राजेंद्र कुमार  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

rajendr kumar
rajendr kumar
poora nam rajendr kumar tuli
prasiddh nam rajendr kumar
any nam jubali kumar
janm 20 julaee, 1929
janm bhoomi siyalakot, pakistan
mrityu 12 julaee, 1999
mrityu sthan mumbee, maharashtr
pati/patni shukla kumar
sntan putr- kumar gaurav
karm bhoomi mumbee
karm-kshetr abhineta, nirmata v nirdeshak
mukhy filmen 'goonj uthi shahanaee', 'lalakar', madar indiya, 'dil ek mndir', ‘dhool ka phool’, ‘mere mahaboob’, ‘aee milan ki bela’, ’sngam’, ‘arajoo’ , ‘sooraj’ adi.
puraskar-upadhi padm shri
nagarikata bharatiy
any janakari bataur nirmata-nirdeshak unaki pahali film thi- 'lav stori', jo apane samay ki badi hit mani jati hai. isamen unhonne apane suputr kumar gaurav ko liya tha. sath hi unhonne 'phool', 'jurrat', 'nam', 'lavars' adi filmon ka nirman bhi kiya.

rajendr kumar (angrezi: Rajendra Kumar, janm- 20 julaee, 1929; mrityu- 12 julaee, 1999) bharatiy film abhineta the. rajendr kumar 1960 aur 1970 ke dashak men filmon men sakriy the. unhonne filmon men abhinay karane ke alava kee filmon ka nirman aur nirdeshan bhi kiya tha. hindi filmon men apane saphal abhinay aur bemisal adakari ki vajah se rajendr kumar ne jo sthan banaya hai, vahan tak pahunchana har abhineta ka sapana hota hai. rajendr kumar ki har film itani hit hoti thi ki vah kee salon tak behatarin bijanes kiya karati thi aur yahi vajah thi ki log unhen ‘jubali kumar’ ke nam se pukarate the. apane romantik vyaktitv ki unhonne sinema jagath men aisi chhata bikheri ki, unaki filmen ek yadagar ban geen. film 'arajoo' ho ya 'aee milan ki bela' har film men rajendr kumar ka ek alag hi svaroop darshakon ne dekha.

jivan parichay

pashchim pnjab ke siyalakot men 20 julaee, 1929 ko janme rajendr kumar bachapan se hi abhineta banane ki chah rakhate the. ek madhyam vargiy parivar se hone ke bavajood unhonne ummidon ka daman nahin chhoda. munbee men apani kismat ajamane ke lie unhonne pita dvara di gee ghadi ko becha tha, par munbee akar apani kismat badalane ka hausala unhonne kisi se nahin liya tha. rajendr kumar sundar hone ke sath-sath manasik roop se bhi bahut hi dridh abhineta the. 21 sal ki umr men hi unhen filmon men kam karane ka pahala mauka mila. ek abhineta ke taur par pahali bar unhen dilip kumar abhinit film "jogan" men ek chhota-sa kiradar nibhane ko mila tha. yahin se vah lagatar saphalata prapt karate ge. pahali bar film ‘jogan’ men unhonne abhinay kiya aur usake bad apane har rol men vah khud b khud phit hote chale ge. isake bad ‘goonj uthi shahanaee’ men pahali bar vah ek abhineta ke taur par dikhe. varsh 1957 men pradarshit mahaboob khan ki film ‘madar indiya’ men rajendr kumar ne jo abhinay kiya, use dekh aj bhi log praphullit ho uthate hain. 'madar indiya' ke bad rajendr kumar ne ‘dhool ka phool’, ‘mere mahaboob’, ‘aee milan ki bela’, ’sngam’, ‘arajoo’ , ‘sooraj’ adi jaise saphal filmon men kam kiya.[1]
rajendr kumar

shuruati daur

rajendr kumar bachapan se hi abhineta banane ka sapana dekha karate the. apane isi sapane ko sakar karane ke liye pachas ke dashak men vah munbee a gaye. munbee pahunchane par unaki mulakat sethi nam ke ek vyakti se huee, jinhonne unaka parichay sunil datt se karaya, jo un dinon svayn abhineta banane ke lie sngharsh kar rahe the. is bich rajendr kumar ki mulakat jane mane gitakar rajendr krishn se huee jinaki madad se vah 150 rape masik vetan par nirmata, nirdeshak ech.es. ravel ke sahayak nirdeshak ban ge. bataur sahayak nirdeshak rajendr kumar ne ravel ke sath premanath aur madhubala abhinit 'saki' tatha premanath aur suraiya abhinit 'shokhiyan' ke lie kam kiya. varsh 1950 men pradarshit film 'jogan' bataur abhineta rajendr kumar ke sine kairiyar ki pahali film sabit huyi. is film men unhen dilip kumar ke sath abhinay karane ka mauka mila. isake bavajood rajendr kumar darshakon ke bich apani pahachan banane men kamayab rahe.[2]

pramukh filmen

darshakon ke madhy rajendr kumar ka sthan mahaboob khan ki film 'madar indiya' (1957) se bana. film 'madar indiya' men rajendr kumar ne naragis ke bete ka rol kiya tha. 'madar indiya' ke bad rajendr kumar ne 'dhool ka phool' (1959), 'mere mahaboob' (1963), 'aee milan ki bela' (1964), 'sngam' (1964), 'arajoo' (1965), 'sooraj' (1966) adi jaise saphal filmon men kam kiya.

