रामवृक्ष बेनीपुरी  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

ramavriksh benipuri
ramavriksh benipuri
poora nam ramavriksh benipuri
janm 23 disambar, 1899
janm bhoomi muzaffarapur, bihar
mrityu 9 sitambar, 1968
mrityu sthan bihar
karm bhoomi bharat
karm-kshetr sahity
prasiddhi svatntrata senani, patrakar, sahityakar, natakakar, kahanikar, nibandhakar, upanyasakar.
nagarikata bharatiy
vishesh ramavriksh benipuri ki atma men rashtriy bhavana koot-koot kar bhari huee thi, inhonne 'bharatiy svatntrata sngram' men ath varsh jel men bitaye the.
any janakari ap 1957 men bihar vidhan sabha ke sadasy bhi chune ge the. sada jivan aur uchch vichar ke adarsh par chalate hue inhonne samaj seva ke kshetr men bahut kam kiya tha.
inhen bhi dekhen kavi soochi, sahityakar soochi

ramavriksh benipuri (angrezi: Ramvriksh Benipuri; janm- 23 disambar, 1899, muzaffarapur, bihar; mrityu- 9 sitambar, 1968, bihar) bharat ke prasiddh upanyasakar, kahanikar, nibndhakar aur natakakar the. ye ek mahanh vicharak, chintak, manan karane vale krantikari, sahityakar, patrakar aur snpadak ke roop men bhi avismaniy hain. benipuri ji hindi sahity ke 'shuklottar yug' ke prasiddh sahityakar the. ye ek sachche desh bhakt aur krantikari bhi the. inhonne 'bharatiy svatntrata sngram' men ath varsh jel men bitaye. hindi sahity ke patrakar hone ke sath hi inhonne kee samachar patron, jaise- 'yuvak' (1929) adi bhi nikale. isake alava kee rashtravadi aur svatntrata sngram snbndhi karyon men bhi snlagn rahe.

janm tatha shiksha

ramavriksh benipuri ka janm 23 disambar, 1899 ee. men benipur namak ganv, muzaffarapur zila, bihar men hua tha. inhonne prarambhik shiksha apane ganv ki pathashala men hi paee thi. bad men ve age ki shiksha ke lie muzaffarapur ke kaaulej men bharti ho ge.

svatntrata sngram

isi samay rashtrapita mahatma gandhi ne 'raulat ekt' ke virodh men 'asahayog andolan' prarambh kiya. aise men benipuri ji ne bhi kaaulej tyag diya aur nirntar svatntrata sngram men jude rahe. inhonne anek bar jel ki saza bhi bhogi. ye apane jivan ke lagabhag ath varsh jel men rahe. samajavadi andolan se ramavriksh benipuri ka nikat ka sambandh tha. 'bharat chhodo andolan' ke samay jayaprakash narayan ke hazaribag jel se bhagane men bhi ramavriksh benipuri ne unaka sath diya aur unake nikat sahayogi rahe.

rachanaen

ramavriksh benipuri ki atma men rashtriy bhavana koot-koot kar bhari huee thi, jisake karan ajivan vah chain ki sans n le sake. unake phutakar lekhon se aur unake sathiyon ke snsmaranon se gyat hota hai ki jivan ke prarnbh kal se hi krantikari rachanaon ke karan bar-bar unhen karavas bhogana padata. san 1942 men 'agast kranti andolan' ke karan unhen hazaribag jel men rahana pada tha. jelavas men bhi vah shant nahin baithe sakate the. ve vahan jel men bhi ag bhadakane vali rachanayen likhate. jab bhi ve jel se bahar ate, unake hath men do-char granthon ki pandulipiyan avashy hoti thin, jo aj sahity ki amooly nidhi ban gee hain. unaki adhikatar rachanaen jel pravas ke dauran likhi geen.

