यमुना  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

yamuna
yamuna nadi, mathura
vivaran yamuna nadi ka udgam yamunotri se hua hai. yamunotri uttaranchal men sthit hai. gnga ke samanantar bahate hue yah nadi prayag men gnga men mil jati hai.
rajy uttar pradesh
zila mathura
kab jaen kabhi bhi
kaise pahunchen mathura jnkshan relave steshan par adhikansh rel rukati hain. dilli, agara, aligadh, gvaliyar se mathura ke lie bas seva bhi upalabdh hai.
relave steshan mathura jnkshan, mathura chhavani
bas adda naya bas adda, purana bas adda
yatayat aauto, bas, kar, riksha adi
kya dekhen dvarikadhish mandir, krishn janmabhoomi, banke bihari mandir, rngaji mandir, madan mohan mandir adi.
kahan thaharen hotal, dharmashala, atithi grah
es.ti.di. kod 0565
e.ti.em lagabhag sabhi
savadhani atnkavadi gatividhiyon se savadhan, lavaris vastuon ko na chhuen, shit ritu men kohare se aur grishm ritu men loo se bachav karen.
snbndhit lekh mathura, vrindavan' mathura rifainari, rajakiy sngrahalay mathura, krishn, gnga nadi, krishn janmabhoomi adi.
any janakari shastron ke anusar yamuna nadi ko yamaraj ki bahan mana gaya hai. yamaraj aur yamuna donon ka hi svaroop 'kala' bataya jata hai jabaki yah donon hi param tejasvi soory ki sntan hai. phir bhi inaka svaroop kala hai.
adyatan‎
bharat ki sarvadhik pavitr aur prachin nadiyon men yamuna ki ganana gnga nadi ke sath ki jati hai. brajamndal ki to yamuna ek matr mahattvapoorn nadi hai. jahan tak braj snskriti ka snbndh hai, yamuna ko keval nadi kahana hi paryapt nahin hai. vastutah yah braj snskriti ki sahayak, isaki dirgh kalin parampara ki prerak aur yahan ki dharmik bhavana ki pramukh adhar rahi hai. yamuna ya kalindi nadi ko gnga ki hi tarah pavitr mana jata hai. yamuna ko shrikrishn ki param bhakt mana jata hai. gnga gyan ki pratik mani jati hai to yamuna bhakti ki.

udgam

yamuna nadi ka udgam yamunotri se hua hai. yamunotri uttaranchal men sthit hai. gnga ke samanantar bahate hue yah nadi prayag men gnga men mil jati hai. bharat ke uttar men himalay parvat hai. isaki ek choti ka nam bandarapuchchh hai. yah choti uttarapradesh ke tihari-gadhaval zile men hai. badi oonchi hai, 20,731 phut. ise sumeru bhi kahate hain. isake ek bhag ka nam 'kalind' hai. yahin se yamuna nikalati hai. isi se yamuna ka nam 'kalindaja' aur kalindi bhi hai. donon ka matalab 'kalind ki beti' hota hai. yah jagah bahut sundar hai, par yahan pahunchana bahut kathin hai. apane udgam se age kee mil tak vishal himagaron aur hinm mndit kndaraon men aprakat roop se bahati huee tatha pahadi dhalanon par se atyant tivratapoorvak utarati huee isaki dhara yamunottari parvat 20,731 phit oonchaee se prakat hoti hai. vahan isake darshanarth hazaron shraddhalu yatri prativarsh bharatavarsh ke kone-kone se pahunchate hain. brajabhasha ke bhakt kaviyon aur visheshataya vallabh sampradayi kaviyon ne giriraj govardhan ki bhanti yamuna ke prati bhi atishay shraddha vyakt ki hai. is sampraday ka shayad hi koee kavi ho, jisane apani yamuna ke prati apani kavy - shraddhanjali arpit n ki ho. unaka yamuna stuti snbndhi sahity brajabhasha bhakti kavy ka ek ullekhaniy ang hai.

shastron men yamuna

shastron ke anusar yamuna nadi ko yamaraj ki bahan mana gaya hai. yamaraj aur yamuna donon ka hi svaroop kala bataya jata hai jabaki yah donon hi param tejasvi soory ki sntan hai. phir bhi inaka svaroop kala hai. aisa mana jata hai ki soory ki ek patni chhaya thi, chhaya dikhane men bhaynkar kali thi isi vajah se unaki sntan yamaraj aur yamuna bhi shyam varn paida hue. yamuna se yamaraj se varadan le rakha hai ki jo bhi vyakti yamuna men snan karega use yamalok nahin jana padega. dipavali ke doosare din yam dvitiya ko yamuna aur yamaraj ke milan bataya gaya hai. isi vajah se is din bhaee-bahan ke lie 'bhaee dooj' ke roop men manaya jata hai.[1]

