रमज़ान  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

ramazan
namaz padhati mahila
any nam mahe ramazan, ramadan
anuyayi muslim
uddeshy is mah men navafil ka savab sunnaton ke barabar aur har sunnat ka savab farz ke barabar aur har farz ka savab 70 farz ke barabar kar diya jata hai. is mah men har neki par 70 neki ka savab hota. is mah men allah ke inamon ki barish hoti hai.
utsav is poore mah men roze rakhe jate hain aur is dauran isha ki namaz ke sath 20 rakat namaz men quran majid suna jata hai, jise taravih kahate hain.
dharmik manyata bhookhe ko khana khilana bhi bahut bada puny hai aur jisane kisi bhookhe ko khilaya aur pilaya allah use jannat ke phal khilaega aur jannat ke nahar se pilaega.
pakavan baqarakhani, khajala, pheni, khajoor aur seviyan
any janakari ramazan ke mahine men allah ki taraf se hazarat mohammad sahab sallaho alahai v sallam par quran sharif nazil (utara) tha. is mahine ki barakat men allah ne bataya ki isamen mere bnde meri ibadat karen. is mahine ke akhari das dinon men ek rat aisi hai jise shabe qadr kahate hain. shabe qadr ka arth hai, vah rat jisaki qadr ki jae. yah rat jag kar allah ki ibadat men guzar di jati hai.

mahe ramazan shabd 'ramz' se liya gaya hai, jisaka arth hota hai- "chhote pattharon par padane vali soory ki atyadhik garmi". mahe ramazan eeshvariy namon men se ek nam hai. isi mahine men pavitr quran nazil hua tha. yah eeshvar ka mahina hai. is mahine ki jitani bhi prashnsa ki jae, vah kam hai.

ramazan kya hai?

ramazan mahine ka nam hai, jis prakar hindi mahine chaitr, vaishakh, jyeshth, ashadh, savan, bhadrapad, ashvin, kartik, agahan, paush, magh, phalgun hote hain aur angrezi mahine janavari, faravari, march, aprel, mee, joon, julaee, agast, sitnbar, aktoobar, navnbar, disnbar hote hain. usi prakar, muslim mahine, moharram, safar, rabiul avval, rabiul akhir, jamadi-ul-avval, jamadi-ul-akhir, rajab, shaban, ramazan, shavval, zilaqad aur zilahijj: ye barah mahine ate hain.

shabe qadr

ramazan ke mahine men allah ki taraf se hazarat mohammad sahab sallaho alahai v sallam par quran sharif nazil[1] tha. is mahine ki barakat men allah ne bataya ki- "isamen mere bnde meri ibadat karen." is mahine ke akhari das dinon men ek rat aisi hai, jise shabe qadr kahate hain. 21, 23, 25, 27, 29 ven men shabe qadr ko talash karate hain. yah rat hazar mahine ki ibadat karane se bhi adhik behatar hoti hai. shabe qadr ka arth hai- "vah rat jisaki qadr ki jae." yah rat jag kar allah ki ibadat men guzar di jati hai.

panch farz

allah ne apane bndon par jo panch chizen farz ki hain, ve is prakar hain-

  1. kalima-e-tayaiba
  2. namaz
  3. haj
  4. roza
  5. zakat

inhen islam ke khas 'sutoon'[2] kahate hain. ramazan islamik kailendar ka nauvan mahina hai. ramazan barakaton vala mahina hai, is mahe mubarak men allah apane bndo ko beintiha nyamaton se navazata hai. isi pavitr mahine men allah rabbul ijjat ne quran pegnbar hazarat muhammad sahab par nazil faramaya. ramazan mahine ke ant par tin dinon tak eed manayi jati hai.[3]

tin bhag

ramazan islami mahine ka nauvan mahina hai. isaka nam bhi islamik kailendar ke nauven mahine se bana hai. yah mahina islam ke sabase pak mahinon men shumar kiya jata hai. islam ke sabhi anuyaiyon ko is mahine men roza, namaz, phitara adi karane ki salah di gee hai. ramazan ke mahine ko aur tin hisson men banta gaya hai. har hisse men das-das din ate hain. har das din ke hisse ko 'ashara' kahate hain, jisaka matalab arabi men 10 hai. is tarah isi mahine men poori quran nali huee, jo islam ki pak kitab hai. quran ke doosare pare ke ayat nnbar 183 men roza rakhana har muslim ke lie zaroori bataya gaya hai. roza sirph bhookhe, pyase rahane ka nam nahin balki ashlil ya galat kam se bachana hai. isaka matalab hamen hamare sharirik aur manasik donon ke kamon ko niyntran men rakhana hai. is mubarak mahine men kisi tarah ke jhagade़ ya gusse se na sirph mana pharamaya gaya hai, balki kisi se gila shikava hai to usase maphi mang kar samaj men ekata kayam karane ki salah di gee hai. isake sath ek tay rakam ya saman garibon men bantane ki hidayat hai, jo samaj ke garib logon ke lie bahut hi madadagar hai.[4]

