लाला लाजपत राय  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

lala lajapat ray
Lala-Lajpat-Rai.jpg
poora nam lala lajapat ray
any nam lalaji
janm 28 janavari, 1865
janm bhoomi faridakot zila, pnjab
mrityu 17 navnbar, 1928
mrityu sthan lahaur, avibhajit bharat
abhibhavak lala radhakrishn agraval
nagarikata bharatiy
prasiddhi svatntrata senani
parti kangres
shiksha vaqalat
vidyalay rajakiy kaaulej, lahaur
jel yatra 1921 men asahayog andolan ke dauran
vishesh yogadan pnjab ke 'dayanand englo vaidik kaaulej' (di.e.vi. kaaulej) ki sthapana
snbndhit lekh bal gngadhar tilak, vipin chandr pal
rachanaen 'pnjab kesari', 'yng inndiya', 'bharat ka inglaind par rin', 'bharat ke lie atmanirnay', 'tarun bharat'.
any janakari lalaji ne amarika ke nyooyaaurk shahar men aktoobar, 1917 men 'indiyan homarool lig aauf amerika' nam se ek sngathan ki sthapana ki thi. 20 faravari, 1920 ko jab ve bharat laute, us samay tak ve deshavasiyon ke lie ek nayak ban chuke the.

lala lajapat ray (angrezi: Lala Lajpat Rai, janm: 28 janavari, 1865; mrityu: 17 navnbar, 1928 ee., lahaur, avibhajit bharat) ko bharat ke mahanh krantikariyon men gina jata hai. ajivan british rajashakti ka samana karate hue apane pranon ki paravah n karane vale lala lajapat ray ko 'pnjab kesari' bhi kaha jata hai. lalaji bharatiy rashtriy kangres ke garam dal ke pramukh neta tatha poore pnjab ke pratinidhi the. unhen 'pnjab ke sher' ki upadhi bhi mili thi. unhonne qanoon ki shiksha prapt kar hisar men vakalat prarambh ki thi, kintu bad men svami dayannd ke sampark men ane ke karan ve ary samaj ke prabal samarthak ban gaye. yahin se unamen ugr rashtriyata ki bhavana jagrit huee. lalaji ko pnjab men vahi sthan prapt hai, jo maharashtr men lokamany tilak ko prapt hai.

janm

lala lajapat ray ka janm 28 janavari, 1865 ee. ko apane nanihal ke gram dhundhike, zila faridakot, pnjab men hua tha. unake pita lala radhakrishn ludhiyana zile ke jagaranv qasbe ke nivasi agraval vaishy the. lala radhakrishn adhyapak the. ve urdoo tatha farasi ke achchhe janakar the. isake sath hi islam ke mantavyon men bhi unaki gahari astha thi. ve musalamani dharmik anushthanon ka bhi niyamit roop se palan karate the. namaz padhana aur ramazan ke mahine men roza rakhana unaki jinavacharya ka abhinn ang tha, yathapi ve sachche dharm-jigyasu the. apane putr lala lajapat ray ke ary samaji ban jane par unhonne ved ke darshanik siddhant 'tretavad'[1] ko samajhane men bhi ruchi dikhaee. pita ki is jigyasu pravritti ka prabhav unake putr lajapat ray par bhi pada tha.[2] lajapat ray ke pita vaishy the, kintu unaki mati sikkh parivar se thin. donon ke dharmik vichar bhinn-bhinn the. inaki mata ek sadharan mahila thin. ve ek hindoo nari ki tarah hi apane pati ki seva karati thin.[3]

shiksha

lajapat ray ki shiksha panchaven varsh men arambh huee. san 1880 men unhonne kalakatta tatha pnjab vishvavidyalay se entrens ki pariksha ek varsh men uttirn ki aur age padhane ke lie lahaur a ge. yahan ve garvament kaaulej men pravisht hue aur 1882 men eph. e. ki pariksha tatha mukhtari ki pariksha sath-sath uttirn ki. yahin ve ary samaj ke sampark men aye aur usake sadasy ban gaye.

