रमण महर्षि  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

raman maharshi
raman maharshi
poora nam venkataraman ayyar
janm 30 disambar, 1879
janm bhoomi tiruchuli ganv, tamilanadu
mrityu 14 aprail, 1950
mrityu sthan raman ashram, tamilanadu
abhibhavak sundaram ayyar
karm bhoomi bharat
karm-kshetr adhyatm tatha samaj seva.
bhasha tamil
prasiddhi mahan rishi v samaj sevak.
vishesh yogadan maharshi ne bharat ke sath-sath pashchim ke kee deshon men apana ujala phailakar desh ko gauravanvit kiya tatha manav jati ki bahumooly seva ki.
nagarikata bharatiy
ashram raman ashram, tamilanadu
any janakari raman maharshi ke snpark men ane par asim shanti ka anubhav hota tha. aj bhi log shanti ki khoj men tiruvannamalaee sthit raman maharshi ke ashram 'arunachala pahadi' aur 'arunachaleshvar mndir' men jate hain.

raman maharshi (angrezi: Ramana Maharshi, janm- 30 disambar, 1879, tiruchuli ganv, tamilanadu; mrityu- 14 aprail, 1950, raman ashram, tamilanadu) bisavin sadi ke mahanh snt the, jinhonne tamilanadu sthit pavitr arunachala pahadi par gahan sadhana ki thi. unhen keval bharat men hi apitu videsho men bhi shant rishi ke roop men jana jata hai. unhonne atm vichar par bahut bal diya tha. raman maharshi ke snpark men ane par asim shanti ka anubhav hota tha. aj bhi log shanti ki khoj men tiruvannamalaee sthit raman maharshi ke ashram arunachala pahadi aur arunachaleshvar mndir men jate hain. maharshi ne bharat ke sath-sath pashchim ke kee desho men apana ujala phailakar desh ko gauravanvit kiya tatha manav jati ki bahumooly seva ki. bharat ke adhyatmik ladale sapooton men raman maharshi ka nam agragany hai.

janm

raman maharshi ka janm 30 disambar, san 1879 men maduree, tamilanadu ke pas 'tiruchuli' namak ganv men hua tha. inaka janm 'adr darshan', bhagavan shiv ka prasiddh parv, ke din hua tha.[1] janm ke bad raman ke mata-pita ne unaka nam venkataraman ayyar rakha tha. ye apane pita sundaram ayyar ki char sntanon men se doosare the. bad ke samay men venkataraman ayyar 'raman maharshi' ke nam se vishv men prasiddh hue.

shiksha

jivan ke arambhik varshon men venkataraman men kuchh bhi ullekhaniy nahin tha. ve ek samany balak ke roop men hi vikasit hue the. unhen tiruchuli ke ek praimari skool men tatha bad men dindukkal ke ek skool men shiksha ke lie bheja gaya. jab ve barah varsh ke the, tabhi inake pita ka dehavasan ho gaya. aisi sthiti men unhen parivar ke sath apane chacha subb ayyar ke sath madurai men rahane ki avashyakata padi. madurai men unhen pahale 'skat midil skool' tatha bad men 'amerikan mishan haeeskool' men bheja gaya. yadyapi vah tivr buddhi evn tivr smaran shakti se sampann the, kintu phir bhi apani padhaee ke prati gnbhir nahin the.[2]

balashali sharir

venkataraman svasth evn shaktishali sharir se yukt the. isilie unake sathi unaki takat se darate the. venkataraman bahut gahari nind sote the. inaki nind itani gahari hoti thi ki unake sathiyon men se yadi kabhi kisi ko venkataraman se narajagi rahati to ve unase gahari nidravastha men badala lete the. unhen soya janakar kahin door jakar pitate the to bhi unaki nind nahin jhulati thi.

adhyatmik anubhav

bachapan se hi raman ko lagata tha ki 'arunachala'[3] men kuchh rahasyamay hai, jisako samajh pana zaroori hai. jab vah 16 sal ke the to unake yahan ek bujurg milane ke lie aye. raman ke poochhane par bujurg ne bataya ki vo arunachala se aye hain. yah janakar venkataraman unase bahut kuchh poochhane ke lie utsuk ho ge aur arunachala ke bare men bujurg se kee saval poochhe. ek doosari ghatana ne raman ka dhyan arunachala ki or akarshit kiya aur unaki gahari adhyatmik bhavana ko jagrat kiya. unhonne 63 shiv snto se sambndhit ek dharmik pustak padhi. yah unaka pahala dharmik sahity tha. isako padhakar vah bahut romanchit hue. pustak men die ge pavitr snto ke udaharan unake hriday ko chhoo gaye. isane unake hriday men tyag aur parameshvar ke prati prem ki bhavana ko jagrat kar diya. raman ko 17 varsh ki avastha men adhyatmik anubhav hua.

