राजेन्द्र प्रसाद  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

rajendr prasad
Dr.Rajendra-Prasad.jpg
poora nam daau. rajendr prasad
any nam rajen baboo
janm 3 disambar, 1884
janm bhoomi jiradeyoo, bihar
mrityu 28 faravari, 1963
mrityu sthan sadakat ashram, patana
abhibhavak mahadev sahay
pati/patni rajavnshi devi
nagarikata bharatiy
parti bharatiy rashtriy kangres
pad bharat ke pratham rashtrapati
kary kal 26 janavari, 1950 se 13 mee, 1962
shiksha snatak, bi. el., qanoon men mastar digri aur daauktaret
vidyalay kalakatta vishvavidyalay, presidensi kaaulej (kalakatta)
puraskar-upadhi bharat ratn
any janakari rajendr prasad, bharat ke ekamatr rashtrapati the jinhonne do karyakalon tak rashtrapati pad par kary kiya.

daau. rajendr prasad (angrezi: Dr. Rajendra Prasad, janm- 3 disambar, 1884, jiradeyoo, bihar; mrityu- 28 faravari, 1963, sadakat ashram, patana) bharat ke pratham rashtrapati the. rajendr prasad behad pratibhashali aur vidvanh vyakti the. rajendr prasad, bharat ke ekamatr rashtrapati the jinhonne do karyakalon tak rashtrapati pad par kary kiya.

janm

bihar prant ke ek chhote se ganv jiradeyoo men 3 disambar, 1884 men rajendr prasad ka janm hua tha. ek bade snyukt parivar ke rajendr prasad sabase chhote sadasy the, isalie vah sabake dulare the. rajendr prasad ke parivar ke sadasyon ke sambandh gahare aur mridu the. rajendr prasad ko apani mata aur bade bhaee mahendr prasad se bahut sneh tha. jiradeyoo ganv ki abadi mishrit thi. magar sab log ikatthe rahate the. rajendr prasad ki sabase pahali yad apane hindoo aur musalaman doston ke sath 'chikka aur kabaddi' khelane ki hai. kishoravastha men unhen holi ke tyohar ka intazar rahata tha aur usamen unake musalaman dost bhi shamil rahate the aur muharram par hindoo taziye nikalate the. 'rajen baboo' (rajendr prasad) ko ganv ke math men ramayan sunana aur sthaniy ramalila dekhana bada achchha lagata tha. ghar ka vatavaran bhi eeshvar par poorn vishvas ka tha. rajendr prasad ki mata bahut bar unhen ramayan se kahaniyan sunatin aur bhajan bhi gati thi. unake charitr ki dridhata aur udar drishtikon ki adharashila bachapan men hi rakhi gee thi.

rajendr prasad ke samman men dak tikat

vivah

ganv ka jivan purani paramparaon se bharapoor tha. inamen se ek rivaj tha- bal vivah aur parampara ke anusar rajendr prasad ka vivah bhi keval barah varsh ki ayu men ho gaya tha. yah ek vistrit anushthan tha jisamen vadhoo ke ghar pahunchane men ghodon, bailagadiyon aur hathi ke juloos ko do din lage the. var ek chandi ki palaki men, jise char adami uthate the, saje-dhaje baithe the. raste men unhen ek nadi bhi par karani thi. baratiyon ko nadi par karane ke lie nav ka istemal kiya gaya. ghode aur bailon ne tairakar nadi par ki, magar ikalaute hathi ne pani men utarane se inkar kar diya. parinam yah hua ki hathi ko pichhe hi chhodana pada aur rajendr prasad ke pita ji 'mahadev sahay' ko isaka bada du:kh hua. apane gntavy sthan par pahunchane se do mil pahale unhonne kisi any vivah se lautate do hathi dekhe. unase lenaden tay hua aur parampara ke anusar hathi phir vivah ke juloos men shamil ho ge. kisi tarah se yah juloos madhy ratri ko vadhoo ke ghar pahuncha. lambi yatra aur garmi se sab behal ho rahe the aur var to palaki men hi so gaye the. badi kathinaee se unhen vivah ki rasm ke lie uthaya gaya. vadhoo, rajavnshi devi, un dinon ke rivaj ke anusar parde men hi rahati thi. chhuttiyon men ghar jane par apani patni ko dekhane ya usase bolane ka rajendr prasad ko bahut hi kam avasar milata tha.

rajendr prasad bad men rashtriy andolan men shamil ho ge. tab vah patni se aur bhi kam mil pate the. vastav men vivah ke pratham pachas varshon men shayad pati-patni pachas mahine hi sath-sath rahe honge. rajendr prasad apana sara samay kam men bitate aur patni bachchon ke sath jiradeyoo ganv men parivar ke any sadasyon ke sath rahati thin.

Blockquote-open.gif rajendr prasad ne svikar kiya, "main brahman ke alava kisi ka chhua bhojan nahin khata tha. champaran men gandhi ji ne unhen apane purane vicharon ko chhod dene ke liye kaha. akhirakar unhonne samajhaya ki jab ve sath-sath ek dhyey ko lekar kary karate hain to un sabaki keval ek jati hoti hai arthat ve sab sathi karyakarta hain." Blockquote-close.gif

- rajendr prasad

matribhoomi ke lie samarpit

rajendr prasad pratibhashali aur vidvanh the aur kalakatta ke ek yogy vakil ke yahan kam sikh rahe the. rajendr prasad ka bhavishy ek sundar sapane ki tarah tha. rajendr prasad ka parivar unase kee ashayen lagaye baitha tha. vastav men rajendr prasad ke parivar ko un par garv tha. lekin rajendr prasad ka man in sab men nahin tha. rajendr prasad keval dhan aur suvidhayen pane ke lie age padhana nahin chahate the. ekaek rajendr prasad ki drishti men in chizon ka koee mooly nahin rah gaya tha. rashtriy neta gokhale ke shabd rajendr prasad ke kanon men bar-bar goonj uthate the.
azadi to hamen tabhi prapt hogi, jabaki ham samajavadi ladaee ka marg pakaden. narendr dev

rajendr prasad ki matribhoomi videshi shasan men jakadi huee thi. rajendr prasad usaki pukar ko kaise anasuni kar sakate the. lekin rajendr prasad yah bhi janate the ki ek taraph desh aur doosari or parivar ki nishtha unhen bhinn-bhinn dishaon men khinch rahi thi. rajendr prasad ka parivar yah nahin chahata tha ki vah apana kary chhodakar 'rashtriy andolan' men bhag len kyonki usake lie poore samarpan ki avashyakata hoti hai. rajendr prasad ko apana rasta svayn chunana padega. yah ulajhan manon unaki atma ko jhakajhor rahi thi.

