लक्षद्वीप  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

India-flag.gif
lakshadvip
Lakshadweep-Map.jpg
rajadhani kavaratti
rajabhasha(en) malayalam, angrezi, mahal (minikaauy men boli jane vali bhasha)
sthapana 1 navnbar, 1956
janasnkhya 64,429[1] (purush- 33,106; mahila- 31,323)
· ghanatv 2013 vyakti prati varg kimi. /varg kimi
kshetraphal 32 varg kimi
bhaugolik nirdeshank 8°-12° 13' uttari akshansh 71° - 74° poorvi deshantar[2]
jalavayu ushnakatibndhiy
· grishm 32 °C
· sharad 28 °C
varsha 241.8 mimi (adhikatam) mimi
zile 1 (lakshadvip)
sabase bada nagar andarot
ling anupat 1000:946 ♂/♀
saksharata 92.18%
uchch nyayalay keral uchch nyayalay
prashasak faruq khan
lokasabha kshetr 1
rajakiy pashu soori tem
rajakiy pakshi soori tem
rajakiy vriksh bred phroot
vartaman sansad mohammad faizal (enasipi)
vahan pnjikaran LD
kul dvipon ki snkhya 36 (manav basti vale 10 dvip- andaraut, kadamat, minikaauy, kavaratti, agatti, amini, kalpeni, kiltan, chetalat evn bitra)
any janakari lakshadvip men vidhanamndal nahin hai. lakshadvip sarvadhik saksharata vala sngh shasit rajy hai.
bahari kadiyan adhikarik vebasait
adyatan‎
Lakshadweep.jpg

lakshadvip (angrezi: Lakshadweep) (snskrit: laksh: lakh, + dvip) bharat ke dakshin-pashchim men hind mahasagar men sthit ek bharatiy dvip-samooh hai. sabhi kendrashasit pradeshon men lakshadvip sabase chhota hai. lakshadvip dvip-samooh ki utpatti prachin kal men hue jvalamukhiy visphot se nikale lava se huee hai. yah bharat ki mukhyabhoomi se lagabhag 400 kimi door pashchim disha men arab sagar men avasthit hai. lakshadvip dvip-samooh men kul 36 dvip hai parantu keval 7 dvipon par hi janajivan hai. deshi payartakon ko 6 dvipon par jane ki anumati hai jabaki videshi payartakon ko keval 2 dvipon (agati v bngaram) par jane ki anumati hai. mukhy bhoomi se door inaka prakritik saundary, pradooshanamukt vatavaran, charon or samudr aur isaki paradarshi satah paryatakon ko sammohit kar leti hai. samudri jal men tairati machhaliyan in dvipon ki sundarata ko aur badha deti hain. har dvip par nariyal v pam ke jhoomate hare-bhare vriksh, aur samudr jisaka nila pani anokhi pavitrata ka ahasas karata hai.

lakshadvip ka ek drishy
A View Of Lakshadweep

lakshadvip bharat ka ekamatr moonga dvip hain. in dvipon ki shrinkhala moonga etol hai. etol moonge ke dvara banaya gee aisi rachana hai jo samudr ki satah par pani aur hava milane par banati hai. keval inhin paristhatiyon men moonga jivit rah sakata hai. yahan ke nivasi keral ke nivasiyon se bahut milate-julate hain. yah dvip paryatakon ka svarg hai. yahan ka naisargik vatavaran desh-videsh ke sailaniyon ko barabas hi apani or khinch leta hai. ab kendr sarakar in dvipon ka paryatan ki drishti se teji se vikas kar rahi hai. lakshadvip ki rajadhani kavaratti hai.

itihas aur bhoogol

in dvipon ke bare men, inake poorv itihas ke bare men adhik janakari upalabh‍dh nahin hai. samajha jata hai ki pahale-pahal log akar amini, anadraut, kavaratti aur agatti dvipon par bas gaye. pahale yah vishh‍vas kiya jata tha ki dvip men akar basane vale mool log hindoo the aur lagabhag 14vin shatabh‍di men kisi samay arab vh‍yapariyon ke prabhav men akar musalaman ban be. parntu hal hi men puratath‍viy khojon se pata chalata hai ki lagabhag chhathi ya satavin shatabh‍di ke asapas yahan bauddh rahate the. sarvapratham islam dharm ko apanane vale jin logon aur nivasiyon ka pata chalata hai ve hijari varsh 139 (athavin shatabh‍di) ke samay ke maloom hote hain. is tarikh ka pata agatti men hal men khoje ge maqabaronn ke path‍tharon par khudi tarikhon se lagata hai. sh‍thaniy pnraparagat manh‍yataon ke anusar, is dvip men arab soophi abaidulh‍la hijari sanh 41 men ish‍lam ko lekar ae.