ek din raman ekant men apane chacha ke ghar ki pahali mnjil par baithe the. hamesha ki tarah ven poornatah svasth the. achanak se unhen mrityu ke bhay ka anubhav hua. unhonne mahasoos kiya ki ve marane ke lie ja rahe hain. aisa kyon ho raha tha, vah nahin janate the. lekin ane vali mrityu se ve baukhalae nahin. unhonne shantipoorvak socha ki kya karana chahie. unhonne apane ap se kaha- "ab mrityu a gayi hai!" isaka kya matalab hai? vah kya hai jo mar raha hai? yah sharir mar jata hai. vah tatkal let ge. apane hath pairon ko sakht kar liya aur sans ko rokakar hothon ko bnd kar liya. is samay unaka jaivik sharir ek shav ke saman tha. ab kya hoga? yah sharir ab mar chuka hai. yah ab jala diya jayega aur rakh men badal jayega. lekin sharir ki mrityu ke sath kya main bhi mar gaya hoon? kya main sharir hoon? yah sharir to shant aur nishkriy hai. lekin main to apani poorn shakti aur yahan tak ki avaj ko bhi mahasoos kar pa raha hoon. main is sharir se pare ek atma hoon. sharir mar jata hai, par atma ko mrityu nahin chhoo pati. main amar atma hoon. bad men raman ne is anubhav ko apane bhakton ko sunaya aur bataya ki yah anubhav tark ki prakriya se pare hai. unhonne sidhe sach ko jana aur mrityu ka dar sada ke lie gayab ho gaya. is prakar yuva venkataraman ne bina kisi sadhana ke apane ap ko adhyatmikata ke shikhar par paya. ahnkar svayn jagarookata ki badh men kahin kho gaya. achanak ek ladaka jo ki venkataraman ke nam se jana jata tha, ek sadhu aur snt men badal gaya. ab vah ek poorn atm-gyan ke sath vikasit gyani bhi tha.[1]

jivan parivartan v grih tyag

yuva rishi ka jivan achanak badal gaya. jo vastuen pahale moolyavan thin, unhonne apana mooly kho diya. adhyayan, mitr, rishtedar, parivar adi ka unake jivan men koee mahatv nahin rah gaya. vah poori tarah apane parivesh ke prati udasin ho gaye. vinay, gair pratirodhakata aur any gun unake shrngar ban gaye. akele baithate aur svny ko dhyan men lin rakhate. vah roj 'minakshi mndir' jate aur har bar bhagavan aur snto ki moortiyon ke samane khade hokar ek umng ka anubhav karate. unaki ankhon se lagatar ansoo bahate rahate. ek nee drishti lagatar unake sath thi. 17 varsh ki alpayu men hi raman ka vyavahar ek yogi ke saman tha. unake adhyatmik anubhav ke 6 saptah bad hi ek ghatana ne unako ghar-bar chhodane ke lie prerit kar diya. raman ke angrezi ke shikshak ne unaki padhaee ki or udasinata ko dekhate hue unhen ek adhyay ko tin bar likhane ke lie saja ke roop men diya. unhonne do bar to likha, lekin tisari bar isaki nirarthakata ko janakar likhana chhod diya. kagaz, kitab ek taraf rakh die aur ankh bnd karake gahare dhyan men chale gaye. isake bad unhonne ghar chhodane ka phaisala kar liya. unhen pata tha ki unhen kahan jana hai. unhonne pavitr arunachala parvat ki yatra prarnbh kar di. unhonne ghar valon ke lie ek chitthi likhi, jisamen likha tha- "main bhagavan ki khoj men unake adeshanusar ja raha hoon...".

