रांगेय राघव  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

rangey raghav
rangey raghav
poora nam tiroomallai nnbakamh viraraghav achary (ti.en.bi.achary)
janm 17 janavari, 1923
janm bhoomi agara, uttar pradesh
mrityu 12 sitnbar, 1962
mrityu sthan munbee, maharashtr
abhibhavak pita- shri rnganath vir raghavachary, mata- shrimati vanakamma
pati/patni sulochana
karm bhoomi bharat
karm-kshetr upanyasakar, kahanikar, kavi, alochak, natakakar aur anuvadak
bhasha hindi, angrezi, braj aur snskrit
vidyalay sent jaauns kaaulej, agara vishvavidyalay
shiksha snatakottar, pi.ech.di
puraskar-upadhi 'hindustani akadami puraskar', 'dalamiya puraskar', 'uttar pradesh shasan puraskar', 'rajasthan sahity akadami puraskar'.
nagarikata bharatiy
any janakari videshi sahity ko hindi bhasha ke madhyam se hindi bhashi janata tak pahunchane ka mahanh kary rangey raghav ne kiya. angrezi ke madhyam se kuchh phransisi aur jarman sahityakaron ka adhyayan karane ke pashchath‌ unake bare men hindi jagath ko avagat karane ka kary unhonne kiya.
inhen bhi dekhen kavi soochi, sahityakar soochi

rangey raghav (angrezi: Rangeya Raghav, janm: 17 janavari, 1923; mrityu: 12 sitnbar, 1962) asadharan pratibha ke dhani rachanakar the. hindi ke vishisht aur bahumukhi pratibhavalon men se ek the. inaka mool nam ti.en.bi.achary (tiroomallai nnbakamh viraraghav achary) tha. hindi sahity ka sabhnvat: aisa koee ang nahin hai, jahan hindi sahity ke sadhak daau. rangey raghav ne apani sadhana ka prayog n kiya ho. ye gaur varn, unnat lalat, lambi nasika aur chehare par gnbhiratamayi muskan bikhere hue hindi sahity ke anany upasak the. ve ramanujachary parampara ke tamil deshiy ayngar brahman the.

jivan parichay

rangey raghav ka janm 17 janavari, 1923 ee. men agara men hua tha. pita shri rngachary ke poorvaj lagabhag tin sau varsh pahale jayapur aur phir bharatapur ke bayana kasbe men akar rahane lage the. rangey raghav ka janm hindi pradesh men hua. unhen tamil aur kannad bhasha ka bhi gyan tha. rangey ki shiksha agara men huee thi. 'sent jaauns kaaulej' se 1944 men snatakottar aur 1949 men 'agara vishvavidyalay' se guru gorakhanath par shodh karake unhonne pi.ech.di. ki thi. rangey raghav ka hindi, angrezi, braj aur snskrit par asadharan adhikar tha.

karyakshetr

13 varsh ki ayu men likhana shuroo kiya. 1942 men akalagrast bngal ki yatra ke bad ek riportaj likha- toofanon ke bich. yah riportaj hindi men charcha ka vishay bana. sahity ke atirikt chitrakala, sngit aur puratatv men vishesh ruchi. matr 39 varsh ki ayu men kavita, kahani, upanyas, natak, riportaj ke atirikt alochana, snskriti aur sabhyata par kul milakar 150 se adhik pustaken likhin. rangey raghav ke kahani-lekhan ka mukhy daur bharatiy itihas ki drishti se bahut halachal-bhara viral kalakhnd hai. kam maukon par bharatiy janata ne itane svapn aur du:svapn ek sath dekhe the. asha aur hatasha aise ados-pados men khadi dekhi thi. rangey raghav ki kahaniyon ki visheshata yah hai ki is poore samay ki shayad hi koee ghatana ho jisaki goonjen-anugoonje unamen n suni ja saken. sach to yah hai ki rangey raghav ne hindi kahani ko bharatiy samaj ke un dhool-kanton bhare raston, avare-laphndaron-parajiviyon ki phakkad zindagi, bharatiy ganvon ki kachchi aur kichad-bhari pagadndiyon ki gasht karavaee, jinase vah bhale hi ab tak poornat: aparichit n rahi ho par is tarah hili-mili bhi nahin thi aur in 'duniyaon' men se jivan se labalabate aise-aise kaddavar charitr prakat kie jinhen ham vismrit nahin kar sakenge. 'gadal' bhi ek aisa hi charitr hai.[1]

