रवि शंकर  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

ravi shnkar
Pandit-Ravi-Shankar.jpg
poora nam pndit ravindr shnkar chaudhari
janm 7 apral, 1920
janm bhoomi banaras, uttar pradesh
mrityu 11 disambar, 2012
mrityu sthan sain diyago, amerika
abhibhavak pita- shyam shnkar
pati/patni annapoorna devi aur sukanya rnjan
sntan shubhendr shnkar, norah jons aur anushka shnkar
karm bhoomi bharat
karm-kshetr sngit kala
vishay sitar vadak aur shastriy sngit
puraskar-upadhi bharat rath‍n, padm vibhooshan, padm bhooshan, reman maigsese puraskar, sngit natak akadami puraskar
nagarikata bharatiy
filmon men sngit apoo trilogi, anuradha, gandhi
bahari kadiyan adhikarik vebasait
adyatan‎

ravi shnkar (angrezi: Ravi Shankar, poora nam: pndit ravindr shnkar chaudhari, janm: 7 apral, 1920; mrityu: 11 disambar, 2012) vishv men bharatiy shastriy sngit ki utkrishtata ke sabase bade udaghoshak the. ek sitar vadak ke roop men unhonne khyati arjit ki. ravi shnkar aur sitar mano ek-doosare ke lie hi bane hon. vah is sadi ke sabase mahanh sngitgyon men gine jate the. ravishnkar ko videshon men bahut adhik prasiddhi prapt huee. videshon men ve atyant lokapriy evn saphal rahe. ravishnkar ke sngit men ek prakar ki adhyatmik shanti prapt hoti hai.

jivan parichay

pn ravi shnkar ka janm snskriti-snpann kashi men 7 apral, sanh 1920 ko hua tha. apaka arnbhik jivan kashi ke punit ghaton ke par hi bita. pndit ravishnkar ka bachapan bahut hi sukhad raha. unake pita pratishthit bairistar the aur rajagharane men uchch pad par karyarat the. ravishnkar jab keval das varsh ke the tabhi sngit ke prati unaka lagav shuroo hua. pndit ravishnkar ne bachapan men kala jagath men pravesh ek nartak ke roop men kiya. unhonne apane bade bhaee uday shnkar ke sath kee nrity karyakram kiye. un dinon ko yad karate hue vah kahate hain-

main banaras men rahata tha. sngit se mera koee sidha snbndh nahin tha, lekin mere doosare bhaiyon ki isamen poori ruchi thi. koee bansuri bajata tha to koee sitar. mere bade bhaee pndit uday shnkar ji nrity karate the. vah mujhe apane sath peris le ge. unake dal men achchhe-achchhe sngitgy aur kalakar the. vahin se mujhamen sngit ka shauq paida hua. pahale to mainne nrity sikhana shuroo kiya, par adhik dinon tak is kshetr men nahin raha. vajah yah thi ki meri ruchi sngit men badhane lagi thi. -pn. ravi shnkar

shiksha

inaki arnbhik sngit shiksha ghar par hi huee. us samay ke prasiddh sngitakar aur guru ustad alauddin khan ko inhonne apana guru banaya. yahin se apaki sngit yatra vidhivat arnbh huee. alauddin khan jaise anubhavi guru ki ankhon ne ap ke bhitar chhipe sngit prem ko pahachan liya tha. unhonne apako vidhivat apana shishy banaya. vah lnbe samay tak tabala vadak ustad alla rakkha khan, kishan maharaj aur sarod vadak ustad ali akabar khan ke sath jude rahe. atharah varsh ki umr men unhonne nrity chhodakar sitar sikhana shuroo kiya.

paramparagat bharatiy shaili

ravishnkar sngit ki paramparagat bharatiy shaili ke anuyayi the. unaki anguliyan jab bhi sitar par gatishil hoti thi, sara vatavaran jhnkrit ho uthata tha. antarrashtriy mnch par bharatiy sngit ko sasamman pratishthit karane men unaka ullekhaniy yogadan hai. unhonne kee nee-purani sngit rachanaon ko bhi apani vishisht shaili se sashakt abhivyakti padan ki.

pratham prastuti

  • pndit ravishnkar ne pahala karyakram 10 sal ki umr men diya tha.
  • bharat men pndit ravishnkar ne pahala karyakram 1939 men diya tha.
  • desh ke bahar pahala karyakram unhonne 1954 men tatkalin soviyat sngh men diya tha aur yoorop men pahala karyakram 1956 men diya tha.
  • 1944 men aupacharik shiksha samapt karane ke bad vah munbee chale ge aur unhonne filmon ke lie sngit diya.
  • 1960 ke dashak ke madhy men unhonne tin yadagar prastutiyan maaunateri paaup phestival, knsart phaaur bangladesh, vudastaauk phestival din.

sngit nirdeshan

ravi shnkar

ravi shnkar ne bharat, kanada, yoorop tatha amerika men baile tatha filmon ke lie bhi sngit kampoj kiya. in filmon men 'charli', 'gandhi' aur 'apoo trilogi' bhi shamil hain. isake atirikt apane anek filmon men bhi apane sngit ka jadoo jagaya hai.

