लखनऊ  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

lakhanoo
Imambara-Lucknow.JPG
vivaran lakhanoo bharat ganarajy ke sarvadhik abadi vale rajy uttar pradesh ki rajadhani hai.
rajy uttar pradesh
zila lakhanoo zila
nirmata asafuddaula
sthapana 1775 ee.
bhaugolik sthiti uttar- 26°85', poorv- 80°92'
marg sthiti lakhanoo shahar sadak dvara ilahabad se 205 kimi, varanasi se 323 kilomitar, agara se 325 kimi, mathura se 374 kimi, dilli se 468 kimi doori par sthit hai.
prasiddhi lakhanoo shahar ek vishishh‍t prakar ki kadhaee, chikan se saje hue paridhanon aur kapadon ke lie bhi prasiddh hai.
kaise pahunchen havaee jahaz, rel, bas adi se pahuncha ja sakata hai.
havaee adda amausi antarrashtriy havaee adda
relave steshan charabag relave steshan, aishabag relave steshan, lakhanoo siti relave steshan, alamanagar relave steshan, badashahanagar relave steshan, amausi relave steshan
bas adda charabag bas tarminas, kesarabag bas tarminas, daau. bhimarav ambedakar bas tarminas
yatayat siti bas seva, taiksi, saikil riksha, aautoriksha, tempo evn sienaji basen
kya dekhen ghntaghar, jama masjid, bada imamabada, roomi daravaza, residensi sngrahalay, chhatar mnzil adi
kahan thaharen hotal, dharmashala, atithi grah
kya khayen zayakedar malaee gilauri (pan), badam halava, ras-malaee aur chatapati chat
kya khariden chikanakari aur jaradoji ke kapade, abhooshan aur hastashilp kala ka saman kharida ja sakata hai.
es.ti.di. kod 0522
e.ti.em lagabhag sabhi
Map-icon.gif googal manachitr
bhasha hindi, urdoo, angrezi
adyatan‎

lakhanoo bharat ganarajy ke sarvadhik abadi vale rajy uttar pradesh ki rajadhani hai. lakhanoo nagar gomati nadi ke kinare par basa hua hai. lakhanoo, lakhanoo zila aur lakhanoo mndal ka prashasanik mukhyalay hai. lakhanoo nagar apani khas nazakat aur tahajib vali bahusnskriti, am ke bagon aur chikan ki kadhaee, namachin katthak nrity kala ka janmasthal, begam akhtar ki gazalon ka saroor lie 'pahale ap' ki tahazibo-adab aur sham-e-avadh ke lie jane jana vala navabi tabiyat ka poori duniya men ek hi shahar hai. is nagar ko 'bagon ka shahar' bhi kaha jata hai. yahan rajakiy sngrahalay bhi hai. jisaki sthapana 1863 ee. men ki gee thi. 500 varsh purani muslim sant shah mina ki qabr bhi yahin par hai.

ghntaghar, lakhanoo

bhaugolik sthiti

gnga ke vishal uttari maidan ke hriday kshetr men sthit lakhanoo shahar bahut se prasiddh sthanon se ghira hai jaise- amaraiyon ka shahar malihabad, aitihasik kakori, mohanalalagnj, gosaneegnj, chihnat aur itaunja. is shahar ke poorvi or barabnki zila hai, pashchim or unnav zila evn dakshin ki or rayabareli zila hai. isake uttar men sitapur aur haradoee zile hain. gomati nadi, mukhy bhaugolik bhag, shahar ke bichon bich se nikalati hai aur lakhanoo ko trans-gomati evn sis-gomati kshetron men vibhajit karati hai. lakhanoo shahar bhookamp kshetr ke tritiy star men ata hai. shahar ke bich se gomati nadi bahati hai, jo lakhanoo ki snskriti ka hissa hai.

