राजीव गाँधी  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

rajiv gandhi
Rajiv-Gandhi.jpg
poora nam rajiv ratn gandhi
janm 20 agast, 1944
janm bhoomi munbee, maharashtr
mrityu 21 mee 1991
mrityu sthan shriparenbudoor, tamilanadu
mrityu karan hatya
abhibhavak firoj gandhi, indira gandhi
pati/patni soniya gandhi
sntan rahul gandhi, priynka gandhi
nagarikata bharatiy
parti kangres
pad bharat ke nauven pradhanamntri
kary kal 31 aktoobar 19842 disambar 1989
shiksha injiniyaring
vidyalay doon skool deharadoon, inpiriyal kaaulej lndan
bhasha hindi, angrezi
puraskar-upadhi bharat ratn
vishesh yogadan unhonne desh men kee kshetron men nee pahal aur shuruat ki jinamen snchar kranti aur knpyootar kranti, shiksha ka prasar, 18 sal ke yuvaon ko matadhikar, pnchayati raj adi shamil hai.

rajiv gandhi (angrezi: Rajiv Gandhi, janm: 20 agast, 1944, munbee; mrityu: 21 mee, 1991) bharat ki pahali mahila pradhanamntri indira gandhi ke putr aur bharat ke pahale pradhanamntri javaharalal neharoo ke pautr aur bharat ke nauven pradhanamntri the. unaka poora nam rajiv ratn gandhi tha. rajiv gandhi bharat ki kangres (i) parti ke agrani mahasachiv (1981 se) the aur apani man ki hatya ke bad bharat ke pradhanamntri (1984-1989) bane. 40 sal ki umr men desh ke sabase yuva aur nauven pradhanamntri hone ka gaurav hasil karane vale rajiv gandhi "adhunik bharat ke shilpakar" kahe ja sakate hain. vah pahale aise vyakti the, jinhonne desh men takanik ke prayog ko prathamikata dekar knpyootar ke vyapak prayog par jor dala. bharat men knpyootar ko sthapit karane ke lie unhen kee virodhon aur aropon ko bhi jhelana pada, lekin ab vah desh ki takat ban chuke knpyootar kranti ke janak ke roop men bhi jane jate hain. rajiv gandhi desh ke yuvaon men kafi lokapriy neta the. unaka bhashan sunane ke lie log kafi intazar bhi karate the. rajiv desh ke sabase yuva pradhanamntri the. unh‍honne apane pradhanamntrith‍v kal men kee aise phaisale lie jisaka asar desh ke vikas par dekhane ko mila.

jivan parichay

soniya gandhi evn rajiv gandhi

rajiv gandhi ka janm 20 agast, 1944 ko bnbee (vartaman munbee), bharat men hua tha. kaimbrij men padhaee ke dauran rajiv gandhi ki mulakat entoniya maino se huee, vivahoparant jinaka nam badalakar soniya gandhi rakha gaya. rajiv gandhi ke do santanen hai, putr rahul gandhi aur putri priynka gandhi. rajiv tatha unake chhote bhaee snjay gandhi (1946-1980) ki shiksha-diksha deharadoon ke pratishthit doon skool men huee thi. isake bad rajiv gandhi ne lndan ke inpiriyal kaaulej men dakhila liya tatha kenbrij vishvavidyalay (1965) se injiniyaring pathyakram poora kiya, bharat lautane par unhonne vyavasayik payalat ka laisens prapt kiya aur 1968 se indiyan eyaralains men kam karane lage.

rajanitik safar

rajiv gandhi ne apani rajanitik aruchi ke bad bhi man indira gandhi ke adesh par rajaniti jivan shuroo kiya. chhote bhaee snjay ke sthan par 1981 men amethi se pahala chunav jita aur lokasabha men pahunche. jab tak unake bhaee jivit the, rajiv rajaniti se bahar hi rahe, lekin ek shaktishali rajaniti vyaktitv ke dhani snjay ki 23 joon, 1980 ko ek vayuyan durghatana men mrityu ho jane ke bad tatkalin pradhanamntri indira gandhi rajiv ko rajanitik jivan men le aeen. joon 1981 men vah lokasabha upachunav men nirvachit hue aur isi mahine yuva kangres ki rashtriy karyakarini ke sadasy ban ge.