  1. upanyas - patiton ke desh men, amrapali
  2. kahani sngrah - mati ki mooraten
  3. nibndh - chita ke phool, lal tara, kaidi ki patni, gehoon aur gulab, jnjiren aur divaren
  4. natak - sita ka man, snghamitra, amar jyoti, tathagat, shakuntala, ramarajy, netradan, ganvon ke devata, naya samaj, vijeta, baijoo mama
  5. snpadan - vidyapati ki padavali

sahityakaron ke prati samman

ramavriksh benipuri ki anek rachanaen, jo yash kalagi ke saman hain, unamen 'jay prakash', 'netradan', 'sita ki man', 'vijeta', 'mil ke patthar', 'gehoon aur gulab' adi shamil hai. 'sheksapiyar ke ganv men' aur 'ninv ki eent', in lekhon men bhi ramavriksh benipuri ne apane desh prem, sahity prem, tyag ki mahatta aur sahityakaron ke prati jo samman bhav darshaya hai, vah avismaraniy hai. inglaind men sheksapiyar ke prati jo adar bhav unhen dekhane ko mila, vah unhen sukhad bhi laga aur du:khad bhi. sheksapiyar ke ganv ke makan ko kitani snbhal, rakshan-sajavat ke sath snbhala gaya hai. unaki kritiyon ki moortiyan banakar vahan rakhi gee hain, yah sab dekh kar ve prasann hue the. par du:khi is bat se hue ki hamare desh men sarakar bhooshan, bihari, sooradas aur jayasi adi mahanh sahityakaron ke janm sthal ki suraksha ya unhen smarak ka roop dene ka bhi prayas nahin karati. unake man men apane prachin mahanh sahityakaron ke prati ati gahan adar bhav tha. isi prakar 'ninv ki eent' men bhav tha ki jo log imarat banane men tan-man kurban karate hain, ve andhakar men vilin ho jate hain. bahar rahane vale gumbad banate hain aur svarn patr se sajaye jate hain. choti par chadhane vali eent kabhi ninv ki eent ko yad nahin karati.

khyati

patrakar aur sahityakar ke roop men benipuriji ne vishesh khyati arjit ki thi. unhonne vibhinn samayon men lagabhag ek darjan patr-patrikaon ka sampadan kiya. unaki lekhani badi nirbhik thi. unhonne is kathan ko amany siddh kar diya tha ki achchha patrakar achchha sahityakar nahin ho sakata. unaka vipul sahity, shaili, bhasha aur vicharon ki drishti se bada hi prabhavakari raha hai. upanyas, jivaniyan, kahani sngrah, snsmaran adi vidhaon ki lagabhag 80 pustakon ki unhonne rachana ki thi. inamen 'mati ki mooraten' apane jivnt rekhachitron ke lie aj bhi yad ki jati hain.[1]

vidhan sabha sadasy

ramavriksh benipuri 1957 men bihar vidhan sabha ke sadasy bhi chune ge the. sada jivan aur uchch vichar ke adarsh par chalate hue unhonne samaj seva ke kshetr men bahut kam kiya tha. ve bharatiyata ke sachche anuyayi the aur samajik bhedabhavon par vishvas nahin karate the.

dinakaraji ka kathan

ramadhari sinh dinakar ne ek bar benipuriji ke vishay men kaha tha ki- "svargiy pndit ramavriksh benipuri keval sahityakar nahin the, unake bhitar keval vahi ag nahin thi, jo kalam se nikal kar sahity ban jati hai. ve us ag ke bhi dhani the, jo rajanitik aur samajik andolanon ko janm deti hai, jo parnparaon ko todati hai aur moolyon par prahar karati hai. jo chintan ko nirbhik evn karm ko tej banati hai. benipuriji ke bhitar bechain kavi, bechain chintak, bechain krantikari aur nirbhik yoddha sabhi ek sath nivas karate the."

samman

varsh 1999 men 'bharatiy dak seva' dvara ramavriksh benipuri ke samman men bharat ka bhashayi sauhard manane hetu bharatiy sngh ke hindi ko rashtrabhasha apanane ki ardhashati varsh men dak-tikaton ka ek sngrah jari kiya. unake samman men bihar sarakar dvara 'varshik akhil bharatiy ramavriksh benipuri puraskar' diya jata hai.

nidhan

ramavriksh benipuri ji ka nidhan 9 sitambar, 1968 ko muzaffarapur, bihar men hua.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. bharatiy charit kosh |lekhak: liladhar sharma 'parvatiy' |prakashak: shiksha bharati, madarasa rod, kashmiri get, dilli |prishth snkhya: 738 |

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