaaulej, farooqiya dental end farmesi kaaulej, es. di. em. instityoot aauf mainejament, vidya vikas kaaulej aauf hotal mainejament, je. es. es. laau kaaulej, sharada laau kaaulej, vi. vi. laau kaaulej aur mahajan laau kaaulej shamil hain. kannad snskriti ki pronnati ke lie bhi kee snsthan hain.

sngrahalayon ka shahar

mahalon ke shahar ke nam se mashahoor maisoor men bisiyon sngrahalay is shahar ki dharoharon ko snjone ka kam kar rahe hain. in sngrahalayon men vishesh hain-

  1. jayachamarajendr sngrahalay tatha kala dirgha
  2. prakritik itihas sngrahalay
  3. lokakatha sngrahalay
  4. oriyental risarch institayoot (oaraee)
  5. rel sngrahalay
  6. maisoor mahal
  7. vadeyar rajagharane ke vartaman uttaradhikari shrikantadatt narasinharaj vadeyar ka niji sngrahalay.

visheshgyon ka kahana hai ki in sabhi sngrahalayon men kafi prabhavashali dhng se itihas ko snjokar rakhane ka prayas kiya kiya gaya hai lekin is samay zaroorat is bat ki hai ki in sngrahalayon men rakhi samriddh dharoharon kon bhi maisoor ane vale paryatakon ke bich bhi lokapriy banaya jae.[3]

paryatan

chamundi parvat par nandi ki moorti

maisoor ati sundar parishkrit nagar hai. yah ek paryatan sthal bhi hai. maisoor men kee aitihasik imaraten hain. maisoor men qile, pahadiyan evn jhilen bhi hain. maisoor mahalon, bagichon aur mndiron ka nagar hai. aj bhi isaki khoobasoorati qayam hai. maisoor mahalon, bagichon aur mndiron ka nagar hai. aj bhi isaki khoobasoorati qayam hai. karnatak sngit v nrity ka yah pramukh kendr hai. poorv men sthit somanathapur men hoyasal vnsh dvara rnirmit (1268 ee.) ek mndir hai.

purana qila

18vin shatabdi men yooropiy shaili men pun:nirmit ek purana qila, maisoor ke madhy men sthit hai. qile ke dayare men maharaja mahal (1897 ee.) hai, jisamen hathidant v sone se nirmit sinhasan hai.

park evn imaraten

maisoor men karzan park, silvar jubali klaauk tavar (1927 ee.), gandhi chauk aur maharaja ki do moortiyan paryatakon ke akarshan ka kendr hain. pashchim men gordon park ke nikat bhootapoorv british rezidensi (1805), prakhyat oriental laibreri, vishvavidyalay bhavan, sarvajanik karyalay, jagamohan mahal aur lalita mahal adi any prasiddh imaraten hain.

pahadiyan evn jhil

tirthayatri badi snkhya men chamundi pahadi par lagabhag 1,064 mitar door jate hain, jahan shiv ke pavitr bail, nandi ki akhndit moorti hai. is shikhar se dakshin ki or sthit nilagiri pahadiyon ka sundar nazara dekha ja sakata hai. kaveri nadi par maisoor ke pashchimottar men 19 kilomitar ki doori par sthit vishal krishnarav jhil hai, jisamen bandh bhi bana hai. is bandh ke niche favvare v jharaneyukt sidhidar vrindavan udyan hain, jin par rat men roshani ki jati hai.

abhayarany

poorv men sthit somanathapur men hoyasal vnsh dvara nirmit (1268 ee.) ek mndir hai. venugopal vany jiv udyan ke ek bhag bandipur abhayarany tak maisoor se pahuncha ja sakata hai. yah gaur, bharatiy baisan aur chital ke jhundon ke lie vikhyat hai. yahan ghoomane ke lie sadakon ka snjal hai. isase lagakar hi tamilanadu rajy ka mudumalaee vanyajiv abhayarany sthit hai. yah kaveri v usaki nadiyon ka apavah kshetr hai.


kharidadari

somanathapur mndir, maisoor

silk ki sadiyon ko lene ke liy ap kear sarkal par bane phaiktari shoroom aur thok bazar ja sakate hain. maisoor ki asali chndan ki lakadi ke saman lie sayyaji rav rod par bane kaveri art enporiyam ja sakate hain. yah enporiyam sarakar dvara snchalit hai. sayyaji rav rod par bani devaraj bazar men khoobasoorat shahari chitrakari kari tasavir milati hain. is bazar men bahut saph-saphaee hai.

janasnkhya

2001 ki janaganana ke anusar maisoor shahar ki janasnkhya 7,42,261 hai. maisoor zile ki kul janasnkhya 26,24,911 hai.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

vithika

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 maisoor (hindi) indiya vatar portal hindi. abhigaman tithi: 1 janavari, 2013.
  2. char shatabdi purani hai maisoor dashahare ki bhavy parnpara (hindi) dakshin bharat rashtramat. abhigaman tithi: 1 janavari, 2013.
  3. sngrahalayon ka bhi shahar hai maisoor (hindi) (ech.ti.em.el) dakshin bharat rashtramat. abhigaman tithi: 1 janavari, 2013.

bahari kadiyan

snbndhit lekh

varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

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