rajanitik prishthabhoomi hone ke bavajood rajiv gandhi ne kabhi bhi rajaniti men ruchi nahin li. bharatiy rajaniti aur shasan vyavastha men rajiv gandhi ka pravesh keval halaton ki hi den tha. disnbar 1984 ke chunavon men kangres ko jabaradast bahumat hasil hua. is jit ka netritv bhi rajiv gandhi ne hi kiya tha. apane shasanakal men unhonne prashasanik sevaon aur naukarashahi men sudhar lane ke lie kee kadam uthae. kashmir aur pnjab men chal rahe alagavavadi andolanakariyon ko hatotsahit karane ke lie rajiv gandhi ne kade prayath‍‌n kie. bharat men garibi ke star men kami lane aur garibon ki arthik dasha sudharane ke lie 1 aprail 1989 ko rajiv gandhi ne javahar rojagar garnti yojana ko lagoo kiya jisake antargat indira avas yojana aur das lakh kuan yojana jaise kee karyakramon ki shuruat ki.[1]

asadharan vyaktitv

rajiv gandhi, soniya gandhi aur indira gandhi

koee vyakti manasik roop se kitana sudridh ho sakata hai, isaki misal rajiv gandhi the. pahale chhote bhaee ki mrityu aur char varshon bad maaun ki nrishns hatya, is sab ke bad bhi unake kadam dagamagae nahin aur ve aur shakti ke sath bharat nirman ki mnjil ki or badhate ge. indira gandhi ki mrityu ke bad lokasabha men kangres ka poorn bahumat tha, rajiv gandhi lokasabha ke nirvachit sadasy the, phir bhi rajanitik shuchita ka parichay dete hue, unhonne punah lokasabha men chunav samay poorv karavae taki koee yah anguli n utha sake ki janata ne indira ji ko dekhakar kangres ko bahumat diya tha, rajiv ko nahin. aur rajiv gandhi ke netritv men bharat ke lokatntr men itihas men kangres ne 542 men se 411 siten jitakar ek naya rikard banaya.


rajiv gandhi ke gaddi snbhalane ke samay unhen atnkavad se jalata jhulasata bharat mila tha. uttari bhag men pnjab to uttarapoorv men asam jaise rajy ke am nagarik atnkavadi aur atnki ghatanaon se sngharsh kar rahe the aur yah rajiv gandhi ke lie ek badi pida ka karan tha. unhonne pnjab men atnkavad ke hal karane ki disha men agrasar hote hue snt haracharan sinh longoval se agrah kiya ki aisa kuchh sarthak kiya jae ki jisake parinamasvaroop pnjab ki janata ko atnk ki ag se bachaya ja sake aur isaki pariniti ke roop men rajiv-longoval samajhauta samane aya, jisaka tvarit prabhav yah raha ki pnjab ke logon ne pahali bar manasik roop se yah svikar kar liya ki pnjab se atnkavad khatm ho sakata hai, aur pnjab ke yuva punah desh ke mukhy dhara men sammilit ho sakate hain. yadyapi snt longoval ke nidhan se samajhaute ke parinam prapt hone men samay zaroor laga par is manasik dridhata ke bal par hi pnjab ke logon ne dhire-dhire atnkavad par vijay prapt kari aur aj pnjab men sab kuchh samany hai.[2]

pradhanamntri ke roop men

31 aktoobar 1984 ko pradhanamntri indira gandhi ki hatya ke bad desh ki danvadol hoti rajanitik paristhitiyon ko snbhalane ke lie unhen pradhanamntri banaya gaya. us samay kee logon ne unhen nausikhiya bhi kaha lekin jis tarah se unhonne yah jimmedari nibhaee usase sabhi achnbhit rah ge. rajiv ko saumy vyakti mana jata tha. jo parti ke any netaon se vichar-vimarsh karate the aur jaldabazi men nirnay nahin lete the. jab unaki man ki hatya huee, to rajiv ko usi din pradhanamntri pad ki shapath dilaee gee aur unhen kuchh din bad kangres (in) parti ka neta chun liya gaya. unaka shasanakal kee aropon se bhi ghira raha jisamen bophors ghotala sabase gnbhir tha. isake alava un par koee aisa dag nahin tha jisaki vajah se unaki ninda ho. pak daman hone ki vajah se hi logon ke bich rajiv gandhi ki achchhi pakad thi. shrilnka men chal rahe litte aur singhaliyon ke bich yuddh ko shant karane ke lie rajiv gandhi ne bharatiy sena ko shrilnka men tainat kar diya. jisaka pratikar litte ne tamilanadu men chunavi prachar ke dauran rajiv gandhi par atmaghati hamala karava kar liya. 21 mee, 1991 ko subah 10 baje ke qarib ek mahila rajiv gandhi se milane ke lie stej tak gee aur unake panv chhoone ke lie jaise hi jhuki usake sharir men laga aradieks phat gaya. is hamale men rajiv gandhi ki maut ho gee. desh men rajiv gandhi ki maut ke bad bahut bada rosh dekhane ko mila.

rajanitik safar aur pad

dinank / varsh pad
1981 lokasabha (satavin) ke lie nirvachit
1984 lokasabha (athavin) ke lie pun: nirvachit
19 aktoobar, 1984 se 2 disambar, 1984 tak pradhanamntri evn any sabhi mntralay vibhag jo ki any kisi mntri ko anvatit kie ge.
31 disambar, 1984 se 14 janavari, 1985 vanijy aur apoorti, videsh, udyog v kampani mamale, vigyan v praudyogiki, paramanu oorja, antariksh, ilaiktraniks, mahasagar,

vikas, karmik evn prashasanik sudhar, yuva mamale evn khel, snskriti, paryatan evn nagar vimanan mntralay ka bhi padabhar sambhala.

