लाल बहादुर शास्त्री  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

lal bahadur shastri
Lal-Bahadur-Shastri.jpg
poora nam lal bahadur shastri
any nam shastri ji
janm 2 aktoobar 1904
janm bhoomi mugalasaray, uttar pradesh
mrityu 11 janavari, 1966
mrityu sthan tashaknd, roos (ab uzabekistan)
mrityu karan agyat
abhibhavak shri sharada prasad aur shrimati ramadulari devi
pati/patni lalitadevi
sntan 6 (char putr- harikrishn, anil, sunil v ashok aur do putriyan- kusum v suman)
nagarikata bharatiy
prasiddhi bharatiy rajaneta v desh ke doosare pradhanamntri
parti bharatiy rashtriy kangres
pad bharat ke doosare pradhanamntri
kary kal 9 joon, 1964 se 11 janavari, 1966
shiksha snatakottar
vidyalay kashi vidyapith
bhasha hindi, angrezi
puraskar-upadhi bharat ratn
any janakari lal bahadur shastri kisanon ko jahan desh ka annadata manate the, vahin desh ke sima prahariyon ke prati bhi unake man men agadh prem tha jisake chalate unhonne 'jay javan, jay kisan' ka nara diya.

lal bahadur shastri (angrezi: Lal Bahadur Shastri, janm: 2 aktoobar, 1904; mrityu: 11 janavari, 1966) ek prasiddh bharatiy rajaneta, mahanh svatntrata senani aur javaharalal neharoo ke bad bharat ke doosare pradhanamntri the. ve ek aisi hasti the, jinhonne pradhanamntri ke roop men desh ko n sirph sainy gaurav ka tohapha diya balki harit kranti aur audyogikaran ki rah bhi dikhaee. shastri ji kisanon ko jahan desh ka annadata manate the, vahin desh ke sima prahariyon ke prati bhi unake man men agadh prem tha jisake chalate unhonne 'jay javan, jay kisan' ka nara diya.

jivan parichay

lal bahadur shastri ka janm 2 aktoobar, 1904 ko mugalasaray, uttar pradesh men 'munshi sharada prasad shrivastav' ke yahan hua tha. inake pita prathamik vidyalay men shikshak the. at: sab unhen 'munshi ji' hi kahate the. bad men unhonne rajasv vibhag men lipik (klark) ki naukari kar li thi. lalabahadur ki man ka nam 'ramadulari' tha. parivar men sabase chhota hone ke karan balak lalabahadur ko parivar vale pyar se nanhen kahakar hi bulaya karate the. jab nanhen atharah mahine ka hua tab durbhagy se pita ka nidhan ho gaya. usaki man ramadulari apane pita hajarilal ke ghar mirzapur chali gayin. kuchh samay bad usake nana bhi nahin rahe. bina pita ke balak nanhen ki paravarish karane men usake mausa raghunath prasad ne usaki man ka bahut sahayog kiya. nanihal men rahate hue usane prathamik shiksha grahan ki. usake bad ki shiksha harishchandr haee skool aur kashi vidyapith men huee. kashi vidyapith se shastri ki upadhi milate hi prabuddh balak ne janm se chala a raha jatisoochak shabd shrivastav hamesha ke liye hata diya aur apane nam ke age shastri laga liya. isake pashchath 'shastri' shabd 'lalabahadur' ke nam ka paryay hi ban gaya.
lal bahadur shastri apani patni shrimati lalita devi ke sath

shiksha

bharat men british sarakar ke khilaf mahatma gandhi dvara chalae ge asahayog andolan ke ek karyakarta lal bahadur thode samay (1921) ke liye jel ge. riha hone par unhonne ek rashtravadi vishvavidyalay kashi vidyapith (vartaman mahatma gandhi kashi vidyapith) men adhyayan kiya aur snatakottar shastri (shastron ka vidvan) ki upadhi paee. snatakottar ke bad vah gandhi ke anuyayi ke roop men phir rajaniti men laute, kee bar jel ge aur snyukt prant, jo ab uttar pradesh hai, ki kangres parti men prabhavashali pad grahan kie. 1937 aur 1946 men shastri prant ki vidhayika men nirvachit hue.

