लाल क़िला  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

Disamb2.jpg lal qila ek bahuvikalpi shabd hai any arthon ke lie dekhen:- lal qila (bahuvikalpi)
lal qila
lal qila, dilli
vivaran dilli ka lal qila duniya ke sarvadhik prabhavashali bhavh‍y qilon men se ek hai. lal qila ka yah nam isalie pada kh‍yonki yah lal path‍tharon se bana hua hai.
kendr shasit pradesh rashtriy rajadhani kshetr dilli
zila nee dilli
nirmata shahajahan
nirman kal 1638-1648
sthapana 1648 ee.
bhaugolik sthiti uttar- 28°. 39′ 21″ ″; poorv- 77°. 14′ 25″
marg sthiti asaph ali rod se 4.8 kimi ki doori par sthit hai.
prasiddhi lal qila yoonesko vishv dharohar sthal men chayanit hai.
kaise pahunchen havaee jahaz, rel, bas adi
havaee adda indira gandhi antarrashtriy havaee adda
relave steshan purani dilli, nee dilli, hazarat nizamuddin
bas adda saray kale khan bas adda, antarrashtriy bas adda
yatayat aauto riksha, taiksi, metro rel, bas
kya dekhen divan-e-am, nahar-e-bahisht, khas mahal, divan-e-khas, moti masjid, hayat bakhsh bag
kahan thaharen hotal, dharmashala, atithi grah
es.ti.di. kod 011
e.ti.em lagabhag sabhi
Map-icon.gif googal manachitr
snbndhit lekh indiya get, jama masjid, rashtrapati bhavan adi
any janakari bharat ke pradhanamntri lal qila se 15 agast ko svatntrata divas ke avasar par desh ki janata ko sambodhit karate hain.
adyatan‎

lal qila (angrezi: Red Fort) duniya ke sarvadhik prabhavashali bhavh‍y qilon men se ek hai. lal qila ka yah nam isalie pada kh‍yonki yah lal path‍tharon se bana hua hai. pratyek varsh 15 agast ko bharat ke pradhanamntri pratah 7 baje lal qile par jhanda laharate hain aur apane deshavasiyon ko apane desh ki niti par bhashan dete hain. hazaron log unaka bhashan sunane ke lie lal qile par jate hain. dilli men sthit yah aitihasik qila mugalakalin vastukala ki nayab dharohar hai. bharat ka itihas bhi is qile ke sath kafi nazadiki se juda hua hai. yahin se british vh‍yapariyon ne antim mugal shasak, bahadurashah zaphar ko pad se hataya tha aur tin shatabdiyon se chale a rahe mugal shasan ka ant hua tha. bharat ki shan ke pratik lal qile ka nirman mugal badashah shahajahan ne satrahavin shati men karaya tha. tab se ab tak yah aitihasik virasat kee hamalon ko jhel chuki hai. azadi ki ladaiyon ka bhi lal qila sakshi raha hai. lal qile ki prachir se bharat ke pratham pradhanamntri, pndit javaharalal neharoo ne ghoshana ki thi ki ab bharat upaniveshi raj se sh‍vatntr hai. yah bharat ki rajadhani nee dilli se lagi purani dilli shahar men sthit hai. yah yoonesko vishv dharohar sthal men chayanit hai.

mayoor sinhasan par shahajahan

nirmanakal

bharat ke samman ka pratik aur jng-e-azadi ka gavah raha dilli ka lal qila satrahavin shatabdi men mugal shasak shahajahan ne banavaya tha. agara se dilli ko apani rajadhani banane ke lie shahajahan ne ek purane qile ki jagah par 1638 men lal qile ka nirman shuroo karavaya tha, jo 10 sal bad 1648 men poorn hua. mugal shasak, shahajahan ne 11 varsh tak agara par shasan karane ke bad yah nirnay liya ki desh ki rajadhani ko dilh‍li laya jae aur 1618 men lal qile ki ninv rakhi gee. varsh 1647 men isake udghatan ke bad mahal ke mukhh‍y kakshon ko bhari pardon se sajaya gaya. chin se resham aur tarki se makhamal lakar isaki sajavat ki gee. lagabhag dedh mil ke dayare men yah qila aniyamit ashh‍tabhujakar akar men bana hai. isake do pravesh dvar hain -

