राष्ट्रीय राजधानी क्षेत्र दिल्ली  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

rashtriy rajadhani kshetr dilli
Colaj-delhi.jpg
vivaran dilli desh ke uttari madhy bhag men gnga ki ek pramukh sahayak yamuna nadi ke donon taraph basi hai. dilli bharat ka tisara bada shahar hai. yah ek rashtriy rajadhani kshetr dilli hai.
bhaugolik sthiti uttar- 28°36′36, poorv- 77°13′48
marg sthiti dilli, rashtriy rajamarg 2 se varanasi, ilahabad, kanapur aur agara ke raste kolakata se judi hai. rashtriy rajamarg 8 se soorat, ahamadabad, udayapur, ajamer aur jayapur ke raste munbee se judi hai. rashtriy rajamarg 1 se jalndhar, ludhiyana aur anbala hote hue amritasar aur rashtriy rajamarg 24 se ramapur aur muradabad ke raste lakhanoo se judi hai.
havaee adda indira gandhi antarrashtriy havaee adda
relave steshan purani dilli, nee dilli, hazarat nizamuddin
bas adda aee.es.bi.ti, saray kale khan, annd vihar
yatayat saeekil riksha, aauto riksha, taiksi, lokal rel, metro rel, bas
kya dekhen dilli paryatan
kahan thaharen hotal, dharmashala, atithi grah
kya khayen pnjabi khana, chat, parathen vali gali ke 'parathen'
es.ti.di. kod 011
savadhani atnkavadi gatividhiyon se savadhan, lavaris vastuon ko na chhuen, shit ritu men kohare se aur grishm ritu men loo se bachav karen.
Map-icon.gif googal manachitr, indira gandhi antarrashtriy havaee adda
snbndhit lekh lal qila, indiya get, jama masjid, rashtrapati bhavan .
up-rajyapal anil baijal
mukhyamntri aravind kejarival
any janakari dilli rajy ka rajakiy pakshi ghareloo gauraiya (House Sparrow) hai.
bahari kadiyan adhikarik vebasait
adyatan‎
bharat ke itihas men dilli ka ullekh mahabharat kal se hi milata hai. mahabharat kal men dilli ka nam indraprasth tha. doosari shatabdi ke 'talemi' ke vivaran men trakaroot par maury shasakon dvara basaee gee nagari 'dilli' nam se ullikhit hai. bad men maury, gupt, pal adi anek rajavnshon ka dilli par shasan raha. dilli shahar ki sthapana ke sandarbh men kee kathaen prachalit hain. kuchh logon ka manana hai ki tomar vnsh ke anngapal ne 11 vin shatabdi men isaki sthapana ki thi, jabaki kuchh pustakon men varnit hai ki tomar rajapooton ke saradar anngapal ne 737 ee. men 'dilli ka ganv' men lalakot namak nagar basakar rajadhani sthapit ki. 12vin shatabdi men yah rajy tomar rajapooton se chauhan rajapooton ke qabze men a gaya. tatpashchath dilli bisaladev chauhan tatha anek vnshaj prithviraj chauhan ke hathon men pahuncha. kuchh pustakon men yah bhi ullikhit hai ki pratham shatabdi eesa poorv ek raja 'dhiloo' ke nam par isaka nam dilli pada, jo bad men delahi, dehali, dilli adi namon se jana gaya.
dilli ka itihas v snskriti ke lie dekhen:- dilli

tarain ke dvitiy yuddh men prithviraj chauhan ki har ke bad dilli par musalamanon ka adhipaty qayam ho gaya. isake bad 16vin sadi men dilli par mugalon ka adhikar ho gaya. 18vin shatabdi ke uttarardh tatha 19vin shatabdi ke prarambh ke varshon men dilli par angrezon ka adhikar ho gaya. sanh 1911 men yah kalakatta ki jagah bharat ki rajadhani banayi gee. sanh 1947 men svatntrata prapti ke bad is bharat ki rajadhani ke roop men svikar kiya gaya. snvidhan ke 69ven snshodhan (1991) dvara dilli men vidhan sabha ka gathan kiya gaya. is vidheyak men dilli ko desh ki rajadhani hone ke nate kendrashasit pradeshon men vishesh darja diya gaya hai. is kendrashasit pradesh ko 1 faravari, 1992 se naya nam 'rashtriy rajadhani kshetr dilli' diya gaya.