itihas

lakhanoo ko aitihasik roop se avadh kshetr ke nam se jana jata tha. puratattvavettaon ke anusar isaka prachin nam lakshmanapur tha. ram ke chhote bhaee lakshman ne ise basaya tha. yahan ke shiya navabon ne shishtachar, khoobasoorat udyanon, kavita, sngit aur badhiya vynjanon ko sadaiv snrakshan diya. lakhanoo ko navabon ka shahar bhi kaha jata hai. lakhanoo ko poorv ka svarn nagar aur shiraj-e-hind ke roop men jana jata hai. lakhanoo prachin kosal rajy ka hissa tha. ise bhagavan ram ne apane bhaee lakshman ko saunp diya tha. ise lakshmanavati, lakshmanapur ya lakhanapur ke nam se bhi jana gaya, jo bad men badal kar lakhanoo ho gaya. lakhanoo se ayodhya sirf 40 mil ki doori par hai. inhen bhi dekhen: avadh, avadh ke navab evn avadh ki begamen

avadh ke navabon ka yogadan

avadh ke navabon ne jab lakhanoo ko rajadhani banaya to merath aur dilli ke sath-sath ek aur bada shahar lakhanoo astitv men aya. mugal vastukala se dekhen to avadh ke navabon ne lakhanoo ko bhavy imaraton ka nagar banane men koee kami baki nahin rakhi. kala aur snskriti ke snrakshak avadh ke navabon ke shasanakal men ki gee mugal chitrakari aj bhi kee sngrahalayon men hai. bada imamabada, chhota imamabada tatha roomi daravaza mugal vastukala ke adbhut udaharan hain.
lakhanoo ke vartaman svaroop ki sthapana navab asafuddaula ne 1775 ee. men ki thi. avadh ke shasakon ne lakhanoo ko apani rajadhani banakar ise samriddh kiya. kalantar men navab vilasi aur nikamme siddh hue. in navabon ke alasi svabhav ke karan laaurd dalahauzi ne avadh ko bina yuddh hi adhigrahan kar british samrajy men mila liya. 1850 men avadh ke antim navab vajid ali shah ne british adhinata svikar kar li. lakhanoo ke navabon ka shasan is prakar samapt hua.

yoonaited provins ya 'yoopi'

san 1902 men 'narth vest provins' ka nam badal kar 'yoonaitid provins aauph agara end avadh' kar diya gaya. sadharan bolachal ki bhasha men ise 'yoonaited provins' ya 'yoopi' kaha gaya. san 1920 men pradesh ki rajadhani ko ilahabad se badal kar lakhanoo kar diya gaya. 'akhil bharatiy kisan sabha' ka ayojan 1934 ee. men lakhanoo men hi kiya gaya tha. svatantrata ke bad 12 janavari sanh 1950 men isaka nam badal kar uttar pradesh rakh diya gaya aur lakhanoo isaki rajadhani bana. is prakar yah apane poorv laghunam 'yoopi' se juda raha.

uchch nyayalay

pradesh ka uchch nyayalay ilahabad hi bana raha aur lakhanoo men uchch nyayalay ki ek nyayapith sthapit ki gayi. govind vallabh pnt is pradesh ke pratham mukhyamntri bane. aktoobar 1963 men sucheta kripalani uttar-pradesh evn bharat ki pratham mahila mukhyamntri banin.

bhasha

yah hindi aur urdoo sahity ke kendron men se ek hai. lakhanoo men adhikansh log hindi bolate hain. yahan ki hindi men lakhanavi andaz hai, jo vishvaprasiddh hai. isake alava yahan urdoo aur angrezi bhi boli jati hain.

sahity men lakhanoo ka yogadan

snskriti ka ek samanvit roop lakhanoo men vikasit hua. avadh kshetr hone ke karan ek or yahan avadhi ki rachanaen huee, doosari or mel-jol ki sthiti ne hindi-urdoo ki nikatata sthapit ki. jayas ke malik muhammad jayasi ne solahavin sadi ke madhy men jis prem-pnth ka avahn kiya tha, vah aj bhi prasngik hai:

’’tin lok chaudah khnd sabai parai mohin soojh
prem chhandi nahi lin kichhu jo dekha man boojh.‘‘

avadhi tulasidas ke samay men apani poornata par pahunchi, par bisavin shatabdi men bhi isamen kavitaen hoti rahin. avadh ke navabon ne deshi bhashaon ke sath hindi-urdoo kavita ko bhi prashray diya. is prakar lakhanoo aur usake as-pas aisa sanskritik parivesh raha hai jise ham sampoorn kala-snsar kah sakate hain. lakhanoo ki gazal gayaki, sngit-nrity ka apana sthan hai aur kiyon ka nam adab se liya jata hai. lakhanoo ka snsar shuddhatavadi nahin kaha ja sakata kyonki sthan ki snskriti ke apane dabav rahe hain. is drishti se yahan rachana ka ek sammilit roop ubhara, jise bhagavaticharan varma ki ’do banke‘ jaisi kahaniyon men dekha ja sakata hai. purane itihas men jane ki avashyakata nahin, par lakhanoo se madhuri, sudha jaisi patrikaen prakashit huee aur baisavada kshetr ke mahakavi sooryakant tripathi nirala paryapt samay tak yahan rahe. daau. ramavilas sharma ne ’nirala ki sahity-sadhana‘ men isaki charcha vistar se ki hai ki tisare-chauthe dashak men madhyayugin pravrittiyon se joojhate hue, nirala ne naye bhav-bodh ka pratinidhi kiya. yahin ’dan‘ jaisi kavita men vishvavidyalay ke pas ke gomati pul ke doot hain aur mahakavi ki ukti hain: sabamen hai shreshth, dhany manav. kee any nam jo yahan kuchh samay rahe, phir anyatr chale ge jaise kavi raghuvir sahay aur kuchh yahin bas ge jaise shrilal shukl adi. daau. devaraj, kunvar narayan, krishnanarayan kakkad, pratap tndan, premashnkar ne jab ’yug chetana‘ ka sampadan-prakashan sahayogi prayas ke roop men arnbh kiya, tab sabhi lekhakon ka vyapak samarthan milas. yah lakhanoo ki mili-juli tahajib ke prati sadashayata bhav to hai hi, is tathy ka praman bhi ki vaicharik vibhajan aur shivirabaddhata ka aisa drishy nahin tha ki snvedan ki udarata hi snkat men pad jae.

audyogik vyavastha tatha madhyavarg ke vikas ke sath vyaktivad teji se badha aur kee bar ’andhere bnd kamare‘ jaisi sthiti. par un dinon goshthiyon ka jamana tha. vishvavidyalay ki pnditaee ka pustakiy snsar tha, par di.pi. mukharji jaise prophesar bhi the, jo snskriti, itihas, samajashastr, sngit, sahity men samangyan rakhate the. dayavarsitij namak apani pustak ki bhoomika men unhonne ullekh kiya hai ki uttar bharat mujhe samajashastri manata hai, mera bngadesh mujhe sahityakar ke roop men dekhata hai aur sngit mujhe priy hai. ’soshiyalaji aauph indiyan kalchar‘ pustak men unaka samagr vyaktitv dekha ja sakata hai. pro. pooranachandr joshi unake yogy shishyon men hain. vastav men un dinon jivan, rachana aur vibhinn anushasanon ke bich aisi doori n thi ki ve ek-doosare se adhik sinkh hi n saken. lakhanoo ke us daur men shuddh sahity, shastr-charcha ke kee bhram tootate the, sath hi rajanitik vatavaran ki simaen bhi spasht hoti thin. rachana jivan se sakshatkar matr nahin, snvedan-vaicharik sngharsh bhi hai, par sab kuchh kala men vilayit hokar saman roop men ana chahie. shiksha snsthanon ke pathyakramon ko dekhate hue prayah tippani ki jati hai ki ve pratibha ke samuchit vikas men badha hain. shrikant varma ne to ’adhyapakiy alochana‘ ka phiraka hi gadh liya tha jisaka prativad devishnkar avasthi ne kiya tha. par dhyan den to ek hi sthan par kee snsar ho sakate hain. kashi ki pandit nagari men tulasidas ki kavy-rachana huee, deshi bhasha men ramakatha ko naye ashay deti. vahin bharatendu harishachndr sanskritik jagaran ke pratham prasthan bane. bhagy se lakhanoo ki mili-juli sabhyata aur avadh ki udar snskriti men kattarata ki gunjashay kam thi. navabi parivesh ko ujagar karate nirala ne ’kukuramutta‘ vyngy ki rachana 1941 men ki thi.