katha

soory bhagavan ki stri ka nam 'sngya devi' tha. inaki do sntanen, putr yamaraj tatha kanya yamuna thi. sngya devi pati soory ki uddipt kiranon ko n sah sakane ke karan uttari dhruv pradesh men chhaya ban kar rahane lagin. usi chhaya se tapti nadi tatha shanichar ka janm hua. idhar chhaya ka 'yam' tatha 'yamuna' se vimata sa vyavahar hone laga. isase khinn hokar yam ne apani ek nee nagari yamapuri basaee, yamapuri men papiyon ko dand dene ka kary sampadit karate bhaee ko dekhakar yamunaji go lok chali aeen jo ki krishnavatar ke samay bhi thi.
manachitr men gnga aur yamuna ka sngam, ilahabad (1885)

yamuna apane bhaee yamaraj se bada sneh karati thi. vah usase barabar nivedan karati ki vah usake ghar akar bhojan karen. lekin yamaraj apane kam men vyast rahane ke karan yamuna ki bat ko tal jate the. bahut samay vyatit ho jane par ek din sahasa yam ko apani bahan ki yad aee. unhonne dooton ko bhejakar yamuna ki khoj karavaee, magar vah mil n sakin. phir yamaraj svayn hi golok ge jahan vishram ghat par yamunaji se bhent huee. bhaee ko dekhate hi yamunaji ne harsh vibhor hokar unaka svagat satkar kiya tatha unhen bhojan karavaya. isase prasann ho yam ne var mangane ko kaha – yamuna ne kaha – he bhiya! main apase yah varadan mangana chahati hoon ki mere jal men snan karane vale nar-nari yamapuri n jaen. prashn bada kathin tha, yam ke aisa var dene se yamapuri ka astitv hi samapt ho jata. bhaee ko asamnjas men dekh kar yamuna bolin – ap chinta n karen mujhe yah varadan den ki jo log aj ke din bahan ke yahan bhojan karake, is mathura nagari sthit vishram ghat par snan karen ve tumhare lok ko n jaen. ise yamaraj ne svikar kar liya. unhonne bahan yamunaji ko ashvasan diya – ‘is tithi ko jo sajjan apani bahan ke ghar bhojan nahin karenge unhen main bandhakar yamapuri le jaoonga aur tumhare jal men snan karane valon ko svarg hoga.’ tabhi se yah tyohar manaya jata hai.

braj men yamuna

mathura men yamuna ke 24 ghat hain jinhen tirth bhi kaha jata hai. braj men yamuna ka mahattv vahi hai jo sharir men atma ka, yamuna ke bina braj aur braj ki snskriti ka koee mahattv hi nahin hai. pashchimi himalay se nikal kar uttar pradesh evn hariyana ki sima ke sahare sahare 95 mil ka safar kar uttari saharanapur (maidani ilaqa) pahunchati hai. phir yah dilli, agara se hoti huee ilahabad men gnga nadi men mil jati hai (kul lambaee 1370 kilomitar ya 852 mil), jo sngam ke nam se prasiddh hai. brajamndal ki to yamuna ek matr mahattvapoorn nadi hai . jahan bhagavanh shri krishn braj snskriti ke janak kahe jate hain, vahan yamuna isaki janani mani jati hai. is prakar yah sachche arthon men brajavasiyon ki mata hai. atah braj men ise yamuna maiya kahana sarvatha sarthak hai. bharatavarsh ki sarvadhik pavitr aur prachin nadiyon men yamuna ki ganana gnga ke sath ki jati hai. yamuna aur gnga ke doab ki punyabhoomi men hi aryon ki puratan snskriti ka gauravashali roop ban saka tha. jahan tak braj snskriti ka snbadh hai, yamuna ko keval nadi kahana hi paryapt nahin hai. vastutah yah braj snskriti ki sahayak, isaki dirghakalin parampara ki prerak aur yahan ki dharmik bhavana ki pramukh adhar rahi hai.

Seealso.gifyamuna ka ullekh in lekhon men bhi hai: mathura, gnga nadi, prayag, poorvi yamuna nahar, brahmaputr nadi, agara nahar, kalindi nadi evn yamunotri
yamuna
mathura nagar ka yamuna nadi par se vihngam drishy
Panoramic View of Mathura Across The Yamuna

yam–dvitiya

kartik sudi dauj ko vishram ghat par bhaee–bahan hath pakadakar ek sath snan karate hain . yah braj ka bahut bada parv hai . yam ki bahan yamuna hai aur vishvas hai ki aj ke din jo bhaee–bahan yamuna men snan karate hain, yam unaka kuchh nahin bigad sakata . yahan yamuna snan ke lie lakhon men door–door se shrriddhalu ate hain aur vishram ghat par snan kar pooja archana karate hain . ise bhaee dooj bhi kahate hain aur bahanen bhaee ko roli ka tika bhi karati hain .


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

vithika

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. yamuna nadi kali kyon hai? (hindi) (ech.ti.em.el) dainik bhaskar. abhigaman tithi: 21 julaee, 2011.

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