vakalat

lala lajapat ray ne ek mukhtar (chhota vakil) ke roop men apane mool nivas sthal jagaranv men hi vakalat arambh kar di thi; kintu yah qasba bahut chhota tha, jahan unake kary ke badhane ki adhik sambhavana nahin thi. atah ve rohatak chale gaye. un dinon pnjab pradesh men vartaman hariyana, himachal tatha aj ke pakistani pnjab ka bhi samavesh tha. rohatak men rahate hue hi unhonne 1885 ee. men vakalat ki pariksha uttirn ki. 1886 men ve hisar ae.[4] ek saphal vakil ke roop men 1892 tak ve yahin rahe aur isi varsh lahaur aye. tab se lahaur hi unaki sarvajanik gatividhiyon ka kendr ban gaya.

ary samaj men pravesh

san 1882 ke antim dinon men lajapat ray pahali bar ary samaj ke lahaur ke varshik utsav men sammilit hue. is marmik prasng ka varnan lalaji ne apani atmakatha men is prakar kiya hai-

"us din svargiy lala madanasinh bi.e.[5] ka vyakhyan tha. unako mujhase bahut prem tha. unhonne vyakhyan dene se pahale samaj mndir ki chhat par mujhe apana likha vyakhyan sunaya aur meri sammati poochhi. mainne us vyakhyan ko bahut pasand kiya. jab main chhat se niche utara to lala saeendasaji[6] ne mujhe pakad liya aur alag le jakar kahane lage ki- "hamane bahut samay tak intazar kiya hai ki tum hamare sath mil jao." main us ghadi ko bhool nahin sakata. vah mere se baten karate the, mere munh ki or dekhate the, tatha pyar se pith par hath pherate the. mainne unako javab diya ki- "main to unake sath hoon." mera itana kahana tha ki unhonne phauran samaj ke sabhasad banane ka prarthana-patr mngavaya aur mere samane rakh diya. main do-char minat tak sochata raha, parantu unhonne kaha ki- "main tumhare hastakshar lie bina tumhen jane n doonga." mainne phauran hastakshar kar die. us samay unake chehare par prasannata ki jo jhalak thi, usaka varnan main nahin kar sakata. aisa maloom hota tha ki unako hindustan ki badashahat mil gayi hai. unhonne ekadam pandit gurudatt ko bulaya aur sara hal sunakar mujhe unake havale kar diya. vah bhi bahut khush hue. lala madanasinh ke vyakhyan ki samapti par lala saneedas ne mujhe aur pandit gurudatt ko mnch par khada kar kiya. ham donon se vyakhan dilavaye. log bahut khush hue aur khoob taliyan bajaee. in taliyon ne mere dil par jadoo ka-sa asar kiya. main prasannata aur saphalata ki masti men jhoomata hua apane ghar lauta." yah hai lalaji ke ary samaj men pravesh ki katha.[2]