hindi rachanashilata ke pramukh davedaron men kashi, prayag rahe hain. mahanagaron ke apane duahkh-sukh, par unake akarshan se bach pana asan nahin. jaise ganv ujadakar shaharon ki or bhag rahe hain, vaisi sthiti kee bar rachanakaron ki bhi dikhaee deti hai. bhagavati baboo mumbee ge, laut ae aur mayanagari ke apane anubhavon ko ’akhiri danv‘ men lipibaddh kiya. amritalal nagar ji bhi lakhanoo laute. katha lekhikaon men shivani ji hain jo pahadiyon se samagri prapt karati hain, jise ve shantiniketan shiksha se naya snvedan-snsar deti hain, par lakhanoo bhi unamen aur unaki beti mrinal pande men upasthit hai. mudrarakshas kalakatta ge the, par apani jamin men laute; unhonne apani prakharata se kee vivad upajae, par naye prayogon se charchit hue. kee vidhaon men unhonne kary kiya. unase poochha jay to kahenge: lakhanoo ham par fida aur ham fidae lakhanoo. kashi ke agraj thakur prasad sinh (poorv soochana nideshak) se ek bar poochha ki lakhanoo kaisa lagata hai to bole, yahan to kashi ke log mujhase pahale se maujood hain. unamen se kuchh ne bhng ke rng ki shikayat ki hai, par lakhanoo ki apani tahajib hai. nagar ji ka udaharan diya jata hai ki unamen lakhanoo ka ’chauk‘ muhalla racha-bacha hai. sultanapur ke vilochan ji ka sambandh prayah kashi se sthapit kiya jata hai, par unhonne ’amaula‘ ke madhyam se apani avadhi kavitaen prastut kin, unnis matraon ke barave chhand men kavita ki hai-

daud mahamad tulasi kah ham das
kehi ginati mnh ginati jas ban-ghas.

svatntrata sngram ke daur men sanehi ji se lekar padhis ji, ramee kaka aur vnshidhar shulk tak avadhi kaviyon ki ek poori pnkti thi jo alakh lagati thi. balakrishn sharma navin aur sohan lal dvivedi ki kavitaen to sarvavidit hain hi. lakhanoo aur usake as-pas ki charcha karate hue, hamara dhyan lakhanavi tahajib, taur-tarike ki or jata hai, jisane as-pas ki rachanashilata ko bhi apani udar drishti se prabhavit kiya. vahan ke urdoo adab ka zikr karate hue pro. ehatisham husain ne urdoo sahity ke itihas men lakhanoo ki adhunik kavy rachana men parivartanon ka vishesh ullekh kiya hai. ise unhonne ’lakhanavi rng‘ kaha hai aur chakabast, majaz adi ke sath kee mashahoor shayaron ke nam ginae hain. muhammad husain azad apani pustak urdoo kavy ki jivanadhara men bhi kuchh puranon ka bhi ullekh karate hain.[1] kunvar narayan ke kavita snkalan ’apane samane‘ men ’lakhanoo‘ shirshak kavita hai, poorv smritiyon ki katha kahati-

kisi murda shano shaukat ki qabr-sa
kisi beva ke sabr sa
jarjar gumbadon ke oopar
avadh ki udas shamon ka shamiyana thamen
kisi tavaif ki gazal-sa
har ane vala din kisi bite hue kal-sa
kaman-kamar navab ke jhuke hue
sharif adab-sa lakhanoo
barik malamal par kadhi huee barikiyon ki tari
is shahar ki kamazor nafasat
navabi zamane ki zanani adaon men
kisi manachale ko rijhane ke lie
qabvaliyan gati nazakat
kisi gariz ki tarah nayi zindagi ke lie tarasata
sarashar aur majaj ka lakhanoo
kisi shaukin aur hay kisi beniyaz ka lakhanoo
yahi hai qibala
hamara aur apaka lakhanoo.[1]