srijan-yatra

apani srijan-yatra ke bare men rangey raghav ne svayn koee khas byora nahin chhoda hai. khasakar apane prarnbhik rachanakal ke bare men, lekin ek jagah unhonne likha hai, ‘‘chitrakala ka abhyas kuchh chhoot gaya tha. 1938 ee. ki bat hai, tab hi mainne kavita likhana shuroo kiya. sandhya-bhraman ka vyasan tha. ek din rngin akash ko dekhakar kuchh likha tha. vah sab kho gaya hai aur tab se snkoch se man ne svikar kiya ki main kavita kar sakata hoon. ‘prerana kaise huee’ prishth likhana atynt duruh hai. itana hi kah sakata hoon ki chitron se hi kavita prarnbh huee thi aur ek prakar ki bechaini usake mool men thi.[2] apani prasiddh pustak prachin brahman kahaniyan ki prastavana men rangey raghav likhate hai ki "ary paramparaon ka anek anary paramparon se milan hua hai. bharat ki puratan kahaniyon men hamen anek paramparon ke prabhav milate hain. mahabharat ke yuddh ke bad hindoo dharm men vaishnav aur shiv chintan ki dhara vahi aur in donon sampradayon ne puratan brahman paramparaon ko apani apani tarah svikar kiya. isi karan se ved aur upanishad men varnit pauranik charitron ke varnan men badalav dekhane ko milata hai. aur bad ke lekhan men hamen adhik manaviy bhavon ki chhaya dekhane ko milati hai. main ye mahasoos karata hoon ki mere se pahale ke lekhakon ne apane vishvas aur dharanaon ke alok men mukhy patro ka varnan kiya hai aur oonche manaviy adarsh khade kiye hain aur apane patron ko sampradayikata se bachaye rakha hai isaliye mainne puratan bharatiy chintan ko pathakon tak pahuchane ka prayas kiya hai." unake bare men kaha jata tha ki vo dono hathon se rat din likhate the aur unake likhe dher ko dekhakar samakalin ye bhi kayas lagate the ki shayad vo tantr siddh hai nahin to itane kam samay men koee bhi itana zyada aur itana badhiya kaise likh sakata hai. unhen hindi ka pahala masijivi qalamakar bhi kaha jata hai jinaki jivika ka sadhan sirf lekhan tha.[3]

hindi ke sheksapiyar

shayad bahut kam log yah janate honge ki hindi sahity ka yah anootha vyaktitv vastut: tamil bhashi tha, jisane hindi sahity aur bhasha ki seva karake apane alaukik pratibha se hindi ke 'sheksapiyar' ki sngya grahan ki. rangey raghav nam ke pichhe unake vyaktitv aur sahity men drishtigat hone vali samanvay ki bhavana parilakshit hoti hai. apane pita rngachary ke nam se unhonne rangey svikar kiya aur apane svayn ke nam raghavachary se raghav shabd lekar apana nam rangey raghav rakh liya. unake sahity men jaise sadagi parilakshit hoti hai vaise hi unaka jivan sidha-sadha aur sadagipoorn raha hai.[4]

