राष्ट्रीय चिकित्सक दिवस  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

rashtriy chikitsak divas
rashtriy chikitsak divas
vivaran 'rashtriy chikitsak divas' manav ka bhagavan kahe jane vale chikitsakon ko samarpit hai. bharat men is din svatntrata senani aur chikitsak bidhan chandr ray ko bhi yad kiya jata hai.
bharat men shuruat 1991 se
manane ki tithi 1 julaee
mahattv 'chikitsak divas' manane ka mahattv yah hai ki sabhi chikitsak apani zimmedariyon ko samajhen aur logon ke svasthy se sambandhit du:kh, takaliph aur rog adi ke prati sajag rahen.
smriti bidhan chandr ray
any janakari 'rashtriy chikitsa divas' alag-alag deshon men bhinn-bhinn tithiyon par manaya jata hai. bharat men yah divas daauktar bidhan chandr ray ki smriti men prativarsh 1 julaee ko manaya jata hai.

rashtriy chikitsak divas (angrezi: National Doctor's Day) prithvi par manavon ka bhagavan kahe jane vale chikitsakon ko samarpit hai. alag-alag deshon men yah divas bhinn-bhinn tithiyon par manaya jata hai. bharat men 'chikitsak divas' prativarsh 1 julaee ko manaya jata hai. is khas din par pashchim bngal ke doosare mukhyamntri bidhan chandr ray ko bhi yad kiya jata hai. bidhan chandr ray desh ke pramukh svatntrata senani hone ke sath-sath ek chikitsak bhi the. azadi ke bad unhonne apana sara jivan logon ke lie chikitsa seva ko samarpit kar diya. bidhan chandr ray ki smriti men hi 'rashtriy chikitsa divas' bharat men 1 julaee ko manaya jata hai.

shuruat

chikitsakon ka mahattv rekhankit karane ki avashyakata amerika ke jaaurjiya nivasi daau. charls bi almond ki patni yoodora braun almond ne mahasoos ki thi. unake prayason se hi pahali bar 30 march, 1930 ko amerika men 'daauktars de' (chikitsak divas) manaya gaya. is din ko manane ke pichhe chikitsakon ka dainik jivan men mahattv batane ki bhavana pramukh thi. isake lie 30 march ki tarikh isalie chuni gee thi, kyonki jaaurjiya men isi din daau. kraphord dablyoo long ne pahali bar aaupareshan ke lie enesthisiya ka istemal kiya tha. isilie tab se 'chikitsak divas' manane ka chalan shuroo ho gaya.[1]

bharat men chikitsak divas

alag-alag deshon men 'chikitsak divas' alag-alag tithi ko manaya jata hai. bharat men 1 julaee ka din chikitsakon ke lie samarpit hai. varsh 1991 se bharat men is din ko 'rashtriy chikitsak divas' ke roop men manane ki shurooat huee thi. 1 julaee ko desh ke prakhyat chikitsak, svatntrata senani aur samaj sevi daau. bidhan chandr ray ka janmadin aur puny tithi donon hi hain. 1 julaee, 1882 ko bihar men janme bidhan chandr ray 'bharatiy svatntrata sngram' ke ek aham sipahi rahe the. azadi ke bad unhonne apana sara jivan apane vyavasay yani chikitsa seva ko samarpit kar diya. pashchim bngal men apane mukhyamntri kal ke dauran unhonne kee aham vikas kary kie. apane athak prayason aur samaj kalyan ke karyon ke lie unhen 1961 men bharat ke sarvochch nagarik samman 'bharat ratn' se bhi sammanit kiya gaya tha. 1 julaee, 1962 ko unaka nidhan hua.

inhen bhi dekhen: bidhan chndr ray

chikitsak ka mahattv

chikitsak dharati par bhagavan ka doosara rup hota hai. bhagavan to ek bar jivan deta hai, kintu daauktar hamari amooly jan ko bar-bar bachata hai. duniya men aise kee udaharan hain, jahan daauktaron ne bhagavan se bhi badhakar kam kiya hai. bachche ko janm dena ho ya kisi vriddh ko bachana ho, chikitsak ki madad hamesha musibaton se manav ko bachati hai. yahi ek aisa pesha hai, jahan dava aur dua ka anokha sngam dekhane ko milata hai, insan ko bhagavan bhi yahin banaya jata hai. chikitsakon ne manav jati ke lie bahut samarpan kiya hai. yadi bharat ki bat ki jae to dekhenge ki yahan aj bhi chikitsakon aur vaidyon ka vishesh adar-satkar kiya jata hai. adhunik yug men to chikitsakon ki mang aur bhi badh gee hai. chikitsak ke isi samarpan aur tyag ko yad karate hue 1 julaee ka din bharat men 'rashtriy chikitsak divas' ke roop men manaya jata hai. chikitsak divas manane ka sabase bada mahattv yah hai ki sabhi chikitsak apani zimmedariyon ko samajhen aur logon ke svasthy se sambandhit du:kh, takaliph aur rog adi ke prati sajag rahen.

