राष्ट्रीय झण्डा अंगीकरण दिवस  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

rashtriy jhanda angikaran divas
tirnga
nam tirnga
prayog rashtriy dhvaj
anupat 2:3
angikrit 22 julaee, 1947
rooparekha tirnge men sabase oopar gahara kesariya, bich men safed aur sabase niche gahara hara rng barabar anupat men hai. safed patti ke kendr men gahara nile rng ka chakr hai. chakr ki paridhi lagabhag safed patti ki chaudaee ke barabar hai. chakr men 24 tiliyan hain.
abhikalpanakarta pingali venkayya
any janakari har svatntrata divas aur ganatntr divas par lal qile ki prachir par rashtriy dhvaj ko bade hi adar aur samman ke sath phaharaya jata hai.

rashtriy jhanda angikaran divas har varsh 22 julaee ko manaya jata hai. is din arthat 22 julaee, 1947 ko rashh‍triy dhh‍vaj tirnge ko bharat ke snvidhan dvara apanaya (angikrit) gaya tha. 'tirnga' bharat ka rashtriy dhvaj hai jo tin rngon se bana hai isalie ham ise tirnga kahate hain. tirnge men sabase oopar gahara kesariya, bich men safed aur sabase niche gahara hara rng barabar anupat men hai. dhh‍vaj ko sadharan bhasha men 'jhnda' bhi kaha jata hai. jhnde ki chaudaee aur lamh‍baee ka anupat 2:3 hai. safed patti ke kendr men gahara nile rng ka chakr hai, jisaka praroop ashok ki rajadhani saranath men sthapit sinh ke shirshaphalak ke chakr men dikhane vale chakr ki bhanti hai. chakr ki paridhi lagabhag safed patti ki chaudaee ke barabar hai. chakr men 24 tiliyan hain. inhen bhi dekhen: pingali venkayya evn tirnga

tirnge ka nirman

hamare rashtriy dhvaj ka itihas bhi bahut rochak hai. 20vi sadi men jab hamara desh british sarakar ki gulami se mukti pane ke lie sngharsh kar raha tha, tab svatntrata senaniyon ko ek dhvaj ki zaroorat mahasoos huee kyonki dhvaj svatntrata ki abhivyakti ka pratik raha hai. sanh 1904 men vivekannd ki shishya sistar nivedita ne pahali bar ek dhvaj banaya jise bad men sistar nivedita dhvaj se jana gaya. yah dhvaj lal aur pile rng se bana tha. pahali bar tin rng vala dhvaj sanh 1906 men bngal ke bntavare ke virodh men nikale ge jaloos men shachindr kumar bos lae. is dhvaj men sabase upar kesariya rng, bich men pila aur sabase niche hare rng ka upayog kiya gaya tha. kesariya rng par 8 adhakhile kamal ke phool safed rng men the. niche hare rng par ek soory aur chndrama bana tha. bich men pile rng par hindi men vnde mataramh likha tha.

san 1908 men sar bhikaji kama ne jarmani men tirnga jhnda laharaya aur is tirnge men sabase oopar hara rng tha, bich men kesariya, sabase niche lal rng tha. is jhnde men dharmik ekata ko darshate hue; hara rng islam ke lie aur kesariya hindoo aur safed eesaee v bauddh donon dharmon ka pratik tha. is dhvaj men bhi devanagari men vnde mataramh likha tha aur sabase oopar 8 kamal bane the. is dhvaj ko bhikaji kama, vir savarakar aur shyamaji krishn varma ne milakar taiyar kiya tha. pratham vishv yuddh ke samay is dhvaj ko barlin kameti dhvaj ke nam se jana gaya kyonki ise barlin kameti men bharatiy krantikariyon dvara apanaya gaya tha.

jhnda venkaiyya

san 1916 men pingali venkaiya ne ek aise dhvaj ki kalpana ki jo sabhi bharatavasiyon ko ek sootr men bandh de. unaki is pahal ko es.bi. boman ji aur umar somani ji ka sath mila aur in tinon ne mil kar 'neshanal flaig mishan' ka gathan kiya. venkaiya ne rashtriy dhvaj ke lie rashtrapita mahatma gandhi se salah li aur gandhi ji ne unhen is dhvaj ke bich men ashok chakr rakhane ki salah di jo snpoorn bharat ko ek sootr men bandhane ka snket bane. pingali venkaiya lal aur hare rng ke ki prishthabhoomi par ashok chakr bana kar lae par gandhi ji ko yah dhvaj aisa nahin laga ki jo snpoorn bharat ka pratinidhitv kar sakata hai. rashtriy dhvaj banane ke bad pingali venkaiyya ka jhnda jhnda venkaiyya ke nam se logon ke bich lokapriy ho gaya.

mool jhanda git

vijayi vishv tirnga pyara, jhanda ooncha rahe hamara.

sada shakti sarasane vala

prem-sudha barasane vala

viron ko harasane vala

matribhoomi ka tan-man sara, jhanda ooncha rahe hamara. 1

lal rng bajarngabali ka

hara ahal islam ali ka

shvet sabhi dharmon ka tika

ek hua rng nyara-nyara, jhanda ooncha rahe hamara. 2

hai charakhe ka chitr snvara

mano chakr sudarshan pyara

hare rng ka snkat sara

hai yah sachcha bhav hamara, jhanda ooncha rahe hamara. 3

svatantrata ke bhishan ran men

lakhakar badhe josh kshan-kshan men

kanpe shatru dekhakar man men

mit jaye bhay snkat sara, jhanda ooncha rahe hamara. 4

is jhande ke niche nirbhay

len svarajy ham avichal nishchay

bolo bharat mata ki jay

svatantrata ho dhyey hamara, jhanda ooncha rahe hamara. 5

ao pyare viro ao

desh-dharm par bali-bali jao

ek sath sab mil kar gao

pyara bharat desh hamara, jhanda ooncha rahe hamara. 6

shan n isaki jane paye

chahe jan bhale hi jaye

vishv vijay kar ke dikhalayen

tab hove pran poorn hamara, jhanda ooncha rahe hamara. 7


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

snbndhit lekh

varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

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