pndit javahar lal neharoo aur rajendr prasad

rajendr prasad ne rat khatm hote-hote man hi man kuchh tay kar liya tha. rajendr prasad svarthi banakar apane parivar ko sambhalane ka poora bhar apane bade bhaee par nahin dal sakate the. rajendr prasad ke pita ka dehant ho chuka tha. rajendr prasad ke bade bhaee ne pita ka sthan lekar unaka margadarshan kiya tha aur uchch adarshon ki prerana di thi. rajendr prasad unhen akela kaise chhod sakate the? agale din hi unhonne apane bhaee ko patr likha, "mainne sada apaka kahana mana hai aur yadi eeshvar ne chaha to sada aisa hi hoga." dil men yah shapath lete hue ki apane parivar ko aur du:kh nahin denge unhonne likha, "main jitana kar sakata hoon, karoonga aur sab ko prasann dekh kar prasannata ka anubhav karoonga." lekin unake dil men uthal-puthal machi rahi. ek din vah apani atma ki pukar sunenge aur svayn ko poornataya apani matribhoomi ke lie samarpit kar denge. yah yuvak rajendr the jo char dashak pashchath 'svatntr bharat ke pratham rashtrapati' bane.

inglaind jane ka sapana

bahut bade parivar men rahane ke karan shuroo se hi rajendr prasad men any sadasyon ka dhyan rakhane aur nissvarthata ka gun a gaya tha. chhatrakal ke dauran unake man men aee.si.es. ki pariksha dene ke lie inglaind jane ki badi ichchha thi. lekin unhen bhay tha ki parivar ke log itani door jane ki anumati kabhi nahin denge. isalie unhonne bahut hi gupt roop se jahaz men inglainnd jane ke lie sit ka arakshan karavaya aur any sab prabandh kie. yahan tak ki inglainnd men pahanane ke lie do soot bhi silava lie. lekin jisaka unhen bhay tha vahi hua. unake pitaji ne is prastav ka bahut zor se virodh kiya. rajendr prasad ne bahut anichchha se inglainnd jane ka vichar chhod diya. any logon ke vicharon ke prati samman ka gun poora jivan rajendr prasad ke sath raha. vastav men rajendr prasad ke bachapan men vikasit sare gun jivanabhar unake sath rahe aur unhen kathinaiyon ka samana karane ka sahas dete rahe.

bachapan se hi parishrami

skool ke din parishram aur mauj-masti ka mishran the. un dinon men yah parampara thi ki shiksha ka arnbh farasi ki shiksha se kiya jae. rajendr prasad panch ya chhah varsh ke rahe honge jab unhen aur unake do chachere bhaiyon ko ek maulavi sahab padhane ke lie ane lage. shiksha arnbh karane vale din paise aur mithaee banti jati hai. ladakon ne apane achchhe svabhav vale maulavi sahab ke sath shaitaniyan bhi ki magar mehanat bhi kas kar ki. ve subah badi jaldi uth kar kaksha ke kamare men padhane ke lie baith jate. yah silasila kafi der tak chalata aur bich men unhen khane aur aram karane ki chhutti milati. vastav men yah kalpana bhi nahin ki ja sakati thi ki itane chhote bachche bahut der tak dhyan laga kar padhaee kar saken. ye vishesh gun jivanaparyant rajendr prasad men rahe aur inhin ne unhen vishishtata bhi dilaee.

vishvavidyalay ki shiksha

rajendr prasad apane nazuk svasthy ke bavazood bhi ek gnbhir evn pratibhashali chhatr the aur skool v kaaulej donon men hi unaka parinam bahut hi achchha raha. kalakatta vishvavidyalay ki pravesh pariksha men rajendr prasad pratham rahe aur unhen tis rupaye mahine ki chhatravritti bhi mili. un dinon men tis rupaye bahut hote the. lekin sabase badi bat thi ki pahali bar bihar ka ek chhatr pariksha men pratham aya tha. unake parivar aur unake lie yah ek garv ka kshan tha. san 1902 ee. men rajendr prasad ne kalakatta ke presidensi kaaulej men pravesh liya. yah saral svabhav aur nishkapat yuvak bihar ki sima se pahali bar bahar nikal kar kalakatta jaise bade shahar men aya tha. apani kaksha men jane par vah chhatron ko takata rah gaya. sabake sir nnge the aur vah sab pashchimi veshabhoosha ki pataloon aur kamiz pahane the. unhonne socha ye sab englo-indiyan hain lekin jab haziri boli gee to unhen yah janakar ashchary hua ki sabake nam hindustani the.

rajendr prasad ka nam haziri ke samay nahin pukara gaya to vah bahut himmat karake khade hue aur pradhyapak ko bataya. pradhyapak unake dehati kapadon ko ghoorata hi raha. vah sada ki tarah kurta-pajama aur topi pahane the.
'thaharo. mainne abhi skool ke ladakon ki haziri nahin li,' pradhyapak ne tikhe svar men kaha.
vah shayad unhen ek skool ka ladaka samajh raha tha.
rajendr prasad ne hath kiya ki vah presidensi kaaulej ke chhatr hain aur apana nam bhi bataya.
ab kaksha ke sab chhatr unhen ghoorane lage kyonki yah nam to un dinon sabaki zuban par tha. us varsh rajendr prasad nam ka ladaka vishvavidyalay men pratham aya tha. galati ko turant sudhara gaya aur is tarah rajendr prasad ka kaaulej jivan arambh hua.

atmavishvasi rajendr

varsh ke akhir men ek bar phir galati huee. jab prinsipal ne eph.e. men uttirn chhatron ke nam lie to rajendr prasad ka nam soochi men nahin tha. rajendr prasad ko apane kanon par vishvas nahin aya. kyonki is pariksha ke lie unhonne bahut hi parishram kiya tha. akhir vah khade hue aur sambhavit galati ki or snket kiya.