vivah

1928 men unaka vivah ganeshaprasad ki putri 'lalita' se hua. lalita ji se unake chh: santanen hueen, char putr- harikrishn, anil, sunil v ashok; aur do putriyan- kusum v suman. unake char putron men se do- anil shastri aur sunil shastri abhi bhi hain, shesh do divngat ho chuke hain.

neharoo ji se mulakat

1929 men ilahabad ane ke bad unhonne shri tndan ji ke sath 'bharat sevak sngh' ke ilahabad ikaee ke sachiv ke roop men kam kiya. yahin unaki nazadiki neharoo ji se bhi badhi. isake bad se unaka qad nirntar badhata gaya jisaki parinati neharoo mntrimndal men grihamntri ke taur par unaka shamil hona tha. is pad par ve 1951 tak bane rahe.

nara 'maro nahin maro'

"maro nahin maro" ka nara "karo ya maro" ka hi ek roop tha. gandhivadi soch ke chalate mahatma gandhi ne nara diya tha- 'karo ya maro'. yah nara usi rat diya gaya tha, jis rat bharat chhodo andolan ka agaz hua. yah isi nare ka asar tha ki sampoorn desh men kranti ki prachnd ag fail gee. british shasan ke khilaph ise agar ek hinsak nara kaha jae to galat nahin hoga. yah nara lal bahadur shastri dvara 1942 men diya gaya tha, jo ki bahut hi chaturaee poorn roop se 'karo ya maro' ka hi ek any roop tha tatha samajhane men atyadhik saral tha. sainkadon varshon se dil men rosh dabae hue baithi janata men yah nara ag ki tarah fail gaya tha. ek taraph gandhivadi vicharadhara ahinsa ke raste par chalakar shantipoorvak pradarshan se british sarakar se azadi lie jane ka rasta tha, parantu angrezon ne shayad ise avam ka dar samajh liya tha. isi karan saf arthon men angrezon ki damanakari nitiyon tatha hinsa ke khilaph ekajut hokar ladana avashyak tha. tatpashchath sthiti ko bhanpate hue shastri ji ne chaturaeepoorvak 'maro nahin maro' ka nara diya, jo ek kranti ke jaisa sabit hua.

mntri pad

bharat ki svatntrata ke pashchath shastri ji ko uttar pradesh ke snsadiy sachiv ke roop men niyukt kiya gaya tha. vo govind ballabh pnt ke mukhyamntri ke karyakal men prahari evn yatayat mntri bane. yatayat mntri ke samay men unhonnen pratham bar kisi mahila ko snvahak (kndaktar) ke pad men niyukt kiya. prahari vibhag ke mntri hone ke bad unhonne bhid ko niyntran men rakhane ke lie lathi ke jagah pani ki bauchhar ka prayog prarnbh karaya. 1951 men, javahar lal neharu ke netritv men vah akhil bharat kangres kameti ke mahasachiv niyukt kiye gaye. 1952 men vah snsad ke liye nirvachit hue aur kendriy relave v parivahan mntri bane.

lal bahadur shastri
lal bahadur shastri hal chalate hue

bharat ke doosare pradhanamntri

1961 men grih mntri ke prabhavashali pad par niyukti ke bad unhen ek kushal madhyasth ke roop men pratishtha mili. 3 sal bad javaharalal neharoo ke bimar padane par unhen bina kisi vibhag ka mntri niyukt kiya gaya aur neharoo ki mrityu ke bad joon 1964 men vah bharat ke pradhanamntri bane. bharat ki arthik samasyaon se prabhavi dhng se n nipat pane ke karan shastri ji ki alochana huee, lekin jammoo-kashmir ke vivadit prant par padosi pakistan ke sath vaimanasy bhadakane par (1965) unake dvara dikhaee gee dridhata ke liye unhen bahut lokapriyata mili. tashaknd men pakistan ke rashtrapati ayoob khan ke sath yuddh karane ki tashaknd ghoshana ke samajhaute par hastakshar karane ke bad unaki mrityu ho gee.
lal bahadur shastri ki pratima

