राष्‍ट्रगान  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

rashh‍tragan
jan gan man ka vadan hetu nad-svar lipi
vivaran 'jan gan man' bharat ka rashtragan hai, jo moolatah bangla men hai.
rachanakar gurudev ravindranath thakur
angikrit 24 janavari 1950
sngit gurudev ravindranath thakur
gayan avadhi 52 sekend
rashtragan ki paribhasha aisi stuti ya gan, jo rashtraprem ki bhavana abhivyakt karata ho tatha shasakiy roop se adhikarik rashtragan ke roop men svikrit ho ya janasadharan men lokapriy ho.
any janakari ravindranath thakur vishv ke ekamatr vyakti hain, jinaki rachana ko ek se adhik deshon men rashtragan ka darja prapt hai. unaki ek doosari kavita 'amar sonar bangla' ko aj bhi bangladesh men rashtragan ka darja prapt hai.
bahari kadiyan rashh‍tragan vidiyo

jan gan man bharat ka rashtragan hai, jo moolatah bangla bhasha men gurudev ravindranath thakur dvara likha gaya tha. 24 janavari san 1950 ko snvidhan sabha men rashtragan ke roop men 'jan gan man' ke hindi snskaran ko apanaya gaya tha. sarvapratham 27 disnbar san 1911 ko bangla v hindi bhasha men kangres ke kalakatta adhiveshan men gaya gaya tha. poore gan men panch pad hain. rashtragan ke gayan ki avadhi lagabhag 52 sekend nirdharit hai. kuchh avasaron par rashtragan snkshipt roop men bhi gaya jata hai. isamen pratham tatha antim pnktiyan hi bolate hain, jisamen lagabhag 20 sekend ka samay lagata hai. snkshipt "jan gan man" ke nam se prakhh‍yat shabdon aur sngit ki rachana bharat ka rashh‍tragan hai. ise is prakar padha jaega-

jan-gan-man adhinayak, jay he
bharat-bhagh‍y-vidhata,
pnjab-sindhu gujarat-maratha,
dravid-uth‍kal bng,
vinh‍dhh‍y-himachal-yamuna gnga,
uchh‍chhal-jaladhi-tarng,
tav shubh name jage,
tav shubh ashish mange,
gahe tav jay gatha,
jan-gan-mngal dayak jay he
bharat-bhagh‍y-vidhata
jay he, jay he, jay he
jay jay jay jay he.

gayan avadhi

rashtragan ko gaye jane ki kul avadhi lagabhag 52 seknd hai aur ise 49 se 52 seknd ke bich men bhi gaya jana chahie.

snkshiph‍t snsh‍karan

rashh‍tragan ki pahali aur antim pnktiyon ke sath ek snkshiph‍t snsh‍karan bhi kuchh vishishh‍t avasaron par bajaya jata hai. ise is prakar padha jata hai-

jan-gan-man adhinayak, jay he
bharat-bhagh‍y-vidhata,
jay he, jay he, jay he
jay jay jay jay he.

snkshiph‍t snsh‍karan ko chalane ki avadhi lagabhag 20 seknd hai.

rashh‍tragan ka arth

jan gan man adhinayak jay he,
(he bharat ke jan gan aur man ke nayak (jinake ham adhin hain))
bharat-bhagy-vidhata
(ap bharat ke bhagy ke vidhata hain)
pnjab, sindh, gujarat, maratha,
(vah bharat jo pnjab, sindh, gujarat, maharashtr)
dvavid, utkal, bng
(tamilanadu, udisa, aur bngal jaise pradesh se bana hai)
vindhy, himachal, yamuna-gnga,
(jahan vindhyachal tatha himalay jaise parvat hain aur yamuna-gnga jaisi nadiyan hain)
uchchhal jaladhi tarnga
(aur jinaki tarnge uchchhashrrinkhal hokar uthatin hain)
tav shubh name jage
(apaka shubh nam lekar hi pratah uthate hain)
tav shubh ashish mange
(aur apake arshivad ki yachana karate hain)
jan-gan-mngaladayak jay he,
(ap ham sabhi janon ka mngal karane vale hain, apaki jay ho)
gahe tav jayagatha,
(sabhi apaki hi jay ki gatha gayen)
jan-gan-mngaladayak jay he
(he janon ka mngal karane vale apaki jay ho)
bharat bhagy vidhata
(ap bharat ke bhagy vidhata hain)
jay he, jay he, jay he,
(apaki jay ho, jay ho, jay ho)
jay, jay, jay, jay he
(jay, jay, jay, jay ho)

rashtragan ki paribhasha

aisi stuti ya gan, jo rashtraprem ki bhavana abhivyakt karata ho tatha shasakiy roop se adhikarik rashtragan ke roop men svikrit ho ya janasadharan men lokapriy ho. sabase purana rashtragan gret briten ka gaaud sev d kvin hai, jise 1825 men rashtragan ke roop men varnit kiya gaya tha, halanki 18vin sadi ke madhy se hi yah deshaprem ke git ke roop men lokapriy raha tatha rajasi samarohon men gaya jata tha. 19vin tatha 20vin sadi ke arnbh men adhikansh yooropiy deshon ne briten ka anusaran kiya, kuchh rashtragan khas uddeshy se likhe ge, jabaki any ko pahale se maujood dhunon se apanaya gaya.