kala-sngit

lakhanoo ka apana kala sngit snsar hai. aroon kumar sen ne vishnunarayan bhatakhnde ki ’uttar bharatiy sngit pustak‘ ka snkshipt roop prastut karate hue unhen uddhrit kiya hai ki lakhanoo ke antim navab vajid ali shah dvara thumari ko pratishtha mili, yah ek prakar se uttari sngit ka punarootthan hai. isi prakar lakhanoo men kathak nrity ka gharana vikasit hua, jisamen maharaj bindadin se lekar achchhan maharaj aur lachchhoo maharaj tak ke nam hain. achary brihaspati ne ’musalaman aur bharatiy sngit‘ pustak men vajid ali shah yug ke sngit ki sarahana ki hai. 1926 ee. men bhatakhnde ji ne jis sngit vidyalay ka arnbh kiya, vah hindustani sngit paddhati ka shiksha kendr bana. lakhanoo ke kalavritt ne samagr rachana snsar ko prabhavit kiya, isamen sndeh nahin. svatntrata ke pahale daur men jo bhaee-chara tha, use sabhi ne desh-prem ki bhavapoorn abhivyakti di.[1]

udyog evn vyavasay

sone ki purani khan, lakhanoo

chikanakari aur zari ke kam ka yah pramukh kendr hai. lakhanoo ka chikan, yahan ke hunaramndon ki karigari,[2] lakhanavi zaradozi ki bahut prasiddhi hai. purane lakhanoo ke chauk ilake ka zyadatar hissa chikan kashidakari ki dukanon se bhara pada hai. lakhanoo ka chikan ki kadhaee ka vyapar bahut prasiddh hai. yah ek laghu-udyog hai. yah laghu udyog yahan ke chauk kshetr ke ghar ghar men phaila hua hai. chikan evn lakhanavi zaradozi, donon hi desh ke lie videshi mudra late hain. chikan ne baaulivud evn videshon ke phaishan dizainaron ko sadaiv akarshit kiya hai. chauk men hi munh men pani la dene vale mithaiyon ki dukane bhi hain. yahan ki zayakedar malaee gilauri (pan), badam halava aur ras-malaee, aur chatapati chat bahut prasiddh hai. lakhanoo hamesha se hi lajij pakavanon ke lie mashahoor raha hai. sabase zyada prasiddhi mili hai tunde navab ke kabab ko. chauk ki ghumavadar galiyon men se ek gali men maujood hai tunde navab ki yah 100 sal purani dukan. shahar men aj bhi atit ki sundar jhalakiyan dekhi ja sakati hain. prachin kal se hi yah shahar resham, itr, chikan ke kapaden, abhooshan, svadisht bhojan aur navabi shishtachar ke lie prasiddh hai.

kala

avadh ke navabon ke is shahar men kathak, thumari, khyal nrity, dadara, kavvali, gazal aur shero shayari jaisi kala bhi shikhar par pahunchi thi.

yatayat aur parivahan

vayumarg

lakhanoo ka 'amausi eyaraport' dilli, mumbee, kolakata, chainnee, baingalor, jayapur, pune, bhuvaneshvar, guvahati aur ahamadabad se pratidin sidhi phlait dvara juda hua hai. amausi antarrashtriy havaee adda lakhanoo ka mukhy viman kshetr hai. yah nagar se lagabhag 20 kilomitar ki doori par hai. yah kee antarrashtriy vayu sevaon ke dvara antarrashtriy gntavyon se juda hua hai. in gntavyon men lndan, dubee, jeddah, maskat, sharajah, singapur evn hangakang adi hain. haj mubarak ke samay yahan se vishesh udanen sidhe jeddah ke lie rahati hain.

asafi masjid, lakhanoo

relamarg

lakhanoo jnkshan bharat ke pramukh shaharon se anek relagadiyon ke madhyam se juda hua hai. dilli se lakhanoo mel aur shatabdi eksapres, mumbee se pushpak eksapres, kolakata se doon aur amritasar eksapres ke madhyam se lakhanoo pahuncha ja sakata hai. lakhanoo men kee relave steshan hain. shahar men mukhy relave steshan charabag relave steshan hai. is steshan ka sundar mahalanuma bhavan 1923 men bana tha. mukhy tarminal uttar relave ka hai jisaka steshan kod: LKO hai. doosara tarminal poorvottar relave mndal ka hai, jisaka steshan kod: LJN hai. lakhanoo ek pradhan jnkshan steshan hai, jo bharat ke lagabhag sabhi mukhy nagaron se rel dvara juda hua hai. mukhy relave steshan par ajakal 15 relave pletafaaurm hain.