  1. lahaur get
  2. dilh‍li get.

itihas

lal qila evn shahajahannabad nagar, mugal badashah shahajahan ne 1639 AD men banavaya tha. lal qila mugal badashah shahajahan ki nee rajadhani, shahajahannabad ka mahal tha. yah dilli shahar ki satavin muslim nagari thi. shahajahan ne apani rajadhani ko agara se dilli kiya. shahajahan ki naye naye nirman karane ki mahattvakanksha bhi thi aur isamen usaki mukhy ruchi bhi thi. lalaqile ki yojana, vyavastha evn saundary mugal srijanatmakata ka anupam udaharan hai, jo shahajahan ke samay men apane charam utkarsh par tha. kaha jata hai ki is qile ke nirman ke bad kee vikas kary svayn shahajahan dvara jode़ ge the. vikas ke kary aurngazeb evn antim mugal shasakon dvara kiye gaye. sampoorn vinyas men kee badalav british kal men 1857 ka pratham svatntrata sngram ke bad kiye gaye the. british kal men yah qila mukhyatah chhavani roop men prayog kiya gaya tha. svatntrata ke bad bhi isake kee mahattvapoorn bhag sena ke niyntran men 2003 tak rahe.

lal qile ke sngrahalay men rakhe astr, dilli

yah qila bhi tajamahal ki bhanti hi yamuna nadi ke kinare par sthit hai. yamuna nadi ka jal is qile ko gherane vali khaee ko bharati thi. isaki poorvottar or ki divar ek purane qile se lagi thi, jise 'salimagadh ka qila' bhi kahate hain. salimagadh ka qila islamashah soori ne 1546 men banavaya tha. lal qile ka nirman 1638 men prarambh hokar 1648 men poorn hua. par kuchh maton ke anusar ise lalakot ka ek puratan qila evn nagari batate hain, jise shahajahan ne qabza karake yah qila banavaya tha. barahavin sadi ke antim samay men lalakot hindoo raja prithviraj chauhan ki rajadhani thi.

11 march 1783 ko, sikhon ne lal qile men pravesh kar 'divan-e-am' par qabza kar liya tha. nagar ko mugal vaziron ne apane sikh sathiyon ko samarpit kar diya. yah kary saradar baghel sinh dhalival ki kaman men hua.

lal qile ki yojana poorn roop se banayi gee thi, aur isake bad kie ge badalavon ke bad bhi isaki yojana ke moolaroop men koee badalav nahin hone diya gaya hai. 18vin sadi men kuchh luteron evn akramanakariyon dvara isake kee bhagon ko kshati pahunchaee gee thi. 1857 ke pratham svatntrata sngram ke bad, qile ko british sena ke mukhyalay ke roop men prayog kiya jane laga tha. british sena ne isake qarib assi pratishat mndapon aur udyanon ko nasht kar diya. in nasht hue bagon aur qile ki punarsthapan yojana sanh 1903 men ummaid danish dvara ki gee.

vastushilp

  • lal qile ke nirman men prayog men lae ge lal baloo pattharon ke karan hi isaka nam lal qila pada.
  • isaki divaren dhaee kilomitar lnbi aur 60 phut oonchi hain.
  • yamuna nadi ki or isaki divaron ki kul lnbaee 18 mitar aur shahar ki or 33 mitar hai.
  • lal qila salimagadh ke poorvi chhor par sthit hai.
  • isako apana nam lal balua patthar ki prachir evn divar ke karan mila hai.
  • yahi isaki charadivari banati hai.
  • napane par gyat hua hai, ki isaki yojana ek 82 mi. ki vargakar grid (chaukhane) ka prayog kar banaee gee hai.