kavaratti dvip samooh, lakshadvip
Kavaratti Island, Lakshadweep

sambhavat: 16vin shatabh‍di tak sh‍vatntr in dvipon men basane vale logon ko purtagaliyon ke upaniveshon ke adhipath‍y se mukti pane ke lie chirakkal ke raja ki sahayata leni padi. isase vah yahan apani prabhuth‍v jama saka aur bad men in dvipon ko kannanoor men mopala samuday ke pramukh ali raja ko jagir ke roop men saunp diya, vah bad men sh‍vatntr shasak ban baitha. arakh‍kal shasan lokapriy nahin hua aur 1787 men tipoo sultan ne in dvipon par kabh‍ja karane ki uttar ke dvipavasiyon ki yachika ko sh‍vikar kar liya. tipoo sultan ke patan ke bad ye dvip eest indiya knpani ke adhikar men de die ge, parntu in par kanh‍nanoor ke shasak vash‍tut: tab tak shasan karate rahe jab tak ki antat: 20vin shatabh‍di ke arnbh men angrezon ne in par kabh‍ja nahin kar liya. 1956 men in dvipon ko milakar 'kendrashasit pradesh' bana diya gaya aur t‍base isaka shasan kendr sarakar ke prashasak ke madhh‍yam se chal raha hai. 'san 1973 men lakh‍ka div, minikay aur aminadivi dvipasamoohon ka nam lakshadvip kar diya.' lakshadvip praval dvipon ka ek samooh hai jisamen 12 praval dvip, tin praval bhitti aur jalamagh‍n baloo ke tat shamil hain. yahan ke kul 27 dvipon men se 11 men abadi hai. ye dvip uttar men 8 digri aur 12 digri, 3, akshansh par tatha poorv men 71 digri aur 74 digri deshantar par keral tat se lagabhag 280 se 480 kimi door arab sagar men phaile hue hain.

khady vyavastha

lakshadvip men pine ke pani ke srot bilkul nahin hain. varsha ke pani ko hi ikattha karake istemal kiya jata hai. kuchh dvipon men kuen banae ge hain, jisamen varsha ka pani jama kiya jata hai aur phir kam men liya jata hai. nariyal, kela, papita aur kuchh jngali ped-paudhon ke alava lakshadvip men kuchh bhi nahin paida hota. mitti n hone ki vajah se sabjiyan nahin ugaee ja sakati hain. khady samagri, sabjiyan aur zaroorat ki doosari chizen kochchi se hi mngaee jati hain.

avashyak vastuon ka ayat

anaj aur any avashyak vastuen, petroliyam utpad, samany vastuen, stil, siment jaisi nirman samagri malavahak yan ke dvara dvip par mngayi jati hain. vishesh chikitsa suvidha aur bachchon ki uchch shiksha ke lie logon ko mukhy bhoomi par hi jana padata hai.

krishi

yahan ki pramukh fasal nariyal hai aur prativarsh 580 lakh nariyal ka uth‍padan hota hai. yahan 2,598 hekh‍teyar bhoomi men kheti ki jati hai. yahan ke nariyal ko jaiv uth‍pad (argenik prodakh‍t) ke roop men jana gaya hain. bharat men sarvadhik nariyal uth‍padan lakshadvip men hota hai tatha prati hekh‍teyar upaj 22,310 nariyal hai aur prath‍yek ped se prativarsh ausatan 97 khajooron ka uth‍padan hota hai. lakshadvip ke nariyalon men vishh‍v ke anh‍y nariyalon ke muqabale sarvadhik tel (72 pratishat) paya jata hai.

kadamat dvip samooh, lakshadvip
Kadmat Island, Lakshadweep

machhali palan

machhali pakadana yahan ka ek anh‍y pramukh vyavasay hai. isake charon or ke samudr men machhaliyan bahut adhik payi jati hain. lakshadvip men prati vh‍yakti machhali ki upalabh‍dhata desh men sarvadhik hai. sanh 2006 men is pradesh men 11,751 tan machhaliyan pakadi geen.