janata ke vishvas ki dor

vartaman men chikitsa hi ek aisa vyavasay hai, jis par log vishvas karate hain. ise banae rakhane ki jimmedari sabhi chikitsakon par hai. 'chikitsa divas' svayn chikitsakon ke lie ek mahattvapoorn din hai, kyonki yah unhen apane chikitsakiy prashikshan ko punarjivit karane ka avasar pradan karata hai. sare chikitsak jab apane chikitsakiy jivan ki shuruat karate hain to unake man men naitikata aur zarooratamndon ki madad ka jajba hota hai, jisaki ve kasam bhi khate hain. isake bad bhi kuchh log is vichar se path bhramit hokar anaitikata ki rah par chal padate hain. 'chikitsak divas' ke din daauktaron ko yah mauka milata hai ki ve apane antarman men jhanke, apani samajik jimmedariyon ko samajhen aur chikitsa ko paisa kamane ka pesha n banakar, manaviy seva ka pesha banaen, tabhi hamara yah 'chikitsa divas' manana sahi aur sarthak siddh hoga.[2]

man-samman

bharat men bidhan chandr ray ke janm din par har varsh 'rashtriy chikitsak divas' 1 julaee ko manaya jata hai, lekin is parnpara se pare ab chikitsa peshe ka vah pahale jaisa samman nahin rah gaya hai, sath hi yah bhi kahana hoga ki doosare peshon ka samman bhi samaj aur desh men badhate bhrashtachar aur moolyon men giravat ke chalate kam hua hai. choonki daauktari ko log ek peshe se pare eeshvar ki tarah ka darza dete the, isalie usase adhik nirasha hona bhi svabhavik tha aur usaki badanami bhi adhik honi thi. ek taraf chikitsa ke kam men nee takanik, udyog aur bazar ke taur-tariqon ke mutabik bada poonjinivesh aur mahnga ilaz, in sabaka ana aur pair jamana hua, to doosari taraf is peshe se chikitsak aur mariz ke insani snbndh kuchh kamazor ho ge. jab bhi koee pesha karobar men tabdil hota hai to usake tariqe bhi badal jate hain. ek vaqt azadi ki ladaee men bahut chhoti-chhoti si mashinon par malik-snpadak akhabar nikalate the aur jel jate the. ve lautakar ate the aur phir sarakar ke khilaf ladate the aur phir jel jate the. lekin ab akhabar midiya ho ge, bade-bade karobar ho ge, aur unake niti-siddhant kamazor ho ge. ab kisi bahut bade aur taqatavar ke khilaf chhapane ki gunjaish kam rah gee hai. yahi hal rajaniti aur chunav ke mahnge hote chale jane se netaon ka ho gaya, isalie sirf chikitsako ko kosane se bat nyayasngat nahin kahi ja sakati.[3]

garibon ka ilaj

vartaman men bharat men garibon ke ilaz ki halat bahut kharab hai. padhe-likhe chikitsak door-daraj ke ganvon tak jana nahin chahate aur jis sarakari naukari ke lie ek vaqt hindustani janata pooja-path karati thi, vaise sarakari chikitsakon ki kursiyan chhote se chhattisagadh men saikadon ki snkhya men khali padi huee hain. bharat men chikitsakon ke sngathan aur chikitsa-shiksha ke lie banaee gee sarakari snstha, in donon ne chhattisagadh men tin sal ki chikitsa-shiksha ka ghor virodh kiya tha aur adalat tak daud lagakar us kors ko khariz karavakar dam liya tha. lekin aj sarakari chikitsa kaaulejon ki gini-chuni siton ke alava niji medikal kaaulejon men das-das, bis-bis lakh rupe ka kaladhan dekar ek-ek bachche ka dakhila hota hai aur lakhon rupe sal ki fis ke das barason bad koee post grejuet banakar nikalata hai. aise chikitsak kis tarah ganvon men ya garibon ke bich jakar kam kar sakate hain? n to unake vaqt ki aur n hi unaki poonji ki lagat nikalegi. aise men chhattisagadh men lagabhag ashikshit ya alpashikshit mahilaon ko 'mitanin' banakar kul dedh darjan davaon se rozamarra ki takaliphon ka ilaz shuroo karavakar is rajy ne ganv-ganv ki tasvir badal di hai. yahan ke ganvon men shishu-mrityu dar itani gir gee ki poori duniya ne is maaudal ki taraf ummid ki najaron se dekhana shuroo kiya. aise men chikitsa ko sirf em.bi.bi.es. chikitsakon ka hi ekadhikar banakar rakhana thik nahin hai. lokapriy ho gee elopaithik paddhati men tin baras ka kors dubara shuroo karana chahie, jo ki ganv aur garib ke kam ka rahega. em.bi.bi.es. chikitsakon ko apani shahari-snpann aur kulin soch ko chhodaqar garibi ki haqiqat ko dekhana chahie.[3]


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. chikitsak ki pahali prathamikata hota hai marij (hindi). . abhigaman tithi: 01 julaee, 2013.
  2. jinda hai seva bhav (hindi). . abhigaman tithi: 01 julaee, 2013.
  3. 3.0 3.1 daauktaron ke atmamnthan ka din (hindi). . abhigaman tithi: 01 julaee, 2013.

snbndhit lekh

varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

a   a    i    ee    u    oo    e    ai    o   au    an    k   kh    g    gh    n    ch    chh    j    jh    n    t    th    d   dh    n    t    th    d    dh    n    p    ph    b    bh    m    y    r    l    v    sh    sh    s    h    ksh    tr    gy    ri    ri    aau    shr   aah