raj kapoor aur rajendr kumar ke sath vaijaynti mala

yadyapi rajendr kumar 1960 ke dashak men bharatiy rajat pat par chhaye rahe, inaki anek filmon ne lagatar rajat jaynti (silvar jubali) ki isalie unhen jubali kumar kaha jane laga. (1970 ka dashak unake liye pratikool raha kyonki us dashak men rajendr kumar ki gnvar (1970), tangevala (1972), lalakar (1972), ganv hamara shahar tumhara (1972), an ban (1972) adi filmen baauks aphis par pit geen aur unaki mang ghatane lag gee. sanh 1970 se 1977 tak ka samay unake liye atynt dushkar raha. sanh 1978 men bani film sajan bina suhagan, jisamen unake sath nootan ne kam kiya tha, ne phir se ek bar rajendr kumar ka samay palat diya aur ve phir se darshakon ke chahete ban gaye. raj kapoor ne apani filmen sngam (1964) aur mera nam jokar (1970) men bataur sahayak hiro ke unhen rol diya tha. raj kapoor ke sath unhonne film do jasoos (1975) men bhi kam kiya aur unhen darshakon ki sarahana mili. unake daur ki filmon ke shaukin logon ke lie rajendr kumar bhi utane hi bade traijedi king the, jitane bade traijedi king dilip kumar ko mana jata hai.

rajendr kumar ki pramukh filmen[3]
  • jogan (1950)
  • avaz (1956)
  • toofan aur diya (1956)
  • madar indiya (1957)
  • ek jhalak (1957)
  • devar bhabhi (1958)
  • ghar snsar (1958)
  • khajanchi (1958)
  • talak (1958)
  • chirag kahan roshani kahan (1959)
  • dhool ka phool (1959)
  • do bahan (1959)
  • goonj uthi shahanaee (1959)
  • sntan (1959)
  • qanoon (1960)
  • man bap (1960)
  • menhadi rng lagyo (1960)
  • patnga (1960)
  • as ka pnchhi (1961)
  • dharmaputr (1961)
  • gharana (1961)
  • pyar ka sagar (1961)
  • sasural (1961)
  • zindagi aur khvab (1961)
  • akeli mat jiyo (1963)
  • amar rahe ye pyar (1963)
  • dil ek mndir (1963)
  • gahara dag (1963)
  • hamarahi (1963)
  • mere mahaboob (1963)
  • aee milan ki bela (1964)
  • sngam (1964)
  • zindagi (1964)
  • arajoo (1965)
  • sooraj (1966)
  • aman (1967)
  • palaki (1967)
  • jhuk gaya asaman (1968)
  • sathi (1968)
  • anjana (1969)
  • shatarnj (1969)
  • talash (1969)
  • dharati (1970)
  • gnvar (1970)
  • git (1970)
  • mera nam jokar (1970)
  • ap aye bahar aee (1971)
  • an ban (1972)
  • ganv hamara shahar tumhara (1972)
  • gora aur kala (1972)
  • lalakar (1972)
  • tangevala (1972)
  • do sher (1974)
  • du:kh bhnjan tera nam (1974)
  • do jasoos (1975)
  • rani aur lalapari (1975)
  • sunahara snsar (1975)
  • teri meri zindagi (1975)
  • mazadoor jindabad (1976)
  • do shole (1977)
  • shiradi ke saeen baba (1977)
  • ahuti (1978)
  • sajan bina suhagan (1978)
  • sone ka dil lohe ka hath (1978)
  • dakoo aur mahatma (1978)
  • bin phere ham tere (1979)
  • oh bevafa (1980)
  • dhan daulat (1980)
  • badala aur balidan (1980)
  • gunahagar (1980)
  • ye rishta na toote (1981)
  • lavh stori (1981)
  • sajan ki saheli (1981)
  • main tere liye (1988)
  • klark (1989)
  • phool (1993)
  • diya aur toophan (1995)
  • andaz (1995)
  • arth (1998)

jubali kumar

bharatiy film itihas men sattar ke dashak men rajendr kumar sabase saphal abhineta sabit hue. gayak mohammad rafi rajendr kumar ki parde par avaz ban gaye the. yah ek aisa vakt tha jab ek sath unaki chhah se jyada filmen silvar jubali saptah ki saphalata mana rahi thin. yah ek aisi saphalata thi jisane unhen hindi filmon ka 'jubali kumar' bana diya. film 'goonj uthi shahanaee' ke bad 1959 men yash chopada nirdeshit 'dhool ka phool' bhi bahut pasnd ki gayi. yah yash chopada ke nirdeshan pari ki shuruat thi. 1963 men 'mere mahaboob' ke bad raj kapoor dvara nirdeshit aur abhinit film 'sngam' men bhi rajendr kumar ke abhinay ko pasnd kiya gaya. is film ke lie unhen film pheyar avard ke lie namankit kiya gaya. isake bad film 'arajoo', 'sooraj', 'gnvar' jaisi film bhi unake kairiyar men ahamh bhoomika nibhaee.[4]