sadak marg

rashtriy rajamarg 24 se dilli se sidhe lakhanoo pahuncha ja sakata hai. lakhanoo ka rashtriy rajamarg 2 dilli ko agara, ilahabad, varanasi aur kanapur ke raste kolakata ko jodata hai. pramukh bas tarminas alamabag ka daau. bhimarav ambedakar bas tarminas hai. isake atirikt any pramukh bas tarminas kesarabag aur charabag the, jinamen se charabag bas tarminas ko, jo charabag relave steshan ke samane tha, nagar bas dipo bana kar sthanantarit kar diya gaya hai. yah sthanantaran relave steshan ke samane ki bhidabhad ko niyntrit karane ke lie kiya gaya hai.

shiksha

la martiniyar mahavidyalay, lakhanoo
lakhanoo men chhah vishvavidyalay hain
  • lakhanoo vishvavidyalay
  • uttar pradesh takaniki vishvavidyalay (yoo. pi. ti. yoo.)
  • ramamanohar lohiya rashtriy vidhi vishvavidyalay (lohiya laau vi.vi.)
  • baba saheb bhimarav anbedakar vishvavidyalay
  • emiti vishvavidyalay
  • intigral vishvavidyalay
yahan kee uchch chikitsa snsthan bhi hain
  • snjay gandhi snatakottar ayurvigyan snsthan (es.ji.pi.ji.aee.)
  • chhatrapati shahooji maharaj ayurvigyan vishvavidyalay (jise pahale king jaaurj medikal kaaulej kahate the) ke alava nirmanadhin sahara aspatal, apolo aspatal, eraz lakhanoo medikal kaaulej bhi hain.
  • prabndhan snsthanon men bharatiy prabndhan snsthan, lakhanoo (aee.aee.em.), instityoot aauph mainejament sainsez ate hain.
  • yahan bharat ke pramukhatam niji vishvavidyalayon men se ek, emiti vishvavidyalay ka bhi parisar hai.
  • isake alava yahan bahut se uchchatar madhyamik shiksha ke bhi sarakari evn niji vidyalay hain. inamen se kuchh pramukh hain:
    • siti maauntesari skool
    • la martiniyar mahavidyalay
    • jayapuriya skool
    • kaaulvin tallukedar kalej
    • emma thaaumpasan skool
    • sent phransis skool
    • mahanagar baauyaz

anusndhan shodh snsthan

lakhanoo men desh ke kee uchch shiksha evn shodh snsthan bhi hain. inamen se kuchh hain:

  • king jarj medikal kaaulej
  • birabal sahani anusndhan snsthan
yahan bharat ke vaigyanik evn audyogik anusndhan parishad ki char pramukh prayogashalaen hain-
  • kendriy aushadhi anusndhan snsthan
  • audyogik vish vigyan anusndhan kendr
  • rashtriy vanaspati vigyan anusndhan snsthan(en.bi.ar.aee.)
  • kendriy aushadhiy evn sagndh paudha snsthan
  • lakhanoo vikas pradhikaran

janasnkhya

bharat sarakar ki 2001 ki janaganana, samajik, arthik soochakank ke anusar, lakhanoo zila alpasnkhyakon ki ghani abadi vala zila hai. kanapur ke bad yah nagar uttar-pradesh ka sabase bada shahari kshetr hai. aj ka lakhanoo ek jivnt shahar hai. lakhanoo ko bharat ke teji se badh rahe gair-mahanagaron ke shirsh pndrah men se ek mana gaya hai. lakhanoo ki adhikansh janasnkhya poorvi uttar pradesh se hai. phir bhi yahan pashchimi uttar pradesh ke logon ke alava bngali, dakshin bharatiy evn angl-bharatiy log bhi base hue hain. lakhanoo ki kul janasnkhya ka 77% hindoo evn 20% muslim log hain. shesh bhag men sikkh, jain, eesaee evn bauddh log hain.

saksharata

lakhanoo bharat ke sabase sakshar shaharon men se ek hai. yahan ki saksharata dar 82.5% hai, striyon ki 78% evn purushon ki saksharata 89% hain.