prinsipal ne turant uttar diya ki vah fel ho ge honge. unhen is mamale men tark nahin karana chahie.
'lekin, lekin sar', rajendr prasad ne hakalakar, ghabarate hue kaha. is samay unaka hriday dhak-dhak kar raha tha.
'panch rupaya zurmana' krodhit prinsipal ne kaha. rajendr prasad ne sahas kar phir bolana chaha.
'das rupaya zurmana', lal-pila hote hue prinsipal chillaya.

rajendr prasad bahut ghabara ge. agale kuchh kshanon men zurmana badhakar 25 rupaye tak pahunch gaya. ekaek haid klark ne unhen pichhe se baith jane ka snket kiya. ek galati ho gee thi. pata chala ki vastav men rajendr prasad kaksha men pratham ae the. unake nambar unaki pravesh pariksha se bhi is bar bahut adhik the. prinsipal naya tha. isalie usane is pratibhashali chhatr ko nahin pahachana tha. rajendr prasad ki chhatravritti do varsh ke lie badhakar 50 rupaya prati mas kar di gee. usake bad snatak ki pariksha men bhi unhen vishisht sthan mila. yadyapi rajendr prasad sada vinamr bane rahe magar unhonne yah mahattvapoorn path padh liya tha ki apane snkoch ko door kar svayn men atmavishvas paida karana hi hoga. apane kaaulej ke dinon men rajendr prasad ko sada yogy adhyapakon ka samarthan mila, jinhonne apane chhatron ko age badhane ki prerana evn uchch achar-vichar ki shiksha di.

Blockquote-open.gif rashtrapati ke pad par rajendr prasad ne sadabhavana ke lie kee deshon ki yatrayen bhi ki. unhonne is anvik yug men shanti ki avashyakata par zor diya. rajendr baboo ka yah vishvas tha ki atit aur vartaman men ek mahattvapoorn kadi hai. Blockquote-close.gif

jagarookata

un dinon bngal men sanskritik aur samajik jagriti ho rahi thi. bharatiy itihas men yah snkat ka samay tha. sanh 1905 men hue bngal ke vibhajan ne janata men rajanitik jagarookata ka vikasit kar diya tha. rajendr prasad ek bar ki bat smaran karake kahate hain, 'un dinon ka vatavaran...naye jivan aur nee ankakshaon se bhara hua tha. main unake prabhav se bach nahin pa raha tha.' vah daaun sosaiti ke sadasy ban gaye jo chhatron ko apani bharatiy virasat par garv karana sikhati thi. isake bad jaldi hi rajendr prasad sarvajanik aur samajik karyon ki or akarshit hue. rajendr prasad ne kalakatta men ek 'bihari klab' banaya jisamen arnbh men bihar ki sthiti sudharane aur vahan ke chhatron ki madad karane ka kary kiya. bad ke varshon men yah klab kalyan karyon ka mnch bana. vastav men rajendr prasad ke sarvajanik jivan ke lie yah achchha prashikshan tha.
bngal ka vibhajan logon men badhati huee rashtriyata ki bhavana ko janaboojhakar diya gaya dhakka mana gaya. isane tilak, lala lajapat ray aur vipinachndr pal jaise netaon dvara arnbh kiye ge svadeshi aur bahishkar andolan (bharatiy chizon ka istemal aur british chizon ka bahishkar) ne ag men ghi ka kam kiya. unhonne is andolan ko kuchh pashchaty rng men rnge bharatiyon ke hathon se nikalakar janata tak pahunchaya. is andolan ke karan logon ne bharatiy vastuon par garv karana sikha aur log bharatiy udyog ko protsahan dene lage.

svadeshi andolan

rajendr prasad bhi naye andolan ki or akarshit hue. ab pahali bar rajendr prasad ne pustakon ki taraf kam dhyan dena shuroo kiya. svadeshi aur bahishkar andolan ne rajendr prasad ke chhatralay ke chhatron ko bahut prabhavit kiya. unhonne sab videshi kapadon ko jalane ki qasam khaee. ek din sabake bakse khol kar videshi kapade nikale gaye aur unaki holi jala di gee. jab rajendr prasad ka baksa khola gaya to ek bhi kapada videshi nahin nikala. yah unake dehati palan-poshan ke karan nahin tha. balki svatah hi unaka jhukav deshi chizon ki or tha. gopal krishn gokhale ne sanh 1905 men 'sarvents aauf indiya sosaiti' arambh ki thi. unaka dhyey tha aise rashtriy svayn sevak taiyar karana jo bharat men snvaidhanik sudhar karen. is yogy yuva chhatr se vah bahut prabhavit the aur unhonne rajendr prasad ko is sosaiti men shamil hone ke liye prerit kiya. lekin parivar ki or se apane kartavy ke karan rajendr prasad ne gokhale ki pukar ko us samay anasuna kar diya. lekin vah yad karate hain,- 'main bahut dukhi tha.' aur jivan men pahali bar bi. el. ki pariksha men kathinaee se pas hue the.

qanoon men mastar digri

vah ab vaqalat ki dahalij par khade the. unhonne jaldi hi muqadamon ko achchhi prakar aur eemanadari se karane ke liye khyati pa li. sanh 1915 men qanoon men mastar ki digri men vishtita pane ke lie rajendr prasad ko sone ka medal mila. isake bad unhonne qanoon men daauktaret bhi kar li. ab vah da. rajendr prasad ho gaye. in varshon men rajendr prasad kee prasiddh vaqilon, vidvanon aur lekhakon se mile. rajendr prasad bharatiy kangres kameti ke sadasy bhi ban gaye. rajendr prasad ke mastishk men rashtriyata ne jade jama li thi.