tiruvannamalaee agaman

maduree se tiruvannamalaee lagabhag 400 kilomitar door hai. raman ne yah yatra mukhyata rel aur baki paidal chalakar poorn ki. raste men anek kathinaiyon ka samana karana pada. kee bar bhookha hi sona padata. paidal chalane aur bhojan n milane se moorchhit ho jate the. unhen is avastha men dekhakar log unaki sahayata karate aur khana dete. lekin ye sab kathinaiyan raman ka manobal kam n kar sakin aur antatah ven tiruvannamalaee pahunch ge. vahan pahunchakar ven jaldi se pavitr arunachaleshvar mndir pahunche. is samay mndir bilkul khali tha. vahan par mndir ke pujari bhi nahin the. raman sidhe mndir ke garbhagrih men chale gaye. jaise hi ven arunachaleshvar ke samane khade hue, unhen akathaniy annd ka anubhav hua. ve yatra men hue sabhi katu-anubhav bhool ge. vah mndir se bahar aye aur shahar ki galiyon men ghoome. unhonne aupacharik taur par sannyas nahin liya. jab kisi ne unase poochha ki kya vah apana mundan karana chahate hain to unhonne apani sahamati de di. mundan karane ke bad ve mndir vapas a gaye. pavitr arunachaleshvar mndir hi tiruvannalaee men unaka pahala ghar tha.[1]

patal lingam

kuchh saptah tak ve mndir ke hajar khambon vale haaul men rahe. lekin vahan par kuchh shaitan ladake patthar phenkakar unake dhyan men vighn dalate. tab unhonne apane ap ko ek bhoomigat sthan par sthantarit kar liya, jise ajakal patal lingam ke nam se jana jata hai. yahan unhonne kee din samadhi aur dhyan men bitaye. samadhi ke samay ve gahari dhyan avastha men chale jate, jisase unako kide aur chitiyan ke katane ka bhi anubhav n hota. ant men unako bhakton dvara 'patal lingam' se bahar nikala gaya. isake bad unhonne kee sthan badale. ve kabhi kisi se bat nahin karate the. aisa nahin tha ki unhonne maun ka vrat liya tha, balki unaki bat karane ki ichchha hi nahin hoti thi. raman maharshi ki tapasya aur samadhi dekhakar unaka yash sab taraf phailane laga. kuchh samay uparant raman ke parivar valon ko pata lag gaya ki ven arunachala men hain. unaki man ne raman ko ghar le jane ki bahut koshish ki, lekin ve shant rahe aur man ko koee javab nahin diya. man ke kee dinon tak prayas karane ke bad raman ne ek prishth par likhakar kaha- "sabhi manushyon ke kary unake prarabdh karm se nirdharit hote hain. jo nahin hona hai, vah nahin hoga, bhale hi ap use karane ke lie athak parishram kar len. jo hona hai, vah hokar rahega, bhale hi ap use rokane ki koshish karate rahen. yah nishchit hai. buddhimatta isi men hai ki shant rahen." maharshi ka dridh nishchay dekhakar unaki man nirash aur bhari man se vapas laut ayi.

shikshaen

kuchh samay ke pashchath maharshi arunachala parvat par 'virupaksh' namak gufa men rahane lage. yahan par bhi bhakton ne unase adhyatmik prashn karana jari rakha. kuchh prashnon ka javab ve isharon se aur baki ka javab likhakar dete the. yahin par 1902 men 'shiv prakasam pillai' namak vyakti raman ke pas 14 prashn slet par likhakar laye. inhin 14 prashnon ke uttar raman ki pahali shikshaen hai. inamen atm nirikshan ki vidhi hai, jo ki tamil men nan yar aur angrezi men hoo ऍm aee ke nam se prakashit ki gayi. us samay ke prasiddh snskrit vidvanh ganapati achary 1907 men raman se milane ge aur unase apane adhyatmik sndeh par bat ki. ganapati achary ne bataya ki jo kuchh bhi adhyatmikata ke bare men padha ja sakata hai, mainne padha hai, yahan tak ki vedant shastron ki bhi mujhe poorn samajh hai. jap bhi main apane hriday se karata hoon. lekin phir bhi 'tapas' kya hai, ab tak samajh nahin paya hoon? yahi janane ke lie apaki sharan main aya hoon. raman 15 minat tak unaki ankhon men shant hokar dekhate rahe aur phir bole- "agar koee yah dekh pae ki 'main' ke bhav ka udbhav kahan se hota hai to usaka man usi sthan par avashoshit ho jayega, aur yahi tapas hai. agar koee dekh pae ki mntr bolate samay mntr ki dhvani kahan se paida hoti hai, to usaka man usi sthan par avashoshit ho jayega, aur yahi tapas hai." yah rahasyodghatan janakar vidvanh shastri ne unake samane atm-samarpan kar diya aur unhen bhagavan v maharshi ke nam se snbodhit kiya. shastri ne bad men raman-gita likhi, jisamen maharshi ki shikshaon ke bare men bataya gaya hai. raman maharshi ke shishyon ne unake lie ek ashram aur mndir ka nirman kiya, jahan par desh aur videsh se bhakt akar rahate the.[1]