itihas

  • dilli ka arambhik nam indraprasth tha. mahabharat men pandavon ki rajadhani ke roop men isaki charcha hai.
  • yamuna tat par avasthit yah nagar vartaman firozashah kotala stediyam evn humayoon ke maqabare ke bich avasthit tha.
  • panch prasthon men ek indraprasth ke astitv ka pratyaksh sakshy upalabdh nahin hai. any char prasth-panipat, sonipat, bagapat aur tilapat the. inhin panchon sthanon par prasiddh mahabharat ka yuddh lada gaya tha.
  • is pradesh ko khandaprasth aur yoginipur ke nam se bhi jana jata tha.
  • bad ke kal men yah kshetr maury, gupt, pal adi shasakon ke adhin raha.
  • indraprasth ke gautavnshiy rajaon ke paravarti mayoor vnsh ke antim kannauj shasak raja diloo dvara is pradesh ko jitakar apane rajy men mila liya gaya.
  • 736 ee. men tomar rajapooton dvara dilli ya dhillika ke nam se ek ne nagar ko basaya gaya.
  • 1052 men anngapal dvitiy dvara us nagar ka punaddhar evn punarnirman kar is nagar ki suraksha ke lie lal kot namak qile ka nirman karavaya gaya.
  • anngapal tritiy ke shasanakal men chauhan shasak vigraharaj dvara 1151 ee. men is pradesh par qabza kar liya gaya. lekin donon gharanon men vaivahik sambandhon ki sthapana ke bad tomaravnshi vahan chauhan shasakon ke adhin shasan karate rahe.
  • vigraharaj ke pautr prithviraj chauhan (rayapithaura) lalakot qile ka vistar kar evn 'qila rayapithaura' ke nam se ek bade qile ka nirman karavaya gaya. ise dilli ka pahala aitihasik shahar mana jata hai.
  • tarain ke dvitiy yuddh 1192 men prithviraj chauhan ki parajay ke bad 1193 men muhammad gori ke ek gulam kutubuddin aibak dvara dilli par adhikar kar liya gaya.
  • 1206 men muhammad gori ki mrityu ke bad kutubuddin aibak ne khud ko dilli ka sultan ghoshit kar diya.
  • 1210 men polo khelate samay ghode se gir jane ke karan aibak ki mrityu ho gee. isake bad usaka damad iltutamish dilli ka sultan bana.
  • kutubuddin aibak ke bad sat muslim vnshon—gulam vnsh, khilaji vnsh, tugalaq vnsh, saiyad vnsh, lodi vnsh, soori vnsh tatha mugal vnsh ne ek ke bad ek dilli par raj kiya aur apani-apani ruchi tatha rujhan ki chhap dilli par chhodi.
  • dilli ke prasiddh qutubaminar ki ninv 1199 men kutubuddin aibak ke dvara dali gee thi.
  • qutubuminar ke samip hi alauddin khilaji ke dvara doosara nagar siri basaya gaya. usane 1305 men hauz khas ka bhi nirman karavaya.
  • gayasuddin tugalaq ne 1321 men siri ke poorv men tugalakabad nagar ki ninv dali. yah nagar keval 6 varshon tak tugalaq samrajy ki rajadhani rah paya.
lotas tainpal, dilli
Lotus Temple, Delhi
  • tugalaq vnsh ke doosare badashah mohammad bin tugalaq dvara siri aur kutub ke bich 'jahanpanah' ke nam se ek naye nagar ki sthapana ki gee. jise aj chirag dilli ke nam se jana jata hai. is sthan par badashah dvara 8 kimi ke ghere men 13 daravazon vala ek parakota banavaya gaya.
  • tugalaq vnsh ke tritiy badashah firoz shah tugalaq dvara 1354 men firozabad nam se ek naya rajadhani nagar basaya gaya. is nagar ko aj firojashah kotala ke nam se jana jata hai.
  • qarib do shatabdi ke bad humayoon ne apani ek alag nagari dilli, firojabad nagar ke char kilomitar dakshin men sthapit ki. yah sthal aj purane qile ke nam se mashahoor hai. is nagar ki basavat ka kam sherashah soori ke dvara poora kiya gaya. isi ke dvara 1540-44 ke dauran purane qile ka nirman karavaya gaya.
  • 1638 men shahajahan ke dvara aj ke purani dilli ko shahajahannabad ke nam se basaya gaya. usake dvara vahan par 1648 men lal qila tatha 1650-1656 ke bich zama masjid ka nirman karavaya gaya.
  • shahajahannabad ke charon taraf kvartajait patthar ki ek chahar divari banavaee gee, jisake charon taraf mukhy dvar-dilli get, kashmiri get, ajameri get aur lahauri get ke nam se lage hue the.
  • 1724 ee. men raja jayasinh dvara jntar-mntar banavaya gaya tatha shujauddaula dvara 1753-54 men safadaragnj ka maqabara banavaya gaya.
  • angrezon dvara pahale bharat ki rajadhani kalakatta (kolakata) banaee gee, parantu 1911 men samrat jarj pncham dvara dilli ko rajadhani banane ka nishchay kiya gaya.
  • vartaman purani dilli ke dakshin men nee dilli ke nam se ek naya nagar basaya gaya.
  • nee dilli ki nagar yojana edavin lyootens tatha bekar dvara taiyar ki gee thi. nee dilli nagar yojana vanshigatan tatha landan nagaron ke yojana se kafi milata-julata hai.
  • sanh 1947 men svatntrata prapti ke pashchath is bharat sngh ki rajadhani ke roop men svikar kiya gaya.
  • 1956 men ise kendrashasit pradesh ka darja pradan kiya gaya.
  • 69ven snvidhan snshodhan ke dvara rashtriy kshetr adhiniyam 1991 prabhav men aya. isake phalasvaroop dilli men vidhanasabha ka gathan kiya gaya.

