लता मंगेशकर  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

lata mngeshakar
Lata-Mangeshkar-1.jpg
poora nam kumari lata dinanath mngeshakar
janm 28 sitambar, 1929
janm bhoomi indaur, madhyapradesh
abhibhavak dinanath mngeshakar, sudhamati
karm bhoomi mumbee
karm-kshetr film sngit (parshvagayika), bharatiy shastriy sngit
mukhy filmen madar indiya, mugal e azam
vishay bharatiy shastriy sngit, lok sngit, bhajan, gazal
puraskar-upadhi bharat ratn, padm bhooshan, dada sahab phalke puraskar, padmavibhooshan
nagarikata bharatiy
mukhy git 'aega ane vala', 'ai mere vatan ke logon', 'nam gum jaega', 'alla tero nam' adi.
any janakari sarvadhik git rikard karane ka bhi gaurav prapt hai.
adyatan‎

lata mngeshakar (angrezi: Lata Mangeshkar, janm: 28 sitambar, 1929) bharat ki bharat ratn sammanit mashahoor parshvagayika hain, jinaki avaz ne chhah dashakon se bhi zyada sngit ki duniya ko suron se navaza hai. bharat ki 'sh‍var kokila' lata mngeshakar ne 20 bhashaon men 30,000 gane gaye hai. unaki avaz sunakar kabhi kisi ki ankhon men ansoo ae, to kabhi sima par khade javanon ko sahara mila. lata ji aj bhi akeli hain, unhonne svayn ko poornat: sngit ko samarpit kar rakha hai. lata mngeshakar jaisi shakhsiyaten virale hi janm leti hain.

jivan parichay

kumari lata dinanath mngeshakar ka janm indaur, madhyapradesh men 28 sitambar, 1929 ko hua tha. lata mngeshakar ka nam vishv ke sabase jane mane logon men ata hai. lata mngeshakar ke pita dinanath mngeshakar ek kushal rngamnchiy gayak the. dinanath ji ne lata ko tab se sngit sikhana shuroo kiya, jab ve panch sal ki thi. unake sath unaki bahanen asha, oosha aur mina bhi sikha karatin thin. lata 'aman ali khan sahib' aur bad men 'amanat khan' ke sath bhi padhin.
poorv pradhanamntri shrimati indira gandhi evn baaulivud ke kalakaron ke sath lata mngeshakar
lata mngeshakar hamesha se hi eeshvar ke dvara di gee surili avaz, janadar abhivyakti v bat ko bahut jald samajh lene vali avishvasaniy kshamata ka udaharan rahin hain. inhin visheshataon ke karan unaki is pratibha ko bahut jald hi pahachan mil gee thi.[1] lekin panch varsh ki chhoti ayu men hi apako pahali bar ek natak men abhinay karane ka avasar mila. shuruat avashy abhinay se huee kintu apaki dilachaspi to sngit men hi thi.

zimmedari

1942 ee. men hriday-gati ke ruk jane se unake pita ka dehant ho gaya. terah varsh ki alpayu men hi lata ji ko parivar ki sari zimmedariyan apane nazuk kndhon par uthani padi. apane parivar ke bharan poshan ke liye unhonne 1942 se 1948 ke bich hindi v marathi men qariban 8 filmon men kam kiya. in men se kuchh ke nam hain: “paheli mngalagaur” 1942, “manjhe bal” 1944, “gajabhaoo” 1944, “chhimukala snsar” 1943, “badi man” 1945, “jivan yatra” 1946, “chhatrapati shivaji” 1954 ityadi.[1] lekin apaki mnzil to sngit hi thi aur unake parshv gayan ki shuruat 1942 ki marathi film "kiti hasal" se huee.[2] durbhagyavash yah git kat diya gaya aur film men shamil nahin hua.

jivan men sngharsh

saphalata ki rah kabhi bhi asan nahin hoti hai. lata ji ko bhi apana sthan banane men bahut kathinaiyon ka samana karana pada़. kee sngitakaron ne to apako shuroo-shuroo men patali avaz ke karan kam dene se saf mana kar diya tha. us samay ki prasiddh parshv gayika noorajahan ke sath lata ji ki tulana ki jati thi. lekin dhire-dhire apani lagan aur pratibha ke bal par apako kam milane laga.[2]

sngit men pahala qadam

  • 1942 men pahali bar gane ka parshv anubhav
  • 1943 men pahala hindi gana
  • 1947 men hindi filmon men parshv gayan (apaki seva men) ke roop men pahala git
  • 1949 men prasiddh film barasat, andaj, dulari aur mahal
  • 1950 men vah filmon men sabase takatavar mahila banin