man ki mukti

kuchh samay bad raman ki mata bhi ashram men akar rahane lagin. yahan par unhonne rasoee ka karyabhar snbhala aur adhyatmik jivan ka gahan prashikshan prapt kiya. unaki man ki tabiyat kharab rahane lagi. raman ab apana samay man ki seva-susushra men bitane lage. ek din subah ke samay ve apani man ke pas baithe aur apana dahina hath man ki chhati ke dahine hisse par aur banya hath sir par rakha aur man ko mukti di. man ki samadhi ke shirsh par ek shivaling ki sthapana ki gayi. ashram men door-door se log ane lage the aur ashram ka vistar kafi badh gaya tha. ne vibhag judane lage, jaise- vedon ke adhyayan ke lie skool, gaushala, prakashan kary ityadi. ek mata ka mndir bhi banaya gaya, jahan niyamit pooja hoti thi. raman jyadatar haaul men hi baithate aur dekhate rahate ki unake charon taraf kya ho raha hai. vah kafi sakriy rahate aur patton se plet banate, akhabar padhate aur patron ke dvara poochhe gaye prashnon ke uttar likhate rahate. maharshi ke pas bahar jakar upadesh dene ke lie bahut nimntran aye, lakin ven kabhi tiruvannamalaee se bahar nahin gaye. bad ke varshon men ven adhikatar bhakton ke samane maun baithe rahate the. kabhi kisi ne saval poochha to javab de diya. unake samane baithane vale logon ko vishesh anubhav hota tha. kuchh ne anubhav kiya ki jaise samay ruk gaya hai. kuchh ne ek asim shanti, jisaka varnan nahin kiya ja sakata, ka anubhav unaki muskurati shant ankhon men dekhate hue kiya.

prerak prasng

  • raman maharshi bahut kushal dhanurdhar bhi the. ek subah unhonne apane ek shishy ko apani dhanurvidya dekhane ke lie bulaya. shishy yah sab pahale hi kee bar dekh chuka tha, par vah guru ki agya ki avahelana nahin kar sakata tha. ve samip hi jngal men ek vishal vriksh ke pas ge. raman maharshi ke pas ek phool tha, jise unhonne ped ki ek shakha par rakh diya. phir unhonne apane baste se apana nayab dhanush, ban aur ek kadhaee kiya hua sundar roomal nikala. vah phool se sau kadam door akar khade ho ge aur unhonne shishy se kaha ki vah roomal se unaki ankhen dhnkakar bhali-bhanti bnd kar de. shishy ne aisa hi kiya. raman maharshi ne shishy se poochha- "tumane mujhe dhanurvidya ki mahanh kala ka abhyas karate kitane bar dekha hai?" "main to yah sab roz hi dekhata hoon." shishy ne kaha. phir shishy ne raman maharshi se kaha- "ap to tin sau kadam door se hi phool par nishana laga sakate hain." roomal se apani ankhen dhnke hue maharshi raman ne apane pairon ko dharati par jamaya. unhonne poori shakti se dhanush ki pratyncha ko khincha aur tir chhod diya. hava ko chirata hua tir phool se bahut door, yahan tak ki ped se bhi nahin takaraya aur lakshy se bahut door ja gira. "tir lakshy par lag gaya n?" apani ankhen kholate hue maharshi raman ne poochha. shishy ne uttar diya- "nahin, vah to lakshy ke pas bhi nahin laga. mujhe laga ki ap isake dvara snkalp ki shakti ya apani parashaktiyon ka pradarshan karane vale the." maharshi ne kaha- "mainne tumhen snkalp shakti ka sabase mahatvapoorn path hi to padhaya hai. tum jis bhi vastu ki ichchha karo, apana poora dhyan usi par lagao. koee bhi us lakshy ko nahin vedh sakata, jo dikhaee hi n deta ho."[4]
  • ashram men janavar aur pakshi bhi nirbhay hokar rahate the. raman maharshi in pakshiyon aur janavaron ko manushyon ki tarah snbodhit karate the. maharshi aur ye pashu-pakshi ek doosare se bahut ghul mil ge the. yoorop ke ek lekhak pal brntan ne maharshi ki khyati ke bare men suna to ve utsukatavash maharshi se milane ke lie ashram pahunche. vahan unake sath jo ghatana ghati, usane unaki ankhen khol di. ve rat ko ek machan par sone ki taiyari kar rahe the. tabhi unhonne dekha ki machan par ek jaharila sanp chadh raha hai. unhen laga ki aj unaki mrityu nishchit hai. tabhi raman maharshi ka ek sevak vahan aya auऱ sanp se adami ki tarah bola- "thaharo beta". sanp ek agyakari balak ki tarah jahan ka tahan ruk gaya aur phir pahadon ki taraf gaya aur gayab ho gaya. yah adbhut ghatana thi. pal brntan ke lie yah chakit karane vali ghatana thi. unhonne ashram ke sevak se poochha- "akhir tumane yah chamatkar kaise kiya?" sevak ne kaha- "yah mainne nahin, raman maharshi ne chamatkar kiya. unaka kahana hai ki jiv- jntu kisi se bhi agar ham gahare pyar se bolenge to vah zaroor sunega."