champaran aur british daman

british shasak ke anyay ke prati hamara dabboopan ab virodh men badal raha tha. sanh 1914 men pratham vishv yuddh arambh hone par logon ke liye nee kathinaiyan utpann ho gee. jaise- bhari kar, khady padarthon ki kami kimaton ka badhana aur berozagari. sudhar ka koee snket nahin mil raha tha. jab kalakatta men sanh 1917 ke disambar mah men 'aaul indiya kangres kameti' ka adhiveshan hua to bharat men uthal-puthal machi huee thi. rajendr prasad bhi is adhiveshan men shamil hue. unake sath hi ek sanvale rng ka dubala-patala adami baitha tha magar usaki ankhen badi tez aur chamakili thi. rajendr prasad ne suna tha ki vah afrika se aya hai lekin apane svabhavik snkoch ke karan vah usase batachit n kar sake. yah vyakti aur koee nahin mahatma gandhi hi the. vah abhi-abhi dakshin afrika men sarakari daman ke viruddh sngharsh karake bharat laute the. rajendr prasad ko us samay pata nahin tha ki vah sanvala paini ankhon vala vyakti hi unake bhavishy ke jivan ko akar dega.

chnparan satyagrah andolan ke dauran daau. rajendr prasad aur anugrah narayan sinha

gandhi ji ne apana pratham prayog bihar ke champaran zile men kiya jahan krishakon ki dasha bahut hi dayaniy thi. british logon ne bahut sari dharati par nil ki kheti arambh kar di thi jo unake liye labhadayak thi. bhookhe, nnge, krishak kirayedar ko nil ugane ke liye zabaradasti ki jati. yadi ve unaki agya nahin manate to un par jurmana kiya jata aur kroorata se yatanaen di jati evn unake khet aur gharon ka nasht kar diya jata tha. jab bhi jhagada haee kort men pesh hua, tab-tab vastav men rajendr prasad ne sada bina fis liye in krishakon ka pratinidhitv kiya. lekin phir bhi vah nirantar janavaron jaisi sthiti men rahate a rahe the. gandhiji ko champaran men ho rahe daman par vishvas nahin hua aur vastavikata ka pata lagane vah kalakatta adhiveshan ke bad svayn bihar gaye. mahatma gandhi ke sath champaran ka ek krishak neta tha. jo pahale unhen rajendr prasad ji ke ghar patana men le aya. ghar men keval naukar tha. gandhiji ko ek kisan muvakkil samajhakar usane badi rookhaee se unhen bahar baithane ke liye kaha. kuchh samay bad gandhi ji apani champaran ki yatra par chal diye. nil kar sahab aur yahan ke sarakari adhikariyon ko dar tha ki gandhiji ke ane se gadabad n ho jaye. isaliye unhen sarakari adesh diya gaya ki tatkal zila chhod kar chalen jayen. gandhiji ne vahan se jane se inkar kar diya aur uttar diya ki vah andolan karane nahin aye. keval poochhatachh se janana chahate hain. bahut badi snkhya men pidit kisan unake pas apane du:kh ki kahaniyan lekar ane lage. ab unhen kachahari men pesh hone ke liye kaha gaya.

gandhi ji se bhent

baboo rajendr prasad ki khyati ki vah bahut samarpit karyakarta hain, gandhi ji ke pas pahunch chuki thin. gandhi ji ne rajendr prasad ko champaran ki sthiti batate hue ek tar bheja aur kaha ki vah turant kuchh svaynsevakon ko sath lekar vahan a jayen. baboo rajendr prasad ka gandhi ji ke sath yah pahala sampark tha. vah unake apane jivan men hi nahin balki bharat ki rashtriyata ke itihas men bhi, ek naya mod tha. rajendr prasad turant champaran pahunche aur gandhi ji men unaki dilachaspi jagi. pahali bar milane par unhen gandhi ji ki shakl ya batachit kisi ne bhi prabhavit nahin kiya tha. han, vah apane naukar ka gandhi ji se kiye durvyavahar se jisake bare men unhonne suna tha, bahut dukhi the.

daau. rajendr prasad aur mahatma gandhi

us rat gandhi ji ne jagakar vaisaraauy aur bharatiy netaon ko patr likhe aur kachahari men pesh karane ke liye apana bayan bhi likha. unhonne keval ek bar rook kar baboo rajendr prasad aur unake sathiyon se poochha ki yadi unhen jel bhej diya gaya to ve kya karenge. ek svaynsevak ne hnsate hue kaha ki tab unaka kam bhi khatm ho jayega aur ve sab apane ghar chale jayenge. is samay is bat ne rajendr prasad ji ke dil ko chhoo liya aur usamen halachal mach gee. yah ek aisa adami hai jo is prant ka nivasi nahin hai aur kisanon ke adhikaron ke liye ji-jan se sngharsh kar raha hai. vah nyay ke liye jel jane ko bhi taiyar hai. aur yahan hamare jaise 'bihari' jo apane kshetr ke kisanon ki madad karane par garv karate hain lekin phir bhi ham sab ghar chale jayenge. is ajibogarib sthiti ne unhen chaunka diya. vah is chhote se adami ko ashcharyachakit se takate rahe. jin logon ko vah janate the unamen se kisi ne bhi kabhi jel jane tak ka sapana nahin dekha tha. vakilon ke lie jel ek ganda shabd tha. jel keval aparadhiyon ke lie tha. aparadhi bhi jel ki sakhti se bachane ke lie adhikariyon ko badi-badi rakamen dete the, aur yah adami jane kahan se akar jel jane ki bat kar raha tha. usaka bhi to ghar aur parivar hoga. agali subah tak gandhi ji ke ni:svarth udaharan ne baboo rajendr prasad aur unake sathiyon ka dil jit liya tha. ab ve unake sath jel jane ke lie taiyar the. kachahari men gandhi ji ne kaha ki unhonne champaran chhodane ka adhikariyon ka adesh apani atma ki avaz sunakar hi nahin mana tha. vah jel jane ko taiyar hain. baboo rajendr prasad aur unake sathi jab tak giraftar nahin kar liye jate aur unaka sthan any neta nahin le lete poochhatachh ka kam jari rakhenge. us din door-door ke ganvon se itane log kachahari men gandhiji ko sunane aye ki vahan ka daravaza hi toot gaya.

satyagrah ki pahali vijay

yah ek chamatkar ke saman tha. gandhi ji ka nidarata se hokar saty aur nyay par ade rahane se sarakar bahut prabhavit huee. muqadama vapas le liya gaya aur vah ab poochhatachh ke lie svatntr the. yahan tak ki adhikariyon ko bhi unaki madad karane ke liye kaha gaya. yah satyagrah ki pahali vijay thi. svadhinata sngharsh men gandhi ji ka yah mahattvapoorn yogadan tha. satyagrah ne hamen sikhaya ki nirbhay hokar damanakari ke viruddh apane adhikaron ke lie ahinsatmak tarike se ade raho.