sahity ki sadhana

bharatapur zile men ek tahasil hai vair. shahar ke kolahal se door prakritik vatavaran, gramin sadagi aur snskriti tatha vahan ke vatavaran ki adh‌bhut shakti ne rangey raghav ko sahity ki sadhana men is sima tak prayukt kiya ki vah us chhoti si nagari vair men hi bas gaye. vair bharatapur ke jat rajaon ke ek chhote se qile ke karan to prasiddh hai hi, parantu vahan tamilanadu ke svami rngachary ka dakshin shaili ka sitaramaji ka mndir bhi bahut prasiddh hai. is mndir ke mahnt daau. rangey raghav ke bade bhaee rahe hain. mndir ki shala men bilkul tapasvi jaisa jivan vyatit karane vale tamil bhashi vyakti ne hindi sahity ki devi ki pujari ki tarah aradhana-archana ki. nariyal ki jataon ke gadde par lete-lete aur apane pair ke angoothe men chhat par tnge pnkhe ki dori ko bandhakar hilate hue vah ghnton tak sahity ki vibhinn vidhaon aur ayamon ke bare men sochate rahate the. jab daau. rangey raghav sochate to sochate hi rahate the - kee dinon tak n vah kuchh likhate aur n padhate. aur jab unhen padhane ki dhun savar hoti to vah lagatar kee dinon tak padhate hi rahate. sochane aur padhane ke bad jab kabhi unaka mood banata to vah likhane baith jate aur nirantar likhate hi rahate. likhane ki unaki kala adh‌bhut thi. ek bar to likhane baithe to vah us rachana ko samapt karake hi chhodate the. isi karan jitani kritiyan unhonne likhin vah sab poori ki poori likhi geen. unaka antim upanyas 'akhiri avaz' kuchh arthon men is karan adhoora rah gaya ki vah kee mahinon tak maut se joojhate rahe. kash aisa hota ki vah maut se joojhane ke bad jivit rahe hote to shayad ek aur upanyas maut ke sngharsh ke bare men hindi sahity ko mil gaya hota.[4]

janapil sigaret

sigaret pine ka unhen behad shauq tha. vah sigaret pite to keval janapil hi, doosari sigaret ko vah hath tak nahin lagate the. ek darjan sigaret ki dibbi unaki likhane ki mej par rakhi rahati thin aur aish-tre ke nam par rakha gaya chini ka pyala din men tin-char bar saf karana padata. unaka kamara tha ki sigaret ki gndh aur dhuen se bhara rahata tha. kisi bhi angantuk ne akar unake kamare ka daravaza khola to sigaret ka ek bhabhaka use lagata, parantu hindi sahity ke is sadhak ke liye sigaret pina ek avashyakata ban gee thi. bina sigaret piye vah kuchh bhi kar sakane men asamarth the. parantu shayad sigaret pine ki yah adat hi unaki mrityu ka karan bani, jisane 1962 men hindi ke is anupam yoddha ko hamase hamesha ke liye chhin liya.[4]

sheksapiyar ke natakon ka anuvad

videshi sahity ko hindi bhasha ke madhyam se hindi bhashi janata tak pahunchane ka mahanh kary daau. rangey raghav ne kiya. angrezi bhasha ke madhyam se kuchh phransisi aur jarman sahityakaron ka adhyayan karane ke pashchath‌ unake bare men hindi jagath ko avagat karane ka kary unhonne kiya. vishv prasiddh angrezi natakakar sheksapiyar ko to unhonne poori tarah hindi men utar hi diya. sheksapiyar ki anek rachanaon ko hindi men anuvadit karake hindi jagath ko vishv ki mahanh kritiyon se dhani banaya. sheksapiyar ko dukhant natakon men hemalet, othelo aur maikabeth ko to jis khoobi se daau.-rangey raghav ne hindi ke pandal men utara vah unake jivan ki vishesh upalabdhiyon men gini jati hai. unake anuvad ki yah visheshata thin ki vah anuvad n lagakar mool rachana hi pratit hoti hai. sheksapiyar ki labdh pratishthit kritiyon ko hindi men prastut kar unaki bhavanaon ke anuroop sheksapiyar ko hindi sahity men prakat karane ka shrey daau. rangey raghav ko hi jata hai aur isi karan vah hindi ke sheksapiyar kahe jate hain.[4]

jivani pradhan upanyas

daau. rangey raghav ji ne 1950 ee. ke pashchath kee jivani pradhan upanyas likhe hain, inaka pahala upanyas sanh 1951-1953 ee. ke bich prakashit hua.