di.e.vi. kaaulej ki sthapana

lala saneedas ary samaj ke prati itane adhik samarpit the ki ve honahar navayuvakon ko is snstha men pravisht karane ke lie sada tatpar rahate the. svami shraddhanand[7] ko ary samaj men lane ka shrey bhi unhen hi hai. 30 aktoobar, 1883 ko jab ajamer men svami dayanand ka dehant ho gaya to 9 navambar, 1883 ko lahaur men ary samaj ki or se ek shok sabha ka ayojan kiya gaya. is sabha ke ant men yah nishchit hua ki svami ji ki smriti men ek aise mahavidyalay ki sthapana ki jaye, jisamen vaidik sahity, snskriti tatha hindi ki uchch shiksha ke sath-sath angrezi aur pashchaty gyan-vigyan men bhi chhatron ko dakshata prapt karaee jaye. 1886 men jab is shikshan snsthan ki sthapana huee to ary samaj ke any netaon ke sath lala lajapat ray ka bhi isake snchalan men mahattvapoorn yogadan raha tatha ve kalantar men di.e.vi. kaaulej, lahaur ke mahanh stambh bane. pnjab ke 'dayanand englo vaidik kaaulej' ki sthapana ke lie lajapat ray ne athak prayas kiye the. svami dayanand ke sath milakar unhonne ary samaj ko pnjab men lokapriy banaya tha. ary samaj ke sakriy karyakarta hone ke nate unhonne 'dayannd kaaulej' ke lie kosh ikattha karane ka kam bhi kiya. di.e.vi. kaaulej pahale lahaur men sthapit kiya tha. lala hnsaraj ke sath 'dayanand englo vaidik vidyalayon' (di.e.vi.) ka prasar bhi lalaji ne kiya. unaki ary samaj ke snsthapak svami dayannd evn unake karyon ke prati anany nishtha thi. svami ji ke dehavasan ke bad unhonne ary samaj ke karyon ko poora karane ke lie svayn ko samarpit kar diya tha. hindoo dharm men vyapt kuritiyon ke viruddh sngharsh, prachin aur adhunik shiksha paddhati men samanvay, hindi bhasha ki shreshthata aur svatntrata prapti ke lie ar-par ki ladaee ary samaj se mile snskaron ke hi parinam the.

adarsh

itali ke krantikari jyoosepe metsini ko lajapat ray apana adarsh manate the. kisi pustak men unhonne jab metsini ka bhashan padha to usase itane prabhavit hue ki unhonne metsini ki jivani padhani chahi. vah bharat men upalabdh nahin thi. unhonne use inglaind se mngavaya. metsini dvara likhi gee abhootapoorv pustak ‘dyootij aauf main’ ka lala lajapat ray ne urdoo men anuvad kiya. is pandulipi ko unhonne lahaur ke ek patrakar ko padhane ke lie diya. us patrakar ne usamen thoda bahut snshodhan kiya aur apane nam se chhapava diya.[8]

kangres ke karyakarta

lala lajapat ray jab hisar men vakalat karate the, tab unhonne kangres ki baithakon men bhi bhag lena shuroo kar diya aur dhire-dhire kangres ke sakriy karyakarta ban ge. 1892 men ve lahaur chale ge. unake hriday men rashtriy bhavana bhi bachapan se hi ankurit ho uthi thi.
lala lajapat ray ki pratima
1888 ke kangres ke 'prayag sammelan' men ve matr 23 varsh ki ayu men shamil hue the. kangres ke 'lahaur adhiveshan' ko saphal banane men lalaji ka hi hath tha. ve 'hisar nagar nigam' ke sadasy chune ge the aur phir bad men sachiv bhi chun lie ge.

samaj sevi

lalaji ne yon to samaj seva ka kary hisar men rahate hue hi arambh kar diya tha, jahan unhonne lala chndoolal, pandit lakhapataray aur lala choodamani jaise ary samaji karyakartaon ke sath samajik hit ki yojanaon ke karyanvayan men yogadan kiya, kintu lahaur ane par ve ary samaj ke atirikt rajanaitik andolan ke sath bhi jud gaye. 1888 men ve pratham bar kangres ke ilahabad adhiveshan men sammilit hue the, jisaki adhyakshata mi. jarj yool ne ki thi. 1897 aur 1899 ke deshavyapi akal ke samay lajapat ray piditon ki seva men ji jan se jute rahe. jab desh ke kee hisson men akal pada to lalaji rahat karyon men sabase agrim morche par dikhaee die. desh men ae bhooknp, akal ke samay british shasan ne kuchh nahin kiya. lala ji ne sthaniy logon ke sath milakar anek sthanon par akal men shivir lagakar logon ki seva ki. unake vyaktitv ke bare men tatkalin mashahoor angrez lekhak vinsan ne likha tha-

"lajapat ray ke sadagi aur udarata bhare jivan ki jitani prashnsa ki jae kam hai. unhonne ashikshit garibon aur asahayon ki badi seva ki thi. is kshetr men angrezi sarakar bilkul dhyan nahin deti thi."

