राजगुरु  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

rajaguru
Rajguru.jpg
poora nam shivaram hari rajaguru
any nam rajaguru
janm 24 agast, 1908
janm bhoomi pune
mrityu 23 march, 1931
mrityu sthan lahaur, pakistan
mrityu karan shahid
abhibhavak pita- shri hari narayan, mata- parvati baee
nagarikata bharatiy
prasiddhi svatntrata senani
dharm hindoo
andolan bharatiy svatntrata sngram
jel yatra 28 sitnbar, 1929
snbndhit lekh bhagatasinh, sukhadev
vishesh apane dal men rajaguru sabase achchhe nishanebaj mane jate the.
any janakari rajaguru `svaraj mera janm siddh adhikar hai aur main use hasil karake rahoonga' ka udghosh karane vale bal gngadhar tilak ke vicharon se bahut prabhavit the. pune ka vah kheda ganv jahan rajaguru ka janm hua tha, use ab 'rajaguru nagar' ke nam se jana jata hai.

shivaram hari rajaguru (angrezi: Rajguru; janm- 24 agast, 1908, pune, maharashtr; shahadat- 23 march, 1931, lahaur) bharat ke prasiddh vir svatntrata senani the. ye saradar bhagat sinh aur sukhadev ke ghanishth mitr the. is mitrata ko rajaguru ne mrityu parynt nibhaya. desh ki ajadi ke lie di gee rajaguru ki shahadat ne inaka nam bharatiy itihas men svarn aksharon men ankit karava diya. rajaguru, bhagat sinh aur sukhadev ki shahadat aj bhi bharat ke yuvakon ko prerana pradan karati hai.

janm tatha shiksha

vir svatntrata senani sukhadev ka janm 24 agast, 1908 ko pune (maharashtr) ke kheda namak ganv men hua tha. inake pita ka nam shri hari narayan aur mata ka nam parvati baee tha. rajaguru ke pita ka nidhan inake balyakal men hi ho gaya tha. inaka palan-poshan inaki mata aur bade bhaiya ne kiya. rajaguru bachapan se hi bade vir, sahasi aur mastamaula the. bharat man se prem to bachapan se hi tha. is karan angrezon se ghrina to svabhavik hi thi. ye bachapan se hi vir shivaji aur lokamany tilak ke bahut bade bhakt the. snkat mol lene men bhi inaka koee javab nahin tha. kintu ye kabhi-kabhi laparavahi kar jate the. rajaguru ka padhaee men man nahin lagata tha, isalie inako apane bade bhaiya aur bhabhi ka tiraskar sahana padata tha. man bechari kuchh bol n patin.[1]

chndrashekhar azad se bhent

jab rajaguru tiraskar sahate-sahate tng a ge, tab ve apane svabhiman ko bachane ke lie ghar chhod kar chale ge. phir socha ki ab jabaki ghar ke bndhanon se svadhin hoon to bharat mata ki bediyan katane men ab koee duvidha nahin hai. ve kee dinon tak bhinn-bhinn krantikariyon se bhent karate rahe. ant men unaki kranti ki nauka ko chndrashekhar azad ne par lagaya. rajaguru 'hindustan samajavadi prajatantrik sngh' ke sadasy ban ge. chndrashekhar azad is joshile navayuvak se bahut prabhavit hue aur bade chav se inhen nishanebaji ki shiksha dene lage. shighr hi rajaguru azad jaise ek kushal nishanebaj ban ge. kabhi-kabhi chndrashekhar azad inako laparavahi karane par dant dete, kintu yah sada azad ko bada bhaee samajh kar bura n manate. rajaguru ka nishana kabhi chookata nahin tha. bad men dal men inaki bhent bhagat sinh aur sukhadev se huee. rajaguru in donon se bade prabhavit hue.

sandars hatyakand

bhagat sinh aur sukhadev, ye donon rajaguru ko apana sabase achchha sathi manate the. dal ne lala lajapat ray ki mrityu ke jimmedar angrez afasar skaaut ka vadh karane ki yojana banayi. is kam ke lie rajaguru aur bhagat sinh ko chuna gaya. rajaguru to angrezon ko sabak sikhane ka avasar dhoondhate hi rahate the, ab vah suavasar unhen mil gaya tha. 19 disnbar, 1928 ko rajaguru, bhagat sinh aur chndrashekhar azad ne sukhadev ke kushal margadarshan ke phalasvaroop je. pi. sandars nam ke ek any angrez afasar, jisane skaaut ke kahane par lala lajapat ray par lathiyan chalayi thin, ka vadh kar diya. karyavahi ke pashchath bhagat sinh angrezi sahab banakar, rajaguru unake sevak banakar aur chndrashekhar azad surakshit pulis ki drishti se bachakar nikal ge.[1]