prashasan

aksharadham mndir, dilli
Akshardham Temple, Delhi

dilli par vidhivath shasan ki shuruat angrezon dvara 1805 men shuroo ki gee. prarambh men prashasanik niyntran british shasan ke pratinidhi evn mukhy ayukt ke adhin tha. 1857 tak samany adhiniyamon ke dvara hi kuchh pher-badal ke sath prashasan chalata raha. 1858 men angrezon dvara dilli ko simant prant ke prantiy shahar ka darja diya gaya. bad men is uparajyapal ke adhin navagathit pnjab prant men sthanantarit kar diya gaya. rajadhani ka kalakatta se dilli sthanantarit hone ke bad yahan ke prashasanik karyon ki dekharekh ke lie imporiyal dilli samiti ka gathan kiya gaya. 1916 men is samiti ko pnjab myoonisipal ekt 1911 ke tahat rayasina myoonisipal samiti ke roop men adhisoochit kiya gaya. 16 march 1927 ko ise dilli myoonisipal samiti ke roop men punargathit kiya gaya. 1932 men pratham shreni ka myoonisipailiti ka darja pradan kiya gaya. nee dilli nagar parishadh adhiniyam, 1994 ke antargat nee dilli nagar samiti ka punargathan kiya gaya. dilli ko 1951 men bhag 'g' rajyon men shamil kiya gaya, jisamen mntriparishadh aur vidhayika ka astitv samapt kar diya gaya. 1957 men snsad dvara parit dilli nagar adhiniyam ke tahat nigam ke gathan ke uddeshy se 1958 men chunav karavaye gaye. 1957 men hi dilli vikas adhiniyam parit hua jisake tahat dilli vikas pradhikaran ki sthapana huee. pradhikaran dvara pahala mastar plan (1961-81) 1962 men prakashit kiya gaya. dilli prashasan adhinayam, 1966 dvara mahanagar parishadh (56 nirvachit + 5 manonit sadasy) ke gathan ka pravadhan kar dilli men simit pratinidhitv vali sarakar ki sthapana ki gee. snvidhan men 69ven snvidhan snshodhan dvara dilli rashtriy rajadhani kshetr adhiniyam, 1991 prabhav men aya. 1992 se lagoo is adhiniyam ke tahat ek vidhanasabha tatha dilli ke prashasan-snchalan ke lie ek uparajyapal tatha unako is vishay men salah dene ke lie mukhyamntri ke adhin mntriparishadh ka pravadhan kiya gaya. is adhiniyam dvara vidhanasabha ko rajy sambandhi mamalon evn kendr shasit kshetron ke mutallik mamalon par qanoon banane ka adhikar diya gaya. lekin qanoon vyavastha, pulis evn bhoomi sambandhi vishay vidhanasabha ke adhikar kshetr se bahar rakhe ge. 1993 ke chunav ke pashchath is adhinayam ke tahat pahali vidhanasabha ka gathan kiya gaya. navambar 1998 men doosari vidhanasabha ka gathit ki gee. janavari 1997 se poorv dilli keval ek zila tha, lekin vartaman men yahan 9 zile tatha 27 sabadivijan/tahasil hain.