rashtraganon ki bhavanaen alag hoti hain, inamen shasakon ke lie prarthana se lekar rashtriy mahattv ke yuddhon ya bagavaton ke snket[1] se lekar rashtrabhakti ki bhavana[2] ki abhivyakti hoti hai. sngitatmak gunon ki drishti se rashtragan men atyadhik bhinnata hoti hai; yah avashyak nahin hai ki sngit ki tarah hi path ya pady usi rashtr ya desh ke nagarik dvara likha gaya ho. rajanitik athava antarrashtriy snbndhon men parivartan ke karan aksar path parivartit kiya jata hai ya ne rashtragan ko apana liya jata hai. udaharanarth, bhootapoorv soviyat sngh ne 19vin sadi ke ant men do fransisi mazadooron dvara rachit evn sngitabaddh kamyunist intaraneshanal ki jagah 1944 men gimn sovetaskogo soyun[3] ko rashtragan ke roop men apanaya.

any rashtron ke rashtragan

kuchh hi rashtragan vikhyat kaviyon ya rachayitaon dvara likhe ge hain. pratham aaustriyaee rashtragan gaaud erahalte frenz den kaisar[4] isaka vishisht apavad hai. isaki rachana 1797 men jozef hedan ne ki thi tatha bad men (1929) path ko badalakar seee gesanet on ende[5] gaya gaya. hedan ki dhun ka jarman rashtragan dyushlaind, dyushlaind oobar aile[6] men bhi upayog kiya gaya tha. jise 1922 men angikar kiya gaya tha. isake tisare chhnd eeniki and resh and phrihi[7] se arnbh karake isaka nam badalakar dyooshlaindaled ke nam se jarmani ke rashtragan ke roop men upayog jari hai. 1922 ke poorv jarmani ka rashtragan hil dir im sigakranz[8] tha. yah gaaud sev d kvin ki dhun par gaya jata tha.

bharat ka rashh‍tragan

bharat ka rashh‍tragan anek avasaron par bajaya ya gaya jata hai. rashh‍tragan ke sahi snsh‍karan ke bare men samay-samay par anudesh jari kie ge hain, inamen ve avasar jin par ise bajaya ya gaya jana chahie aur in avasaron par uchit gaurav ka palan karane ke lie rashh‍tragan ko samh‍man dene ki avashh‍yakata ke bare men bataya jata hai. samanh‍y soochana aur margadarshan ke lie is soochana patr men in anudeshon ka saransh nihit kiya gaya hai.

rashh‍tragan bajana

  • rashh‍tragan ka poorn snsh‍karan nimh‍nalikhit avasaron par bajaya jaega-
  1. nagarik aur sainh‍y adhishh‍thapan
  2. jab rashh‍tr salami deta hai[9]
  3. pared ke dauran - chahe uparokh‍t (2) men sndarbhit vishishh‍t atithi upasthit hon ya nahin
  4. aupacharik rajh‍y karyakramon aur sarakar dvara ayojit anh‍y karyakramon men rashh‍trapati ke agaman par aur samoohik karyakramon men tatha in karyakramon se unake vapas jane ke avasar par
  5. aaul indiya rediyo par rashh‍trapati ke rashh‍tr ko snbodhan se tath‍kal poorv aur usake pashh‍chat
  6. rajh‍yapal/lephtinent gavarnar ke unake rajh‍y/sngh rajh‍y ke andar aupacharik rajh‍y karyakramon men agaman par tatha in karyakramon se unake vapas jane ke samay
  7. jab rashh‍triy dhh‍vaj ko pared men laya jae
  8. jab rejiment ke rng prash‍tut kie jate hain
  9. nausena ke rngon ko phaharane ke lie
  • rashh‍tragan ka snkshiph‍t snsh‍karan mes men salamati ki shubhakamana dete samay bajaya jaega.
  • rashh‍tragan un anh‍y avasaron par bajaya jaega jinake lie bharat sarakar dvara vishesh adesh jari kie ge hain.
  • am taur par rashh‍tragan pradhanamntri ke lie nahin bajaya jaega jabaki aisa vishesh avasar ho sakate hain jab ise bajaya jae.
  • jab rashh‍tragan ek baind dvara bajaya jata hai to rashh‍tragan ke pahale shrotaon ki sahayata hetu dramon ka ek kram bajaya jaega taki ve jan saken ki ab rashh‍tragan arnbh hone vala hai. anh‍yatha isake kuchh vishesh snket hone chahie ki ab rashh‍tragan ko bajana arnbh hone vala hai. udaharan ke lie jab rashh‍tragan bajane se pahale ek vishesh prakar ki dhoomadham ki dhh‍vani nikali jae ya jab rashh‍tragan ke sath salamati ki shubhakamanaen bheji jaen ya jab rashh‍tragan gard aauph onar dvara di jane vali rashh‍triy salami ka bhag ho. marching dril ke sndarbh men rol ki avadhi dhime march men sat qadam hogi. yah rol dhire se arnbh hoga, dhh‍vani ke tez sh‍tar tak jitana adhik snbhav ho ooncha uthega aur tab dhire se mool komalata tak kam ho jaega, kinh‍tu satavin bit tak sunaee dene yogh‍y bana rahega. tab rashh‍tragan arnbh karane se pahale ek bit ka vishram liya jaega.