vastukala

lal qila, dilli

lal qile men uchchastar ki kala ka nirman hai. yahan ki kalakritiyan pharasi, yooropiy evn bharatiy kala ka mishran hain, jisako vishisht evn anupam 'shahajahanni shaili' kaha jata tha. yah shaili rng, abhivynjana evn roop men utkrisht hai. lalaqila dilli ki ek mahattvapoorn imarat hai, jo bharatiy itihas evn usaki kalaon ko svayn men samete hue hai. isaka mahattv samay ki simaon se badhakar hai. yah vastukala sambndhi pratibha evn shakti ka pratik hai. sanh 1913 men 'rashtriy smarak' ghoshit hone se pahale bhi lal qile ko snrakshit evn parirakshit karane ke prayas kie gaye the.

lal qile ki divaren do mukhy dvaron par khuli hain - dilli get evn lahaur get.

lahaur get

lahaur get isaka mukhy praveshadvar hai. isake andar ek lamba bazar hai. chatta chauk hai jisaki divaren par dukanon ki kataren hain. isake bad ek bada़ khula hua sthan hai, jahan yah uttar-dakshin sadak ko katati hai. yahi sadak pahale qile ko sainik evn nagarik mahalon ke bhagon men vibhajit karati thi. is sadak ka dakshini chhor dilli get hai.

lahaur get se darshak 'chhatta chauk' men pahunchate hain, jo shahi bazar hua karata tha. is shahi bazar men darabari, zauhari, chitrakar, kalinon ke nirmata, inemal ke kamagar, resham ke bunakar aur vishesh prakar ke dash‍takaron ke parivar raha karate the. shahi bazar se ek sadak navabar khane jati hai, jahan se din men panch bar shahi baind bajaya jata tha. yah baind haus mukhh‍y mahal men pravesh ka snket bhi deta hai aur shahi parivar ke atirikt any sabhi atithiyon ko yahan se jhuk kar jana hota hai.

lal qile ke sngrahalay men rakhe astr, dilli

naqqarakhana

  • lahaur get se chatta chauk tak jane vali sadak se lage khule maidan ke poorvi or naqqarakhana bana hai. yah sngitgyon ke lie bane mahal ka mukhy dvar hai.
  • chhatta chauk ke pas hi naqqarakhana hai jahan sngitakaron ki mahaphil saza karati thi. isake any akarshanon men divan-e-am, divan-e-khas, hamam, shahi burj, moti masjid, rngamahal adi shamil hain.

divan-e-am

is daravaze ko par karane par ek or khula maidan hai, jo moolatah divane-e-am ka prangan tha jise divan-e-am kahate the. yah janasadharan ke lie bana vrihat prangan tha. ek alnkrit sinhasan ka chhajja divan ki poorvi divar ke bichon bich bana tha. yah badashah ke baithane ke liye bana tha, aur suleman ke raj sinhasan ki nakal tha. divan-e-am lal qile ka sarvajanik prekshagrih hai. send sh‍ton se nirmit shel ph‍lash‍tar se dhaka hua yah kaksh hathi dant se bana hua lagata hai, isamen 80 X 40 phit ka haaul sh‍tnbhon dvara banta gaya hai. mugal shasak yahan darabar lagate the aur vishisht atithiyon tatha videshi vh‍yaktiyon se mulakat karate the. divan-e-am ki sabase pramukh visheshata yah hai ki isaki pichhali divar men lata mndap bana hua hai jahan badashah samriddh pachh‍chikari aur sngamaramar ke bane mnch par baithate the. is mnch ke pichhe italiyan pietra dyoora kary ke uth‍krishh‍t namoone bane hue hain.