paryatan sthal

paryatan sthal snkshipt vivaran chitr
bada imamabada lakhanoo shahar bada imamabada namak ek aitihasik dvar ka ghar hai, jahan ek aisi adbhut vastukala dikhaee deti hai jo adhunik vash‍tukar bhi dekh kar dng rah jaen. imamabade ka nirman navab asafuddaula ne 1784 ee. men karaya tha aur isake snkalh‍panakar 'kifayatulh‍la' the, jo tajamahal ke vash‍tukar ke snbndhi kah jate hain. ... aur padhen
Imambara-Lucknow.JPG
chhota imamabada chhota imamabada ya husainabad imamabada ka nirman avadh ke navab 'mohammad ali shah' ne 1837 ee. men karavaya gaya tha. aisa mana jata hai ki mohammad ali shah ko yahin par daphanaya gaya tha. chhote imamabade men hi mohammad ali shah ki beti aur damad ka maqabara bhi bana hua hai. ... aur padhen
Chota-Imambara-Lucknow.jpg
roomi daravaza roomi daravaza lakhanoo ke pramukh paryatan sthalon men se ek hai. lakhanoo ka yah bhavan vishv patal par apani ek alag pahachan rakhata hai. navab asafuddaula ne san‍h 1775 men lakhanoo ko apani saltanat ka kendr bana liya tha. yah daravaza janapad lakhanoo ka hastakshar shilp bhavan hai. avadh vastukala ke pratik is daravaze ko turkish getave kaha jata hai. ... aur padhen
Rumi-Darwaza-Lucknow.jpg
batalar pailes lakhanoo men sultanagnj bandh aur banarasi bag ke bich men ek alishan chaurukha mahal hai. is mahal ko 'batalar pailes' ke nam se jana jata hai. is imarat ka nam sanh 1907 men si.ee dipti kamishnar avadh bane sar harakort batalar ke nam par hai. kinhin karanon se yah mahal poori tarah nirmit nahin ho saka kintu isaka vartaman svaroop dekhakar hi yah anuman lagaya ja sakata hai ki yadi yah bana hota, to isaki bhavyata dekhate hi banati. ... aur padhen
batalar pailes.jpg
lal pul lal pul ko ‘pakka pul’ ke nam se bhi jana jata hai. yah pul 10 janavari, 1914 ko banakar taiyar hua tha. is pul ko bane 100 sal ho gaye hain. avadh ke navab asafuddaula ke dvara nirmit purane shahi pul ko 1911 men kamazor bata kar tod diye jane ke bad angrez adhikariyon ne 10 janavari 1914 yah pul banakar lakhanoo ki janata ko saunpa tha. ... aur padhen
Lal pul-1.jpg
chhatar mnzil chhatar mnzil lakhanoo ka ek aitihasik bhavan hai. isake nirman ka prarnbh avadh ke navab gaziuddin haidar ne kiya tha aur unaki mrityu ke bad unake uttaradhikari navab nasiruddin haidar ne isako poora karavaya. ... aur padhen
Chattar-Manzil.jpg
residensi sngrahalay rezidensi sngrahalay vartaman men ek rashtriy snrakshit smarak hai. rezidensi sngrahalay ka nirman lakhanoo ke samakalin navab asafuddaula ne sanh 1780 men prarambh karavaya tha jise bad men navab sadat ali dvara sanh 1800 men poora karavaya gaya. ... aur padhen
Residency-Museum.jpg
charabag relave steshan charabag relave steshan 1914 ee. men banakar taiyar hua tha. isaki sthapaty kala men rajasthani bhavan nirman shaili ki jhalak milati hai. is steshan ki sthapaty utkrishtata prasiddh hai. isaki sthapaty kala rajasthani aur mugal chitrakala se prabhavit hai. ek alishan vastushaili sath steshan navabon shahi shano-shauqat ka pratik hai. ... aur padhen
CharBagh-Lucknow-Station.jpg
panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

vithika

bada imamabada
lakhanoo ke bada imamabada ka vihngam drishy
Panoramic View Of Bara Imambara, Lucknow

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 ham phidae lakhanoo (hindi) abhivyakti. abhigaman tithi: 4 march, 2014.
  2. malamal ke kapade par ki gee kashidakari

snbndhit lekh

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