रामकृष्ण परमहंस  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

ramakrishn paramahns
ramakrishn paramahns
poora nam ramakrishn paramahns
any nam gadadhar (bachapan men), vitarag
janm 18 faravari, 1836
janm bhoomi kamarapukur ganv, hugali zila, pashchimi bngal
mrityu 15 agast, 1886
mrityu sthan kalakatta (ab kolakata)
abhibhavak khudiram chattopadhyay
pati/patni sharadamani
karm-kshetr mahan snt evn vicharak
puraskar-upadhi paramahns
nagarikata bharatiy
any janakari sevagram ke snt ke shabdon men 'unaka jivan dharm ko vyavahar kshetr men utarakar moortasvaroop dene ke prayas ki ek amaragatha hai.'

ramakrishn paramahns (angrezi: Ramakrishna Paramhansa, janm: 18 faravari, 1836 - mrityu: 15 agast 1886) bharat ke ek mahanh snt evn vicharak the. inhonne sabhi dharmon ki ekata par zor diya tha. unhen bachapan se hi vishvas tha ki eeshvar ke darshan ho sakate hain. atah eeshvar ki prapti ke lie unhonne kathor sadhana aur bhakti ka jivan bitaya. ramakrishn manavata ke pujari the. sadhana ke phalasvaroop vah is nishkarsh par pahunche ki snsar ke sabhi dharm sachche hain aur unamen koee bhinnata nahin hai. ve eeshvar tak pahunchane ke bhinn-bhinn sadhan matr hain.

jivan parichay

ramakrishn paramahns ne pashchimi bngal ke hugali zile men kamarapukur namak gram ke ek din evn dharmanishth parivar men 18 faravari, sanh 1836 ee. men janm liya. balyavastha men vah gadadhar ke nam se prasiddh the. gadadhar ke pita khudiram chattopadhyay nishthavan garib brahman the. vah apane sadhu mata-pita ke lie hi nahin, balki apane ganv ke bhole-bhale logon ke lie bhi shashvat annd ke kendr the. unaka sundar svaroop, eeshvarapradatt sngitatmak pratibha, charitr ki pavitrata, gahari dharmik bhavanaen, sansarik baton ki or se udasinata, akasmik rahasyamayi samadhi, aur sabake oopar unaki apane mata-pita ke prati agadh bhakti in sabane unhen poore ganv ka akarshak vyakti bana diya tha. gadadhar ki shiksha to sadharan hi huee, kintu pita ki sadagi aur dharmanishtha ka un par poora prabhav pada. jab paramahns sat varsh ke the tabhi unake pita ka nidhan ho gaya.

darshan se kritarth

ramakrishn paramahns ne jaganmata ki pukar ke uttar men ganv ke vnshaparnparagat grih ka parityag kar diya aur satrah varsh ki avastha men kalakatta chale ae tatha jhamapukur men apane bade bhaee ke sath thahar ge, aur kuchh dinon bad bhaee ke sthan par rani rasamani ke dakshineshvar mndir kolakata men pooja ke liye niyukt hue. yahin unhonne man mahakali ke charanon men apane ko utsarg kar diya. ramakrishn paramahns bhav men itane tanmay rahane lage ki log unhen pagal samajhate. ve ghnton dhyan karate aur man ke darshanon ke liye tadapate. jagajjanani ke gahan chintan men unhonne manav jivan ke pratyek snsarg ko poorn roop se bhula diya. man ke darshan ke nimitt unaki atma ki antarng gaharaee se rudan ke jo shabd pravahit hote the ve kathor hriday ko daya evn anuknpa se bhar dete the. ant men unaki prarthana sun li gee aur jaganmata ke darshan se ve kritakary hue. kintu yah saphalata unake lie keval snket matr thi. paramahns ji asadharan dridhata aur utsah se barah varshon tak lagabhag sabhi pramukh dharmon evn snpradayon ka anushilan kar ant men adhyatmik chetanata ki us avastha men pahunch ge jahan se vah snsar men phaile hue dharmik vishvason ke sabhi svaroopon ko prem evn sahanubhooti ki drishti se dekh sakate the.

adhyatmik vichar

is prakar paramahns ji ka jivan dvaitavadi pooja ke star se kramabaddh adhyatmik anubhavon dvara nirapekshavad ki oonchaee tak nirbhik evn saphal utkarsh ke roop men pahuncha hua tha. unhonne prayog karake apane jivan kal men hi dekha ki us paramochch saty tak pahunchane ke lie adhyatmik vichar- dvaitavad, snshodhit advaitavad evn nirapeksh advaitavad, ye tinon mahanh shreniyan marg ki avasthaen thin. ve ek doosare ki virodhi nahin balki yadi ek ko doosare men jod diya jae to ve ek doosare ki poorak ho jati thin.