nahar-e-bahisht

lal qila, dilli
Red Fort, Delhi

rajagaddi ke pichhe ki or shahi niji kaksh sthapit hain. is kshetr men, poorvi chhor par oonche chabootaron par bane gumbadadar imaraton ki katar hai, jinase yamuna nadi ka kinara dikhaee padata hai. ye mandap ek chhoti nahar se jude़ hue hain, jise 'nahar-e-bahisht' kahate hain, jo sabhi kakshon ke madhy se hokar jati hai. qile ke poorvottar chhor par bane 'shah burj' par yamuna se pani chadha़ya jata tha, jahan se is nahar ko jal apoorti hoti thi. is qile ka svaroop 'quran' men varnit 'svarg' ya 'jannat' ke anusar bana hai. yahan likhi ek ayat kahati hai,

yadi prithvi par kahin jannat hai, to vo yahin hai, yahin hai, yahin hai.

mahal ki yojana moolaroop se islami roop men hai, parntu pratyek mandap apane vastu ghatakon men hindoo vastukala ko prakat karata hai. lal qile ka prasad, shahajahanni shaili ka utkrisht namoona prastut karata hai.

zanana

mahal ke do dakshinavarti prasad mahilaon hetu bane hain, jinhen zanana kahate hain-

  1. mumataz mahal - jo ab sngrahalay bana hua hai
  2. rng mahal - jisamen svarn mandit naqqashidar chhaten aur sngamaramar sarovar bane hain, jisamen nahar-e-bahisht se jal ata hai.

khas mahal

dakshin se tisara mandap hai khas mahal. isamen shahi kaksh bane hain. inamen rajasi shayan-kaksh, prarthana-kaksh, ek baramada aur musamman burj bane hain. is burj se badashah janata ko darshan dete the.

divan-e-khas

agala mandap hai divan-e-khas, jo raja ka muktahast se susajjit niji sabhakaksh tha. yah sachiv evn mntrimandal aur sabhasadon ke sath baithakon ke kam ata tha. is mandap men pushpiy akriti se mandit stnbh bane hain. inamen svarn part bhi madhi hai, tatha bahumooly ratn jade़ hain. isaki mool chhat ko rogan ki gee kashth nirmit chhat se badal diya gaya hai. isamen ab rajat par svarn mandan kiya gaya hai. qile ka divan-e-khas niji mehamanon ke lie tha. shahajahan ke sabhi bhavanon men sabase adhik sajavat vala 90 X 67 phit ka divan-e-khas safed sngamaramar ka bana hua mndap hai jisake charon or barik tarashe ge khamh‍bhe hain. is mndap ki sundarata se abhibhoot hokar badashah ne kaha tha yadi is prithh‍vi par kahin sh‍varg hai to yahin hain, yahin hain".

hamam

agala mandap hamam hai, jo rajasi snanagar tha. yah turki shaili men bana hai. isamen sngamaramar men mugal alnkaran evn rngin patthar bhi jade़ hain.

lal qila, dilli
Red Fort, Delhi

moti masjid

hamam ke pashchim men moti masjid bani hai. yah bad men banavayi gee thi. yah sanh 1659 men bani. yah aurngazeb ki niji masjid thi. yah ek chhoti tin gumbad vali, tarashe hue shvet sngamaramar se nirmit hai. isaka mukhy falak tin meharabon se yukt hai, evn angan men utarata hai.

hayat bakhsh bag

isake uttar men ek vrihad aupacharik udyan hai jise hayat bakhsh bag kahate hain. isaka arth hai 'jivanadayi udyan'. yah do naharon dvara vibhajit hai. ek mandap uttar dakshin nahar ke donon chhoron par sthit hain. ek tisara bad men antim mugal samrat bahadurashah zaphar dvara 1842 banavaya gaya tha. yah donon naharon ke milan sthal ke kendr men bana hai.