svasthy pareshani

raman maharshi ki 1947 men tabiyat kharab hone lagi aur aur kuchh samay uparant unake baen hath ki kohani men ek ganth ho gayi. ashram ke chikitsakon ne ise katakar bahar nikala, lekin ek mahine men yah phir se ho gayi. kyonki maharshi arunachalam se bahar nahin jate the, isalie chennee se shaly chikitsakon ka ek dal ashram aya. jab shaly kriya prarnbh karane ka samay aya, tab chikitsakon ne maharshi raman ko moorchchhavastha men le jana chaha, jise karane se unhonne mana kar diya. shaly chikitsak shaly kriya karane men jut ge, kintu unake samane ek samasya khadi ho gee. jab ganth men sthit mrit koshikaon ko katate hain to dard nahin hota, lekin jab jivit koshikaon ko katate hain to dard hota hai. dard hone par moorchchhavastha men sharir men halachal hoti hai, jisase chikitsakon ko gyat ho jata hai ki vahan jivit koshika hai. kintu maharshi raman ke munh se sisakari bhi nahin nikal rahi thi. at: daktaron ki pareshani yah thi ki pata kaise lage ki kaun-si koshikaen mrit hain aur kaun si jivit? chikitsakon ne apani pareshani maharshi raman ke samane rakhi to unhonne kaha- "jis sharir par tum shaly kriya kar rahe ho, vah main nahin hoon. mainne apane apako sharir se alag kar rakha hai aur vedana to sharir ko hoti hai." shaly kriya ke bad bhi vah ganth thik nahin ho payi.

dehavasan

isake bad shaly chikitsakon ne maharshi ka hath alag karane ka sujhav diya, jise unhonne mana kar diya. unhonne kaha ki chinta ki koee bat nahin hai, sharir nashvar hai aur isaka ek prakartik ant hai. ise pngu bana dena sahi nahin. maharshi ki ankhon men hamesha ki tarah chamak thi aur vah apane dard ke prati udasin the. unhonne apane bhakton se milana jari rakha. jo bhakt unake duahkh se du:khi the, unase unhonne kaha ki- "main yah sharir nahin hoon". 14 aprail, 1950 ki sham ke samay maharshi ne sabhi bhakton ko darshan die. ashram men sabhi janate the ki ant samay nikat hai. sabane arunachala shiv bhajan gaya. maharshi ne apane sevak se kaha ki- "unhen baitha de". unhonne thode samay ke lie apani chamakadar aur anugrahit ankhe kholi. unake chehare par muskan thi aur unaki ankhon ke bahari kono se annd ke ansoo nikale. ek gahari sans ke sath ve shant ho gaye. usi kshan ek dhoomaketu akash men dikhaee diya, jo ki dhire-dhire pavitr parvat arunachala ke shikhar par pahunch kar usake pichhe gayab ho gaya.[1]


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 raman maharshi (hindi). . abhigaman tithi: 13 aktoobar, 2013.
  2. shri raman maharshi (hindi). . abhigaman tithi: 13 aktoobar, 2013.
  3. tamilanadu ke tiruvannamalaee shahar men sthit ek pavitr parvat aur shiv mndir.
  4. snkalp ki shakti (hindi). . abhigaman tithi: 13 aktoobar, 2013.

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