Blockquote-open.gif rashtrapati banane par bhi unaka rashtr ke prati samarpit jivan chalata raha. vriddh aur nazuk svasthy ke bavajood unhonne bharat ki janata ke sath apana niji sampark qayam rakha. vah varsh men se 150 din relagadi dvara yatra karate aur amataur par chhote-chhote steshanon par rookakar samany logon se milate.- rajendr prasad Blockquote-close.gif

rajendr prasad champaran andolan ke dauran gandhiji ke vafadar sathi ban gaye. qrarib 25,000 kisanon ke bayan likhe gaye aur antatah yah kam unhen hi saunp diya gaya. bihar aur udisa ki sarakaron ne antatogatva in riporton ke adhar par ek adhiniyam pas karake champaran ke kisanon ko lambe varshon ke anyay se chhutakara dilaya. satyagrah ki vastavik saphalata logon ke hriday par vijay thi. gandhiji ke adarshavad, sahas aur vyavaharik sakriyata se prabhavit hokar rajendr prasad apane poore jivan ke liye unake samarpit anuyayi ban gaye. vah yad karate hain, 'hamare sare drishtikon men parivartan ho gaya tha...ham naye vichar, naya sahas aur naya karyakram lekar ghar laute.' baboo rajendr prasad ke hriday men manavata ke liye asim daya thi. 'svarth se pahale seva' shayad yahi unake jivan ka dhyey tha. jab sanh 1914 men bngal aur bihar ke log badh se pidit hue to unaki dayalu prakriti logon ki vedana se bahut prabhavit huee. us samay vah svaynsevak ban nav men baithakar din-rat piditon ko bhojan aur kapada bantate. rat ko vah nikat ke relave steshan par so jate. is manaviy kary ke liye jaise unaki atma bhookhi thi aur yahin se unake jivan men nissvarth seva ka arambh hua.

daau. rajendr prasad aur 34 ven ameriki rashtrapati dvait aizanahauvar, sanh 1959

asprishyata ka tyag

gandhiji ke nikat snbndh ke karan unake purane vicharon men ek kranti aee aur vah sab chijon ko naye drishtikon se dekhane lage. unhonne mahatma gandhi ke manaviy vikas aur samaj sudhar karyon men bharasak sahayata ki. unhonne mahasoos kiya, "videshi takaton ka ham par raj karane ka mool karan hamari kamazori aur samajik dhanche men dararen hain." asprishyata ka abhishap jo prachin samay se chala a raha tha bharatiy samaj ki ek aisi kuriti thi jisake dvara nichi jatiyon ko aise door rakha jata tha manon ve koee chhoot ki bimari hon. unhen mndir ke bhitar jane nahin diya jata tha. yahan tak ki ganv men kue se pani bhi nahin bharane dete the.

lekin samaj ke badalane se pahale apane ko badalane ka sahas hona chahiye. "yah bat sach thi," rajendr prasad ne svikar kiya, "main brahman ke alava kisi ka chhua bhojan nahin khata tha. champaran men gandhiji ne unhen apane purane vicharon ko chhod dene ke liye kaha. akhirakar unhonne samajhaya ki jab ve sath-sath ek dhyey ke leye kary karate hain to un sabaki keval ek jati hoti hai arthat ve sab sathi karyakarta hain."

gandhi ji ka harijan andolan

da. rajendr prasad ji ne sada jivan apanaya aur naukaron ki snkhya kam karake ek kar di. vah smaran karate hain, "sach to yah hai ki ham sab kuchh svayn hi karate the. yahan tak ki apane kamare men jhadoo lagana, rasoeeghar saf karana, apana bartan manjana-dhona, apana saman uthana aur ab gadi men bhi tisare darje men yatra karana apamanajanak nahin lagata tha." desh ne gandhi ji ke harijan andolan men bahut utsah dikhaya. bihar ne pratigya ki ki vah is kuriti ko aur harijanon ke kalyan ke liye kiye kary dvara hatayenge. dakshin bharat ko unhonne "asprishyata ka gadh" kaha. rajendr prasad vahan si. rajagopalachari ke sath gaye aur bahut prayas kiya ki mndiron ke dvar harijanon ke liye khol diye jayen. unhen kuchh saphalata bhi mili. unhonne ganv ke kune ka upayog karane ke adhikar ke lie bhi ladaee ki. is suvidha ko bhi any suvidhaon ke sath svikar kar liya gaya.

bhookamp aur rahat kary

janavari sanh 1934 men bihar ko ek bhnyakar bhookamp ne jhinjhod diya. jivan aur sampatti ki bahut hani huee. rajendr prasad apani asvasthata ke bad bhi rahat kary men jut gaye. vah un logon ke liye jinake ghar nasht ho gaye the, bhojan, kapada aur davaiyan ikatthi karate. bhookamp ke pashchath bihar men badh aur maleriya ka prakop hua. jisase janata ki takaliphen aur bhi badh gee. is bhookamp aur badh prabhavit kshetr men kam karane men gandhi ji ne rajendr prasad ka sath diya.

kuchh samay pashchath uttar-pashchim men koyata nagar men, mee sanh 1935 men bhaynkar bhookamp aya aur us kshetr men bhishan vinash lila huee. sarakari pratibandhon ke karan rajendr prasad turant vahan pahunch n sake. unhonne pnjab aur sindh men rahat kametiyan bana di jo bhookamp dvara beghar aur vahan se aye logon ko rahat dene ka kam karane lagi. rajendr prasad badi himmat se sampradayik tanav ko kam karane, striyon ki sthiti men sudhar aur ganvon men khadi aur udyogon ka vikas evn rashtr ke any nirman kary men lage rahe. yah kary vah apane jivan ke antim dinon tak karate rahe. unaki manavata adami ke bhitar ki achchhaee ko chhoo jati thi.