31 disambar, 1984 se 20 aktoobar, 1986 paryavaran evn van mntralay ke bhi prabhari.
25 disambar, 1985 se 24 janavari, 1987 raksha mntralay ke bhi prabhari.
4 joon, 1986 se 24 joon, 1986 parivahan mntralay ke bhi prabhari.
24 janavari, 1987 se 25 julaee, 1987 vitt mntralay ke bhi prabhari.
4 mee, 1987 se 25 julaee, 1987 karyakram karyanvayan mntralay ke bhi prabhari.
15 julaee, 1987 se 28 julaee, 1987 paryatan mntralay ke bhi prabhari.
25 julaee, 1987 se 26 joon, 1988 videsh mntralay ka bhi karyabhar sambhala.
22 agast, 1987 se 10 navambar, 1987 jal snsadhan mntralay ka karyabhar bhi sambhala.
mee, 1989 se julaee, 1989 snchar mntralay ka bhi karyabhar sambhala.
1989 lok sabha (nauvin) ke lie tisari bar nirvachit.
18 disambar, 1989 se 24 disambar, 1990 lok sabha (nauvin) men vipaksh ke neta.
24 janavari, 1990 sadasy, samany prayojan samiti.
1991 lok sabha (dasavin) ke lie chauthi bar nirvachit.

yogadan

rajiv gandhi apani ichchha ke viparit rajaniti men ae the. vah khud rajaniti ko bhrashtachar se mukt karana chahate the lekin yah vidnbana hi hai ki unhen bhrashtachar ki vajah se hi sabase jyada alochana jhelani padi. unhonne desh men kee kshetron men nee pahal aur shuruat ki jinamen snchar kranti aur knpyootar kranti, shiksha ka prasar, 18 sal ke yuvaon ko matadhikar, pnchayati raj adi shamil hai. rajiv ne kee sahasik kadam uthae jinamen shrilnka men shanti sena ka bheja jana, asam samajhauta, pnjab samajhauta, mijoram samajhauta adi shamil hai.[3]

alagavavadi andolan

disambar 1984 ke am chunav men unhonne parti ki zabaradast jit ka netritv kiya aur unake prashasan ne sarakari naukarashahi men sudhar lane tatha desh ki arthavyavastha ke udarikaran ke lie zoradar qadam uthae. lekin pnjab aur kashmir men alagavavadi andolan ko hatotsahit karane ki rajiv ki koshish ka ulta asar hua tatha kee vittiy sazishon men unaki sarakar ke ulajhane ke bad unaka netritv lagatar aprabhavi hota gaya. 1989 men unhonne pradhanamntri pad se istifa de diya, lekin vah kangres (in) parti ke neta pad par bane rahe. agami snsadiy chunav ke lie tamilanadu men chunav prachar ke dauran ek atmaghati mahila ke bam visphot men unaki mrityu ho gee. kaha jata hai ki yah mahila tamil alagavavadiyon se snbaddh thi.

nidhan

apane rajanitik phaisalon se kattarapnthiyon ko naraj kar chuke rajiv par shrilnka men salami garad ke nirikshan ke vakt hamala kiya gaya, lekin vah bal-bal bach ge the, par 1991 men aisa nahin ho saka. 21 mee, 1991 ko tamilanadu ke shriperambadoor men ek atmaghati hamale men vah mare ge. unake sath 17 aur logon ki jan gee. rajiv gandhi ki desh seva ko rashtr ne unake duniya se vida hone ke bad svikar karate hue unhen bharat ratn se sammanit kiya, jise soniya gandhi ne 6 julaee, 1991 ko apane pati ki or se grahan kiya. 'virabhoomi' rajiv gandhi ka samadhi sthal hai. yah dilli ke ring marg par ane vala ek bas staaup bhi hai.



bharat ke pradhanamntri
Arrow-left.png poorvadhikari
chaudhari charan sinh
rajiv gandhi uttaradhikari
vishvanath pratap sinh
Arrow-right.png


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. knpyootar kranti ke aguva v kaddavar neta rajiv gandhi (hindi) jagaran yahoo indiya. abhigaman tithi: 20 agast, 2013.
  2. vishvanayak rajiv gandhi (hindi) JNI sultanapur. abhigaman tithi: 20 agast, 2013.
  3. Rajiv Gandhi: na chahate hue bhi ae rajaniti men (hindi) jagaran jnkshan. abhigaman tithi: 20 agast, 2013.

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