  • satyajit ray ki bngali film 'apoo trilogi' ek bahucharchit film thi.
  • hindi film anuradha men bhi apane hi sngit diya.
  • pndit ravishnkar ne apane lnbe sngit jivan men kee filmon ke lie bhi sngit nirdeshan kiya jisamen prakhyat filmakar satyajit ray ki filmen aur gulazar dvara nirdeshit "mira" bhi shamil hai.
  • richard etinabara ki film 'gandhi' men bhi apaka hi surila sngit tha.
  • apane kee pashchaty filmon men bhi sngit diya.

sahriday ravi shnkar

ravi shnkar ne varsh 1971 men 'bangladesh mukti sngram' ke samay vahan se bharat a ge lakhon sharanarthiyon ki madad ke lie karyakram karake dhan ekatr kiya tha. hindustani sngit ko ravishnkar ne ragon ke mamale men bhi bada samriddh banaya hai. yon to unhonne parameshvari, kameshvari, gngeshvari, jogeshvari, vairagi todi, kaushikatodi, mohanakauns, rasiya, manamnjari, pncham adi anek naye rag banae hain, par vairagi aur natabhairav ragon ka unaka srijan sabase jyada lokapriy hua. shayad hi koee din aisa jata ho, jab rediyo par koee n koee kalakar inake banae in do ragon ka n gata-bajata ho.

jugalabandi

prarambh men pndit ji ne amerika ke prasiddh vayalin vadak yehudi menyuhin ke sath jugalabandiyon men bhi vishv-bhar ka daura kiya. tabala ke mahanh ustad alla rakkha bhi pndit ji ke sath jugalabandi kar chuke hain. vastav men is prakar ki jugalabandiyon men hi unhonne bharatiy vady sngit ko ek naya ayam diya. pndit ji ne apani lambi sngit-yatra men apane aur apane sambandh men kuchh mahattvapoorn pustaken bhi likhi hain. ‘maee myoojik maee laiph’ ke atirikt unaki ‘ragamala’ namak pustak videsh ke ek suprasiddh prakashak ne prakashit ki hai.

samman aur puraskar

  • pndit ravi shnkar ko vibhinn vishvavidyalayon se daktaret ki 14 manad upadhiyan mil chuki hain.
  • snyukt rashtr sngh ke antargat sngitgyon ki ek snstha ke sadasy rahe.
  • ravi shnkar ko tin gremi puraskar mile hain.
  • reman maigsese puraskar, padm bhooshan, padm vibhooshan tatha bharat ka sarvochch samman bharat rath‍n bhi mil chuka hai.
  • ravi shnkar ko bharatiy sngit khasakar sitar vadan ko pashchimi duniya ke deshon tak pahunchane ka shrey bhi diya jata hai.
  • 1968 men unaki 'yahoodi menuhin' ke sath unaki elbam 'eest mits vest' ko pahala graimi puraskar mila tha. phir 1972 men 'jaaurj hairisan' ke sath unake 'kaaunasart phaaur bangladesh' ko graimi diya gaya. sngit jagath ka aauskar mane jane vale graimi puraskar ki vishv sngit shreni men pndit ravishnkar ke sath spardha men briten ke prakhyat sngitakar jaaun meklaaulin aur brazil ke gilabarto gil aur miltan nesimelto bhi shamil the.

rajyasabha manad sadasy

1986 men rajyasabha ke manad sadasy chunakar bhi unhen sammanit kiya gaya. 1986 se 1992 tak rajy sabha ke sadasy rahe. sitar vadak pndit ravishnkar bharat ke un gine chune sngitgyon men se the jo pashchim men bhi lokapriy rahe. ravi shnkar anek dashakon se apani pratibha darshate rahe. 1982 ke dilli eshiyad (eshiyaee khel samaroh) ke 'svagat git' ko unhonne kee svar pradan kiye the. unako desh-videsh men kee bar sammanit kiya ja chuka hai.

nidhan

pndit ravishnkar ka 92 varsh ki umr men nidhan ho gaya. amerika men sain diego ke ek aspatal men unhonne antim sans li. pndit ravishnkar ko sans lene men takaliph ki shikayat ke bad la jolla ke skips memoriyal aspatal men bharti karaya gaya tha. unhonne sthaniy samayanusar mngalavar 11 disambar, 2012 ko sham 4.30 baje antim sans li. mashahoor sitar vadak pndit ravishnkar ke amerika ke ek aspatal men nidhan par shok jatate hue pradhanamntri manamohan sinh ne budhavar ko kaha ki vah rashtriy sampada the. maikroblaauging sait tvitar par pradhanamntri karyalay (piemo) ki or se likhe sndesh men kaha gaya hai, 'pndit ravishnkar ke nidhan se ek yug ka ant ho gaya hai, mere sath-sath poora desh unaki pratibha, kala tatha vinramata ko shraddhanjali deta hai.'


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

snbndhit lekh

varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

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