sngit men prashnsa

lata mngeshakar
Lata Mangeshkar

nam gum jaega, chehara ye badal jaega. meri avaz hi pahachan hai, gar yad rahe. yah git log kabhi nahin bhool sakate aur lata ji ka vyaktitv bhi is git se jhalakata hai ki bhale hi nam gum jay ya chehara badal jaye par unaki avaz koee nahin bhool sakata. lata ji ki adbhut kamayabi ne lata ji ko filmi jagat ki sabase mazaboot mahila bana diya tha.[1] lata ji ko sarvadhik git rikard karane ka bhi gaurav prapt hai. filmi giton ke atirikt apane gairafilmi git bhi bahut khoobi ke sath gae hain. lata ji ki pratibha ko pahachan mili sanh 1947 men, jab film “apaki seva men” unhen ek git gane ka mauqa mila. is git ke bad to apako film jagat men ek pahachan mil gayi aur ek ke bad ek kee git gane ka mauqa mila. in men se kuchh prasiddh giton ka ullekh karana yahan aprasngik n hoga. jise apaka pahala shahakar git kaha jata hai vah 1949 men gaya gaya “aega ane vala”, jis ke bad apake prashnsakon ki snkhya dinodin badhane lagi. is bich apane us samay ke sabhi prasiddh sngitakaron ke sath kam kiya. anil bisvas, salil chaudhari, shnkar jayakishan, es. di. barman, ar. di. barman, naushad, madanamohan, si. ramachndr ityadi sabhi sngitakaron ne apaki pratibha ka loha mana. lata ji ne do ankhen barah hath, do bigha zamin, madar indiya, mugal e azam, adi mahanh filmon men gane gaye hai. apane “mahal”, “barasat”, “ek thi ladaki”, “badi bahan” adi filmon men apani avaz ke jadoo se in filmon ki lokapriyata men char chand lagae. is dauran apake kuchh prasiddh git the: “o sajana barakha bahar aee” (parakh-1960), “aja re paradesi” (madhumati-1958), “itana na mujhase too pyar badha़” (chhaya- 1961), “alla tero nam”, (ham dono-1961), “ehasan tera hoga mujh par”, (jngali-1961), “ye saman” (jab jab phool khile-1965) ityadi.[2]

desh-bhakti git

1962 ke bharat-chin yuddh ke bad shahidon ko shraddhanjali dene ke liye ek karyakram ka ayojan kiya gaya tha. is men tatkalin pradhanamntri pndit javaharalal neharoo bhi upasthit the. is samaroh men lata ji ke dvara gae gaye git “ai mere vatan ke logon” ko sun kar sab log bhav-vibhor ho gaye the. pn neharoo ki ankhen bhi bhar aeen thin. aisa tha apaka bhavapoorn evn marmasparshi svar. aj bhi jab desh-bhakti ke giton ki bat chalati hai to sab se pahale isi git ka udaharan diya jata hai.[2]

avaz ka jadoo

lata mngeshakar
Lata Mangeshkar

apane git, gazal, bhajan, sngit ke har kshetr men apani kala bikheri hai. git chahe shastriy sngit par adharit ho, pashchaty dhun par adharit ho ya phir lok dhun ki khushaboo men racha-basa ho. har git ko lata ji apani avaz ke jadoo se ek aise jivnt roop men pesh karati hain ki sunane vala mntramugdh ho jata hai. lata ji ne yugal git bhi bahut khoobi ke sath gae hain. manna de, muhammad rafi, kishor kumar, mahendr kapoor adi ke sath-sath apane diggaj shastriy gayakon pn bhimasen joshi, pn jasaraj ityadi ke sath bhi manohari yugal-git gae hain. gazal ke badashah jagajit sinh ke sath apaki elabam “sajada” ne lokapriyata ki bulndiyon ko chhua.[2]