giraftari

bhagat sinh aur batukeshvar datt ke asembali men bam phodane aur svayn ko giraphtar karavane ke pashchath chndrashekhar azad ko chhodakar sukhadev sahit dal ke sabhi sadasy giraphtar kar lie ge, keval rajaguru hi isase bache rahe. azad ke kahane par pulis se bachane ke lie rajaguru kuchh dinon ke lie maharashtr chale ge, kintu laparavahi ke karan rajaguru bhi chhutaput sngharsh ke bad pakad lie ge. angrezon ne chndrashekhar azad ka pata janane ke lie rajaguru par anekon amanaviy attyachar kiye, kintu vir rajaguru vichalit nahin hue. pulis ne rajaguru ko apane sabhi sathiyon ke sath lakar lahaur ki jel men bnd kar diya. sabhi sathi mastamaula vir maratha rajaguru ko pakar bade khush the.

mukadama

lahaur men sabhi krantikariyon par sandars hatyakand ka mukadama chal raha tha. muqadame ko krantikariyon ne apani phakamasti se bada lamba khincha. sabhi janate the ki adalat ek dhong hai. unaka phaisala to angrez hukoomat ne pahale hi kar diya tha. rajaguru, bhagat sinh aur sukhadev janate the ki unaki mrityu ka pharaman to pahale hi likha ja chooka hai to kyon n apani mastiyon se adalat men angrez jaj ko dhul chataee jae. ek bar rajaguru ne adalat men angrez jaj ko snskrit men lalakara. jaj chaunk gaya usane kaha- "toom kya kahata hay". rajaguru ne bhagat sinh ki taraph hns kar kaha ki- "yar bhagat isako angrezi men samajhao. yah jahil hamari bhasha kya samajhenge". sabhi krantikari thahaka marakar hasane lage. adalat men in krantikariyon ne svikar kiya tha ki ve pnjab men azadi ki ladaee ke ek bade nayak lala lajapat ray ki maut ka badala lena chahate the. angrezon ke viruddh ek pradarshan men pulis ki barbar pitaee se lala lajapat ray ki mrityu ho gee thi.[1]

amaran anashan

jel men bhagat sinh ke netritv men krantikariyon ne kaidiyon ke sath hone vale amanaviy attyacharon ke viruddh amaran anashan arnbh kar diya, jisako janata ka jabaradast samarthan mila, jo pahale se hi krantikariyon ke prati shraddha ka bhav rakhati thi, vishesh roop se bhagat sinh ke prati. is amaran anashan se vayasaray ki kursi tak hil gayi. angrezon ne krantikariyon ki hadatal tudavane ka jabaradast prayatn kiya, kintu krantikariyon ki jid ke samane ve har ge. rajaguru aur jatinadas ki is anashan men halat bigad gayi. rajaguru aur sukhadev se angrez vishesh roop se har ge the. jatinadas amaran anashan ke karan shahid ho ge, jisase janata bhadak uthi. vivash ho kar angrezon ko krantikariyon ki sabhi baten manani padin. yah krantikariyon ki vijay thi. udhar sandars hatyakand muqadame ka parinam nikal aya. sandars ke vadh ke aparadh men rajaguru, sukhadev aur bhagat sinh ko mrityudnd mila. tinon is mrityudnd ko sun kar annd se pagal ho ge aur jor-jor se 'inkalab jindabad' ki garjana ki.

shahadat

sukhadev, bhagatasinh, rajaguru
Sukhdev, Bhagat Singh and Rajguru

rajaguru ko 23 march, 1931 ki sham sat baje lahaur ke kendriy karagar men unake doston bhagat sinh aur sukhadev ke sath fansi par lataka diya gaya. itihasakar batate hain ki phansi ko lekar janata men badhate rosh ko dhyan men rakhate hue angrez adhikariyon ne tinon krantikariyon ke shavon ka antim snskar firozapur zile ke husainivala men kar diya tha. yah bhi mana jata hai ki in tinon krantikariyon ki phansi ki tithi 24 march nirdharit thi, lekin angrez sarakar phansi ke bad utpann hone vali sthitiyon se ghabara rahi thi. isilie usane ek din pahale hi phansi de di.

samman

rajaguru ke janm shati ke avasar par bharat sarakar ke prakashan vibhag ne un par snbhavat pahali bar koee pustak prakashit ki. is sarahaniy prayas ke lie n keval prakashan vibhag dhanyavad ka patr hai balki us lekhak ko bhi koti koti badhaee hai, jisane is krantikari ki jivan lila se sabhi ko parichay karaya hai.[2] pune ka vah kheda ganv jahan rajaguru ka janm hua tha, use ab 'rajaguru nagar' ke nam se jana jata hai.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 amar shahid hutatma shivaram hari rajaguru (hindi). . abhigaman tithi: 24 agast, 2013.
  2. rajaguru ki yad men........ (hindi) (ech.ti.em.el) naipirhi.blogspot.com. abhigaman tithi: 30julaee, 2010.

snbndhit lekh

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