  • vidhanamandal - ek sndanatmak (vidhanasabha)
  • vidhanasabha sadasyon ki snkhya - 70
  • lokasabha sadasyon ki snkhya - 7
  • rajy sabha ke sadasyon ki snkhya - 3

bhoogol

indiya get, dilli
India Gate, Delhi
  • sthiti – uttar, pashchim tatha dakshin men hariyana evn poorv men uttar pradesh.
  • krishi kshetr – lagabhag 70,000 hekteyar.
  • van kshetr – 1,443 hekteyar.
  • rajakiy pashu – hanuman.
  • rajakiy pakshi – dhoosar titar.
  • uchch nyayalay kshetr – dilli.
  • parvat – aravali parvatamala ke katak (rij).
  • shahari kshetron ka kshetraphal – 924.68 varg kimi..
  • gramin kshetron ka kshetraphal – 558.32 varg kimi..
  • nagar nikay – 3
  • ganv – 165
  • zile – 9
  • tahasilen – 27
  • ausat varshik varsha – 114 mimi.
  • nadi – yamuna nadi.
  • bhoo-akritik drishti se dilli ko tin bhagon men vibhajit kiya jata hai–
  1. yamuna badh evn garipadiy maidan.
  2. pahadi pradesh tatha
  3. maidani pradesh.

dilli ka sabase ooncha sthan bhati ganv hai, jisaki oonchaee samudratal se 322 mitar hai. dilli ki bhoo-akriti ka sarvadhik mahattvapoorn tattv pahadi hai jo rajasthan ki aravali pahadiyon ke parvat skandh ki bhanti bana hai. dakshin men maharauli aur tugalakabad ke pas ka kshetr kohi ya pahadi kahalata hai. yamuna ke kinare ka maidan bangar ke nam se jana jata hai. bhoogarbhik drishti se dilli ki shailen madhy proterojoik aur abhinavakal ki hain. yah dilli prakram aur alavar shrinkhala ka bhag hai.