1901-1908 ki avadhi men unhen phir bhookamp evn akal piditon ki madad ke lie samane ana pada.

videsh yatra

san 1906 men lala lajapat ray, gopalakrishn gokhale ke sath kangres ke ek shishtamandal ke sadasy ke roop men inglaid gaye. yahan se ve amarika chale gaye. unhonne kee bar videsh yatraen kin aur vahan rahakar pashchimi deshon ke samaksh bharat ki rajanaitik paristhiti ki vastavikata se vahan ke logon ko parichit karaya tatha unhen svadhinata andolan ki janakari di.[2]

kangres men ugr vicharon ka pravesh

lala lajapat ray ne apane sahayogiyon-lokamany tilak tatha vipinachandr pal ke sath milakar kangres men ugr vicharon ka pravesh karaya. 1885 men apani sthapana se lekar lagabhag bis varsho tak kangres ne ek rajabhavan snstha ka charitr banaye rakha tha. isake netagan varsh men ek bar bade din ki chhuttiyon men desh ke kisi nagar men ekatrit hone aur vinamratapoorvak shasanon ke sootradharon se sarakari uchch sevaon men bharatiyon ko adhikadhik snkhya men pravisht karane ka prayatn karate the. jab british yuvaraj ke bharat agaman par unaka svagat karane ka prastav aya to lalaji ne unaka datakar virodh kiya. kangres ke mnch ye yah apani kism ka pahala tejasvi bhashan hua tha, jisamen desh ki asmita prakat huee thi. 1907 men jab pnjab ke kisanon men apane adhikaron ko lekar chetana utpann huee to sarakar ka krodh lalaji tatha saradar ajitasinh[9] par umad pada aur in donon deshabhakt netaon ko desh se nirvasit kar unhen padosi desh barma ke mandale nagar men nazarabnd kar diya gaya, kintu deshavasiyon dvara sarakar ke is damanapoorn kary ka prabal virodh kiye jane par sarakar ko apana yah adesh vapas lena pada. lalaji punah svadesh aye aur deshavasiyon ne unaka bhavabhina svagat kiya.[2]

bngal vibhajan ka virodh

lala lajapat ray ne deshabhar men svadeshi vastuen apanane ke lie abhiyan chalaya. angrezon ne jab 1905 men bngal ka vibhajan kar diya to lalaji ne surendranath banarji aur vipinachndr pal jaise andolanakariyon se hath mila liya aur angrezon ke is phaisale ka jamakar virodh kiya. 3 mee, 1907 ko britaniya hukoomat ne unhen ravalapindi men giraftar kar liya. riha hone ke bad bhi lalaji azadi ke lie lagatar sngharsh karate rahe.

Blockquote-open.gif "lajapat ray ke sadagi aur udarata bhare jivan ki jitani prashnsa ki jae kam hai. unhonne ashikshit garibon aur asahayon ki badi seva ki thi. is kshetr men angrezi sarakar bilkul dhyan nahin deti thi."- vinsan Blockquote-close.gif

pun: rajanaitik andolan

lalaji ko 1907 men 6 mah ka nirvasan sahana pada tha. ve kee bar inglaind ge, jahan unhonne bharat ki sthiti men sudhar ke lie angrezon se vichar-vimarsh kiya tha. 1907 ke soorat ke prasiddh kangres adhiveshan men lala lajapat ray ne apane sahayogiyon ke dvara rajaniti men garam dal ki vicharadhara ka sootrapat kar diya tha aur janata ko yah vishvas dilane men saphal ho gaye the ki keval prastav pas karane aur gidagidane se svatntrata milane vali nahin hai. janabhavana ko dekhate hue hi angrezon ko unake desh-nirvasan ko radd karana pada tha. nirvasan ke bad ve svadesh aye aur punah svadhinata ke sngharsh men jut gaye. pratham vishvayuddh (1914-1918) ke dauran ve ek pratinidhi mandal ke sadasy ke roop men punah inglaind gaye aur desh ki azadi ke lie prabal janamat jagrit kiya. vahan se ve japan hote hue amarika chale gaye aur svadhinata-premi amarikavasiyon ke samaksh bharat ki svadhinata ka paksh prabalata se prastut kiya. yahan 'indiyan homarool lig' ki sthapana ki tatha kuchh granth bhi likhe.