lekhakon ka drishtikon

  • prasiddh lekhak rajendr yadav ne kaha hai - ‘‘unaki lekhakiy pratibha ka hi kamal tha ki subah yadi ve adyaitihasik vishay par likh rahe hote the to sham ko ap unhen usi pravah se adhunik itihas par tippani likhate dekh sakate the.‘‘[5]
  • dilli vishvavidyalay men pradhyapak vibhas chandr varma ne kaha ki agara ke tin ‘r‘ ka hindi sahity men mahatvapoorn yogadan hai aur ye hain rangey raghav, ramavilas sharma aur rajendr yadav. varma ne kaha ki rangey raghav hindi ke behad likkhad lekhakon men shumar rahe hain. unhonne qarib qarib har vidha par apani kalam chalaee aur vah bhi behad tikshn drishti ke sath. unaki rachanaon men stri patr atynt majaboot hoti thin aur lagabhag poora kathanak unake ird-gird ghoomata tha. sindhu ghati sabhyata ke ek pramukh kendr moan-jo-dado par adharit unaka kalpanik upanyas ‘murdon ka tila‘ se lekar kahani tak men stri patr katha snsar ki dhuri hoti thi. sath hi stri ke chintan vishv ko darshati unaki kritiyan ‘ratna ki bat’, ‘loee ka tana aur lakhima ki ankhen’ bemisal hain jo kramashah tulasi ki patni, kabir ki prerana aur vidyapit ki premika ki drishti se pesh vishv-darshan hai.[6]

rachanaen

rangey raghav hindi ke pragatishil vicharon ke lekhak the, kintu marks ke darshan ko unhonne snshodhit roop men hi svikar kiya. unhonne alp samay men hi kitane sahity ka srijan kiya, isaka anuman is vivaran se lagaya ja sakata hai. unake prakashit granthon men 42 upanyas, 11 kahani, 12 alochanatmak granth, 8 kavy, 4 itihas, 6 samajashastr vishayak, 5 natak aur lagabhag 50 anoodit pustaken hain. ye sab rachanaen unake jivan kal men prakashit ho chuki thin. 39 varsh ki kachchi umr men inaka dehant hua, lagabhag 20 pustaken prakashan ki pratiksha men thin. yadyapi unhonne kuchh angrezi granthon ke bhi anuvad kie, kintu unake adhikansh sahity ka parivesh bharatiy snskriti aur aitihasik jivan hi raha hai.

