लैटेराइट मिट्टी  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

laiterait mitti

laiterait mitti ushn katibandhiy pradeshon men payi jati hai. yah mitti pray: un ushn katibandhiy pradeshon men payi jati hain, jahan ritunishth varsha hoti hai. is mitti ka rng lal hota hai, lekiy yah 'lal mitti' se alag hoti hai. yah mitti amliy hoti hai, jisaka PH man 4.0-5.0 tak hota hai. laiterait mitti 'kahava' evn 'kajoo' utpadan ke lie upayogi hai. laiterait mitti men chaval, kapas, mote anaj, gehoon, chay, kahava, rabad tatha sinakona adi paida hote hain.

prapti sthan

laiterait mitti bhari varsha aur oonche tapaman vale ilakon men paee jati hai. is mitti ka vistar mukhyatah dakshini prayadvipiy pathari kshetr ke uchch bhagon men hua hai. isake pramukh kshetr hain - madhy pradesh, maharashtr, poorvi tatha pashchimi ghat pahadon ke samipavarti kshetr, bihar men rajamahal ki pahadiyan, karnatak, keral, udisa tatha asam rajy ke kuchh bhag. is mitti ka sarvadhik vistar keral rajy men paya jata he.

nirman

desh ke 1.5 lakh varg kimi se adhik kshetr par vistrit laitarait mitti ka nirman manasooni jalavayu ki ardrata evn shushkata ke kramik parivartan ke parinamasvaroop utpann vishisht paristhitiyon men hota hai. is vibhinnata se nikshalan ke prakriya adhik kriyashil rahane ke karan shailon men silika ki matra kam payi jati hai.

shailen ki toot-phoot se nirmit hone vali is mitti ko gahari lal laitarait tatha bhoomigat jal vali laitarait ke roop men vargikat kiya jata hai. gahari lal laitarait men lauh aksaidon tatha potash ki matra atyadhik milati hai. isamen urvarata kam hoti hai kintu nichalen bhagon men kuchh kheti ki jati hai. saphed laitarait ki urvarata sabase kam hoti hai aur keolin ki adhikata ke karan isaka rng saphed ho jata hai. bhoomigat jal vali laitarait mitti kafi upajaoo hoti hai, kyonki varshakal men mitti ke oopari bhag men sthit laut-aksaid jal ke sath ghulakar niche chale jate hain.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

snbndhit lekh