'jay javan, jay kisan' ka nara

lal bahadur shastri ke samman men bharatiy dak tikat

dhoti kurte men sir par topi lagae ganv-ganv kisanon ke bich ghoomakar hath ko hava men laharata, jay javan, jay kisan ka udghosh karata. ye usake vyaktitv ka doosara pahaloo hai. bhale hi is mahanh vyakti ka kad chhota ho lekin bharatiy itihas men usaka kad bahut ooncha hai. javaharalal neharoo ki mrityu ke bad shastri ji ne 9 joon, 1964 ko pradhanamntri ka padabhar grahan kiya. unaka karyakal rajanitik saragarmiyon se bhara aur tej gatividhiyon ka kal tha. pakistan aur chin bharatiy simaon par nazaren gadae khade the to vahin desh ke samane kee arthik samasyaen bhi thin. lekin shastri ji ne har samasya ko behad saral tariqe se hal kiya. kisanon ko annadata manane vale aur desh ki sima prahariyon ke prati unake apar prem ne har samasya ka hal nikal diya "jay javan, jay kisan" ke udghosh ke sath unhonne desh ko age badhaya.[1]

bharat-pakistan yuddh (1965)

jis samay lal bahadur shastri pradhanamntri bane us sal 1965 men pakistani hukoomat ne kashmir ghati ko bharat se chhinane ki yojana banaee thi. lekin shastri ji ne dooradarshita dikhate hue pnjab ke raste lahaur men sendh laga pakistan ko pichhe hatane par majaboor kar diya. is harakat se pakistan ki vishv star par bahut ninda huee. pak hukmaran ne apani ijjat bachane ke lie tatkalin soviyas sngh se snpark sadha jisake amntran par shastri ji 1966 men pakistan ke sath shanti samajhauta karane ke lie tashaknd ge. is samajhaute ke tahat bharat, pakistan ke ve sabhi hisse lautane par sahamat ho gaya, jahan bharatiy sena ne vijay ke roop men tirnga jhnda gad diya tha.[1]

tashaknd samajhauta

tashaknd samajhaute ke dauran lal bahadur shastri aur ayoob khan

tashaknd samajhauta bharat aur pakistan ke bich 11 janavari, 1966 ko hua ek shanti samajhauta tha. is samajhaute ke anusar yah tay hua ki bharat aur pakistan apani shakti ka prayog nahin karenge aur apane jhagadon ko shantipoorn dhng se tay karenge. yah samajhauta bharat ke pradhanamntri lal bahadur shastri tatha pakistan ke pradhanamntri ayoob khan ki lambi varta ke uparant 11 janavari, 1966 ee. ko tashaknd, roos men hua.

nidhan

lal bahadur shastri apane parivar ke sath

tashaknd samajhaute ke bad dil ka daura padane se 11 janavari, 1966 ko tashaknd men shastri ji ka nidhan ho gaya. halanki unaki mrityu ko lekar aj tak koee adhikarik riport samane nahin laee gee hai. unake parijan samay samay par unaki maut ka saval uthate rahe hain. yah desh ke lie ek sharm ka vishay hai ki usake itane kabil neta ki maut ka karan aj tak saph nahin ho paya hai.

samman aur puraskar

shastriji ko unaki sadagi, deshabhakti aur eemanadari ke liye poora bharat shraddhapoorvak yad karata hai. unhen varsh 1966 men bharat ratn se sammanit kiya gaya.