hastashilp udyog

nariyal ke reshe aur usase banane vali vash‍tuon ka uth‍padan yahan ka mukhh‍y udyog hain. sarakari kshetr ke adhin nariyal ke reshon ki sat phaiktriyan, sat resha uth‍padan evn pradarshan kendr aur char resha bntane vali ikaee hain. in ikaiyon men nariyal ke reshon aur sutali ke uth‍padan ke atirikh‍t nariyal ke reshon se bani rassiyan, kaauridor mait, chataiyon aur dariyon adi ka bhi uth‍padan kiya jata hai. vibhinh‍n dvipon men niji kshetr men bhi kee nariyal resha ikaiyan kam kar rahi hain.

parivahan

agatti dvip samooh, lakshadvip
Agatti Island, Lakshadweep
  • agatti men lakshadvip ka ekamatr eyaraport hai. agatti niyamit udanon se kochchi se juda hua hai. kochchi antarrashtriy havaee adda bharat ke lagabhag sabhi pramukh shaharon se juda hai. helikaauptar ke madhyam se bhi lakshadvip pahuncha ja sakata hai.
  • lakshadvip pahunchane ke lie pani ka jahaz achchha vikalp hai. kochchi se kuchh yatri jahaz snchalit hote hain. jahaz ke madhyam se lakshadvip pahunchane men lagabhag 18-20 ghante ka samay lagata hai. manasoon ke dauran pani ke jahaz ki sevaen bnd rahati hain.
bngaram dvip samooh, lakshadvip
Bangaram Island, Lakshadweep

mukhh‍y bhoomi se kochin aur bepor bndaragah tak yatriyon ko lane, le jane ke lie em.vi.tipoo sulh‍tan, em.vi. bharat sima, em.vi. aminadini, em.vi. minikay aur em.vi. dvipasetu namak yatri jalapot mal dhone ke lie; em.vi. ubedulh‍la, em.vi. thinh‍nakara aur em.vi. lakshadiv aur em.vi. cheriyam namak char malavahi jahaz hain. 60 mitrik tan ka telavahak em.vi. suheli ka upayog yahan ke chhote jahajon (pheri) aur motar naukaon adi ko eendhan ki apoorti ke lie kiya jata hai. kadija bivi aur humidat bi humidat bi jahaz minikay ke alava anh‍y dvipon ko apas men jodata hai. isake alava ek dvip se doosare dvip aur mukhh‍y bhoomi se jodane ke lie helikaph‍tar ainbulens seva bhi upalabh‍dh hai. indiyan eyaralains agati aur kochchi ke bich dainik (ravivar chhodakar) havaee seva hai.

paryatan sh‍thal

bngaram dvip samooh, lakshadvip
Bangaram Island, Lakshadweep

ye dvip prakriti ki ek adbhut den hai. yah ashchary ki bat hai ki yahan ki dharati ka nirman moongon dvara kiya gaya. unhonne hi manav ke rahan-sahan ke upayukt banaya. yah dvip paryatakon ka svarg hai. yahan ka naisargik vatavaran desh-videsh ke sailaniyon ko barabas hi apani or khinch leta hai. pradesh men paryatan mahath‍vapoorn udyog banata ja raha hai. mahath‍vapoorn paryatan sh‍thal hain:- agatti, bngaram, kalapeni, kadamat, kavaratti aur minikaauy adi. varsh 2006 men yahan 23,303 paryatak ghoomane ae. inamen se 2,622 videshi the. pani ke khel men ruchi rakhane vale jaise skooba daiving aur snorkaling ke akarshan men paryatak yahan ate hain. yah bharat ka sabase chhota kendr shasit pradesh hone ke bavajood paryatan ke lihaz se sabase lokapriy hai.

vithika

kavaratti dvip samooh
kavaratti dvip samooh ka vihngam drishy, lakshadvip


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. janaganana 2011 ke anusar
  2. Lakshadweep - At a Glance (angrezi) (pi.ech.pi) lakshadvip ki adhikarik vebasait. abhigaman tithi: 23 agast, 2017.

snbndhit lekh

varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

a   a    i    ee    u    oo    e    ai    o   au    an    k   kh    g    gh    n    ch    chh    j    jh    n    t    th    d   dh    n    t    th    d    dh    n    p    ph    b    bh    m    y    r    l    v    sh    sh    s    h    ksh    tr    gy    ri    ri    aau    shr   aah