utar-chadhav

1970 ke shurooati dashak men aee filmon ne achchha vyavasay nahin kiya. yah vah samay tha jab hindi filmon men rajesh khanna ka agaman hua tha. rajendr kumar ke kairiyar ka yah kathin samay tha jisamen 'gnvar' (1970), 'tangevala' (1972), 'ganv hamara shahar tumhara' (1972), 'an ban' (1972) adi filmen baauks aauphis par asaphal ho gayi. is asaphal aur mushkil bhare vakt ko ek bar rajendr kumar ne intaravyoo men svikar kiya tha. yah mushkil bhara samay bhi bit gaya tha. 1978 men unaki film 'sajan bina suhagan' ne badi saphalata hasil ki. is film men unaki nayika nootan thi. yah film bahut hi saphal rahi. isake bad rajendr kumar ne mukhy kiradar ke sath hi charitr kiradar bhi nibhane lage. unhonne kuchh pnjabi filmon men bhi kam kiya, jisamen 'teri meri ek zindagi' kafi lokapriy film hai. akhiri bar dipa mehata ki film 'arth' (1998) men rajendr kumar najar ae the.[4]

sunil datt se dosti

film madar indiya men nargis ke sath sunil datt aur rajendr kumar

rajendr kumar aur sunil datt men kafi gahari dosti thi. isi dosti ko nibhate hue aur apane bete kumar gaurav ke kairiyar ko snvarane ke lie unhonne san 1987 men film 'nam' ka nirman kiya. film bahut hi saphal rahi lekin is film men snjay datt ke kairiyar ko phayada mila. rajendr kumar ke bare men ek bar sunil datt ji ne intaravyoo men kaha ki aj tak rajendr kumar ko bhale hi kisi film ke lie puraskar nahin mila hai lekin vah ek manavatavadi vyakti hain. un dinon jab snjay datt ko giraphtar kiya gaya tha aur pratidin hamare ghar ki talashi hoti thi. tab rajendr kumar hamare ghar par akar rahate the aur is bat ki santvana dete the ki yah sirph janch ka hissa hai. unako duniya ki achchhi samajhadari thi. apane film stars ke sath udarata se pesh ate the. apani isi vishesh dosti ko rishte men badalate hue unhonne kumar gaurav ka vivah sunil datt ki beti namrata ke sath kiya tha.[4]

nirmata-nirdeshak

bataur nirmata-nirdeshak unaki pahali film thi- lav stori, jo apane samay ki badi hit mani jati hai, isamen unhonne apane suputr kumar gaurav ko liya tha. sath hi unhonne phool, jurrat, nam, lavars adi filmon ka nirman bhi kiya. unhonne manad majistret ke taur par bhi apani sevaen din.

puraskar

rajendr kumar ne 1950 aur 1960 ke dashak men kee kamayab filmen di. inamen 'dhool ka phool', 'mere mahaboob', 'sngam' aur 'arajoo' pramukh rahin. rajendr kumar ko filmapheyar puraskar ke sarvashreshth abhineta ki shreni men tin bar namankan mila, halanki unhen kabhi yah puraskar nahin mil paya, kyonki vah daur kee mahanh abhinetaon ka tha, jo kuchh mamalon men unase bis najar ae. 1969 men unhen 'padm shri' se sammanit kiya gaya. hindi film 'qanoon' aur gujarati film 'menhadi rng lagyo' ke lie unhen pn. javaharalal neharoo ke kar-kamalon dvara rashtriy puraskar se sammanit kiya gaya.

nidhan

12 julaee, 1999 ko kainsar ke karan mumbee men rajendr kumar ka nidhan ho gaya. rajendr kumar bahut hi anushasit aur arogy dinacharya ke lie jane jate the. unase jude logon ka kahana hai ki unhonne kabhi bhi jivan men davaiyan nahin lin.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. janmadin visheshank : rajendr kumar (hindi) jagaran jnkshan. abhigaman tithi: 20 julaee, 2013.
  2. hindi filmon ke jubali star the rajendr kumar (hindi) pnjab kesari. abhigaman tithi: 20 julaee, 2013.
  3. rajendr kumar – romantik rol ke kalakar (hindi) gyan sagar hindi vebasait. abhigaman tithi: 20 julaee, 2013.
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 romantik abhineta the rajendr kumar (hindi) baaulivud blaaug. abhigaman tithi: 20 julaee, 2013.

snbndhit lekh


varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

a   a    i    ee    u    oo    e    ai    o   au    an    k   kh    g    gh    n    ch    chh    j    jh    n    t    th    d   dh    n    t    th    d    dh    n    p    ph    b    bh    m    y    r    l    v    sh    sh    s    h    ksh    tr    gy    ri    ri    aau    shr   aah