Blockquote-open.gif "apane man men mujhe poorn vishvas hai ki tumhara vyaktitv ghayal atmaon par maraham ka kam karega aur avishvas aur gadabad ke vatavaran ko shanti aur ekata ke vatavaran men badal dega."- ravindranath taigor Blockquote-close.gif

svadhinata sngram men

rajendr prasad ne any netaon ke sath rashtr nirman ka ati vishal kary le liya. us samay unake bhitar jal rahi rashtriyata ki jvala ko koee nahin bujha sakata tha. rajendr prasad gandhi ji ke bahut nishthavan anuyayi the. unhonne svayn ko poori tarah svadhinata sngram ke lie samarpit kar diya. unhen aur poore bharat ko gandhi ke roop men andolan ke liye naya neta aur satyagrah v asahayog ke roop men ek naya astr mila.

vishv itihas men aisa udaharan nahin milega jahan itane nirastr log ahinsa apanakar itani bahaduri se lade hon. saty aur nyay ke adarshon ko dharan karake unaka british shasan ko hilane ka nishchay dridh hota ja raha tha.

sarakar ne apane damanakari astron se is utsah ko dabane ka prayas kiya. march sanh 1919 men raaulet ekt pas kiya gaya. isake dvara jaj rajanitik muqadamon ko joori ke bina sun sakate the aur sndehaspad rajanitik logon ko bina kisi prakriya ke jel men dala ja sakata tha.

logon ka asntosh badhata gaya. gandhiji ne poore desh men chh apral sanh 1919 ko hadatal bulaee. "sara kam thapp ho gaya...yahan tak ki ganvon men bhi kisanon ne hal ek or rakh diye", rajendr prasad ne tippani ki.

lekin sarakar ka atyachar badhata hi gaya. amritasar ke jaliyanvala bag men 13 aprail, 1919 men ek virodh sabha men dher sare nirastr log mare gaye aur kee ghayal hue.

asahayog andolan

rajendr prasad is bat se bahut krodhit ho uthe aur unhonne nirbhikata se bihar ki janata se gandhiji ke netritv men asahayog andolan ko svikar karane ki apil ki. yah aisa samay tha jab desh ke liye koee bhi balidan bahut bada nahin tha. baboo rajendr prasad ne apani phalati-phoolati vakalat chhodakar patana ke nikat sana 1921 men ek neshanal kaaulej khola. hazaron chhatr aur profesar jinhonne sarakari snsthaon ka bahishkar kiya tha yahan a gaye. phir is kaaulej ko gnga kinare sadakat ashram men le jaya gaya. agale 25 varshon ke liye yah rajendr prasad ji ka ghar tha.

bihar men asahayog andolan 1921 men davanal ki tarah phail gaya. rajendr prasad door-door ki yatrayen karate, sarvajanik sabhayen bulate, jisase sabase sahayata le saken aur dhan ikattha kar saken. unake liye yah ek naya anubhav tha. "mujhe ab roz sabhaon men bolana padata tha isaliye mera svabhavik snkoch door ho gaya..." sadharanataya qrarib 20,000 log in sabhaon men upasthit hote. unake netritv men ganvon men seva samitiyon aur pnchayaton ka sngathan kiya gaya. logon se anurodh kiya gaya ki videshi kapadon ka bahishkar karen aur khadi pahanen v charkha katana arambh karen.

rajendr prasad aur maulana abul kalam azad

yah anivary tha ki rajaniti ka drishy badale. rajendr prasad ne jagarookata ka varnan is prakar kiya hai, "ab rajaniti shikshiton aur vyavasayi logon ke kamaron se nikalakar dehat ki jhopadiyon men pravesh kar gee thi aur isamen hissa lene vale the kisan."

sarakar ka daman chakr

sarakar ne isake uttar men apana daman chakr chalaya. hazaron log jinamen lala lajapat ray, javahar lal neharoo, deshabandhu chitarnjan das aur maulana abul kalam azad jaise prasiddh neta giraphtar kar liye gaye. andolan ka anokhapan tha usaka ahinsak hona. lekin faravari sanh 1922 men gandhiji ne 'savinay avgya andolan' ki pukar di kintu chauri chaura, uttar pradesh men hinsak ghatanayen hone par gandhi ji ne savinay avgya andolan sthagit kar diya. unhen laga ki hinsa nyayasngat nahin hai. aur rajanitik saphalata ko kuchh samay ke liye sthagit kiya jana hi achchha hai. jisase naitik asaphalata se bacha ja sake. kee netaon ne andolan ko sthagit karane ke liye gandhi ji ki kadi alochana ki lekin rajendr prasad ne dridhata ke sath unaka sath diya. unhen gandhiji ki buddhimatta par poorn vishvas tha.

namak satyagrah

namak satyagrah ka arambh gandhi ji ne samudr tat ki or yatra karake dandi men kiya. jisase namak qanoon ka ullnghan vah kar saken. dandi, sabaramati ashram se 320 kilomitar door thi. namak ki zaroorat hava aur pani ki tarah sab ko hai aur unhonne mahasoos kiya ki namak par kar lagana amanushik kary tha. yah poore rashtr ko sakriy hone ka snket tha. bihar men namak satyagrah ka arambh rajendr prasad ke netritv men hua. pulis akraman ke bavajood namak qanoon ke ullaghnn ke liye patana men nakhas talab chuna gaya. svaynsevakon ke dal utsahapoorvak ek ke bad ek ate aur namak banane ke liye giraphtar kar liye jate. rajendr prasad ne ahinsak rahane ke liye svaynsevakon se apil ki. kee svaynsevak gambhir roop se ghayal hue.