ramazan men namaz ada karate log

roza

roze ko arabi men som kahate hain, jisaka matalab hai rukana. roza yani tamam buraiyon se rukana ya parahez karana. zaban se galat ya bura nahin bolana, ankh se galat nahin dekhana, kan se galat nahin sunana, hath-pair tatha sharir ke any hisson se koee najayaz amal nahin karana. kisi ko bhala bura nahin kahana. har vaqt khuda ki ibadat karana.

hazarat mohammad ka kathan

hazarat mohammad sahab sallaho alahai ne faramaya hai ki char baton ko is mahine men khoob karo, jinamen se do chize allah ko razi karane ke lie hain. vah yah ki pahala kalima khoob padho aur ash‍tagaphar khoob padho. doosari do chijen apane fayade ke lie hain. vah yah ki janh‍nat ki dua karo aur jahanh‍num se bachane ki dua mango.

kalima - "la ilaha ilal la mohamh‍madur rasoolulh‍lah."
hadison men isako sabase achh‍chha zikr mana gaya hai. agar saton asaman, saton zamin aur unake abad karane vale[5], sare farishh‍te, chand-sooraj, sare pahad, sare samudr tarajoo ke ek palade men rakh die jaen aur ek taraf yah kalama rakh diya jae to kalame vala hish‍sa bhari pad jaega. isalie yah kalima chalate-phirate, uthate-baithate padhate rahana chahie.

ash‍tagaphar - "ash‍tagaphirulh‍la hal lazi lailaha ilh‍la huval hayil kayum v atubu ilaihi."
hadison men aya hai ki jo shakhh‍s ash‍tagaphar ko khoob padhata hai, alh‍lah pak har tngi men usake lie rash‍ta nikal deta hai aur har du:kh ko door kar dete hain aur usake lie aisi jagah se roji-rojagar pahunchata hai ki use guman bhi nahin hota. 'hadis' men aya hai ki adami gunahagar to hota hi hai, par behatarin gunahagar vah hai, jo tauba karate rahe. jab adami gunah karata hai to ek kala nukh‍ta usake dil par lag jata hai. agar tauba kar leta hai to vah dhul jata hai varana baki rahata hai.

dauzakh se panah mangen aur janh‍nat men jane ki dua karen. ham jab bhi alh‍lah se janh‍nat ki dua karen to janh‍natul phirados mangen, kh‍yonki janh‍nat ke bhi kee darjen hote hain aur sabase ooncha darja janh‍natul phirados hai. jab mang hi rahe hain to sabase oonchi chiz mangen, kh‍yonki us dene vale (alh‍lah) ke khazane men koee kami nahin hai. ham mang-mang kar thak jaenge par vah dekar nahin thakata.[6]

barakaton vala mahina

namaziyon ka hujoom

ramazan ki kee phazilat hain. is mah men navafil ka savab sunnaton ke barabar aur har sunnat ka savab farz ke barabar aur har farz ka savab 70 farz ke barabar kar diya jata hai. is mah men har neki par 70 neki ka savab hota. is mah men allah ke inamon ki barish hoti hai.[3]

ibadat

is mahine men shaitan ko qaid kar diya jata hai, taki vah allah ke bndon ki ibadat men khalal n dal sake. is poore mah men roze rakhe jate hain aur is dauran isha ki namaz ke sath 20 rakat namaz men quran majid suna jata hai, jise taravih kahate hain. is mahine men akash tatha svarg ke dvar khul jate hain tatha narak ke dvar bnd ho jate hain. is mahine ki ek rat ki upasana, jise 'shabe qadr' ke nam se jana jata hai, ek hazar mahinon ki upasana se badh kar hai. is mahine men roza rakhane vale ka kartavy, eeshvar ki adhik se adhik prarthana karana hai.