samoohik gan

  • rashh‍tragan ka poorn snsh‍karan nimh‍nalikhit avasaron par samoohik gan ke sath bajaya jaega:
    • rashh‍triy dhh‍vaj ko phaharane ke avasar par, sansh‍kritik avasaron par ya pared ke alava anh‍y samaroh poorn karyakramon men[10]
    • sarakari ya sarvajanik karyakram men rashh‍trapati ke agaman ke avasar par[11] aur in karyakramon se unake vida hone ke tath‍kal pahale.
    • rashh‍tragan ko gane ke sabhi avasaron par samoohik gan ke sath isake poorn snsh‍karan ka uchh‍charan kiya jaega.
    • rashh‍tragan un avasaron par gaya jae, jo poori tarah se samaroh ke roop men n ho, tathapi inaka kuchh mahath‍v ho, jisamen mntriyon adi ki upasthiti shamil hai. in avasaron par rashh‍tragan ko gane ke sath[12] samoohik roop se gayan vanchhit hota hai.
    • yah snbhav nahin hai ki avasaron ki koee ek soochi di jae, jin avasaron par rashh‍tragan ko gana[13] gane ki anumati di ja sakati hai. paranh‍tu samoohik gan ke sath rashh‍tragan ko gane par tab tak koee apatti nahin hai jab tak ise matri bhoomi ko salami dete hue adar ke sath gaya jae aur isaki uchit g‍rima ko banae rakha jae.
    • vidyalayon men, din ke karyon men rashh‍tragan ko samoohik roop se ga kar arnbh kiya ja sakata hai. vidyalay ke pradhikariyon ko rashh‍tragan ke gayan ko lokapriy banane ke lie apane karyakramon men paryaph‍t pravadhan karane chahie tatha unh‍hen chhatron ke bich rashh‍triy dhh‍vaj ke prati samh‍man ki bhavana ko proth‍sahan dena chahie.

savadhaniyan

  • jab rashh‍tragan gaya ya bajaya jata hai to shrotaon ko savadhan ki mudra men khade rahana chahie. yadyapi jab kisi chal chitr ke bhag ke roop men rashh‍tragan ko kisi samachar ki gatividhi ya snkshiph‍t chalachitr ke dauran bajaya jae to shrotaon se apekshit nahin hai ki ve khade ho jaen, kh‍yonki unake khade hone se filh‍m ke pradarshan men badha aegi aur ek asntulan aur bhram paida hoga tatha rashh‍tragan ki garima men vriddhi nahin hogi.
  • jaisa ki rashh‍tr dhh‍vaj ko phaharane ke mamale men hota hai, yah logon ki achh‍chhi bhavana ke lie chhod diya gaya hai ki ve rashh‍tragan ko gate ya bajate samay kisi anuchit gatividhi men snlagh‍n nahin hon.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. d star-spengald bainar, snyukt rajy amarika, la marselez frans
  2. o kaineda
  3. soviyat sngh ki striti
  4. eeshvar samrat fransisi ki raksha kare
  5. hamesha saubhagyashali rahen
  6. jarmani, jarmani sabase oopar
  7. ekata, adhikar aur svatntrata
  8. vijay ki mala dharan karane valon ka abhivad
  9. arthat isaka arth hai rashh‍trapati ya snbndhit rajh‍yon/sngh rajh‍y kshetron ke andar rajh‍yapal/lephtinent gavarnar ko vishesh avasaron par rashh‍tragan ke sath rashh‍triy salami-salami shash‍tr prash‍tut kiya jata hai
  10. isaki vh‍yavash‍tha ek kaauyar ya paryaph‍t akar ke, upayukh‍t roop se sh‍thapit tarike se ki ja sakati hai, jise baind adi ke sath isake gane ka samanh‍vay karane ke lie prashikshit kiya jaega. isamen paryaph‍t sarvajanik shravh‍y pranali hogi taki kaauyar ke sath milakar vibhinh‍n avasaron par janasamooh ga sake
  11. parntu aupacharik rajh‍y karyakramon aur samoohik karyakramon ke alava
  12. sngit vadyon ke sath ya inake bina
  13. bajane se alag

bahari kadiyan

snbndhit lekh

varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

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