lekhan kary

unhonne 'tarun bharat' namak ek deshaprem tatha navajagriti se paripoorn pustak likhi, jise british sarakar ne pratibndhit kar diya tha. unhonne 'yng inndiya' namak masik patr bhi nikala. isi dauran unhonne 'bharat ka inglaind par rin', 'bharat ke lie atmanirnay' adi pustaken likhin, jo yoorop ki pramukh bhashaon men anudit ho chuki hain. lalaji paradesh men rahakar bhi apane desh aur deshavasiyon ke utthan ke lie kam karate rahe the. apane char varsh ke pravas kal men unhonne 'indiyan infaaurmeshan' aur 'indiyan homarool' do snsthaen sakriyata se chalaeen. lala lajapat ray ne jagarookata aur svatntrata ke prayas kie. 'lok sevak mndal' sthapit karane ke sath hi vah rajaniti men ae.

asahayog andolan men sahabhagita

20 faravari, 1920 ko jab lala lajapat ray svadesh laute to amritasar men 'jaliyanvala bag kand' ho chuka tha aur sara rashtr asantosh tatha kshobh ki jvala men jal raha tha. isi bich mahatma gandhi ne 'asahayog andolan' arambh kiya to lalaji poorn tatparata ke sath is sngharsh men jut gaye, jo saiddhantik taur par raaulekt ekt ke virodh men chalaya ja raha tha. 1920 men hi unhonne pnjab men asahayog andolan ka netritv kiya, jisake karan 1921 men apako jel huee. isake bad lalaji ne 'lok sevak sngh' ki sthapana ki. unake netritv men yah andolan pnjab men jngal ki ag ki tarah phail gaya aur jald hi ve 'pnjab ka sher' ya 'pnjab kesari' jaise namon se pukare jane lage. bad men ve kalakatta men ayojit kangres ke vishesh adhiveshan ke adhyaksh bane. un dinon sarakari shikshan snsthanon ke bahishkar, videshi vastron ke tyag, adalaton ka bahishkar, sharab ke viruddh andolan, charakha aur khadi ka prachar jaise karyakramon ko kangres ne apane hath men le rakha tha, jisake karan janata men ek nee chetana ka pradurbhav ho chala tha. isi samay lalaji ko karavas ka dand mila, kintu kharab svasthy ke karan ve jaldi hi riha kar diye gaye.

rajanitik matabhed

1924 men lalaji kangres ke antargat hi bani svarajy parti men shamil ho gaye aur 'kendriy dhara sabha'[10] ke sadasy chun lie gaye. jab unaka pandit motilal neharoo se katipay rajanaitik prashnon par matabhed ho gaya to unhonne 'neshanalist parti' ka gathan kiya aur punah asembali men pahunch gaye. any vicharashil netaon ki bhanti lalaji bhi kangres men din-pratidin badhane vali muslim tushtikaran ki niti se aprasannata anubhav karate the, isalie svami shraddhanand tatha madanamohan malaviy ke sahayog se unhonne 'hindoo mahasabha' ke kary ko age badhaya. 1925 men unhen 'hindoo mahasabha' ke kalakatta adhiveshan ka adhyaksh bhi banaya gaya. dhyatavy hai ki un dinon 'hindoo mahasabha' ka koee spasht rajanaitik karyakram nahin tha aur vah mukhy roop se hindoo sngathan, achhootoddhar, shuddhi jaise samajik karyakramon men hi dilachaspi leti thi. isi karan kangres se use thoda bhi virodh nahin tha. yadyapi snkirn drishti se anek rajanaitik karmi lalaji ke 'hindoo mahasabha' men ruchi lene se naraz bhi hue, kintu unhonne isaki kabhi paravah nahin ki aur ve apane kartavyapalan men hi lage rahe.[2]

harijan uddhar

san 1912 men lala lajapat ray ne ek 'achhoot kaaunphrens' ayojit ki thi, jisaka uddeshy harijanon ke uddhar ke liye thos kary karana tha.