roze ka maqasad

roze ka maqasad sirf bhookhe-pyase rahana hi nahin hai, balki allah ki ibadat karake use razi karana hai. roza poore sharir ka hota hai. roze ki halat men n kuchh galat bat munh se nikali jae aur n hi kisi ke bare men koee chuhgali ki jae. zaban se sirf allah ka zikr hi kiya jae, jisase roza apane sahi maqasad tak pahunch sake. roze ka asal maqasad hai ki bnda apani zindagi men takva le ae. vah allah ki ibadat kare aur apane nek amal aur husne sulook se poori insaniyat ko fayada pahunchae. allah hamen kahane-sunane se zyada amal ki taufik de.[3]

sehari

roze rakhane ke lie sab se pahale sehari khaya jae kyonki sehari khane men barakat hai, sehari kahate hain subah sadiq se pahale jo kuchh uplabdh ho use roza rakhane ki niyat se kha liya jae. rasool mohammad (sallallahu alaihi vasallam) ne pharamaya, "sehari khao kyon ki sehari khane men barakat hai." ek doosari hadis men aya hai, "sehari khao chahe ek ghoont pani hi pi lo"

ramazan men roza iftar ki davat

roza iftar

bhookhe ko khana khilana bhi bahut bada puny hai aur jisane kisi bhookhe ko khilaya aur pilaya allah use jannat ke phal khilaega aur jannat ke nahar se pilaega. jo rozedar ko iftar karaega to use rozedar ke barabar savab (puny) milega aur donon ke savab men kami n hogi jaisa ki rasool mohammad (sallallahu alaihi vasallam) ka pharaman hai "jisane kisi rozedar ko iftar karaya to use rozedar ke barabar savab (puny) prapt hoga magar rozedar ke savab men kuhchh bhi kami n hogi" (musanad ahamad tatha sunan nasee)[7]

ramazan ke nirale zayake

baqarakhani

baqarakhani ramazan ke alava doosare mahinon men nasib nahin hoti, kyonki ek din ke bad hi isaka svad badal jata hai. ise ek khas tapaman par pakaya jata hai. dekhane men yah biskut ki tarah hoti hai. taji baqarakhani ke svad ka kahana hi kya.

khajala, pheni aur seviyan

ramazan ka khas pakavan hai khajala, pheni aur seviyan. inhen doodh men bhigo kar khaya jata hai, jo ramazan ka paushtik ahar hota hai. sookhi seveen chini, khoya aur mava ke sath jab taiyar hoti hai to log anguli chatate rah jate hain. ye sahari ke vaqt ka khas pakavan hai.

khajoor

khajoor se roja kholana sunnat hai. khajoor eeran, eeraq, pakistan, soodi arab, misr aur hindustan men gujarat se ata hai.

phroot chat

amataur par iftar ki phroot chat men kela, amarud, papita, seb, kharabooza, anar, tarabooz adi ka istemal kiya jata hai. iftar se adha ek ghnta poorv sabhi phalon ko chhote-chhote tukadon men kat kar oopar se chini aur chat masala dal diya jata hai, kyonki 15 ghnton ke roze ke bad inase tarotazagi ka ahasas hota hai aur ye taqat bhi dete hain.

svadisht mithaee feni kharidati mahila

pakaudiyan, chane

ramazan ke dinon men iftar ke samay ke sntulit ahar hain pakaudiyan v chane, jo desh ke har kone men rozedar ke dastarakhan par zaroor hote hain. pyaj, palak, baingan, gobhi, aloo, dal, n jane kitane tarah ke pakaudon ka svad ek sath milata hai.

mithaiyan

shahi tukade, phirani, khir, halava aur mitha pulav bhi ramazan ke dinon men bazaron ki shobha badhate hain. sahari ke vaqt choonki halka-phulka khane ko kaha gaya hai, isalie log inhin mithi chizon se sahari karate hain.

mugalee mithaiyan

habshi halava aur tarah-tarah ke mave se bani mugalee mithaiyon ki bat hi nirali hai. inaka saubhagy apako ramazan men milega. rajadhani dilli, lakhanoo aur haidarabad ki dukanon men ye saji mil jaengi.

sharabat

sardiyon ki bat hi chhod den. ab to agale 20 sal tak tapish bhari garami men hi ramazan ka mubaraq mahina rahega, isalie khajoor se roza kholane ke bad pani ki jagah log tarah-tarah ke sharabaton se apane gale ko tar karenge.[8] inhen bhi dekhen: eed-ul-fitar evn ramazan -firadaus khan


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. utara
  2. stnbh
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 khan, sharaphat. ramazan : barakaton vala mahina (hindi) (ech.ti.em.el) veb duniya. abhigaman tithi: 31 agast, 2010.
  4. ramajan ka pavitr mahina (hindi). . abhigaman tithi: 30 joon, 2014.
  5. yani sare insan aur jinh‍nat
  6. ramajan mubarak (hindi). . abhigaman tithi: 30 joon, 2014.
  7. ramazan ke mahine men ki jane vali ibadaten (hindi) navin jivan. abhigaman tithi: 31 agast, 2010.
  8. ramazan ke nirale zayake (hindi) (ech.ti.em.el) hindustan. abhigaman tithi: 31 agast, 2010.

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