filmakar, sngitakar adi ke kathan

  • filmakar shyam benegal kahate hain ki "lata mngeshakar ke jaisa koee aur hua hi nahin hai. ek misr ki 'umme kulsum' thin aur ek lata hain."
  • pndit hariprasad chaurasiya ki lata ji ke bare men ray hai ki "kabhi-kabhar galati se aisa kalakar paida ho jata hai."
  • patakatha lekhak aur gitakar javed akhtar ne lata mngeshakar ke lie kee lajavab aur dil ko chhoo lene vale git likhe hain. ve kahate hain, "hamare pas ek chand hai, ek sooraj hai, to ek lata mngeshakar bhi hai."
  • apane samay ke prasiddh abhineta dilip kumar kahate hain ki "lata ji ki avaz ek raushani hai, jo sare alam ke goshe-goshe men mausiki ka ujala phailati hai. unaki avaz ek karishma hai."
  • amitabh bachchan kahate hain ki "lata mngeshakar ki avaz is sadi ki avaz hai."
  • mashahoor natakakar vijay tendulakar kahate hain ki "is duniya men log bahut vyavaharik hote hain, par lata ji ke git roz sunate hain. usase kisi ka pet nahin bharata, lekin sune ja rahe hain pagalon ki tarah."
  • shastriy gayak ustad amir khan kahate hain ki "ham shastriy sngitakaron ko jise poora karane men tin se dedh ghnte lagate hain, lata ji vah tin minat men poora kar deti hain."
  • prasiddh sngitakar es. di. barman ne ek bar kaha tha ki "jab tak lata hai, tab tak ham sngitakar surakshit hain."
  • prasiddh gazal gayak jagajit sinh ne kaha tha ki "bisavin sadi ki tin baten yad rakhane layak hain, ek chand par adami ki jit, doosara barlin ki divar ka tootana aur tisara lata ka janm."
  • abhineta shaharukh khan ka kahana hai ki "meri khvahish hai ki main kisi abhinetri ki bhoomika nibhaoon aur mujhe parde par lata ji ki avaz par abhinay karane ka mauka mile."[3]

puraskar

lata mngeshakar aur asha bhonsale
Lata Mangeshkar and Asha Bhosle

sangitik upalabdhiyon ke lie apako anek puraskaron se navaza gaya. sngit jagat men avismaraniy yogadan ke lie lata ji ko

  • film pheyar puraskar (1958, 1962, 1965, 1969, 1993 aur 1994)
  • rashtriy puraskar (1972, 1975 aur 1990)
  • maharashtr sarakar puraskar (1966 aur 1967)
  • san 1969 men padm bhooshan se sammanit kiya gaya.
  • san 1989 men unhen film jagat ka sarvochch samman ‘dada saheb phalke puraskar’ diya gaya.
  • san 1993 men film pheyar ke 'laiph taim achivament puraskar' se sammanit kiya gaya.
  • san 1996 men skrin ke 'laiphataim achivament puraskar' se sammanit kiya gaya.
  • san 1997 men 'rajiv gandhi puraskar' se sammanit kiya gaya.
  • san 1999 men padmavibhooshan, en.ti.ar. aur zi sine ke 'laiphataim achivament puraskar' se sammanit kiya gaya.
  • san 2000 men aee. aee. e. eph.(aifa) ke 'laiphataim achivament puraskar' se sammanit kiya gaya.
  • san 2001 men staradast ke 'laiphataim achivament puraskar', noorajahan puraskar, maharashtr bhooshan puraskar se sammanit kiya gaya.
  • san 2001 men bharat sarakar ne apaki upalabdhiyon ko samman dete hue desh ke sarvochch puraskar “bharat ratn” se apako vibhooshit kiya.

mukhy bindu

kavi pradip, lata mngeshakar aur si. ramachndr

lata mngeshakar ke jivan se jude kuchh mukhy bindu is prakar hain-

  • lata ji ko sngit ke alava khana pakane aur foto khinchane ka bahut shauq hai.
  • san 1974 men duniya men sabase adhik git gane ka 'giniz buk rikaaurd' unake nam par darj hai.
  • apana pahala gana lata mngeshakar ne marathi film 'kiti hasal' (1942) men gaya tha.
  • lata mngeshakar ko pahali bar sabase bada mauqa film 'mahal' se mila, unaka gaya "ayega ane vala" bahut prasiddh hua tha.
  • unhonne 1980 ke bad se filmon men gana kam kar diya tha aur kahani, snvad adi par adhik dhyan dene lagi thin.
  • lata ji hi ekamatr aisi jivit mahila gayika hain, jinake nam se puraskar die jate hain.
  • 'annd gan bainar' tale filmon ka nirman bhi unhonne kiya hai aur isake sath hi sngit bhi diya hai.
  • abhi bhi gane ki rikaaurding ke liye jane se pahale lata mngeshakar kamare ke bahar apani chappalen utarati hain. ve hamesha nnge panv gana gati hain.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 lata mngeshakar- sngit ki devi (hindi) (ech.ti.em.el) hind-yugm. abhigaman tithi: 21 sitambar, 2010.
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 lata: ek jivani (hindi). . abhigaman tithi: 21 sitambar, 2010.
  3. meri avaj hi meri pahachan hai, lata mngeshakar ke janm din par vishesh (hindi) pravasi duniya. abhigaman tithi: 20 janavari, 2015.

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