'akhil bharatiy tred yooniyan kangres' ke adhyaksh

dvitiy vishv yuddh ke samapt ho jane ke bad rajanitik andolanon men kafi tezi a gee thi, jisake phalasvaroop shramikon ke andolanon ko bal mila. roos men 1918 ee. ki 'samyavadi kranti' ne bharatiy mazadoor snghon ko protsahit kiya. antarrashtriy star par 'antarrashtriy mazadoor sngh' (aee.el.o.) ki sthapana huee. vi.pi. vadiya ne bharat men adhunik shramik sngh 'madras shramik sngh' ki sthapana ki. unhin ke prayason se 1926 ee. men 'shramik sngh adhiniyam' parit kiya gaya. 1920 ee. men sthapit 'akhil bharatiy tred yooniyan kangres' (e.aee.ti.yoo.si.) men tatkalin, lagabhag 64 shramik sngh shamil ho gaye. en. em. joshi, lala lajapat ray evn josef baipatista ke prayatnon se 1920 ee. men sthapit 'akhil bharatiy tred yooniyan kangres' par vamapnthiyon ka prabhav badhane laga. 'etak' (e.aee.ti.yoo.si) ke pratham adhyaksh lala lajapat ray the. yah sammelan 1920 ee. men bambee men hua tha. isake upadhyaksh josef baiptista tatha mahamntri divan chamanalal the.

ojasvi lekhak

lala lajapat ray jivanaparynt rashtriy hiton ke lie joojhate rahe. ve uchch koti ke rajanitik neta hi nahin the, apitu ojasvi lekhak aur prabhavashali vakta bhi the. 'bngal ki khadi' men hazaron mil door mandale jel men lala lajapat ray ka kisi se bhi kisi prakar ka koee snbndh ya snpark nahin tha. apane is samay ka upayog unhonne lekhan kary men kiya. lalaji ne bhagavan shrikrishn, ashok, shivaji, svami dayannd sarasvati, gurudatt, metsini aur gairibaldi ki snkshipt jivaniyan bhi likhin. 'neshanal ejukeshan', 'anahaippi indiya' aur 'd stori aauf maee dipordeshan' unaki any mahattvapoorn rachanaen hain. unhonne 'pnjabi', 'vnde mataramh‌' (urdoo) aur 'd pipul' in tin samachar patron ki sthapana karake inake madhyam se desh men 'svaraj' ka prachar kiya. lala lajapat ray ne urdoo dainik 'vnde mataramh‌' men likha tha-

"mera mazahab haqaparasti hai, meri millat qaumaparasti hai, meri ibadat khalakaparasti hai, meri adalat mera zamir hai, meri jayadad meri qalam hai, mera mndir mera dil hai aur meri umngen sada javan hain."

jab ve jel se laute to vikat samasyaen samane thin. 1914 men vishvayuddh chhid gaya tha aur videshi sarakar ne bharatiy sainikon ki bharti shuroo kar di thi.

lala lajapat ray, balagngadhar tilak aur bipinachndr pal
Lala Lajpat, Bal Gangadhar Tilak and Bipinchandra Pal

lal-bal-pal

lala lajapat ray, balagngadhar tilak aur vipinachndr pal ko 'lal-bal-pal' ke nam se jana jata hai. in netaon ne sabase pahale bharat ki poorn svatantrata ki mang uthaee thi.

nidhan

3 faravari, 1928 ko saiman kamishan bharat pahuncha, jisake virodh men poore desh men ag bhadak uthi. lahaur men 30 aktoobar, 1928 ko ek badi ghatana ghati, jab lala lajapat ray ke netritv men saiman kamishan ka virodh kar rahe yuvaon ko berahami se pita gaya. pulis ne lala lajapat ray ki chhati par nirmamata se lathiyan barasaeen. ve buri tarah ghayal ho ge. is samay apane antim bhashan men unhonne kaha tha-

mere sharir par padi ek-ek chot british samrajy ke qaphan ki kil banegi.