Blockquote-open.gif vah smaran karate hain, "sach to yah hai ki ham sab kuchh svayn hi karate the. yahan tak ki apane kamare men jhadoo lagana, rasoeeghar saf karana, apana bartan manjana-dhona, apana saman uthana aur ab gadi men bhi tisare darje men yatra karana apamanajanak nahin lagata tha."- rajendr prasad Blockquote-close.gif

namak satyagrah aur jel yatra

namak satyagrah ke prati pulis ke atyachar itane badh gaye ki janata men rosh utpann ho gaya kyonki vah ulat kar pulis ko marati nahin thi aur sarakar ko ant men pulis ko vahan se hatana pada. ab svaynsevak namak bana sakate the. rajendr prasad ne us nirmit namak ko bechakar dhan ikattha kiya. jis qanoon ko vah nyayasngat nahin samajhate the use todane se koee bhi chiz unhen rok nahin sakati thi. ek bar to vah pulis ki lathiyon dvara gambhir roop se ghayal ho gaye the. unhen chhah mahine ki jel huee. yah unaki pahali jel yatra thi.

kavi rajendr

san 1934 men bhookamp piditon ke liye rahat kary karane ke dauran rajendr prasad ke bhaee mahendr prasad ka nidhan ho gaya. rajendr baboo ne likha hai, "is snkat kal men mere bhaee ke dehant se mujhe bhari dhakka laga aur apane man ko santvana dene ke lie mainne giton ka sahara liya."

bharatiy rashtriy kangres ke adhyaksh

rajendr prasad bharatiy rashtriy kangres ke ek se adhik bar adhyaksh rahe. aktoobar sanh 1934 men bambee men hue indiyan neshanal kangres ke adhiveshan ki adhyakshata rajendr prasad ne ki thi. unhonne gandhi ji ki salah se apane adhyakshiy bhashan ko antim roop diya. sahi bat ka samarthan karana sabha ki karravaee men pratibimbit hota hai. jab gandhiji ne unase poochha ki unhonne pndit madanamohan malaviy jaise ganamany neta ko doosari bar bolane se kaise mana kar diya to unhonne uttar men kaha ki aisa nirnay unhonne kangres ke adhyaksh hone ke nate liya tha n ki rajendr prasad ke roop men.

apane adhyakshiy bhashan men unhonne sakriy, gatishil, anhisatmak, samoohik kary aur antahin balidan ko svadhinata ka mooly batate hue un par zor diya. apani bimari ke bavajood kangres adhyaksh ki haisiyat se unhonne bahut daure kie.

kangres ki svarn jayanti (san 1885-1935) manaee gee aur kangres adhyaksh ne apane sndesh men kaha, "yah din smaran karane aur apane nishchay ko doharane ka hai ki ham poorn svarajy lenge, jo svargiy tilak ke shabdon men hamara janm siddh adhikar hai."

subhashachndr bos ke aprail sanh 1939 men kangres adhyakshata (tripuri) se tyagapatr dene ke bad rajendr prasad phir adhyaksh chune gaye. vah apana bahut sara samay kangres ke bhitari jhagadon ko nibatane men lagate. kavi ravindranath taigor ne unhen likha, "apane man men mujhe poorn vishvas hai ki tumhara vyaktitv ghayal atmaon par maraham ka kam karega aur avishvas aur gadabad ke vatavaran ko shanti aur ekata ke vatavaran men badal dega."

svadhinata ki or

hamare svatntrata ke itihas men sanh 1939-47 tak ke varsh bade mahattvapoorn the. ham dhire-ghire sv-prashasan ki or badh rahe the. is samay sampradayik durbhavanaon ke roop men ek upadravi tattv utpann ho gaya tha. yah dekhakar rajendr prasad ko bahut nirasha huee ki yah bhavana badhati ja rahi hai. jiradeee men unhonne apane sngharsh ke antim daur ke dauran donon sampradayon ko shant rahane ki prarthana karate hue kaha, "yah to anivary hai ki dalon men vicharon ki bhinnata ho lekin isaka arth yah nahin ki ham ek-doosare ka sir phod den."

muhammad ali jinna ne pakistan ko apani parti, muslim lig ka dhyey ghoshit kar diya tha. lekin vibhajan ka vichar rajendr prasad ke siddhanton aur drishtikon ke bilkul viruddh tha. unhen is vichar men koee aisa vyavaharik hal nahin mila. jab bhi bihar men sampradayik dnge hote, rajendr prasad turant vahan pahunchate. unhen vahan ke hriday vidarak drishy dekhakar bada dhakka laga. vah hamesha vivekapoorn baten karate.

shanti ka svar

dvitiy vishvayuddh ki samapti par briten ne mahasoos kiya ki ab bharat ke sath aur adhik samay chipake rahana kathin hai. british pradhanamntri kliment etali ne ghoshana ki ki vah bharatiy netaon ke sath desh ke vidhan aur satta ki tabadili ke bare men vichar-vimarsh karenge. svadhinata nikat hi dikhaee de rahi thi.

  • san 1946 men bharat ane vale british kaibinet mishan ke prayas asaphal rahe the. yadyapi kendriy aur prantiy vidhan mndalon ke chunav aur ek antarim rashtriy sarakar banane ka prastav svikar kar liya gaya tha.
  • san 1946 men javahar lal neharoo ke netritv men barah mntriyon ke sath ek antarim sarakar bani. rajendr prasad krishi aur khady mntri niyukt hue. yah kam unhen pasand tha aur vah turant kam men jut gaye. desh men is samay khady padarthon ki bahut kami thi aur unhonne khady padarthon ka utpadan badhane ke liye ek yojana banaee.
  • lekin sanmpradayikata ki samasya ko sulajhaya nahin ja saka. sanh 1946 men, kalakatta men sampradayik dnge arambh huye aur phir poore bngal aur bihar men phail gaye. rajendr prasad ne javahar lal neharoo ke sath dngagrast kshetron ka daura karate hue, logon se apana manasik sntulan evn vivek banae rakhane ki apil ki, "manavata ki mang hai ki pagalapan, lootamar v agajani aur hatyakand ko turant band kiya jaye..."

svatntrata ki prapti

lambe varshon tak khoon pasina ek kar ke aur du:kh uthane ke pashchath 15 agast, sanh 1947 ko azadi mili, yadyapi rajendr prasad ke akhand bharat ka sapana vibhajan se khndit ho gaya tha.

snvidhan sabha ke adhyaksh

hamane apani svatntrata prapt kar li thi parantu abhi hamen naye qanoon banane the jisase naye rashtr ka shasan chalaya ja sake.