rangey raghav ki kritiyan[4]
upanyas
  • gharaunda
  • vishad math
  • muradon ka tila
  • sidha sadha rasta
  • hujoor
  • chivar
  • pratidan
  • andhere ke juganoo
  • kaka
  • ubal
  • paraya
  • devaki ka beta
  • yashodhara jit gee
upanyas
  • loee ka tana
  • ratna ki bat
  • bharati ka sapoot
  • andhi ki naven
  • andhere ki bhookh
  • bolate khndahar
  • kab tak pukaroon
  • pakshi aur akash
  • baune aur ghayal phool
  • lakhima ki ankhen
  • raee aur parvat
  • bndook aur bin
  • rah n ruki
upanyas
  • jab avegi kali ghata
  • dhooni ka dhuan
  • chhoti si bat
  • path ka pap
  • meri bhav badha haro
  • dharati mera ghar
  • ag ki pyas
  • kalpana
  • prophesar
  • dayare
  • patajhar
  • akhiri avaz
kahani sngrah
  • samrajy ka vaibhav
  • devadasi
  • samudr ke phen
  • adhoori moorat
  • jivan ke dane
  • angare n bujhe
  • aiyash murade
  • insan paida hua
  • panch gadhe
  • ek chhod ek
kavy
  • ajey
  • khndahar
  • pighalate patthar
  • medhavi
  • rah ke dipak
  • panchali
  • roopachhaya
natak
  • svarnabhoomi ki yatra
  • ramanuj
  • viroodhak
riportaj
  • toofanon ke bich
alochana
  • bharatiy punarjagaran ki bhoomika
  • bharatiy snt parnpara aur samaj
  • sngam aur sngharsh
  • prachin bharatiy parnpara aur itihas
  • pragatishil sahity ke manadnd
  • samiksha aur adarsh
  • kavy yatharth aur pragati
  • kavy kala aur shastr
  • mahakavy vivechan
  • tulasi ka kala shilp
  • adhunik hindi kavita men prem aur shrringar
  • adhunik hindi kavita men vishay aur shaili
  • gorakhanath aur unaka yug

puraskar

  • hindustani akadami puraskar (1947)
  • dalamiya puraskar (1954)
  • uttar pradesh shasan puraskar (1957 tatha 1959)
  • rajasthan sahity akadami puraskar (1961)
  • mahatma gandhi puraskar[7] (1966)

nidhan

rangey raghav ka nidhan matr 39 varsh ki umr men munbee men sanh 1962 men ho gaya tha. is adbhut rachanakar ko mrityu ne itani jaldi n utha liya hota to ve aur bhi naye mapadand sthapit karate. virale hi aise sapoot hue hain jinhonne vidhata ki or se kam umr milane ke bavajood is vishv ko itana kuchh avadan de diya ki aj bhi achchhe-achchhe lekhak danton tale anguliyan dabane ko vivash ho jate hain. upanyas, kahani, kavita, alochana, natak, riportaj, itihas-snskriti tatha samajashastr, manavashastr aur anuvad, chitrakari... ya yoon kahen ki sabhi vidhaon par unaki lekhani bebak chalati rahi aur usase jo niahsrit hua, usase sahityapremi aj bhi anndit hote hain, prerana lete hain. 12 sitambar 1962 ko unaka sharir pntatatv men vilin ho gaya, lekin unaka yash aj bhi vidyaman hai. 39 varsh ki alpayu men dedh sau se adhik kritiyan bhent kar nissndeh unhonne srijan jagath ko ashcharyachakit kar diya. bngal ke akal ki vibhishika par riportaj 'toophanon ke bich' men unhonne jo kirtiman sthapit kiya, vah aj bhi avismaraniy hai.[8]


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. rangey raghav / parichay (hindi) kavitakosh. abhigaman tithi: 22 janavari, 2013.
  2. sahity sndesh, janavari-pharavari, 1954
  3. smriti shesh rangey raghav - janm tithi 17 janavari (hindi) nukkad. abhigaman tithi: 5 sitambar, 2013.
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 4.3 4.4 katarapnch, em.si.. hindi ke sheksapiyar: tamil bhashi hindi sadhak - rangey raghav (hindi) (ech.ti.em.el) sahity kunj. abhigaman tithi: 22 janavari, 2013.
  5. kam hoti hain rangey raghav jaisi lekhakiy pratibhaen (hindi) vebavarta. abhigaman tithi: 5 sitambar, 2013.
  6. kam hoti hain rangey raghav jaisi lekhakiy pratibhaen (hindi) vebavarta. abhigaman tithi: 5 sitambar, 2013.
  7. yah puraskar inhen maranoparant diya gaya tha.
  8. rangey raghav ko sadar shraddhanjali (hindi) (ech.ti.em.el) sahith‍y - snsh‍kriti eetisi. abhigaman tithi: 22 janavari, 2013.

bahari kadiyan

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