aur is chot ne kitane hi oodhamasinh aur bhagatasinh taiyar kar die, jinake prayatnon se hamen azadi mili.

is ghatana ke 17 din bad yani 17 navambar, 1928 ko lala ji ne akhiri sans li aur sada ke lie apani ankhen moond lin.

lalaji ki mrityu ka pratishodh

lalaji ki mrityu se sara desh uttejit ho utha aur chndrashekhar azad, bhagatasinh, rajaguru, sukhadev v any krantikariyon ne lalaji ki maut ka badala lene ka nirnay kiya. in janbaj deshabhakton ne lalaji ki maut ke thik ek mahine bad apani pratigya poori kar li aur 17 disnbar, 1928 ko british pulis ke afasar sandars ko goli se uda diya. lalaji ki maut ke badale sandars ki hatya ke mamale men hi rajaguru, sukhadev aur bhagatasinh ko fansi ki saza sunaee gee.

gandhiji dvara shraddhanjali

lala ji ko shraddhanjali dete hue mahatma gandhi ne kaha tha-

"bharat ke akash par jab tak soory ka prakash rahega, lalaji jaise vyaktiyon ki mrityu nahin hogi. ve amar rahenge." - mahatma gandhi

lajapat ray ke prabhavi vaky

  1. 'jo amogh aur adhikatam rashtriy shiksha labhakari rashtriy nivesh hai, rashtr ki suraksha ke lie utani hi avashyak hai, jitani bhautik pratiraksha ke lie sainy vyavastha.
  2. aisa koee bhi shram roop apayashakar nahin hai, jo samajik uddeshyon ki poorti men sahayak ho aur samaj ko jisaki avashyakata ho.'
  3. 'rajanitik prabhutv arthik shoshan ki or le jata hai. arthik shoshan pida, bimari aur gndagi ki or le jata hai aur ye chijen dharati ke vinitatam logon ko sakriy ya nishkriy bagavat ki or dhakelati hain aur janata men azadi ki chah paida karati hain.'[11]
  4. 'sab ek ho jao, apana kartavy jano, apane dharm ko pahachano, tumhara sabase bada dharm tumhara rashtr hai. rashtr ki mukti ke lie, desh ke utthan ke lie kamar kas lo, isi men tumhari bhalaee hai aur isi se samaj ka upakar ho sakata hai.'

lalaji ne ek bar deshavasiyon se kaha tha ki-

"mainne jo marg chuna hai, vah galat nahin hai. hamari kamayabi ekadam nishchit hai. mujhe jel se jald chhod diya jaega aur bahar akar main phir se apane kary ko age badhaoonga, aisa mera vishvas hai. yadi aisa n hua to main usake pas jaoonga, jisane hamen is duniya men bheja tha. mujhe usake pas jane men kisi bhi prakar ki koee apatti nahin hogi."


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. eeshvar, jiv tatha prakriti ka anadity.
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 yogiraj shrikrishn (hindi) bharatiy sahity sngrah. abhigaman tithi: 17 mee, 2015.
  3. lala lajapataray (hindi) (ech.ti.em.el) manoj pablikeshan. abhigaman tithi: 1agast, 2010.
  4. lala lajapataray ki atmakatha grnthamala, men prakashit 1932
  5. di.e.vi. kaaulej ke snsthapakon men pramukh.
  6. ary samaj lahaur ke pratham mntri.
  7. tatkalin lala munshiram
  8. lala lajapat ray (hindi) bharatiy sahity sngrah. abhigaman tithi: 16 mee, 2015.
  9. shahid bhagatasinh ke chacha
  10. sentral asembali
  11. lala lajapataray (hindi) vebaduniya. abhigaman tithi: 16 mee, 2015.

snbndhit lekh