vivah

bngal men bal vivah ki pratha hai. gadadhar ka bhi vivah balyakal men ho gaya tha. unaki balika patni sharadamani jab dakshineshvar ayin tab gadadhar vitarag paramnhas ho chuke the. man sharadamani ka kahana hai- "thakur ke darshan ek bar pa jati hoon, yahi kya mera kam saubhagy hai?" paramahns ji kaha karate the- "jo man jagath ka palan karati hain, jo mandir men pith par pratishthit hain, vahi to yah hain." ye vichar unake apani patni man sharadamani ke prati the.

amritopadesh

ek din sandhya ko sahasa ek vriddha sannyasini svayn dakshineshvar padharin. paramahns ramakrishn ko putr ki bhanti unaka sneh prapt hua aur unhonne paramahns ji se anek tantrik sadhanaen karayin. unake atirikt totapuri namak ek vedanti mahatma ka bhi paramahns ji par bahut adhik prabhav pada. unase paramahns ji ne advait-gyan ka sootr prapt karake use apani sadhana se aparoksh kiya. paramahns ji ka jivan vibhinn sadhanaon tatha siddhiyon ke chamatkaron se poorn hai, kintu chamatkar mahapurush ki mahatta nahin badhate. paramahns ji ki mahatta unake tyag, vairagy, parabhakti aur us amritopadesh men hai, jisase sahastron prani kritarth hue, jisake prabhav se brahmasamaj ke adhyaksh keshavachandr sen jaise vidvanh bhi prabhavit the. jis prabhav evn adhyatmik shakti ne narendr jaise nastik, tarkashil yuvak ko param astik, bharat ke gaurav ka prasarak svami vivekanand bana diya. svami ramakrishn paramahns ji ka adhikansh jivan pray: samadhi ki sthiti men hi vyatit hua. jivan ke antim tis varshon men unhonne kashi, vrindavan, prayag adi tirthon ki yatra ki. unaki upadesh-shaili badi saral aur bhavagrahi thi. ve ek chhote drishtant men poori bat kah jate the. sneh, daya aur seva ke dvara hi unhonne lok sudhar ki sada shiksha di.

adhyatmik prerana

samay jaise-jaise vyatit hota gaya, unake kathor adhyatmik abhyason aur siddhiyon ke samachar teji se phailane lage aur dakshineshvar ka mndir udyan shighr hi bhakton evn bhramanashil sannyasiyon ka priy ashrayasthan ho gaya. kuchh bade-bade vidvanh evn prasiddh vaishnav aur tantrik sadhak jaise- pn. narayan shastri, pn. padmalochan tarakalakar, vaishnavacharan aur gaurikant tarakabhooshan adi unase adhyatmik prerana prapt karate rahe. vah shighr hi tatkalinan suvikhyat vicharakon ke ghanishth snpark men ae jo bngal men vicharon ka netritv kar rahe the. inamen keshavachndr sen, vijayakrishn gosvami, eeshvarachndr vidyasagar, bnkimachndr chatarji, ashvini kumar datt ke nam lie ja sakate hain. isake atirikt sadharan bhakton ka ek doosara varg tha jisake sabase mahattvapoorn vyakti ramachndr datt, girishachndr ghosh, balaram bos, mahendranath gupt (mastar mahashay) aur durgacharan nag the. unaki jaganmata ki nishkapat prarthana ke phalasvaroop aise saikadon grihasth bhakt, jo bade hi saral the, unake charon or samoohon men ekatrit ho jate the aur unake upadeshamrit se apani adhyatmik pipasa shant karate the.

adhyamik bndhutv

achary ke jivan ke antim varshon men pavitr atmaon ka pratibhashil mndal, jisake neta narendranath datt (bad men svami vivekannd) the, rngamnch par avatarit hua. achary ne chune hue kuchh logon ko apana ghanishth sathi banaya, tyag evn seva ke uchch adarshon ke anusar unake jivan ko moda aur prithvi par apane sndesh ki poorti ke nimitt unhen ek adhyamik bndhutv men badala. mahanh achary ke ye divy sndeshavahak kirtistnbh ko sahas ke sath pakade rahe aur unhonne manav jagath ki seva men poorn roop se apane ko nyochhavar kar diya. inhen bhi dekhen: ramakrishn paramahns ke prerak prasng

mrityu

achary paramahns ji adhik dinon tak prithvi par nahin rah sake. paramahns ji ko 1885 ke madhy men unhen gale ke kasht ke chihn dikhalaee die. shighr hi isane gnbhir roop dharan kiya jisase ve mukt n ho sake. 15 agast, sanh 1886 ko unhonne mahaprasthan kiya. sevagram ke snt ke shabdon men 'unaka jivan dharm ko vyavahar kshetr men utarakar moortasvaroop dene ke prayas ki ek amaragatha hai.'

snbndhit lekh


varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

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