prerak prasng

  • shastri ji ne kabhi bhi apane pad ya sarakari snsadhanon ka durupayog nahin kiya. sarakari inpala shevarale kar ka upayog bhi nahin ke barabar hi kiya. kisi rajakiy atithi ke ane par hi nikali jati thi vah gadi. shastri ji ke putr sunil shastri ki pustak 'lalabahadur shastri, mere babooji' ke anusar shastri ji aj ke rajanitigyon se bilkul bhinn the. unhonne kabhi bhi apane pad ya sarakari snsadhanon ka durupayog nahin kiya. apani is dalil ke paksh men ek najir dete hue unhonne likha hai, 'shastri ji jab 1964 men pradhanamntri bane, tab unhen sarakari avas ke sath hi inpala shevarale kar mili, jisaka upayog vah n ke barabar hi kiya karate the. vah gadi kisi rajakiy atithi ke ane par hi nikali jati thi.' kitab ke anusar ek bar unake putr sunil shastri kisi niji kam ke lie inpala kar le ge aur vapas lakar chupachap khadi kar di. shastriji ko jab pata chala to unhonne draivar ko bulakar poochha ki kal kitane kilomitar gadi chalaee gee aur jab draivar ne bataya ki chaudah kilomitar to unhonne nirdesh diya, 'likh do, chaudah kilomitar praivet yooj.' shastriji yahin nahin ruke balki unhonne apani patni ko bulakar nirdesh diya ki unake niji sachiv se kah kar vah sat paise prati kilomitar ki dar se sarakari kosh men paise jama karava den.
lal bahadur shastri ke samman men bharatiy dak tikat
  • shastri ji ke putr sunil shastri ki likhi pustak 'lalabahadur shastri, mere babooji' ke anusar shastri ji ko khud kasht uthakar doosaron ko sukhi dekhane men jo annd milata tha, usaka varnan nahin kiya ja sakata. ek bar ki ghatana hai, jab shastriji rel mntri the aur vah munbee ja rahe the. unake lie pratham shreni ka dibba laga tha. gadi chalane par shastriji bole, 'dibbe men kafi thndak hai, vaise bahar garmi hai.' unake pi.e. kailash baboo ne kaha, 'ji, isamen koolar lag gaya hai.' shastriji ne paini nigah se unhen dekha aur ashchary vyakt karate hue poochha, 'koolar lag gaya hai?...bina mujhe batae? ap log koee kam karane se pahale mujhase poochhate kyon nahin? kya aur sare log jo gadi men chal rahe hain, unhen garami nahin lagati hogi?' shastriji ne kaha, 'kayada to yah hai ki mujhe bhi thard klas men chalana chahie, lekin utana to nahin ho sakata, par jitana ho sakata hai utana to karana chahie.' unhonne age kaha, 'bada galat kam hua hai. age gadi jahan bhi ruke, pahale koolar nikalavaie.' mathura steshan par gadi ruki aur koolar nikalavane ke bad hi gadi age badhi. aj bhi pharst klas ke us dibbe men jahan koolar laga tha, vahan par lakadi jadi hai.
  • 'lalabahadur shastri, mere babooji' pustak men ek ghatana ka zikr karate hue bataya gaya hai ki ek bar shastriji ki alamari saf ki gee aur usamen se anek phate purane kurte nikal diye ge. lekin shastriji ne ve kurte vapas mange aur kaha, 'ab navambar ayega, jade ke din honge, tab ye sab kam ayenge. oopar se kot pahan loonga n.' shastriji ka khadi ke prati anurag hi tha ki unhonne phate purane samajh hata diye ge kurton ko sahejate hue kaha, 'ye sab khadi ke kapade hain. badi mehanat se banae hain binane valon ne. isaka ek-ek soot kam ana chahie.' is pustak ke lekhak aur shastri ji ke putr ne bataya ki shastriji ki sadagi aur kiphayat ka yah alam tha ki ek bar unhonne apana phata hua kurta apani patni ko dete hue kaha, 'inake roomal bana do.' is sadagi aur kiphayat ki kalpana to aj ke daur ke kisi bhi rajanitigy se nahin ki ja sakati. pustak men kaha gaya hai, 've kya sochate hain, yah janana bahut kathin tha, kyonki ve kabhi bhi anavashyak munh nahin kholate the. khud kasht uthakar doosaron ko sukhi dekhane men unhen jo annd milata tha, usaka varnan nahin kiya ja sakata.'



bharat ke pradhanamntri
Arrow-left.png poorvadhikari
javaharalal neharoo
lal bahadur shastri uttaradhikari
indira gandhi
Arrow-right.png


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. 1.0 1.1 jay javan, jay kisan: chhote kad ka mahanh vyaktitv (hindi) patrika. abhigaman tithi: 7 aktoobar, 2014.

snbndhit lekh