  • svadhinata se pahale julaee sanh 1946 men hamara snvidhan banane ke lie ek snvidhan sabha ka sngathan kiya gaya.
  • rajendr prasad ko isaka adhyaksh niyukt kiya gaya tha. yah unaki nissvarth rashtr seva ke prati shraddhanjali thi jisake vah svayn moortaroop the.
  • bharatiy snvidhan sabha ka pratham adhiveshan 9 disambar sanh 1946 ko hua.
  • snvidhan sabha ke parishram se 26 navambar sanh 1949 ko bharat ki janata ne apane ko snvidhan diya jisaka adarsh tha nyay, svadhinata, barabari aur bandhutv aur sabase oopar rashtr ki ekata jisamen kuchh moolabhoot adhikar nihit hain. bhavishy men bharat ke vikas ki disha, pichhade varg, mahilaon ki unnati aur vishesh kshetron ke lie vishesh pravadhan hain. jisase vyakti ki pratishtha aur antarrashtriy shanti ko badhava dena bhi sammilit hai.
  • bharat 26 janavari sanh 1950 men ganatntr bana aur rajendr prasad usake pratham rashtrapati bane.

janata ke niji sampark

rashtrapati banane par bhi unaka rashtr ke prati samarpit jivan chalata raha. vriddh aur nazuk svasthy ke bavajood unhonne bharat ki janata ke sath apana niji sampark qayam rakha. vah varsh men se 150 din relagadi dvara yatra karate aur amataur par chhote-chhote steshanon par rookakar samany logon se milate.

shiksha ka prasar aur rachanayen

gyan ke prati lagav hone ke karan rajendr prasad "dhani aur daridr donon ke gharon men prakash lana chahate the." shiksha hi aisi chabi thi jo mahilaon ko svatntrata dila sakati thi. shiksha ka arth tha vyaktitv ka poorn vikas n ki kuchh pustakon ka ratana. vah manate the ki shiksha janata ki matribhasha men honi chahie. yadi hamen adhunik vishv ke sath apani gati banaye rakhani hai to angrezi ki upeksha nahin karani chahie. unhonne svayn bhi kee vishisht pustaken likhin. jinamen

  • unaki atmakatha (1946),
  • champaran men satyagrah (1922),
  • indiya divaided (1946),
  • mahatma gandhi end bihar,
  • sam reminisansej (1949),
  • bapoo ke qadamon men (1954) bhi sammilit hain.

Blockquote-open.gif bngal ka vibhajan logon men badhati huee rashtriyata ki bhavana ko janaboojhakar diya gaya dhakka mana gaya. isane tilak, lala lajapat ray aur vipinachndr pal jaise netaon dvara arnbh kiye ge svadeshi aur bahishkar andolan (bharatiy chizon ka istemal aur british chizon ka bahishkar) ne ag men ghi ka kam kiya. unhonne is andolan ko kuchh pashchaty rng men rnge bharatiyon ke hathon se nikalakar janata tak pahunchaya. is andolan ke karan logon ne bharatiy vastuon par garv karana sikha aur log bharatiy udyog ko protsahan dene lage. Blockquote-close.gif

rashtrapati rajendr

  • ve bharat ke ekamatr rashtrapati the jinhonne do kary-kalon tak rashtrapati pad par kary kiya.
  • rashtrapati ke pad par rajendr prasad ne sadabhavana ke lie kee deshon ki yatrayen bhi ki. unhonne is anvik yug men shanti ki avashyakata par zor diya. rajendr baboo ka yah vishvas tha ki atit aur vartaman men ek mahattvapoorn kadi hai.
  • prachin sabhyata virasat men milane ke karan vah atit ko hamari vartaman samasyaon ko sulajhane ke lie prerana ka srot samajhate the. hamari virasat naitik aur adhyatmik moolyon se paripoorn hain aur hamen bhavishy men adhunik samay ki chunautiyon ka samana karane men sahayata kar sakati hain. prachin aur naitik moolyon men samnjasy to karana hi hoga.

rashtrapati bhavan unaka ghar

barah varshon ke lie rashtrapati bhavan unaka ghar tha. usaki rajasi bhavyata aur shan suruchipoorn sadagi men badal gee thi.
rashtrapati ka ek purana naukar tha, tulasi.
ek din subah kamare ki jhadaponchh karate hue usase rajendr prasad ji ke desk se ek hathi dant ka pen niche zamin par gir gaya.
pen toot gaya aur syahi kalin par phail gee.
rajendr prasad bahut gussa hue.
yah pen kisi ki bhent thi aur unhen bahut hi pasand thi.
tulasi age bhi kee bar laparavahi kar chuka tha.
unhonne apana gussa dikhane ke liye turant tulasi ko apani niji seva se hata diya.

us din vah bahut vyast rahe. kee pratishthit vyakti aur videshi padadhikari unase milane aye. magar sara din kam karate hue unake dil men ek kanta sa chubhata raha tha. unhen lagata raha ki unhonne tulasi ke sath anyay kiya hai. jaise hi unhen milane valon se avakash mila rajendr prasad ne tulasi ko apane kamare men bulaya.

purana sevak apani galati par darata hua kamare ke bhitar aya.
usane dekha ki rashtrapati sir jhukaye aur hath jode usake samane khade hain.
unhonne dhime svar men kaha, "tulasi mujhe maph kar do."
tulasi itana chakit hua ki usase kuchh bola hi nahin gaya.
rashtrapati ne phir namr svar men doharaya, "tulasi, tum kshama nahin karoge kya?"
is bar sevak aur svami donon ki ankhon men ansoo a gaye.

bharat ratn

san 1962 men avakash prapt karane par rashtr ne unhen "bharat rath‍n" ki sarvashreshth upadhi se sammanit kiya. yah us putr ke liye kritgyta ka pratik tha jisane apani atma ki avaz sunakar adhi shatabdi tak apani matribhoomi ki seva ki thi.

nidhan

apane jivan ke akhiri mahine bitane ke liye unhonne patana ke nikat sadakat ashram chuna. yahan par 28 faravari 1963 men unake jivan ki kahani samapt huee. yah kahani thi shreshth bharatiy moolyon aur parampara ki chattan sadrishy adarshon ki. hamako in par garv hai aur ye sada rashtr ko prerana dete rahenge. inhen bhi dekhen: rajendr prasad ke prerak prasng



bharat ke pradhanamntri
Arrow-left.png poorvadhikari
rajendr prasad uttaradhikari
sarvapalli radhakrishnan
Arrow-right.png


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snbndhit lekh

varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

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