arthavyavastha

jama masjid, dilli
Jama Masjid, Delhi
  • kul boya gaya kshetr – 60,885 hekteyar.
  • boya hua shuddh kshetr – 41,385 hekteyar.
  • shuddh sinchit kshetr – 40,000
  • vartaman qimaton par nibal rajy ghareloo utpad (varsh 2002-03)-68743 karod rupaye.
  • vartaman qimaton par prati vyakti nibal rajy ghareloo utpad – 47477 rupaye.
  • kul upalabdh bhoomi (1999) – 147 hazar hekteyar.
  • vanachchhadit kshetr (1999) – 1000 hekteyar.
  • van kshetr – 1443 hekteyar.
  • sadak marg – 28,508 kimi. (5 rashtriy marg)
  • rel marg – 200 kimi. munarika (ring) relave.
  • antarajyiy bas adde – kashmir get, saray kale khan, anand bihar.
  • havaee adde – indira gandhi antarrashtriy havaee adda (antarrashtriy udanon ke lie), palam havaee adda (gharelu udanon ke lie), saphadarajng havaee adda (prashikshan hetu).
  • garibi rekha ke niche jivan yapan karane vale logon ka pratishat – 8.23%
  • sarvajanik kshetr ki baiking snsthaon ki snkhya – 1251
  • prati vyakti bijali ki khapat – 69 kilo vat prati ghnta (1999)
  • prathamik vidyalayon ki snkhya – 2415
  • madhy vidyalayon ki snkhya – 680
  • uchch/uchchatar vidyalayon ki kul snkhya – 1578
  • mahavidyalayon ki snkhya – 59
  • vyavasayik shikshan snsthaon ki snkhya - 45
  • audyogik ikaeeyan – 1.29 lakh (31 march, 02)
  • vishvavidyalay - (kul 6); dilli vishvavidyalay, javahar lal neharoo vishvavidyalay, jamiya miliya islamiya, indira gandhi rashtriy khula vishvavidyalay, guru govind sinh indraprasth vishvavidyalay, lal bahadur shastri snskrit vidyapith.
  • vishisht snsthan - akhil bharatiy ayurvigyan snsthan, bharatiy praudyogiki snsthan, (aee aee ti) bharatiy krishi anusndhan snsthan, en. aee. eph. ti., indiyan istityoot af pablik edaministreshan adi.
  • pramukh udyog - rejar bleds, khel ka saman, rediyo, telivijan set evn kal-purje, saikil evn usake kal-purje, plastik udyog, joote-chappal, vastr, rasayan, urvarak, davaen, haujiyari ka saman, shital pey, hath ke auzar, steshan baigan, pi0 vi0 si0 ki vastuen adi.
qutub minar, dilli
Qutub Minar, Delhi
  • sadak marg - 15,800 kimi0 (5 rashtriy rajamargan ka sammilan sthal).
  • relamarg - 168 kimi0 lambi mudrika (ring) relave.
  • relave steshan - dilli, nee dilli, hajarat nizamuddin tatha saray rohilla.
  • pnjikrit motar vahanon ki snkhya - 2.75 miliyan.

samaj evn snskriti

rashtriy rajadhani hone ke nate yahan ka samaj vibhinn pranton tatha vargon se ane vale bhinn bhasha-bhashi logon ke milane se bana hai. jinake parampara, pahanaba, odhaba vishvas-mat adi alag-alag hain. yah vividhata pradesh ke samaj ko ek vishisht pahachan pradan karati hai. pradesh ki snskriti rashtriy snskriti ki pratinidhi pratit hoti hai. pradesh men lagabhag sabhi dharm aur sampraday se jude sanskritik dharohar maujood hain.

paryatan

humayoon ka maqabara, kutub minar, hauz khas, indiya get tatha bahaee mandir, lotas tainpal, rashtrapati bhavan, mugal gardan, snsad bhavan, chandani chauk, lal qila, jama masjid, rajaghat, shantivan, vijayaghat, shakti sthal, purana qila (indraprasth), safadaragnj ka maqabara, jantar-mantar, bidala mandir, vigyan bhavan, chidiyaghar, rashtriy sngrahalay, kanaaut ples, buddh jayanti park, ravindr rngashala, neharoo memoriyal, kashmiri get adi.

inhen bhi dekhen

inhen bhi dekhen: dilli, dilli ka itihas, dilli paryatan evn dilli vishvavidyalay


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

snbndhit lekh

varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

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