mayoor sinhasan

karneliyan tatha anh‍y path‍tharon ke pachh‍chikari mozek kary ke phoolon se saza divan-e-khas ek samay prasiddh 'mayoor sinhasan' ke lie bhi jana jata tha, jise 1739 men nadirashah dvara hathiya liya gaya, jisaki kimat 6 miliyan sh‍tarling thi. mugal shahnshah shahajahan ne 1638 men lal qile ke nirman ke adesh diye the. lagabhag isi samay usane agara men apani svargiy patni ki yad men tajamahal banavana shuroo kiya tha. lal qile par 1739 men pharas ke badashah nadirashah ne hamala kiya tha aur vah apane sath yahan se svarn mayoor sinhasan le gaya tha, jo bad men eerani shahnshahon ki pratishtha ka pratik bana.

akramanon ka gavah

lal qila, dilli

lal qile ne apane nirman ke bad se kee akramanon ka samana kiya, lekin koee bhi ise poori tarah tabah karane men saphal nahin ho saka.

  • 1739 men pharasi shasak nadirashah ne lal qile par akraman karake isake bagiche aur divaron ko kshatigrast kar diya tha.
  • 1857 ki kranti ke dauran angarejon ne ise bhari nuqasan pahunchaya tha. isake bad se azadi tak lal qila angarejon ke kabze men raha. british shasakon ne ise 'british-indiyan armi' ka mukhyalay bana liya tha.
  • 1857 ke svatntrata sngram ke bad british sena ne lal qile par niyntran kar liya.
  • ek samay tha, jab 3000 log is imarat samooh men raha karate the. parntu 1857 ke svatntrata sngram ke bad, qile par british sena ka qabza ho gaya, kee rihayashi mahal nasht kar diye gaye.
  • ise british sena ka mukhyalay bhi banaya gaya.
  • isi sngram ke ekadam bad bahadurashah zaphar par yahin mukadama bhi chala tha.
  • yahin par navnbar 1945 men 'indiyan neshanal armi' ke tin afasaron ka kort marshal kiya gaya tha. yah svatntrata ke bad 1947 men hua tha. isake bad bharatiy sashastr sena ne is qile ka niyntran le liya tha.
  • bad men disambar 2003 men, bharatiy sena ne ise bharatiy paryatan pradhikariyon ko saunp diya.

atnkavadi hamala

desh ki shan lal qile par atnkavadi hamala bhi ho chuka hai. disnbar 2000 men atnkavadi sngathan 'lashkar-e-toyaba' ke atnkavadiyon ne is par hamala karake do sainikon aur ek any vyakti ko maut ke ghat utar diya tha. bharat-pakistan ke bich chal rahi shanti varta ko dhakka pahunchane ke lie yah hamala kiya gaya tha.

paryatan pradhikaran ke havale

  • lal qila dilli ka sabase charchit paryatan sthal hai, jo har sal lakhon videshi sailaniyon ko akarshit karata hai. yah vahi sthan hai jahan se har sal 15 agast ko bharat ke pradhanamntri deshavasiyon ko snbodhit karate hain. azadi ke din se yah parnpara aj tak zari hai. azadi ke bad se lal qila bharatiy sena ke adhipaty men tha, lekin isake rakh-rakhav ke lie disnbar 2003 men sena se ise 'bharatiy paryatan pradhikaran' ke havale kar diya.
  • 22 disnbar 2003 ko bharatiy sena ne 56 sal purane apane karyalay ko hatakar lal qila khali kiya aur ek samaroh men paryatan vibhag ko saunp diya. is samaroh men raksha mntri jaaurj pharnandis ne kaha-
sashastr senaon ka itihas lal qile se juda hua hai, par ab hamare itihas aur virasat ke ek pahaloo ko duniya ko dikhane ka samay hai.

adhunik yug men mahattv

lal qila dilli shahar ka sarvadhik prakhyat paryatan sthal hai, jo lakhon paryatakon ko prativarsh akarshit karata hai. yah qila vah sthal bhi hai, jahan se bharat ke pradhanamntri svatntrata divas 15 agast ko desh ki janata ko sambodhit karate hain. yah dilli ka sabase bada smarak bhi hai.


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