रफ़ी अहमद क़िदवई  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

rafi ahamad qidavee
rafi ahamad qidavee
poora nam rafi ahamad qidavee
janm 18 faravari, 1894
janm bhoomi barabnki zila, uttar pradesh
mrityu 24 aktoobar, 1954
mrityu sthan dilli
mrityu karan hridayaghat
nagarikata bharatiy
parti kangres
pad uttar pradesh ke grihamntri
shiksha snatak
vidyalay e.em.o. kaaulej, aligadh
jel yatra british sarakar ke viruddh prachar karane ke abhiyog men unhen giraftar kar liya gaya aur das mahine jel men band rahe.

rafi ahamad qidavee (angrezi: Rafi Ahmed Kidwai, janm: 18 faravari, 1894; mrityu: 24 aktoobar, 1954) svatntrata senani aur desh ke pramukh rajanitigy the. kangres ke andar jab svarajy parti ka gathan hua to qidavee usamen sammilit ho gaye. 1926 men ve svarajy parti ke tikat par kendriy vyavasthapika sabha ke sadasy nirvachit hue aur vahan svarajy parti ke pramukh sachetak banae gaye.

parichay

rafi ahamad qidavee ka janm 18 faravari, 1894 ko uttar pradesh ke barabnki zile ke masauli namak sthan par hua tha. unake pita ek zamindar aur sarakari adhikari the. rafi ahamad qidavee ki arambhik shiksha barabnki men huee aur aligadh ke e.em.o. kaaulej se unhonne apani snatak ki shiksha poori ki. qanoon ki shiksha poori nahin ho paee thi ki mahatma gandhi ke ahvan par asahayog andolan men sammilit ho gaye. rafi ahamad qidavee ka vivah sanh‌ 1918 men hua tha, jisase unhen ek putr hua. durbhagyavash bachcha sat varsh ki ayu men hi chal basa.

jel yatra

british sarakar ke viruddh prachar karane ke abhiyog men unhen giraftar kar liya gaya aur das mahine jel men band rahe. unaka poora jivan svatntrata sngram aur vibhinn prashasanik padon ke dvara deshaseva ko hi samarpit raha.

sachiv ke roop men

rafi ahamad qidavee ki sngathan kshamata se pndit motilal neharoo vishesh roop se prabhavit the. unhonne inhen ilahabad bulakar apana niji sachiv bana liya.

rajanitik jivan

svarajy parti men sammilit

kangres ke andar jab svarajy parti ka gathan hua to qidavee usamen sammilit ho gaye. 1926 men ve svarajy parti ke tikat par kendriy vyavasthapika sabha ke sadasy nirvachit hue aur vahan svarajy parti ke pramukh sachetak banae gaye.

sadasyata se tyagapatr

1930 men kangres ke nishchayanusar unhonne bhi sadasyata se tyagapatr de diya aur namak satyagrah ki samapti ke bad pndit javaharalal neharoo ke sath avadh ke kisanon ko sngathit karane men lag gaye.

vidhan sabha ke sadasy

1935 ka shasan vidhan lagoo hote samay rafi ahamad qidavee uttar pradesh kangres kameti ke adhyaksh the. muslim lig dvara unake khilaf phailae ge vatavaran ke karan unhen pahali bar chunav men saphalata nahin mili aur upachunav ke dvara ve uttar pradesh vidhan sabha ke sadasy bane.

rajasv mntri

1937 men pndit govind vallabh pnt ke netritv men jo pahala mntrimndal bana, usamen ve rajasv mntri banae ge. zamindari unmoolan ka niti snbndhi nirnay unhin ke samay men hua tha.

vibhajan ke samay

1946 men bhi ve pahale rajasvamntri aur bad men uttar pradesh ke grihamntri bane. isi samay desh ka vibhajan hua aur kuchh snkirn drishti ke kshetron men unake grihamntri pad par rahane ki alochana hone lagi. is par neharoo ji ne unhen kendriy snchar aur nagarik mntri ke roop men dilli bula liya. sngathan men kuchh aur vichar bhed hone ke karan kuchh samay ke lie ve kangres sngathan aur mntrimndal se alag hokar 'kisan mazadoor prajaparti' ke sadasy ban ge the. par neharoo ji ke kangres adhyaksh banate hi pun: dal men vapas a ge. isake bad unhonne kendr men khady aur krishimntri ka pad bhar sambhala. shasan ke sabhi padon par chahe pradesh ho ya kendr unhonne apani chhap chhodi aur prashasanik kshamata ke naye mapadnd sthapit kie.

kisan majadoor praja parti ki sadasyata

javaharalal ji ki samajavad men astha thi aur saradar patel dakshinapnthi vicharadhara ke poshak the. kangres sngathan par saradar ka adhikar tha. yadyapi saradar patel ne neharoo ji ko pradhanamntri svikar kar liya tha, tathapi kidavee ko is katu saty ka spasht bhan tha ki saradar patel ki upasthiti men neharoo ji shasan ke namamatr ke adhyaksh rahenge. ve neharoo ji ka marg nishkntak banana chahate the, jisase kangres ki satta unake hath men ho. raphi ahamad apane prayas men viphal rahe. uttar pradesh men raphi-samooh ke vidhayakon par anushasanahinata ke arop lagakar usake netaon ko kangres se nishkasit kar diya gaya. raphi-samooh virodh paksh men a gaya. mee, 1951 men kangres mahasamiti ki ahoot baithak men tndan ji se samajhauta n hone par achary kripalani ne kangres se tyagapatr de diya, par raphi ki anishchay ki sthiti bani rahi. yadi ve neharoo ji ka moh tyagakar kangres se prithak hi ge hote to ya to rajaniti men samapt ho jate ya desh ke sarvochch neta hote aur shighr hi shasan ki bagador unake hath men a jati. julaee men bngalaur adhiveshan se nirash hokar unhonne kangres ki prarnbhik sadasyata aur kendriy mntrimndal se tyagapatr de diya aur kisan majadoor praja parti ki sadasyata svikar kar li. javaharalal ji ke kangres adhyaksh nirvachit hone ke pashchath‌ raphi ahamad pun: kangres men laut ae.

khady evn krishi mntri

sanh‌ 1952 men baharaich snsadiy nirvachan kshetr se vijayi hone ke pashchath‌ ve bharat ke khady aur krishi mntri niyukt hue. snchar aur nagarik uddayan mntri ke roop men kee krantikari karyon ke liye unhonne paryapt khyati arjit ki thi. sabhi ko shnka thi ki sada se ashubh khady mntralay unake rajanitik bhavishy ke liye bhi ashubh siddh hoga. par kidavee ne chamatkar kar diya. kritrim abhav ki sthiti ko samapt karane ke lie manovaigyanik upachar ke avashyak pag uthae aur khadyann vyapar ko niyntran mukt kar diya. prakriti ne bhi kidavee ka sath diya. yah unaki rajanitik pratishtha ka charamotkarsh tha.[1]

vyaktitv

shri qidavee rashtravadi, dharmanirapeksh tatha vishvasaniy vyakti the. unake vyavahar men kritrimata nahin thi. pratipakshi ki sahayata karane men bhi sada age rahate the.

nidhan

rafi ahamad qidavee ka 24 aktoobar, 1954 ko dilli men hriday gati ruk jane se dehant ho gaya.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. hindi vishvakosh, khand 3 |prakashak: nagari pracharini sabha, varanasi |snkalan: bharat diskavari pustakalay |prishth snkhya: 6 |

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